C:\fakepath\ch 1 intro_to_ob

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C:\fakepath\ch 1 intro_to_ob

  1. 1. Chapter 1 Introduction to organisational behaviour Course instructor: Chitwan Bhutani
  2. 2. ORGANISATIONAL BEHAVIOUR <ul><li>Topics covered </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Organisational behaviour defined </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Nature </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Importance </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Features </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Contributing fields </li></ul></ul></ul>
  3. 3. The Organisation <ul><ul><ul><li>Can be defined as two or more people, doing different tasks, but working as one unit with the deliberate purpose of achieving a particular goal or goals. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Organisations are the means by which people get things done which they could not do alone. </li></ul></ul></ul>
  4. 4. Common Elements in Organisations <ul><ul><ul><li>A reason for existing </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>People </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Tasks are to be performed if the reason for existing is to be realised </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Structure or framework clarifying responsibility for what, and for whom </li></ul></ul></ul>
  5. 5. Formal Work Organisations <ul><li>Formal work organisations have certain attributes in common: </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>A purpose (reason for existing) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Division of labour </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Authority, and </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>A hierarchy of authority (arrangement of work positions in order of increasing authority). </li></ul></ul></ul>
  6. 6. Organisational Behaviour <ul><li>The study of people within an organisation. OB investigates the behaviour of: </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Individuals </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Groups within an organisation </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Relationships between individuals, groups and the organisation. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>OB studies how people behave, the reasons for that behaviour and how the behaviour affects the performance of the organisation. </li></ul>
  7. 7. Organisational Behaviour <ul><li>The knowledge of OB can then be used to: </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Explain and predict behaviour that is likely to occur in certain situations; and </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Promotes behaviour that works in the best interests of both the people and the business enterprise. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Organisational behaviour is therefore both a theoretical and a practical activity. </li></ul>
  8. 8. Features of OB <ul><li>Importance of human behaviour in organisations </li></ul><ul><li>Cause and effect relationship </li></ul><ul><li>OB is a branch of social science </li></ul><ul><li>Three levels of analysis </li></ul><ul><li>Science as well as an art </li></ul><ul><li>Body of theory, research and applications </li></ul><ul><li>Beneficial to both organisation and individuals </li></ul>
  9. 9. Nature of OB <ul><li>considers unique perspectives of individuals at work place </li></ul><ul><li>Interaction of individuals with organization </li></ul><ul><li>Human behaviour in the organisation </li></ul>
  10. 10. Importance of OB <ul><li>1. Understanding human behaviour </li></ul><ul><li>Individual behaviour </li></ul><ul><li>Group behaviour </li></ul><ul><li>Intergroup behaviour </li></ul>
  11. 11. Contd... <ul><li>2. Influencing human behaviour </li></ul><ul><li>Leadership </li></ul><ul><li>Motivation </li></ul><ul><li>Communication </li></ul><ul><li>Organisational change and development </li></ul><ul><li>Organisational climate </li></ul>
  12. 12. Contribution of other fields <ul><li>Psychology </li></ul><ul><li>Sociology </li></ul><ul><li>Anthropology </li></ul><ul><li>Political science </li></ul><ul><li>Economics </li></ul><ul><li>Science </li></ul><ul><li>Technology </li></ul><ul><li>Engineering </li></ul><ul><li>Medicine </li></ul>

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