OFFICE FOR JPICOF FRIARS MINOR MINOR ORDER - ORDER OF FRIARS 1 GUIDELINES FOR THE ANIMATION OF JUSTICE, PEACE AND THE INTEGRITY OF CREATION (JPIC)OFFICE FOR JUSTICE, PEACE AND THE INTEGRITY OF CREATION Rome 2009
2 GUIDELINES FOR THE ANIMATION OF JPIC OFFICE FOR JUSTICE, PEACE AND THE INTEGRITY OF CREATION Curia generale dei Frati Minori Via Santa Maria Mediatrice, 25 00165 - Roma - ITALIA Tel: +39 0668491218; Fax: +39 0668491266 eMail: email@example.com http://www.ofm.org/jpic Layout: OFM Communications’ Office - Rome
OFFICE FOR JPIC - ORDER OF FRIARS MINOR 3 CONTENTSAcronyms and Abbreviations ...................................................................................... 51. Introduction ......................................................................................................... 72 The basis for our commitment to JPIC .............................................................. 9 2.1. How and why JPIC arose in the Church ...................................................... 9 2.1.1. Justice, Peace and the Integrity of Creation: Biblical Values........... 9 2.1.2. The Institution Justice and Peace, Fruit of the Second Vatican Council ............................................... 10 2.2 Pontifical Council for Justice and Peace: objectives and activities ............. 12 2.2.1. Objectives and Mandate ................................................................ 12 2.2.2. Activities ......................................................................................... 13 2.2.3. Justice and Peace in the Religious Congregations ........................ 13 2.3. The spirituality of Justice and Peace ......................................................... 14 2.3.1. Eyes open ..................................................................................... 14 2.3.2. A sensitive heart .......................................................................... 14 2.3.3. A hand ready for the work of charity which the Church is called to realize in the world........................................................ 153. Franciscan JPIC Identity ................................................................................... 17 3.1. JPIC in Franciscan spirituality, in the GGCC and in the Order of Friars Minor ................................................................. 17 3.1.1 JPIC: a dimension of our charism, a way of life and mission .......... 17 3.1.2 The History of JPIC in the Order .................................................... 15 3.1.3. JPIC in the General Constitutions .................................................. 17 220.127.116.11 The option for the poor and for justice .............................. 18 18.104.22.168 Peace ............................................................................... 18 22.214.171.124 The Integrity of Creation ................................................... 19 3.1.4. JPIC and transverse values. The meaning of transversality .......... 20 3.2 Integration of JPIC into evangelization and formation ............................... 21 3.2.1 JPIC in Evangelization ................................................................... 21 126.96.36.199 JPIC in the different areas of Evangelization.................... 22 188.8.131.52 Specific JPIC projects ...................................................... 23 3.2.2 JPIC in Formation .......................................................................... 24 3.3 JPIC structures in the Order ....................................................................... 25 3.3.1. General Organization of JPIC ........................................................ 25 3.3.2. Goal of the General Office for JPIC ................................................ 25 3.3.3. The Main Tasks of the General Office for JPIC: ............................. 25 3.3.4. Areas of Animation for JPIC Office:................................................ 25
4 GUIDELINES FOR THE ANIMATION OF JPIC4. The role of the JPIC animator ........................................................................... 27 4.1 Criteria for naming a Provincial JPIC animator........................................... 27 4.2 Profile of the JPIC animator and members of the commission .................. 28 4.3 The mission of the JPIC animator and commission ................................... 29 4.4 Some elements to keep in mind when doing animation work ..................... 305. Methodology of JPIC work ............................................................................... 33 5.1 Learning to read the signs of the times ...................................................... 33 5.2 Promoting the spirituality of JPIC ............................................................... 34 5.3 Collaboration with Secretariats for Formation/Studies and Evangelization/Mission ......................................... 36 5.4 Collaboration with the Franciscan Family................................................... 37 5.5 Collaboration with other Ecclesial and lay organizations ........................... 37 5.6 Relationship with social movements .......................................................... 37 5.7 Communication .......................................................................................... 37 5.8 Sharing urgent action requests with Rome JPIC Office ............................. 38 5.9 Suggestions for preparing a Provincial animation program ........................ 39 5.9.1. The Context ................................................................................... 39 5.9.2. Preparing the Program ................................................................... 40 5.10 Best practices: ideas that have been successful for others ........................ 40 5.11 Suggestions for JPIC animation in daily Fraternal life ................................ 41 5.12 How to run a meeting ................................................................................. 42 5.13 Resources .................................................................................................. 436. APPENDICES ..................................................................................................... 45 Appendix I: the decalogue for JPIC animators ................................................. 45 Appendix II: Model JPIC statutes for an Entity and for a Conference ............... 46 A: Model statutes for an Entity ....................................................... 46 B: Model JPIC statutes for a Conference ....................................... 47 Appendix III: A model for social commitment...................................................... 50 Appendix IV: Models for social analysis .............................................................. 52 Appendix V: Glossary ........................................................................................ 55
OFFICE FOR JPIC - ORDER OF FRIARS MINOR 5 ACRONYMS AND ABBREVIATIONSSacred Scripture Col Colossians Dt Deuteronomy Eph Ephesians Ex Exodus Gal Galatians Heb Hebrews Is Isaiah Jn The Gospel according to John Lk The Gospel according to Luke Mk The Gospel according to Mark Mt The Gospel according to Matthew Phil Philippians Ps Psalms Rm RomansDocuments of the Church CA Centesimus Annus, Encyclical of John Paul II, 1991 CCC Catechism of the Catholic Church, 1992 DCE Deus Caritas Est, Encyclical of Benedict XVI, 2005 EN Evangelii Nuntiandi, Apostolic Exhortation of Paul VI, 1975 GS Gaudium et Spes, Pastoral Constitution on the Church in the Modern World, 1965 QA Quadragesimo Anno, Encyclical of Pius XI, 1931 RH Redemptor Hominis, Encyclical of John Paul II, 1979 SRS Sollicitudo Rei Socialis, Encyclical of John Paul II, 1987Franciscan Material ER Regula non bullata (The Earlier Rule) FEGC To Fill the Earth with the Gospel of Christ, The Minister General to the Friars Minor on Evangelization: From Tradition to Prophecy, Rome 1996. GGCC General Constitutions of the Order of Friars Minor, Rome 2004 GGSS General Statutes of the Order of Friars Minor, Rome, 2004 OFI Our Franciscan Identity, General Secretariat for Formation and Studies, Rome 1993 PPSS Particular Statutes for JPIC, Rome 2005 RFF Ratio Formationis Franciscanae, Rome 2003 RS Ratio Studiorum OFM, Rome, 2001Other Acronyms FI Franciscans International JPIC Justice, Peace and the Integrity of Creation NGO Non-Governmental Organization OFM Order of Friars Minor
1. OFFICE FOR JPIC - ORDER OF FRIARS MINOR 7 INTRODUCTION T he values of Justice, Peace and ues in our midst. Of course, at the entity Integrity of Creation are an essen- level, it is the Provincial and his Definitory tial element of our Christian life. who are responsible for animation of the fri-The programmatic declaration of Jesus in ars in all areas, including that of JPIC. Justchapter 4 of Luke’s Gospel, taken from Isa- as in other areas, however, the GGSS calliah, underlines this idea: “The spirit of the for nomination of JPIC Animators who willLord is upon me; therefore he has anointed carry out this task more specifically in theme. He has sent me to bring glad tidings name of the Provincial and Definitory.to the poor, to proclaim liberty to captives,recovery of sight to the blind and release Formation of our Animators has been ato prisoners, to announce a year of favor priority of the JPIC Office in Rome since itsfrom the Lord.” The bishops declared that: creation in 1980, and all of our meetings“Action on behalf of justice and participa- include a component of training and forma-tion in the transformation of the world fully tion. But Animators have also been askingappear to us as a constitutive dimension for something in writing, orientations for allof the preaching of the Gospel” (Justice those interested in JPIC, especially thosein the World, final document of the Synod just beginning this work. The JPIC Officeof Bishops, 1971). The General Constitu- made this a part of its program for 2003-tions of the Order echo and reinforce this 2009, and the program was approved bycommitment: “The friars, as followers of the General Defintory. Two years ago theSt. Francis, are bound to lead a radically International JPIC Council entrusted theevangelical life, namely: to live in a spirit of task of preparing this material to the friarsprayer and devotion and in fraternal fellow- of the Rome Office. For two years we haveship; they are to offer a witness of penance been working on the project, enlisting theand minority; and, in charity towards all hu- help of the Animation Committee, the Inter-mankind, they are to announce the Gospel national Council, and many individual Ani-throughout the whole world and to preach mators. The result is this booklet.reconciliation, peace and justice by theirdeeds; and to show respect for creation” We have sought to present something(GGCC 1,2). that is both theoretical and practical. It in- cludes the history of JPIC in the Church and These values cannot simply remain on the Order, the basis of our commitment aspaper; they must be addressed in concrete an Order to JPIC, reflections on the inte-ways in our daily lives. The task becomes gration of JPIC into all aspects of our lifemore difficult in a world that is increasingly and ministry, and the structures of JPIC incomplex and violent. The Order of Friars the Order. In very practical terms it alsoMinor has taken seriously the challenge to deals with the role and mission of the JPICincarnate the values of JPIC. Our docu- Animator, criteria for naming JPIC Anima-ments speak repeatedly of the need to live tors, and the methodology for doing thethis aspect of our vocation, and we have work. The section on methodology coversstrong and comprehensive JPIC structures, analysis of reality (reading the signs of theat all levels, to support this effort. However, times), promotion of JPIC spirituality, col-all documents and structures depend on laboration both inside and outside the Or-the dedication, training and work of those der, suggestions for preparing a provincialresponsible for the animation of these val- JPIC plan and for animating the daily life
8 GUIDELINES FOR THE ANIMATION OF JPICof the friars, practical ideas for running a fundamental task of JPIC animation. Usemeeting, the need for effective communica- this resource in the ways that can best helption, and an offering of resource materials. you. Adapt it in ways that will best serveThe appendices offer concrete models for your local reality. Share this material withJPIC statutes in an entity, how to do social the friars and with people of good will whoanalysis and how to implement our values seek a world characterized by the valuesin a specific situation. of the Kingdom of God. May this resource booklet serve as a catalyst to help promote This booklet does not presume to be Justice, Peace and Care for Creation.comprehensive. We cannot include all thetools necessary for JPIC work, nor can weadequately address all the social and cul- Joe Rozansky, OFMtural realities that are part of our interna- Vicente Felipe, OFMtional Franciscan experience. We hope, JPIC Office, Romehowever, that this book can serve as a foun-dation for those who serve the Order in the January, 2009 “ Justice, Peace and the Integrity of Creation are above all values of the Kingdom of God. ”
2. OFFICE FOR JPIC - ORDER OF FRIARS MINOR 9 THE BASIS FOR OUR COMMITMENT TO JPIC2.1. close to His people. He reveals Himself asHOW AND WHY JPIC the one who saves, who frees, who is justAROSE IN THE CHURCH and merciful (cf. Ps 103), who protects the poor, the widow and the orphan (cf. Ps 72), B efore considering the organization who leads the people into a future of hope, of JPIC, one needs to understand peace and reconciliation (cf. Is 2, 1-5). The that Justice, Peace and the prophets stand out as the ones who revealIntegrity of Creation are, first of all, God’s plan.biblical values. Secondly, they are anecclesial structure that seeks to promote In Jesus Christ, God reveals His desirein the Church, in each Christian, and in to recreate humanity and all creation (cf.all ecclesial organisms, a commitment to Col 1, 15-20). In the mystery of the Incar-these values. nation, the minority of God shines forth, His condition as servant of humanity (cf. Phil 2.1.1. 2, 6-8), His proximity to the poor and the Justice, Peace and the Integrity little ones, His decision to be God-with- of Creation: Biblical Values us. In His programmatic discourse found in Luke’s Gospel, Jesus presents Himself Justice, Peace and the Integrity of Cre- as the one who has been consecrated byation are above all values of the Kingdom the Spirit to bring glad tidings to the poor,of God. As such, God Himself is involved to proclaim liberty to the oppressed andin and committed to the task of making the to captives, recovery of sight to the blindworld a place that is just and reconciled, and to announce a year of favor from theproviding a dignified life to all creatures. Lord (cf. Lk 4,16-19). These are signs ofSaint Francis was aware of God’s mis- the Kingdom. In fact, the mission of Jesussion as Creator, Liberator and Redeemer. is centered in the proclamation of and wit-Through His most holy will, through the ness to the Kingdom of God.Son and through the Holy Spirit, God hascreated all things and has made them in The core of the Good News proclaimed byHis image and likeness. “We thank you Jesus is salvation as a gift of God. It is salva-for as through Your Son You created us, tion from all oppression, especially from sinso through Your holy love with which You and evil. Kingdom and salvation are two keyloved us You brought about His birth as words in the teaching of Jesus. He proclaimstrue God and true man by the glorious, ev- the Kingdom of God untiringly in His preach-er-virgin, most blessed, holy Mary and You ing, “a completely new teaching in a spiritwilled to redeem us captives through His of authority” (Mk 1,27), and through manycross and blood and death” (ER XXIII, 3). signs. “…And among these signs there is the one to which he attaches great importance: Throughout biblical history, in the story the humble and the poor are evangelized,of the Exodus (cf. Ex 3, 7-12; Dt 26, 5-11), become His disciples and gather togetherin the celebration of the covenant between in His name in the great community of thoseGod and the people (Ex 19, 3-6), in the who believe in Him” (EN, 12).actions and message of the prophets (cf.Is 52,7-10; 55,1-3), in the return from ex- Among the values of the Kingdom ofile (cf. Is 9, 1-6; 45, 20-25), God appears God, justice and peace receive a central
10 GUIDELINES FOR THE ANIMATION OF JPICplace. In the Beatitudes, the Magna Carta service, of fidelity to the loving will of God.of the Kingdom of God, Jesus declares that The risen Christ is the paradigm of the newthose are blessed who hunger and thirst for humanity. Whoever meets and welcomesjustice, and for those who are persecuted Him, and believes that He can changefor this reason, “theirs is the Kingdom of lives, experiences new life, receives HisHeaven” (Mt 5, 6.10). Equally blessed are Spirit, becomes a child of God, enters intothe “peacemakers; they shall be called chil- a new covenant, and becomes part of adren of God” (Mt 5,9). In another passage, new community. This community is com-Jesus clearly indicates what is important posed of brothers and sisters who havein Christian life: “Seek first the Kingdom been redeemed, who are open to people ofof God, and His righteousness” (Mt 6,33). all races, cultures and ethnicities.Jesus Himself sought first the Kingdom ofGod and His justice, and showed hunger All of creation is included in the gift ofand thirst for justice and was persecuted freedom offered by the Christ event: “…because of it. He Himself was the source, the whole created world eagerly awaits thethe giver and the cause of peace. revelation of the sons of God….the world itself will be freed from its slavery to corrup- The salvation offered by Jesus involves tion and share in the glorious freedom of theall aspects of people’s lives. He saves and children of God” (Rm 8,19-21). If all thingsfrees us in a holistic way. Like the Good in heaven and earth were created in Christ,Shepherd, He wants to share His life with the firstborn of all creation, and if in Him theyus and put Himself at the service of life. continue in being, then in His death and res-He cures people physically and spiritually, urrection Jesus Christ reconciles all things:forgives sins, reintegrates people into the the entire universe, everything in the heav-community, practices table fellowship with ens and on earth (cf. Col 1, 15-20).sinners and those who are socially margin-alized, encourages sharing, approacheslepers and touches them, helps people to 2.1.2.get on their feet, motivates them to be of The Institution Justice and Peace,service, denounces the contradictions of Fruit of the Second Vatican Councilthe powerful and of the religious and po-litical authorities, values and gives dignity It is no exaggeration to say that prior toto women and children. He invites every- Vatican II spirituality was generally inwardone to conversion, to have faith and trust in looking, other worldly, and little influencedGod the Father, and to have compassion by biblical scholarship. It exhibited the fol-for the poor. He also invites them to hear lowing characteristics:the Word and to put it into practice, show-ing love to all, including enemies. • The world was seen as suspect, and salvation was something that happened The justice practiced and proclaimed by in the next life.Jesus is linked to mercy. The peace Heoffered is not of this world, and is the fruit • Christian practice consisted of celebra-of profound reconciliation. To propose jus- tion of the sacraments, the liturgy andtice and peace, to put them into practice other religious observances.with renewed efficacy, He chose the pathof love to the point of giving His own life. In • At most, practice promoted local worksthis way Jesus revealed that the God of the of charity for the poor, done in a pater-Kingdom is a God of love who offers Him- nalistic way.self to save, justify and reconcile the world.The resurrection is confirmation of the sav- Thus the great majority of Christiansing power of the cross, of self-giving, of were not concerned with the social and po-
OFFICE FOR JPIC - ORDER OF FRIARS MINOR 11litical problems tied to questions of justice, continues to grow and to open itself to thepeace and care for creation. following possibilities: Certainly, even before Vatican II, chang- • Listening to the world: reading thees were underway in the area of spirituality. signs of the times in the midst of theEncouraged by the teaching found in docu- world, participating in its joys and con-ments like Rerum Novarum, many in the cerns. This has caused many in theChurch were increasingly concerned with Church to move towards the margins offinding solutions to social and political prob- society.lems. But it was with Vatican II, especiallyGaudium et Spes, that a clear commitment • Embracing the desires, values, criesto social and political action became di- and successes of the world: freedom,rectly associated with the mission received equality, participation, pluralism, de-from Christ: “Christ did not bequeath to the mocracy, and concern for justice.Church a mission in the political, economicor social order; the purpose he assigned • Offering a gospel practice based onto it was a religious one. But this religious living witness, service, collaborationmission can be the source of commitment, and solidarity.direction and vigor to establish and consol-idate the human community according to • Encouraging a concern to transformthe law of God” (GS 42). the world according to the values of the Kingdom. Among the many contributions of theCouncil to the Church, one of the most A number of theological developmentsimportant and one that has already condi- have sprung from the teaching of the Coun-tioned and directed many others, is its at- cil. One deals with the promotion of justicetitude towards the world, history and social as an integral part of the Gospel (Synod ofissues. With impetus from biblical scholar- Bishops, 1971). Another is the recognitionship the Council succeeded in getting the of the strong gospel and theological rela-Church to turn her gaze towards the world tionship that exists between evangelizationand towards history. In Gaudium et Spes and human development: ”It is impossiblethere is a positive evaluation of the world as to accept that the work of evangelizationsomething that has been created by God, could or should ignore the extremely graveredeemed by Christ and called to fullness. questions so much under discussion todayThere is an appreciation for historical real- which refer to justice, liberation, develop-ity, the place where God reveals Himself as ment and peace in the world. If that were tothe Redeemer of humankind. The Council happen it would mean ignoring the teach-directed the whole Church and every Chris- ing of the Gospel concerning love of ourtian to serve the world by building the King- neighbor who is suffering or in need” (ENdom. This orientation is described in the 31). We need only recall the synods, socialfamous opening statement of Gaudium et encyclicals, and episcopal statements thatSpes: “The joys and the hopes, the griefs have taken seriously the directive repeatedand the anxieties of the people of our time, so many times by John Paul II: “Man in theespecially those who are poor or in any full truth of his existence, of his personalway afflicted, are the joys and the hopes being and also of his community and socialthe griefs and the anxieties of the followers being...this man is the primary route thatof Christ” (GS 1). Through the Incarnation, the Church must travel in fulfilling her mis-the Kingdom of God and salvation become sion” (RH,14).associated with the transformation of his-tory. In history the Kingdom of God, led by The Council instilled in the Church athe Spirit and with the Church at its service, concern for the world. Consequently, Paul
12 GUIDELINES FOR THE ANIMATION OF JPICVI established the Pontifical JUSTICE ANDPEACE Commission in 1967, as recom- 2.2.mended in Gaudium et Spes: “Taking into PONTIFICAL COUNCILaccount the immensity of the hardships FOR JUSTICE AND PEACE:which still afflict a large section of human- OBJECTIVES AND ACTIVITIESity, and with a view to fostering everywherethe justice and love of Christ for the poor,the Council suggests that it would be most 2.2.1.opportune to create some organization of Objectives and Mandatethe universal Church whose task it would Pbe to arouse the Catholic community to astor Bonus, the Apostolicpromote the progress of areas which are Constitution of 1988, defined thein want and foster social justice between objectives and mandate of thenations” (GS 90). Pontifical Council for Justice and Peace in the following terms: On 20 April 1967, Paul VI addressed therecently appointed Pontifical Commission “The Council will promote justice andfor Justice and Peace: peace in the world, in the light of the Gos- “You represent for us the realization of pel and of the social teaching of the Church the last vote of the Council (GS 90). To- (art. 142). day, as in the past, once the construc- § 1. It will deepen the social doctrine of tion of a Church or bell tower is finished, the Church and attempt to make it widely a rooster is placed on top as a symbol of known and applied, both by individuals vigilance, for the faith and for the entire and communities, especially as regards program of Christian life. In similar fash- relations between workers and employ- ion, this Committee has been placed on ers. These relations should be increasingly top of the spiritual building of the Coun- marked by the spirit of the Gospel. cil, and its mission is none other than that of keeping the eyes of the Church § 2. It will assemble and evaluate research open, its heart sensitive and its hand on issues related to justice and peace, the prepared for the work of charity which it development of peoples and violations of is called upon to realize in the world…” human rights. When appropriate, it will in- form Episcopal bodies of its conclusions. After a ten-year experimental period, It will foster relations with all organizationsPaul VI gave the Commission its definitive that are sincerely committed to the promo-status with the Motu Proprio Justitiam et tion of the values of justice and peace in thePacem of 10 December 1976. When the world, whether they are Catholic or not.Apostolic Constitution Pastor Bonus of 28June 1988 reorganized the Roman Curia, § 3. It will heighten awareness of the need toPope John Paul II changed its title from promote peace, above all on the occasion ofCommission to Pontifical Council. the World Day of Peace (art. 143).“ The salvation offered by Jesus involves all aspects of people’s lives. ”
OFFICE FOR JPIC - ORDER OF FRIARS MINOR 13 2.2.2. this ecclesial concern accompanied the Activities growing concern shown by society. It was very strong in the 1980s and reached a JUSTICE. The Pontifical Council for high point in 1992 at the Rio Summit onJustice and Peace is concerned with all Ecology and Development. Important mo-that touches upon social justice, including ments in the Christian world include thethe world of work, international justice is- first European Ecumenical Assembly insues, and problems associated with devel- Basil (1989) (its theme was “Peace withopment, especially its social dimension. It Justice,” and it issued an inspiring finalalso promotes ethical reflection on the evo- statement entitled “Peace with Justice forlution of economic and financial systems, the Whole of Creation”); and the Worldincluding their impact on the environment, Ecumenical Assembly in Seoul (1990)and the responsible use of the earth’s re- entitled “Justice, Peace and the Integritysources. of Creation.” These two assemblies were promoted principally by the World Coun- PEACE. The Pontifical Council reflects cil of Churches, which linked ecologicalon a broad range of questions related to problems with those of justice and peace.war, disarmament and the arms trade, in- They helped to popularize the expressionternational security, and violence in its vari- “the integrity of creation,” which has sinceous and ever-changing forms (terrorism, been incorporated into the JPIC organ-exaggerated nationalism etc.). It also con- isms of Religious Congregations.siders the question of political systems andthe role of Catholics in the political arena.It is responsible for the promotion of the 2.2.3.World Day of Peace. Justice and Peace in the Religious Congregations HUMAN RIGHTS. This question hasassumed increasing importance in the mis- Once the Commission for JUSTICEsion of the Church and consequently in the AND PEACE was established, the Episco-work of the Pontifical Council. Catholic So- pal Conferences set about creating Com-cial Teaching has highlighted the dignity of missions in their respective countries. Thispeople as the basis for promotion and de- task has been accomplished in the majorityfense of their inalienable rights. of countries, and in many dioceses around the world as well. Religious Orders and AND ECOLOGY? We can see that Congregations also established Justice andin the beginning there was little concern Peace commissions, later renamed com-for ecology. In 1967, however, the same missions for “Justice, Peace and the Integ-could be said for society in general. The rity of Creation.” Their mission is patternedfirst United Nations Conference on ecol- on that of the Pontifical Council.ogy was held in Stockholm in 1972. Thebook The Limits to Growth1 was published They seek:in the same year, and raised a world-wide • To enlighten the People of God, as wellalarm. Yet the ecology theme was not as the members of the Congregation,very evident in the pontificate of Paul VI. about issues of national and internation-It was in the time of John Paul II that the al justice, development, human rights,Church developed a greater sensitivity to peace and the integrity of creation.the issue. In fact, John Paul II dealt ex-tensively with ecology in his teaching, and • To raise awareness among members of the Congregation of the need to rethink their style of life and mission in a world1 D.H. MEADOWS et al., The Limits to Growth, Universe Books, 1972. characterized by great injustice, vio-
14 GUIDELINES FOR THE ANIMATION OF JPIC lence and poverty, in order to make their cross (cf. Jn 6; Lk 22,14.20; Jn 13). And actions consistent with their beliefs. we are all aware of those with whom Jesus generally walked: the poor, the marginal-• To foster a commitment on the part of ized, those whom the system did not want to survive, to possess things or to be em- religious, Christians, and all citizens in the area of socio-political and civic ac- powered. This is the kénosis of Jesus, his tivities. self-emptying, which we hear about in the letter to the Philippians.• To promote actions in favor of justice, Franciscan minority is based on this kind peace and human rights, that would concretize the contribution of the Con- of God. Minority is the Franciscan perspec- gregation in these areas. tive from which to view reality, to judge it critically, and to participate in it. It is the real- ity of those who are preferred by Jesus and Francis: the poor, the destitute, the defense-2.3. less (cf. GGCC 97,2; RFF 143; 162; 180).THE SPIRITUALITYOF JUSTICE AND PEACE 2.3.2. P aul VI said that the mission of A sensitive heart Justice and Peace is that of “keeping the eyes of the Church The work of seeing, becoming acquaint-open, its heart sensitive and its hand ed with and getting to know the reality andprepared for the work of charity which it is the suffering of the poor is not somethingcalled upon to realize in the world.” This indifferent, done from a distance or a desk.phrase helps us understand the spirituality For the knowledge of suffering to move usof JPIC. to work for its elimination, it must have an effect upon us, it must reach down to the depths of our being, to the heart, and move 2.3.1. us to compassion. We truly know only that Eyes open which we endure or, better still, that which is shared suffering. For the Christian the only Yes, and our ears as well, so we might genuine knowledge is that which moves usbe truly present to the world. We are to compassion. As I. Ellacuria would say:called to be attentive to what is happening that which moves us to take charge of andaround us, to hear the cries of the world in to carry the suffering of the people.which we live and to see life with the eyesof God. We are called to take note of the In order to maintain sensitivity of heartaction of the Spirit in our world, and lis- and to keep compassion alive it is neces-ten to the calls we receive from the world sary to be in contact with the people whoaround us so as to collaborate with this suffer and their problems. Our social sta-action of the Spirit. tus, our dwelling and our life style can con- dition to a great extent our view of reality, We are called to be like our God, who is even to the point of preventing our seeing itattentive and present to all of life and cre- and causing us to deserve the reproach ofation. Our God is found principally in the Jesus to his disciples: Do you still not un-Incarnate Word, Jesus, the Son (cf. Heb derstand, still not realize? Are your minds1,1-4). We must find Him in and through closed? Have you eyes and do not see,the nativity and the manger (cf. Gal 4,4; ears and do not hear? (Mk 8,17b-18). WeRom 1,3; Lk 2,6-7), in and through the Franciscans have a clear understandingbread that is shared, in and through the from Francis and our General Constitu-
OFFICE FOR JPIC - ORDER OF FRIARS MINOR 15tions (GGCC) about our social position and • There is a charity that expresses itselfhow we are called to exercise compassion. in closer, interpersonal relationships.We are called to live as minors among the These are relationships where the “other”poor and the weak (ER 9,2; cf. GGCC 66,1; has a visible face: in the family, among97,1), and to suffer the consequences of friends and neighbors, in the commu-that solidarity which may sometimes result nity, among the poor (where charity isin a lack of understanding and the suffering expressed as social assistance).of the cross (cf. GGCC 99). • There is also a charity that expresses itself in social, structural or political rela- 2.3.3. tionships, so-called “political charity.”2 It A hand ready for the work of charity is an active commitment, fruit of Chris- which the Church is called tian love for all men and women who are to realize in the world considered brothers and sisters. Its goal is a world that is more just and more fra- Charity is the love of God which we are ternal, where special attention is givencalled to make present in the world. Wel- to the needs of the poorest.coming and experiencing God who is loveprompts us to place the love of God and of JPIC is committed to promoting all ex-people at the center of our Christian lives. pressions of charity. It has a special call-As noted in the First Letter of John, love of ing, however, to promote political char-neighbor is a sign of the love of God. This ity, which seeks to eliminate the causescharity or love, understood as a relation- of poverty and violence. Its ready handship of fraternity and solidarity among peo- should foster the integral development ofple, strives to make the “other” or “others” those sectors of society that are weakestgreater, to help them posses life more fully and most marginalized, and work to trans-and ever more abundantly. It has different form the existing “structures of sin” (cf. SRSmanifestations, depending on the kind of re- 36, 36b, 36c, 36f, 37c, 37d, 38f, 39g, 40d,lationship that exists between people, and 46e) which impoverish the lives of so manythey can be classified in the following way: people. 2 PIUS XI, “Allocution to the directors of the Federation of Italian Catholic University Students” 18 December 1927 (Discorsi di Pio XI, t.1, D. Bertetto Ed. Torino 1960, p. 743). Cf. Compendium of the Social Doctrine of the Church, 210- 212.
16 GUIDELINES FOR THE ANIMATION OF JPIC “ The values of JPIC have been present in our Order since its beginning because they are values ” of the spirituality of Francis.
3. OFFICE FOR JPIC - ORDER OF FRIARS MINOR 17 FRANCISCAN JPIC IDENTITY3.1. care for creation is not one activity amongJPIC IN FRANCISCAN others: parishes, schools, youth ministry,SPIRITUALITY, IN THE GGCC AND IN care for the Secular Franciscans and reli-THE ORDER OF FRIARS MINOR gious women, missions, etc.. Rather, it is an essential dimension of our vocation, like prayer, fraternity, minority and evange- 3.1.1 lization. JPIC is a way of life and mission; JPIC: a dimension of our charism, through it we are challenged by the great a way of life and mission issues of humanity and committed to the cause of all people, that all might live with T o understand the structures of JPIC dignity. Thus, JPIC embraces all our life; in the Order it is essential once again it is a central axis which passes through to recall that Justice, Peace and the all the dimensions of our religious andIntegrity of Creation are, above all, values; Franciscan life: prayer, fraternity, for-they are a spirituality. JPIC arises from a mation, economics, vows, mission, etc..spirituality centered in God’s plan of LIFE for All friars, whatever their age or ministry,all creation, and we are invited to collaborate are called to integrate these dimensions inin this project. It is nourished by discovery of a balanced way throughout the course ofthe compassionate and merciful face of the their lives.God of Jesus. This God is revealed in historyand encountered in the reality of the peopleand things around us. It blossoms from a 3.1.2desire to follow Jesus with compassion, in The History of JPIC in the Ordera world that is unjust, broken and violent. Itarises from the need to discern the signs of The values of JPIC have been presentlife that the Spirit is birthing today. in our Order since its beginning because they are values of the spirituality of Fran- While this is true for Christians in gen- cis. But it is only since Vatican II that theeral, for us as Franciscans JPIC is an ele- Order has come to understand them in thement and dimension of our charism. This more contemporary sense, as a dimensionis noted in Article 1,2 of our GGCC, which of social reality. After the Council and thereads as a condensed summary of the con- revision of the GGCC in 1967, there wasstitutive elements of our way of life: “The fri- a great effort on the part of the Order toars, as followers of St. Francis, are bound understand our vocation in today’s world.to lead a radically evangelical life, namely: From that time until promulgation of theto live in a spirit of prayer and devotion and current GGCC, there has been a processin fraternal fellowship, they are to offer a of discernment in which the option for jus-witness of penance and minority; and, in tice, peace and the integrity of creation hascharity towards all mankind, they are to become increasingly clear.announce the Gospel throughout thewhole world, and to preach reconcilia- Key moments in the process have beention, peace and justice by their deeds, the General Chapters and Plenary Coun-and to show respect for creation.” cils of the Order, as well as establishment of the Justice and Peace Office at the Gen- Living and preaching the Gospel through eral Curia in 1980. A description of theworks of reconciliation, peace, justice and process, along with the discussions from
18 GUIDELINES FOR THE ANIMATION OF JPICChapters and Plenary Councils, can be contribute to the coming of the King-found in the third part of the JPIC Manual dom (cf. GGCC 66,1).“Instruments of Peace.” 3 4. Living among the poor we learn from them (cf. GGCC 93,1); we observe 3.1.3. current events and read the reality JPIC in the General Constitutions around us from their perspective (cf. GGCC 97,2). In this way we can truly JPIC is a transverse dimension of our serve them, and “the friars are to ex-vocation, and thus appears in all chapters ert every effort so that the poor them-of the Constitutions. However, it is treat- selves become more fully conscioused most specifically in Chapters IV and V, of their own human dignity and thatwhich deal with minority and evangeliza- they may safeguard and increase it”tion. (GGCC 97,2). 184.108.40.206 5. Once in communion with the poor we The option for the poor are also called to defend their rights and for justice and to denounce everything that is damaging to these rights (cf. GGCC1. Option for the poor is primarily present 69,1 and 2; 97,2). in the GGCC as an option for inser- tion, as noted in Article 66,1: In order 6. The friars must defend the rights of the that they may follow more closely and poor in a spirit of minority, renouncing express more clearly the self-empty- all temptation to power and violent ac- ing of the Savior, the friars are to have tion (cf. GGCC 69,1), and being sure the life and conditions of the little ones to neither despise nor judge the pow- in society, always living among them erful and the rich (cf. GGCC 98,1). as minors. In this social environment they are to work for the coming of the 7. Solidarity with the poor should lead us Kingdom.” to share our goods with them as well (cf. GGCC 72,3).2. This option for the poor is based up- on our understanding of the way in 8. The friars should devote themselves which God acts, and on our following to establishing a society of justice, of Christ; it is an obligation for all fri- liberty and peace, together with all ars: “After the example of Saint Fran- people of good will. They should ana- cis, whom the Lord led among lepers, lyze the causes of each problem, and each and every friar is to give prefer- participate in international initiatives ence to the “marginalized,” to the poor of charity, justice and solidarity (cf. and oppressed, to the afflicted and GGCC 96,2). infirm; rejoicing when they live among them, they are to show them mercy” 9. “(The friars) are also to work humbly and (GGCC 97,1). staunchly in the bosom of the Church and of the Order, so that the rights and3. From this social and spiritual per- human dignity of all may be promoted spective, the friars can “display a pro- and respected” (GGCC 96,3). phetic image by the example of their lives, in order to refute ’the false val- 10. To “those people who threaten life and ues’ of our age” (GGCC 67) and to liberty” the friars are “to offer them the good news of reconciliation and con-3 http://www.ofm.org/01docum/jpic/suss99EN.pdf version” (GGCC 98,2).
OFFICE FOR JPIC - ORDER OF FRIARS MINOR 19 220.127.116.11 titudes of respect and care for nature Peace which is “threatened from all sides” (GGCC 71). According to the Constitutions, our taskof proclaiming and promoting peace should 18.104.22.168have the following characteristics: The Integrity of Creation1. All the friars should be agents of peace Article 71 of the GGCC states: “Follow- (cf. GGCC 68). ing in the footsteps of Saint Francis, the friars are to maintain a reverent attitude to-2. In order to be peacemakers, the friars wards nature, threatened from all sides to- must be peaceful, building on attitudes day, in such a way that they may restore it of minority (cf. GGCC 68,2). completely to its condition of brother and to its role of usefulness to all mankind for the3. The strength of peacemaking action glory of God the Creator.” While the text is arises from one’s witness of life; for short, it expresses an essential attitude we this reason the proclamation of peace should have in regard to our sister-mother must be realized above all in our works earth. It invites us to have “a reverent at- (cf. GGCC 1,2). Peace should be fos- titude.” tered in the relations between the fri- ars (cf. GGCC 39) and those who work 1. An attitude of respect – Respect means in our fraternities must be treated with to look at something attentively: to know justice (cf. GGCC 80,2). Nature, to admire it, to contemplate it, to love it. It is an invitation to accept Na-4. In our evangelizing work it is essential to ture and all its creatures as gift, to sing proclaim peace (cf. GGCC 68,2; 85). to the Highest through all creatures, be- cause all of them are an expression of5. In order to build the Kingdom, beside the love of God. Respect leads us to proclaiming peace, the friars must de- be critical of all forms of exploitation and nounce “every kind of warlike action production that disrespect Nature, that and the arms race as a very serious damage it in irreversible ways. calamity for the world and a very great injury to the poor” (GGCC 69,2). 2. To restore it to its condition of broth- er – Humankind and Nature share a6. The promotion of justice and peace common destiny in that they are both demands collaboration with “all peo- creatures and saved (cf. Rom 8). Fran- ple of good will” in the construction ciscanism is certainly a particular way of of a society of justice and dignity (cf. seeing and relating to God, but it is also GGCC 96-98). a concrete and specific way of being in the world and of treating the creatures of7. In the establishment of peace, the Nature: it is structured around the idea friars have a specific mission as “in- of universal brotherhood, where plants, struments of reconciliation” (cf. GGCC animals, all things become brother and 1,2; 33,1; 70; 98,2). sister.8. Being Friars Minor, our work for peace 3. Its role of usefulness – Useful, but not leads us on the path of non-violence utilitarian. It is not useful in the econom- (cf. GGCC 68,2; 69,1; 98,1). ic sense, where things and people can be bought and sold and converted into a9. Our task of promoting reconciliation quantity of money. Rather, we are deal- and universal brotherhood includes at- ing with usefulness that promotes the
20 GUIDELINES FOR THE ANIMATION OF JPIC integrity of individuals and of all people. of our project, and to demonstrate our It is a usefulness that springs from love, care for creation by promoting a simple the same love through which the Father life style and an evangelical use of our desires that all have life in abundance. goods. In the area of evangelization, liv- This all leads to the conclusion that hu- ing JPIC values leads us to give priority man beings are the primary end of all to personal and communal witness of that exists, and that no other interest life which, according to the GGCC (Art can be placed above them. We need to 89,1), “is a kind of initial step and the find forms of production that foster indi- first method of evangelization. It can vidual and collective liberty, along with and must be given by all the friars…” In responsible creativity that promotes re- order to offer an authentic evangelical spect for Creation. We must promote witness of life, we must live in solidar- equitable relations between nations and ity with the poor, and work for justice, continents, respect for cultural plurality, peace and the integrity of creation. In and a search for those things that can all of our ministries, it must be clear that unite us in peace and freedom. “…what is considered evangelization is not only the explicit announcement of the Christian Message, but also the au- 3.1.4. thentic promotion of man, the struggle JPIC and transverse values. for human rights, the commitment to jus- The meaning of transversality tice and peace…” (OFI, p. 89; cf. EN, chapters II and III). JPIC is a dimension of our vocation, justlike prayer, fraternity, minority and evan- • The other side of the coin is that JPICgelization. In the structuring of our life as cannot be lived if it is not based on aFriars Minor, all of these dimensions are personal encounter with Jesus Christ,decisive and transverse, and they are in- and on listening to God in the Scrip-timately related, interdependent, and each tures, in the Church, in people (espe-one of them demands the others. cially the poor), and in the events of our world. JPIC cannot be the work of lon-• Living JPIC values affects our prayer ers who function outside the Fraternity, and fraternity, and also the way we see but of friars dedicated to life in Fraternity reality, the economy, style of life and and who are committed to communal mission. Living JPIC values makes search and discernment in the develop- our prayer and our celebration of the ment of a communal life project. The Eucharist more present to the realities values of JPIC must be lived from the of our society and the world around us. perspective of minority, adopting the life It encourages us to apply the Word to and condition of the little ones in society these realities, to read Scripture from (cf. GGCC 66,1), inserted into the reality the perspective of the poor, and to in- of the world, practicing respect for cre- clude the poor in our homilies and cate- ation, and walking the paths of non-vi- chesis. Living JPIC values encourages olence and solidarity with the excluded. us to foster peace in our relationships The work of transformation proposed with our brother friars, to learn to re- by JPIC is not simply social work, but solve conflicts in non-violent ways, and it is an evangelizing mission based on to live pardon and reconciliation. As we the call we receive from the Lord Jesus prepare our Fraternal Life Project, it en- to announce the Kingdom in word and courages us to analyze the signs of the deed. It is the task of humanization and times, to make service to the poor part of universal brotherhood.
OFFICE FOR JPIC - ORDER OF FRIARS MINOR 21 • Beyond individual witness, there is also3.2 need for communal witness. The lifeINTEGRATION OF JPIC INTO of the brothers must be lived radically,EVANGELIZATION AND so as to give it meaning, and so as toFORMATION provoke questions about God and the Kingdom. This is the affirmation made in Article 67 of the GGCC: “…the friars 3.2.1 are to display a prophetic image by the JPIC in Evangelization example of their lives, in order to refute ‘the false values’ of our age.” I n specifying the methods of evangelization, the GGCC follow the • Finally, evangelization “is not only the scheme proposed by Saint Francis in explicit announcement of the Christianthe Earlier Rule, XVI: “As for the brothers Message, but also the authentic pro-who go, they can live spiritually…among motion of man, the struggle for human(them) in two ways. One way is not to rights, the commitment to justice andengage in arguments or disputes but to be peace…” (OFI, p. 89).subject to every human creature for God’ssake and to acknowledge that they are a) From the perspective of life witness:Christians. The other way is to announcethe Word of God, when they see it pleases • Regarding fraternal life (cf. GGCCthe Lord…” (cf. GGCC 89): 87) and minority (cf. GGCC 85);• First of all, we seek to evangelize • Living that which we profess (cf. GGCC 86); through the witness of our life lived as minors in fraternity, through the quality • Showing love and support in fraternal of our evangelical choices, and through relationships; practicing equality and our love for all, especially the most dis- mutual service, with no discrimina- advantaged. This method of evangeli- tion between clerics and lay broth- zation is for all the friars. ers; excluding relationships of power, and eliminating inequality in the use• Second, we seek to evangelize through of economic resources between in- our witness to the Word or through ex- dividuals, Fraternities and Provinces plicit proclamation, which Saint Francis (cf. GGCC 38; 40; 41); considered a charism given to some but not to all friars. • Doing the domestic work in our frater- nities; and when others are needed This priority given to witness is a guiding for this work, to treat them justly (cf.principle of the GGCC and leads to various GGCC 80);consequences: • Dealing with conflict through dialogue and not through power and manipu-• All brothers must seek to recover the lation; not leaving aside those who evangelizing meaning of their lives and are intellectually less gifted or those ministries. Being an evangelizer does who are physically weak, but caring not depend on Holy Orders, or on dedi- for them lovingly (cf. GGCC 44); cation to preaching, or on participation in ecclesial pastoral institutions like a parish. • Showing mercy in our judgments and Rather, fidelity to our mission demands a attitudes toward drug addicts, those dynamic and open understanding of this infected with AIDS, prostitutes, ho- process which places us among non- mosexuals, the divorced, foreigners, Christians and non-believers. etc;
22 GUIDELINES FOR THE ANIMATION OF JPIC • Living simply (cf. GGCC 48,2; 67; Order and the Church (cf. GGCC 72,2); encouraging in our daily lives 96,2-3); eco-friendly behaviors for the care of creation (cf. GGCC 71); • Making an option for the marginal- ized, the poor, the afflicted and the • Welcoming the poor who come to our infirm, living in communion with them, door (cf. GGCC 51; 52); and exerting every effort so that the poor themselves become more fully • Being close to the poor and defend- conscious of their own human dignity ing their rights (cf. GGCC 66; 69); and that they may safeguard and in- crease it (cf. GGCC 97,1-2); • Administering our goods in ethical and evangelical ways (cf. GGCC 53; 72,3; 82). • Humbly exhorting the rich and power- ful, inviting them to practice solidarity and justice, and calling to conversion • Denouncing war and the arms race those who threaten life and liberty (cf. (cf. GGCC 69); GGCC 98, 1-2). • Being agents of reconciliation (cf. GGCC 70). 22.214.171.124 JPIC in the different areas of Evangelizationb) From the perspective of Chapter V of the GGCC, which deals most specifi- The values of JPIC are to be present cally with evangelization: in all areas of Franciscan evangelization; • Renouncing all privileges, except that they are transverse values, since they are characteristic of our spirituality. They must of minority (cf. GGCC 91); be first of all present in the Communal Life • Listening to and welcoming all, espe- Project and in the witness of Fraternity that cially the poor (cf. GGCC 93,1-2); is part of any evangelizing task. But they must also be present in the specific work of • Promoting inculturation of the faith parishes, schools, cultural activities or the and the evangelization of cultures, mission ad gentes, just to mention some of which will foster development of truly our more common evangelizing activities. human values and the eradication The following are examples of how JPIC of all threats to human dignity (cf. values can be promoted in our evangeliz- GGCC 92; 94); ing activities: • Promoting ecumenical and inter-reli- • All activities, both fraternal and pastoral, gious dialogue and collaboration (cf. should be reviewed so as to eliminate GGCC 95,1-3); any hint of intolerance, division, exclu- • Critically analyzing the social and sion or lack of equality. Following Jesus is authentic when we recognize the value cultural realities around us, and en- couraging awareness of Catholic So- of each person, and when we practice cial Teaching, in order to be able to mercy, reconciliation, forgiveness, etc.. offer a Christian response to social problems (cf. GGCC 96,1); • In parishes the transverse JPIC values must appear in catechesis, in the liturgy • Promoting collaboration with “all and in the charitable action of the com- munity. people of good will” in order to bring about “a society of justice, liberation and peace,” and fostering respect • In both catechesis and schools, special concern should be fostered for the poor for human rights, beginning with the and for situations of social injustice;
OFFICE FOR JPIC - ORDER OF FRIARS MINOR 23 for peaceful resolution of conflict; for of Catholic Social Teaching which form peace in families, in the Church and in an integral part of the task of evangeli- the world; and for care of creation. Edu- zation. The Church’s model for mission cational programs should be organized has moved from one that is exclusive- about peace, human rights and the care ly ecclesiocentric to one in which the of our environment. Kingdom and its values (peace, justice, universal brotherhood, unconditional re-• Parishes and schools must be insert- spect for life and creation) have become ed into the life of the people and the the principal objectives of the mission neighborhood where they are situated, of the Church. In this model, incultura- and should collaborate with other or- tion has an important role (cf. GGCC 92; ganizations, movements and churches FEGC 134-142), along with dialogue. that promote life and human dignity (cf. Dialogue is to be carried out with cul- GGCC 93,1; 95; 96,2). ture, with other Christians and with other• In our various pastoral ministries, we religions. In regard to inter-religious dia- logue, we can all practice what is called should encourage collaboration be- tween friars and laity. the dialogue of life. That is, we can col- laborate on all of those issues that deal• Our ministries, in line with our spirituality with promotion of the poor, defense of and tradition, and as fostered by Chapter human rights and the environment, and V of the GGCC, should encourage social peace building. ministry. To accomplish this we must promote awareness of Catholic Social • Franciscan institutions of higher learn- Teaching in both initial and ongoing for- ing and cultural centers should give spe- mation, and among the laity with whom cial emphasis to programs that promote we work (cf. GGCC 96). Basic themes ecology and questions related to peace in the social teaching include human dig- and active non-violence, as noted in the nity and human rights, the universal des- proposals of the General Chapter of tination of goods, solidarity, subsidiarity 2003.4 We are challenged to develop and the common good, poverty and de- a Franciscan theology that responds velopment, peace and ecology. Much of to the challenges of our times, chal- what is written in the GGCC, however, lenges that deal with the environment, especially in Chapters IV and V, and poverty, human rights, peace, justice, in the Ratio Formationis (RFF), is not ecumenism and respect for life (cf. RFF understood by the friars because they 227; RS 142). have not been formed in Catholic Social Teaching. And lack of understanding • All of our ministries must become aware of and highlight the importance of what makes it much more difficult to live these has come to be called “environmen- principles. We need a formation that will tal justice”; it refers to the crucial con- help us to understand better our social nection that exists between ecological reality and its structures. questions and issues of poverty, peace• Parishes and schools are places espe- and justice. cially suitable for the creation of JPIC teams or committees. Composed of re- 126.96.36.199 ligious and laity, they can encourage the Specific JPIC projects entire parish or educational community to work for and to live out the values of While it is true that JPIC values are pres- JPIC. ent as transverse values in all of our work, the gravity and urgency of so many prob-• Our mission ad gentes should also in- clude a commitment to realize the goals 4 Proposals of the General Chapter of 2003, 41.
24 GUIDELINES FOR THE ANIMATION OF JPIClems having to do with poverty, violation of and for the forma vitae. The experience ofhuman rights, violence and ecological de- God as Father and the following of Christterioration should lead us to create specific - whom he met in the San Damiano cross,JPIC projects. These can include projects in the embrace of the leper, and in hear-that are supported by the friars, like Bake- ing the Gospel (cf. RFF 36) – made Francistik in the Basque country of Spain,5 a cen- the brother of all people and of all creaturester for peace and the ethical resolution of (cf. RFF 37). It was a journey of ongoingconflict; the Pace e Bene fraternity in Las conversion for him, allowing him “…to passVegas (USA),6 dedicated to promoting from a life centered on self to a gradualnon-violence; and the Circles of Silence,7 conformity with Christ” (RFF 38). And it ispromoted by the friars in France. But they exactly on this solid foundation that the in-should also include fraternities that are tegration between Formation, Evangeliza-created to respond preferentially to these tion and JPIC occurs. Growth in our formachallenges, like the fraternities that live vitae so that we can proclaim the Gospelwith and accompany the landless in Brazil is possible only if the journey of ongoingand the displaced in Colombia; the frater- conversion makes us people capable ofnity that promotes an Eco-Pastoral Project reconciliation, peace, justice and care forin Indonesia, etc.. creation (cf. RFF 86). This is a manifesta- tion of the original plan of God for creation, a creation which is good in itself. 3.2.2 JPIC in Formation Between initial and ongoing formation there is not only a connection, but there As we saw previously, JPIC values are is reciprocal and profound interaction. Ifa transverse dimension of our forma vi- formation truly is “a continuous process oftae (cf. GGCC 1,2; RFF 62), that is, they growth and conversion involving the wholepermeate all aspects of our life. They are of a person’s life” (RFF 2), and if Francis-part of the essence of our charism, just like can formation seeks to form friars in the to-prayer, fraternity, minority and mission. We tality of our charism, then formation to JPIClive these dimensions together, as a single values is an essential part of this processpiece. Friars can highlight one or another and of our entire Franciscan life. And thisdimension in different circumstances, but in occurs in the context of a Fraternity thatthe life of the Friar Minor all elements must lives in history and in the world.be present. It is of the utmost importancethat we recognize and deepen the profound Formation to our total charism, includ-unity of our forma vitae. From it flows an ing the values of JPIC, demands that weauthentic spirituality, integrated and incar- apply the principles of Franciscan forma-nated, which embraces: reconciliation and tion found in the RFF: it must be expe-peace; sharing our life with the poor, living riential, practical, inculturated and openwith them and like them; respect for cre- to new forms of life and service. It alsoation; and the hope for a new heaven and demands that we apply the spiritual anda new earth. pedagogical principles of the RFF which are key to a spirituality of JPIC: the fol- The Ratio Formationis Franciscanae lowing of the poor, humble and crucified(RFF) seeks to form friars in the forma vitae Christ, who is found in the Word, the Eu- charist, the Church and the crucified of our5 The webpage for Baketik is http://www.baketik.org . world; a practical and incarnated spiritual-6 The webpage for Pace e Bene is http://paceebene. ity; openness and fidelity to today’s world; org. insertion and inculturation; dialogue. It is7 The webpage for the Circles of Silence is http://www. cercledesilence.info/les_cercles_de_Silence/accueil. clear that these principles, these key el- html. ements, have much to do with JPIC. If
OFFICE FOR JPIC - ORDER OF FRIARS MINOR 25they are taken seriously, JPIC is assured c) At the Entity levela relevant role in the entire formative pro-cess. If they are left aside, JPIC will also • A Commission or Council, whereverbe left aside in formation, both initial and possible (cf. GGSS Art. 42, 1);ongoing. • An Animator; It needs to be said, however, that if on All Conferences and Entities shouldthe one hand JPIC provides initial and on- draw up Particular Statutes for the ser-going formation with essential elements for vice of JPIC (cf. GGSS Art. 40, 2; 41, 1;its task, on the other JPIC Animators and 42, 3).the members of provincial JPIC Commis-sions must also realize their need for fur-ther formation to carry out their task well. 3.3.2.Such formation is not restricted to specific Goal of the General Office for JPICJPIC themes, but should include all dimen-sions needed to live our forma vitae au- “The General Office for Justice, Peacethentically. and the Integrity of Creation (JPIC) at the Curia of the Friars Minor assists the Minister General and his Definitorium by animating and coordinating all that which has to do with Justice, Peace and the In-3.3 tegrity of Creation, in conformity with theJPIC STRUCTURES IN THE ORDER General Constitutions, the General Stat- utes, and the decisions of General Chap- ters and Plenary Councils of the Order” 3.3.1. (PPSS Art. 1). General Organization of JPIC 3.3.3.a) At the General level The Main Tasks of the General Office for JPIC • The General Office for JPIC is com- posed of an Animator, an Assistant a) “To ensure that JPIC becomes part of the and, “if it seems opportune, by a life and service of the Order by collabo- general Definitor as a link with the rating with the Secretariat for Formation General Government” (cf. PPSS Art. and Studies as well as with the Secretar- 3, 1); iat for Evangelization, in cooperation with the JPIC Animators and Commissions of • The International Council for JPIC all levels” (GGSS Art. 39, 1). (cf. GGSS, Art. 40, 1); • The Animation Committee (cf. PPSS b) “To instruct the Friars on matters regard- Art 3, 3). ing JPIC” (GGSS Art. 39, 2)b) At the Conference level 3.3.4. Areas of Animation for JPIC Office: • A JPIC Commission, composed of members from each Entity (cf. GGSS The friars in the JPIC Office develop Art. 41, 1). activities in four principal areas: formation, coordination, communication and collabo- • A President (Coordinator or Delegate). ration.
26 GUIDELINES FOR THE ANIMATION OF JPICa) Formation: d) Collaboration with: • Prepare resource materials; • The general Secretariats for For- mation/Studies and for Evangeliza- • Publish the bulletin “Contact”; tion (congresses, resource material, courses, workshops, etc.);b) Coordination: • The Pontifical University Antonianum (JPIC course). • Of International Congresses; • Of the meetings of the International • Conferences and Entities in the plan- ning and execution of courses and Council and the Animation Committee; workshops;c) Communication with: • The Commission for Ecumenical and Inter-religious Dialogue; • The General Government; • Other organisms of the Franciscan • The Presidents of the JPIC confer- Family, the Church and society. ences; • The JPIC Animators of the Entities; • “ The values of JPIC are to be present in all areas of Franciscan evangelization; they are transverse values, since they are ” characteristic of our spirituality.
4. OFFICE FOR JPIC - ORDER OF FRIARS MINOR 27 THE ROLE OF THE JPIC ANIMATOR4.1 • The provincial government and theCRITERIA FOR NAMING JPIC Animator and Commission shouldA PROVINCIAL JPIC ANIMATOR maintain frequent communication. In order to accomplish this, especially in T he primary animators of provin- the provinces with a greater number cial life are the Provincial and his of friars, a provincial Definitor might be Definitory. Their primary task is to named to serve as liaison with JPIC; heencourage the friars, and the Province as a could participate in the meetings of thewhole, to live evermore faithfully our forma Commission.vitae, as expressed in the GGCC, GeneralChapters and Plenary Councils. In this • Since JPIC is a dimension of ourcase, the provincial JPIC Animator (along charism that passes through all aspectswith the JPIC Commission) act as their del- of our life and mission, the provincialegate to animate this dimension of our life. government should promote collabo-The task of the animator is to encourage ration between JPIC, Formation andthe implementation of the mandates of the Evangelization.GGCC and Chapters in regard to brother-hood with all people and all of creation, With the preceding ideas in mind, theminority, solidarity with the poor, our mis- provincial government should considersion of peace and reconciliation, and care these criteria when naming a JPIC Anima-for the environment. This is to be done in tor:such a way that these values are fully inte- • Name a friar who is prepared, and whograted into our life (prayer, fraternity, use is well integrated into and esteemed byof goods, exercise of authority, living the the province.vows, and daily life) and into our mission(parishes, schools, mission ad gentes, so- • Name someone who loves the poor,cial ministry, care of the Secular Francis- and who is sensitive and committed tocans, etc.). the values of JPIC. This implies that: • Name someone who fits the profile indi-• The Provincial and Definitory need to cated above. choose one or more friars who will best be able to carry out this task. Friars • The Animator should not be overly busy should not be named for this service with other jobs; he should have time and simply to fulfill the letter of the law (as institutional support to accomplish his found in the GGSS). work.• The Provincial and Definitory need to be • It would be helpful to provide a JPIC actively involved in promoting JPIC val- Commission to work with the Animator. ues, and thus should find time to reflect Its members will enrich the work of the with the JPIC Animator about how best Animator, making it more objective and to animate this dimension of our life. more creative. Among the members of the Commission, it would be good to• The Provincial and Definitory should consider the presence of someone in- clearly support the work of the Animator volved in Formation, as well as some- and the Commission. one involved in Evangelization.
28 GUIDELINES FOR THE ANIMATION OF JPIC• The Animator should be named for • Be promoters of a spirituality of disciple- a sufficient number of years, to help ship, which seeks to continue the mis- guarantee continuity and stability in the sion of Jesus: proclaiming the Good work. News to the poor, releasing prisoners, giving sight to the blind, freeing the op-• The Animator should be encouraged to pressed and proclaiming a year of favor participate in the formative experiences from the Lord. offered by the Order and by the Confer- ence. • Be brothers who live this task as gift and mission. They should accept as a grace the discovery of God’s plan which seeks fullness of life for all His children and for4.2 all of creation. They should realize thatPROFILE OF THE the first one involved in this task is GodJPIC ANIMATOR AND Himself, through the Spirit, and that weMEMBERS OF THE COMMISSION are all called to be humble collaborators in this mission, which is basically the T he following concerns should be “mission of God.” Such an attitude will taken into account when naming allow animators to carry out their task those who will work in the area of without anxiety or gloominess.JPIC. They should: • Be on the lookout for new ways of un-• Have calm and even temperaments; derstanding that are not dominated by be enthusiastic and sensitive to JPIC ambition or a desire for power or pres- themes. tige; always remember the attitude of Jesus who stripped Himself of glory to• Have a clear sense of belonging to the enter into solidarity with us, to make Order and Province. himself brother to all, including the mar- ginalized. Animators must seek to live• Be close to the friars of the local and this attitude, putting themselves above provincial Fraternity, participating in no one, and being with the little ones, the daily life of the local community and the less important ones. Province. The task of the Animators is to be yeast in the dough, salt which • Concern themselves constantly with the gives flavor. For this reason, they can- process of ongoing conversion and for- not be seen as “foreign bodies” in the mation, with clear reference to the poor life of the friars; such a situation would and crucified Jesus, so that they will be gravely damage the noble cause they aware of their current state and know believe in and for which they are work- the changes that must be made in their ing. own lives, in the reality around them- selves, in the world. They should seek• Be passionate for the God of Jesus and the presence of this crucified Christ and for the God of the Kingdom. This God find Him among the poor and crucified is passionate for the world and for all of the world. people, and wants to bring them to full- ness. For this reason, Animators must • Be able to work together with others as be dedicated to prayer. a team.
OFFICE FOR JPIC - ORDER OF FRIARS MINOR 29 peace, human rights and the integrity4.3 of creation; to discover the causesTHE MISSION OF THE JPIC that generate these problems and theANIMATOR AND COMMISSION people implicated in them. This can be done by offering them reflection ma- The mission is very worthwhile, but at terial, especially from Catholic Socialthe same time difficult due to its breadth Teaching and our spirituality, whichand complexity. It will not always be grati- will help them to develop Christian re-fying. Many seeds need to be planted, sponses to these situations. This de-and then there is need for patience and mands a strong commitment on theperseverance, respecting the processes part of Animators, because today’sthat never happen as quickly as we would complex problems will not be solved bylike. naïve explanations. The reading and interpretation of the signs of the times As noted earlier in this document in re- is a demanding exercise, both from thegard to the mission of the JPIC Office for evangelical and spiritual perspective,the Order, the basic mission of the JPIC as well as from the socio-political andAnimator and Commission in a Province is economic perspective.to work so that the JPIC values which ap-pear in the GGCC (especially Chapters IV • To implant and maintain among the fri-and V) become part of the life and mission ars a concern for justice, peace and theof the friars and the fraternities. This work integrity of creation, encouraging themshould be done in collaboration with the to live their religious consecration withSecretariat for Formation/Studies, as well prophetic determination. To animate allas with the Secretariat for Evangelization friars to live this dimension of our life: it(cf. GGSS 39,1). is not something for Animators and JPIC Commissions alone (who are called to To this end, Animators must work: be animators and not exclusively activ-• To help the friars see that JPIC is not ists of JPIC). Once again, if JPIC is an one more theme among others. It is not essential element of our charism, it must something optional, done on a voluntary be made clear that this commitment is basis. The commitment to justice and not optional; all friars have a responsi- peace arises from the core of our faith bility to live these values. The work of in the God of the Bible, the God of Je- “animation” requires a balance between sus. Animators should always make it ad intra activities and ad extra activities. very clear that JPIC is a spirituality, a set The former promote a greater aware- of transverse values that are part of our ness of JPIC among the friars; the latter, being and of our actions. together with other people of good will, promote justice, human rights, peace,• To make friars aware of the reality of the and the integrity of creation. The ad world around us, both near and far: of extra activities make concrete our re- the great poverty that exists; of the in- sponse to these issues. equalities and injustice; of the need to rethink our lifestyle and mission in light • To encourage the friars and Fraternities of the Gospel, Catholic Social Teaching to include JPIC values in the process and our charism. All of this needs to be of creating or updating their personal done in order to find liberating respons- or fraternal Life Project. To attempt, as es to the problems of the world. much as possible, to move from the the- oretical to the practical in daily life: do• To inform the friars and to form them on this by keeping in mind JPIC values in all issues that have to do with justice, regard to living the vows, in our manner
30 GUIDELINES FOR THE ANIMATION OF JPIC of praying and living in community, and change are present among the friars in our work of evangelization. and those with whom we collaborate? The second deals with the reality of the• To highlight all the positive things that society in which the province is located. are already being done in the Province in regard to JPIC, both on the individual • Consider the characteristics that are and on the communal/institutional level. common to the reality of different parts of the Province, and which are judged to• To encourage these values in our be important. They can help to promote shared mission with the laity, especially a united effort and to overcome the dif- with the Secular Franciscans. ficulties usually associated with human interaction.• To promote actions of solidarity and col- laboration, and campaigns dealing with • Offer both theoretical and practical train- JPIC issues; to denounce unjust situa- ing, promoting it for everyone at all lev- tions. els, and taking advantage of opportuni- ties that already exist (initial formation, ongoing formation….). Where possible, work to create both one-time activities4.4 and those which are more permanent.SOME ELEMENTS TO KEEP IN MIND Here there is need for collaborationWHEN DOING ANIMATION WORK between initial and ongoing formation. An important place should be given to• In the attempt to live our charism and concrete experiences: situations of ex- identity, reflected in the GGCC and in clusion, contact with committed eyewit- the history of the Order, there are many nesses, solidarity projects. key elements that can help in the task of JPIC animation. For this reason it is • Be aware of the human and material important to be conscious of the vision resources that are already available to of the Order. help accomplish our chosen tasks. If we are not aware of them, we risk wasting• The need to be in integrated into the dy- our scarce resources. namic of the province, not functioning as a loner on the outside. • Begin by using language and practices common to the majority, even if they• Be respectful of diversity and the differ- are not the best. Later proceed to more ences we find among people, commu- complicated material. nities and life styles. It is much better to approach our work with this basic re- • Begin with lower expectations for JPIC spect, allowing us to “connect” and to actions, so as to guarantee viable re- be heard, rather than having friars feel sponses. It is good that all actions have we are trying to impose something that some sort of response and to this end they do not want, or which they feel is it is important to offer viable proposals, not theirs. without demand for overly strenuous effort in the beginning. If not every-• Do social analysis. The process will one responds to a proposal, we would help us to see more clearly the direction like to involve at least those people to that our work and mission ought to take. whom the proposal is most centrally ad- The analysis of reality has two aspects. dressed. The first deals with the provincial real- ity: what desires for internal or external • Promote proposals with small concrete
OFFICE FOR JPIC - ORDER OF FRIARS MINOR 31 steps. The journey to utopia happens zation, Education, Parishes, Missions, in small steps with achievable goals. etc. Achievability helps to maintain enthu- • Communicate clearly and frequently. siasm and encourages progressively Provide information in digestible doses, greater commitment. It allows for a or you may produce the opposite ef- training process that moves people for- fect from that desired. Let people know ward without causing them to become about the positive undertakings that are discouraged. going on, the advances. Provide a peri- odic electronic bulletin, or a printed one• Make sure your strategies move from if it is more accessible. In appropriate the bottom up. They will normally begin circumstances or on special dates, send from below, but it is important and nec- simple materials that can help to raise essary to have the support of authority. awareness, that can teach, that encour- Be sure to work at both ends. Keep the age action. Distribute CONTACT (the provincial government well-informed JPIC bulletin prepared in Rome) to the about what is going on, but collaborate friars and lay collaborators. decidedly with the grassroots. They will give substance and continuity to the • Choose a small number of areas in work, along with other ideas for different which you will work. Describe them approaches. clearly and offer the reasons for choos- ing them. Highlight their relationship to• Collaborate closely with the provincial our evangelical options, and to our reli- committees for Formation, Evangeli- gious and Franciscan lives.
32 GUIDELINES FOR THE ANIMATION OF JPIC “ Many seeds need to be planted, and then there is need for patience and perseverance, respecting the processes that never happen as quickly as we would like. ”
5. OFFICE FOR JPIC - ORDER OF FRIARS MINOR 33 METHODOLOGY OF JPIC WORK T he theory and structure of JPIC in God of love and compassion, a God who the Order must be made concrete loves all peoples of the earth. Our JPIC in the day to day activities of the values challenge us to promote this work,animators. But such activity must be based and invite us to celebrate it as an impor-on a solid awareness of the world in which tant part of the Pastoral Circle. The fifthwe live, the structures that provide the and final element of this process is evalu-framework for our reality, the relationship ation. Evaluation is necessary to appraiseof people to these structures and to one an- and study the efficacy of our work, to makeother, and the social movements founded adjustments when necessary, and to makeby human actors in response to the world further plans based on the results attained.in which they find themselves. To encour- In this way, the Pastoral Circle comes fullage such an awareness, JPIC has gener- circle, and the entire process is begun onceally opted to use the methodology summa- again. We will take all five elements of therized in the verbs TO SEE, TO JUDGE and methodology into account as we considerTO ACT.8 Reflection on the work of JPIC below some instruments that can help inmust foster an attitude that seeks to under- these tasks.stand deeply the reality in which we live,to judge this reality well by use of the toolswe have at our disposal (social sciences,Catholic Social Teaching, other theologi- 5.1cal reflections, our Franciscan tradition), LEARNING TO READand to choose concrete plans of action that THE SIGNS OF THE TIMESaddress the issues identified in our study Iof reality. Extended use of this methodol- n order to confront the problems ofogy, however, has shown that two more our world we must first study them,elements should be included to complete along with their causes and effects.what has come to be known as the Pastoral In scientific terms, this demands an “anal-Circle.9 They can be summarized by the ysis of reality.” When we add a theologi-verbs: TO CELEBRATE and TO EVALU- cal perspective to this process, it is calledATE. Our work is done in the context of the “reading the signs of the times.” Such asaving action of Jesus, which has always process involves the first two stages of thebeen celebrated in word and sacrament. JPIC methodology: SEEING and JUDG-JPIC is a set of values, a spirituality, which ING. “Seeing” demands much more thaninspires us with the call of Jesus to share a simple glance at the world. Rather, us-with him the work of establishing God’s ing the scientific tools available to us, wekingdom on earth. The God of Jesus is a are invited to conduct a rigorous analysis of social conditions, their causes and the8 The See, Judge, Act methodology has been accepted effects they have on people, especially on in Catholic Social Teaching from Mater et Magistra the poor and oppressed. After the analysis onward (cf. the document from the Congregation for has been done, we are called to “judge” the Catholic Education, Guidelines for the Study and the Teaching of the Church’s Social Doctrine in the For- situations described, making use of biblical mation of Priests, issued on December 30, 1988, and insight, the tradition of the Church, theolog- found in Origins 19/11 of August 3, 1989). ical reflection and the contemporary expe-9 For more on the Pastoral Circle, see Building Parish rience of the People of God who struggle to Justice and Peace Groups: A Training Manual, Ses- sion Four, pp. 31-32: http://www.ofm.org/01docum/ live their faith in justice. Reading the signs jpic/JPICparrEN.pdf . of the times is not something that happens
34 GUIDELINES FOR THE ANIMATION OF JPICautomatically, but needs to be learned and has been proposed by Donal Dorr in hispracticed. To assist in this process, two book Spirituality and Justice (Orbis Books,models of social analysis are available in Maryknoll, 1984). Dorr says that we havethe appendix to this booklet. There is an- need of a “balanced” spirituality, and bas-other model for social analysis in the OFM es his reflection on a passage from theJPIC Resource Book, the “Manual,” pub- prophet Micah, 6:8: “This is what Yahwehlished in 1999. This resource can be found asks of you, only this; that you act justly,in the JPIC section of the OFM webpage, that you love tenderly, that you walk hum-http://www.ofm.org/jpic/. Friars should al- bly with your God.” For Dorr, spirituality isso be aware that it is necessary to read the like a three-legged stool. It has three com-signs of the times not only at the local level, ponents, represented by the three parts ofbut also at the global level. Many organi- the passage from Micah. All three mustzations exist that can help us in this task, be present, or we will fall over. And eachamong them the United Nations, Caritas component deals with a different conver-Internationalis, Amnesty International, the sion that is necessary in our life.World Watch Institute and Franciscans In-ternational. a. He begins with the final phrase “walk humbly with your God.” This speaks of a religious conversion, which can also be called a personal conversion. I have5.2 a one-on-one relationship with God whoPROMOTING loves me deeply. This God has countedTHE SPIRITUALITY OF JPIC the hairs on my head, and holds me in the palm of his hand. Like Jesus in the T o understand the structures and Gospels, who often went off alone to work of Justice, Peace and the In- pray, we need to find time to nourish this tegrity of Creation in the Order, it personal relationship with God.is important to remember that JPIC is fun-damentally and above all a spirituality, a b. Dorr then speaks of the middle phrase,set of values. JPIC is born from a spiritual- “love tenderly.” This speaks of a morality centered in God’s project of LIFE for all conversion, which can also be calledof creation. We are invited to collaborate an interpersonal conversion. I must bein this project. JPIC is sustained through concerned with the people that I seeour discovery of the compassionate and face to face in my daily life, those withmerciful God of Jesus who is revealed in whom I have direct contact: the friars ofhistory and encountered in the people and my community; the people I work withthe happenings of the world around us. It and serve; my family; the people I meetsprings from our desire to follow the Lord on the street; and so on. Like Jesus, IJesus joyfully and with compassion, in a need to put concern for these people, forworld that is unjust, fractured and violent. others, at the center of my activity, andJPIC animators must make it clear to all must be willing to open myself in trust tothat this is the foundation of our work. Fur- these people.thermore, it is helpful to find an approach tospirituality that challenges friars to reflect c. Finally, Dorr speaks of the beginning ofon how JPIC is an integral element of all the passage: “act justly.” This phrasedimensions of our life. There is an ongo- deals with what he calls political conver-ing temptation to make spirituality a private sion, that is, concern for moral mattersconcern, something between me and God. in public life, or working to change ourWe need to widen our notion of spirituality world into God’s kingdom. It demandsand to see it as did the apostle Paul, as that we know our world and that we askLIFE IN THE SPIRIT. One such approach questions about the way it is structured.
OFFICE FOR JPIC - ORDER OF FRIARS MINOR 35 Why are there so many poor people in ships of the people: with God, with one our world? Who benefits from the pres- another, with the social network, and ent world structures? What sectors of so- even with creation itself. So God calls on ciety suffer most the effects of prejudice creation to judge the people. To repair and exclusion? And many others. When the damaged relationships, the nation is we speak of political conversion, we are called to conversion in all areas, includ- not talking about party politics or of be- ing an ecological conversion. For us to- coming involved in political campaigns day, this ecological conversion must be and elections (although these issues an important part of our relationship with might be included in our work). We are God, with one another, with nature and challenged to know our world intimately all of God’s creatures. In order to find and to work to make it a place where solutions to problems like that of climate the values of the kingdom are important, change, and diminishing resources, and where human dignity is respected, where piles of garbage, we must first change all people have the right to happiness our attitudes and our way of living in the and the necessities of life. Dorr com- world. ments that in the course of history, we have understood and developed the first A final consideration in regard to the two conversions, the personal and the spirituality of JPIC is our need to learn to interpersonal. We are not accustomed, read the Bible from the perspective of the however, to the third conversion, the poor. If we look at the Scriptures, we can political. It needs to become part of our see that God has a dream for humanity and spirituality. Such an incarnated spiritual- for the world, a dream of equality, of fra- ity will provoke us to live more like Jesus ternity, of sharing. However, injustice and and Francis and will be a model for those broken relationships impede realization who come in contact with us. of this dream. In the course of salvation history God makes choices, opting for thed. An added reflection on Dorr’s approach to poor, the oppressed, the widow and the or- spirituality will help to make it even more phan, all those who are deprived of their contemporary. Dorr wrote his book many basic rights as human beings. God shows years ago, before the environmental cri- a preferential solidarity with those who are sis had become so obvious. He speaks most in need. Jesus, in his Incarnation, about the three conversions necessary enters into solidarity with humankind, but for a balanced spirituality. Looking at most especially with the poor and exclud- today’s problems, however, we need to ed, and such solidarity becomes the hori- add a fourth conversion, an “ecological zon of his life and mission. Such a choice conversion.”10 This is especially true for does not say that the poor are better than us as Franciscans. Such an addition is others, or that they are more deserving. It not at all difficult. Dorr uses the passage does say, however, that they have greater from Chapter 6 of Micah to develop his need, and that their existence confirms the approach to spirituality. In the beginning fact that the dream of God has not yet been of that chapter, God is calling upon the realized. Reading the Bible from the per- mountains, the hills and the very foun- spective of the poor means reading it with dations of the earth to stand in judgment the eyes of God, and with the intention of against God’s people. The sins of the working to realize God’s dream of justice, nation have damaged all the relation- peace and the fullness of life for all people and all creatures and the world itself.10 Cf. John Paul II, General Audience, Wednesday, Ja- nuary 17, 2001, #4: http://www.vatican.va/holy_fa- ther/john_paul_ii/audiences/2001/documents/hf_jp- ii_aud_20010117_en.html .
36 GUIDELINES FOR THE ANIMATION OF JPIC opment of the Franciscan charism among5.3 all those who are imbued with the spirit ofCOLLABORATION WITH Saint Francis; they are to seize any oppor-SECRETARIATS FOR tunity to come together to offer assistance inFORMATION/STUDIES AND common undertakings.”11 The internationalEVANGELIZATION/MISSION directors for JPIC from the six branches of the Franciscan Family meet on a regular A t the General Curia in Rome, the basis in Rome to find ways to collaborate administration of the Order has on important issues like ecology and human made it clear that the office of rights; called the Romans VI, the group canJPIC should seek to collaborate with the serve as a model for regional and nationaltwo secretariats in the work of animating cooperation in the Franciscan family. An-the friars. The documents of all three ser- other way to encourage this movement to-vices for the Order call for programs that ward communion is a commitment to com-demand cooperation, but at times such co- mon JPIC endeavors. Such collaborationoperation is made more difficult because allows us to have a greater impact boththe concrete structures needed to foster within our family and in society.such collaboration do not exist. All JPICanimators should seek to collaborate with Some examples of such cooperation:Formation and Evangelization, and to pro-mote structures that will make such collab- • Franciscans International. The Fran-oration an important part of their work. ciscan Family has established a Non- Governmental Organization (NGO) at Some examples of collaboration: the United Nations called Franciscans• In the province of Our Lady of Guada- International (FI).12 The objective of the lupe (Central America, Caribbean and organization is to serve all Franciscans Haiti), the JPIC animator is an ex offi- and the world community by bringing cio member of the provincial formation Franciscan values and ethical principles team, along with the secretary for Evan- to the various United Nations forums gelization. and agendas. This is done through work for justice, peace and the integrity• In Brazil, JPIC at the conference level of creation, and by promoting and pro- has sponsored a yearly 15-day retreat/ tecting human rights. At present, FI has workshop. This event is based on con- offices in Geneva, New York and Asia tact with the people who live in the place (Bangkok). Animators should become where the retreat is held. In this way acquainted with the work of FI, and with it seeks to integrate all the different as- the services offered to the Franciscan pects of our charism. Family by FI. These services include the possibility of presenting cases of• In many different entities, JPIC anima- human rights abuse during the special tors provide workshops on JPIC values sessions for Human Rights in Geneva. to the different levels of formation. Animators should also seek to provide FI with information about their country and their region. Such information will help FI in its mission.5.4COLLABORATIONWITH THE FRANCISCAN FAMILY 11 On inter-Franciscan collaboration in JPIC work cf. http://www.ofm.org/01docum/jpic/suss99EN.pdf, Article 55,2 of our GGCC encourages pp. 150-153. 12 The webpage for FI is http://www.franciscansinterna-friars “to nourish and promote the full devel- tional.org/index.php .
OFFICE FOR JPIC - ORDER OF FRIARS MINOR 37• The Franciscan Solidarity Seminar. The seminar has been jointly spon- 5.6 sored by Missionszentrale in Germany RELATIONSHIP and the OFM JPIC office in Rome. It is WITH SOCIAL MOVEMENTS held in conjunction with the World Social C Forum, and is meant to bring the Fran- atholic Social Teaching and our ciscan family together to promote the own OFM documents make it World Social Forum theme that “a better clear that JPIC work needs to world is possible.” give special emphasis to the poor and mar- ginalized. Friars have been very good at• Establishment of the Franciscan Action taking this recommendation literally and Network in the United States. The OFM looking for ways to feed the hungry, clothe friars in the US have worked with the rest the naked, house the homeless, and so of the family to establish an advocacy on. However, we must also be aware that presence in Washington, DC. The deci- the poor and marginalized are not simply sion to create the network was made at a objects of charity, but are also subjects of meeting in the city of Baltimore in March their own history and important actors on 2007, with 135 participants represent- the world scene. They have created many ing all branches of the family. The office organizations to carry on their struggles opened in March 2008. for social advancement and for human dignity. The OFM International Council• JPIC Office in Nairobi. This office of the for JPIC, meeting in South Africa in 2004, Franciscan Family of Africa opened in the proposed that all animators work with the capital of Kenya in November 2007.13 It social movements, and encourage their will serve as a resource for all those who entities to do so as well. This will allow us work in activities related to JPIC. to be in the places of social fracture, where we can share our Franciscan spirituality of active nonviolence and reconciliation, and give special importance to prophetic ges-5.5 tures of solidarity. In order to carry out thisCOLLABORATION task, JPIC Animators must identify in theirWITH OTHER ECCLESIAL respective regions the movements of theAND LAY ORGANIZATIONS excluded, and the groups that work with them and for them. Once identified, Ani- T he principle of coming together as mators should promote collaboration with a Franciscan Family can be ex- them. To assist in this task, Animators tended to cooperation with other should maintain contact with our interna-ecclesial and lay organizations, which will tional bodies, like the Rome JPIC Office,further strengthen efforts to create a more Franciscans International, and regionaljust and a more peaceful world. Friars JPIC offices in Nairobi and Washington.should make an effort to be aware of the or-ganizations that already exist. Some pos-sibilities might be national JPIC commis-sions, organizations of international coop- 5.7eration sponsored by bishops, and Caritas COMMUNICATIONInternationalis. Such collaboration shouldbe sought at all levels (local, regional and One of the issues highlighted at all of ourinternational). meetings is that of communication. Anima- tors constantly ask for better communication at all levels of our work, and they can foster13 The webpage for the JPIC Office in Nairobi is http:// such communication in various ways: www.jpicfa.org/ .
38 GUIDELINES FOR THE ANIMATION OF JPIC 5.8 SHARING URGENT ACTION RE-a. The JPIC bulletin CONTACT is pub- QUESTS WITH ROME JPIC OFFICE lished every month. To make the bul- A letin effective, however, Animators must t times, JPIC Animators are faced provide information about the work be- with situations that demand the ing done at the grassroots. Choose a support of friars and people of JPIC activity that is happening in your good will around the world. If you would entity. Write a half-page summary of like the office to send out your request for the activity, and send it to the office in urgent help, we ask you to follow these Rome. It is best if it is written in one of simple criteria. the official languages of the Order (Ital- ian, Spanish or English), but the friars in • First, be sure to send us concise infor- the office will do their best to publish any mation that will give us and others a material sent. good idea of the situation. Do not send large amounts of material, as the officeb. Once CONTACT has arrived, the Ani- is not able to process such a quantity of mator should distribute it to as many fri- information. It is best if the information ars and contacts as possible. In some is sent in Italian, Spanish or English. cases, this might demand translation of the bulletin. Such a task requires signif- • Second, include a list of important in- icant work, but ability to use CONTACT dividuals and organizations who sup- in the mother language of the region is port your position; include as well the a good tool for animation. position of the local provincial and the friars.c. If the Rome Office is to serve as a clear- inghouse and center for JPIC, Anima- • Finally, provide clear instructions as tors must share with the office all avail- to what should be done. If addresses, able resources and information. phone numbers or fax numbers are nec- essary, be sure they are correct.d. Animators should send any changes in contact information (address, e-mail, phone, fax) to both the JPIC President of the Conference and to the JPIC of- 5.9 fice in Rome. Incorrect or out-dated SUGGESTIONS contact information is a cause for much FOR PREPARING A PROVINCIAL ANI- lost time. MATION PROGRAMe. All Animators should make it a priority 5.9.1. to have good internet access. Most of The Context our communication today is done elec- tronically, making access essential for a. JPIC Animators carry out their work in good animation work. They should also the name of the Provincial and the pro- encourage all friars of the entity to have vincial administration. For this reason internet access, wherever possible. it is imperative that Animators maintain contact with the Provincial and Defini-f. Each Animator should maintain contact tory. Such contact will help animators with the Animators of the other Entities understand the vision of the provincial of the Conference, as well as with the administration and thus make it easier Conference JPIC president. to prepare a program that will further the
OFFICE FOR JPIC - ORDER OF FRIARS MINOR 39 goals of the province from the perspec- documents and statements of the Or- tive of JPIC. der. The small booklet prepared by the Rome JPIC Office, “JPIC Quotes,” pro-b. The General Statutes of the Order (cf. vides a handy compilation of the JPIC Art. 42,2) note that, where possible, a references in the principal documents of JPIC Commission should be formed in the Order. General Chapter and Provin- the entity. Experience shows that it is cial Chapter decisions regarding JPIC difficult for an Animator to do the work should also be consulted. How might alone. Animation is much more dy- the provincial program for JPIC incorpo- namic when a team can come together rate the various suggestions that come to discuss, implement and evaluate the from these bodies? JPIC program for an entity. If an offi- cial team is not named by the entity, the f. The General Statutes of the Order (Ar- JPIC Animator should look for appropri- ticle 42) state that each entity should ate people with whom he can discuss have Particular Statutes for JPIC. Does the JPIC work and program. The team your entity have such Statutes? If not, should meet with the Animator to dis- you should begin the process of creat- cuss their common vision for JPIC work, ing them. If they do exist, do they need and to elaborate the provincial plan. to be updated? These meetings should also serve as an opportunity for the ongoing formation g. It is important that the JPIC Animator of the friars involved. take seriously the experience of the friars. This can be done in a very fra-c. Great care should be given to the issue ternal way by arranging to visit the local of collaboration between the three ser- friaries of the entity, perhaps in conjunc- vices of the Order at the provincial level: tion with a survey that can be sent to all JPIC, Formation/Studies, and Evange- of the friars. The Animator can share lization. Concrete ways to collaborate the information collected with the friars, should be included in the provincial which will in turn help him to discover program for JPIC. One possible way to dynamic ways to promote JPIC values encourage collaboration is to include a in the entity. friar from Formation on the JPIC team, along with a friar from Evangelization. h. As noted above, good JPIC animation is All sectors should look for ways to fos- based on a good analysis of the reality ter Ongoing Formation to the values of in which we live and work. The JPIC An- JPIC. imator should promote a serious analy- sis of the reality of the entity and of thed. One way to provide support and assis- region. He can do this himself, or find tance to the JPIC Animator is by nomi- others who specialize in this task. This nating local Animators throughout the analysis should also include an aware- entity. They can serve as a point of com- ness of the global reality in which all lo- munication with the other friars of the cal and regional reality is embedded. entity, help to provide information about The Animator can then study the results local conditions, and help to implement together with other friars and collabora- the provincial program. Care should be tors, and look for actions and projects taken to choose Animators who have that can become part of the provincial some interest in the values of JPIC. JPIC program.e. In the process of preparing a provincial animation program, the Animator should become familiar with the appropriate
40 GUIDELINES FOR THE ANIMATION OF JPIC 5.9.2. were attained and those that were not, with Preparing the Program the reasons for each of the results; strong points and weak points of the program; thea. The provincial plan should be prepared methodology and tools employed. for three years, with objectives and a separate program for each of the three years. Care should be taken, however, not to lose sight of the OVERALL OB- 5.10 JECTIVE of our work, which is that JPIC BEST PRACTICES: IDEAS values continue to become part of the THAT HAVE BEEN daily life and mission of the friars. SUCCESSFUL FOR OTHERSb. The first step in preparing a three-year a. Prepare a form and distribute it to the program is to analyze the current situ- veteran, successful JPIC Animators of ation of the province. The following the entity. Ask them to describe the dif- questions/steps might be helpful for this ferent activities they have undertaken, task: and the methods they have used to • What steps have already been taken share their work with fellow friars. How to integrate JPIC into the life and mis- did they invite other friars to become in- sion of the province? Be as concrete volved in JPIC issues? as possible in answering how this is happening in the life of individual fri- a. Take seriously the experience of all the ars, in the Fraternities, in Formation, friars. Visits to local friaries, phone calls and in the various provincial minis- to individuals, or a provincial survey, tries: parishes, schools, etc.. can provide the Animator with good in- • What resistance has there been to formation about friar activities that can these efforts? Why? be related to an overall approach to JPIC. Charitable assistance can servec. In light of the reality of the province, the as a first step to raising awareness of proposals of the Order, and the needs the need for human promotion and for of the country and the world, elaborate structural change in our societies. a program that is simple and realistic. Be sure that the program defines its a. Include laity and other interested col- objectives clearly, and that all propos- laborators in JPIC planning and proj- als for action include deadlines and the ects. They can often provide expertise name(s) of the person or persons re- that we friars do not possess. Ecumeni- sponsible. cal cooperation can also be very effec- tive for concrete projects and activities.d. Present the program to the Definitory for approval and publication. a. Be sure to communicate with friars, of- ten and well. Try to find simple and ef-e. Find concrete ways to share the pro- fective ways to share information with gram with the friars of the province, cre- them, and to offer resources for their ating through the process opportunities use. Share the successful activities of for providing information and promoting friars and collaborators. Sharing prayer formation. resources can also be helpful. Make friars aware of special days and cel- It is essential to conduct an annual ebrations (Earth Day, celebrations forevaluation of the provincial JPIC work. Peace, for Human Rights, etc.); prepareThe evaluation should include a look at liturgies that they might use in their plac-the overall process; the objectives that es of ministry.
OFFICE FOR JPIC - ORDER OF FRIARS MINOR 41 ing special care and attention to the el-5.11 derly and infirm friars, by helping withSUGGESTIONS FOR domestic chores, by eliminating any dis-JPIC ANIMATION crimination against lay brothers, and byIN DAILY FRATERNAL LIFE treating all workers justly. A s stated previously, Justice, Peace d. Promote fraternal gatherings and cel- and the Integrity of Creation are ebrations, and share information about transverse values that are essen- “the good works” done by the brothers.tial to our charism. JPIC is not a collection Such activities increase communionof extraordinary actions, but rather the form and peace.that our Franciscan religious life takes whenwe seek to live universal brotherhood and e. When choosing themes for ongoingminority. This life is reflected first of all in our formation, be sure to include thosestyle of life, in the day to day actions of our that deal with the problems of society.communal living. We offer here some sug- Learn how to resolve conflict in nonvio-gestions for animating JPIC values in daily lent ways. These skills can be appliedfraternal life.14 in the fraternity, in our pastoral work, in the neighborhood. Learn how to prac-a. In preparing our Fraternal Life Proj- tice forgiveness and reconciliation. ect. This is an important moment in the journey of a Fraternity. The Fraternal f. When preparing the Fraternal Life Proj- Project ought to take into account the ect, reflect on the need to promote re- principal dimensions of our Franciscan spect and care for Creation. Concrete forma vitae, which are found in the Rule ways of living this aspect of our lives and in the GGCC: prayer, fraternity, mi- might be: austerity in the use of goods, nority, evangelization. In this process, energy and water; recycling; resisting JPIC Animators should remind the broth- the “use it and throw it away” mentality; ers what Chapter IV of the GGCC says reducing the use of plastic; encourag- about minority, and what Chapter V says ing use of public transportation; using about promotion of justice and peace in products that contain little or no con- the task of evangelization (cf. GGCC 91; taminants. 93,1-2; 95,1-3; 96,1-3; 97,1-2; 98,1-2). The friars should dialogue about all of g. Cultivate the virtues of welcoming and these aspects as they prepare the Fra- hospitality for all, but especially for ternal Life Project. strangers or those of different cultures or religions.b. The Fraternal Life Project should surely include an analysis of the reality sur- h. Remember in daily prayer and Eucharist rounding the fraternity. This will allow the life of the brothers and the fraternity, the friars to know the poor and what the life of the people of the parish, of the they suffer, and will lead the friars to find neighborhood, of the country, and of ways to serve them. Concern for the the world. Highlight special dates like poor is a characteristic of Franciscan “Earth Day” or “Human Rights Day,” to fraternity. help remember the needs of society in our prayer.c. Friars can live justice in daily life by giv- i. In regard to evangelical witness, we14 For further reflection on this topic see Instruments of ought to consider our use of money and Peace: A Franciscan Resource Book (JPIC Manual), goods. Gratitude, restitution and sharing Part Three, Chapter 5, “Daily Life.” are important values in our charism, and
42 GUIDELINES FOR THE ANIMATION OF JPIC we can live them in diverse ways: des- should be asked to provide dates when ignating a fixed percentage of income they are available. The Animator should for the poor, in the form of projects for send the agenda to participants for com- human development; looking for alterna- ment and additions. Make arrange- tive investment opportunities, like ethi- ments for logistics: a place for the meet- cal investment funds or ethical banks or ing; meals and refreshments; lodging, micro-credit organizations, so as to give if participants will be staying overnight. a greater social impact to our money; al- If there is a fee for the meeting, inform lowing organizations that perform a so- participants beforehand. cial function to occasionally use our fa- cilities for free, or at a reduced rate. b. Begin and end the meeting with prayer. At the beginning an appropriate songj. In evangelization: can be sung, along with a reading from • Remember that in our evangelizing Scripture, from Franciscan sources, or work we must give priority to witness from the Social Teaching of the Church. of life, both personal and communal. A prayer of thanksgiving can be offered For this reason, the suggestions listed at the end. If possible, different par- above should be taken very seriously. ticipants can be contacted before the meeting to prepare the prayers. Dur- • Promote “social” charity as part of ing the meeting itself, all should strive to our ministries and evangelizing work, maintain a fraternal atmosphere, living including concern for the excluded, among ourselves the values of dialogue, solidarity, human promotion, work for conflict resolution and peace. peace and care for creation. Such concern should be given the same c. Goals for the meeting should be clear. weight as catechesis and the sacra- People can better prepare for a meet- ments (cf. DCE, 22, 25). ing if they are aware of its objectives. Review the agenda at the beginning of • Promote collaboration between friars the meeting and leave a time for partici- and laity in all aspects of the evange- pants to add other topics they feel are lizing task, but especially in the area important. Be sure you have scheduled of social ministry. enough meeting time to deal with all top- ics thoroughly. • Encourage the creation of JPIC com- mittees or teams in parishes and d. Along with good preparation, a meet- schools, so that they can promote JPIC ing also needs good guidance and/or values in their respective settings. facilitation. The Animator, or another participant who is proficient, can man- age the meeting. Care should be taken that all topics are covered, without be-5.12 coming bogged down in any one topic.HOW TO RUN A MEETING If it is obvious that one topic will need more extended discussion, participants F ive elements are essential for a should decide whether it is possible to productive meeting: good plan- rearrange the meeting for such a discus- ning, a fraternal atmosphere, clar- sion, or whether it should be scheduledity of purpose, good guidance/facilitation, for a future meeting. If it is clear that aand evaluation. meeting will be very complicated, or if it seems better that the meeting not bea. Planning should take place well before chaired by one of the participants, the the time of the meeting. Participants Animator should consider inviting some-
OFFICE FOR JPIC - ORDER OF FRIARS MINOR 43 one who is skilled in facilitation of meet- Among them are: ings. The Animator should also make • “Instruments of Peace: Led by the Spir- sure that a secretary be designated to it,” proceedings of the First International take the minutes of the meeting. Good Congress for JPIC, held in Vossenack, minutes are absolutely necessary to Germany, in October 2000 (General Cu- help implement decisions and to share ria, 2001). the content of the meeting with others. • “Franciscan Nonviolence: Stories, Re-e. A privileged time should be set aside flections, Principles, Practices and Re- at the end of the meeting to carry out sources,” Pace e Bene Nonviolence a thorough evaluation of the proceed- Service (Las Vegas, 2003). ings. Evaluations will help to correct any problems that may arise, and will al- • “Water for Life!: In Defense of our Sis- ter Water,” prepared by the Ecology low participants a chance to shape the working group of the JPIC promoters of content and process of future meetings. Rome in June 2003. It also provides an opportunity to begin the planning for possible future meet- ings, especially regarding the choice of • “Global Warming and Climate Change,” prepared by the Global Warming work- appropriate dates. ing group of the JPIC promoters of Rome in March 2002. • “The Lord Give You Peace: A New5.13 World is Possible,” a pamphlet to helpRESOURCES implementation of the JPIC proposals from Chapter 2003, prepared by thea. The JPIC section of the OFM webpage15 JPIC Office in Rome. is an important resource for all Animators. Most of the material produced by the JPIC • “Embracing the Excluded of Today,” Office in Rome, and material produced by proceedings of the II International Con- many others as well, can be found in the gress for JPIC, held in Uberlândia, Bra- “resources” section of the page. zil, in February 2006.b. The Franciscan Resource Book, or the • “JPIC Quotes,” a compilation of JPIC ci- “Manual,” entitled Instruments of Peace 16 tations from the principal documents of is a very useful tool for Animators. It the Order, prepared by the JPIC Office contains reflections on the Franciscan in Rome in 2006.17 Vision of the Work for JPIC, including the relation of JPIC to Formation, Evan- • “Breaking with Business as Usual: Achieving the Millennium Development gelization and Contemplation; specific Goals,” prepared by a team of JPIC pro- themes of special interest (option for the moters in Rome in 2007, together with poor, peacemaking, integrity of creation, Caritas Internationalis. human rights, etc.); and a practical sec- tion on how to do JPIC work. • “Building Parish Justice and Peace Groups: A Training Manual” Lumko In-c. Numerous resource booklets exist to stitute, South Africa.18 help with your work. They can be found on the OFM website or in booklet form. 17 “JPIC Quotes” can be found at http://www.ofm. org/01docum/jpic/jpicSUSSeng.pdf .15 See http://www.ofm.org/jpic/ . 18 “Building Parish Justice and Peace Groups can be16 See http://www.ofm.org/01docum/jpic/suss99EN.pdf found at http://www.ofm.org/01docum/jpic/JPICpar- . rEN.pdf .
44 GUIDELINES FOR THE ANIMATION OF JPIC There are many people and organiza- • Every country should have a Confer-tions throughout the world who can help ence for Religious, and that conferencewith your JPIC work. The following should should have a JPIC office with good in-be able to provide information or names of formation for you.people who can give presentations: • The Bishops’ Conference of your coun-• The JPIC Office in Rome. The e-mail try should also have a JPIC office which address for the office is firstname.lastname@example.org, can provide information and service. and the office phone number is +39-06- 6849-1218. • Organizations like Pax Christi, Francis- cans International, Caritas Internationa-• The JPIC President of your conference. lis, Amnesty International, World Watch Each conference has a JPIC President Institute, and many others also provide who should be able to help you with much information to assist you in your names of people and organizations in work. Their material is easily accessible your region that can provide information through their web pages. and service. “ The justice practiced and proclaimed by Jesus is linked to mercy. The peace He offered is not of this world, and is the fruit of profound reconciliation ”
6. OFFICE FOR JPIC - ORDER OF FRIARS MINOR 45 APPENDICES Collaboration with the Secretariats.APPENDIX I: He should collaborate intensely with theTHE DECALOGUE Secretariats for Formation/Study and forFOR JPIC ANIMATORS Evangelization in order to be able to reach all the Friars. Only in this way will JPIC en- Closeness to the Fraternity. The Ani- ter into their heart, life and mission.mator should be very close to the friars ofthe local and provincial fraternity and par- Information to the Fraternity. Heticipate in the everyday life of his fraternity should inform the Minister Provincial, hisand province. His mission is to be leaven in Definitory and all the friars of the activitiesthe dough, a grain of salt which gives taste. planned and of those activities which he, asTo do this, the JPIC Animator should not Delegate, intends to carry out, thus makingfeel he is, or be seen to be, a “foreign body” the Friars with responsibility for govern-in the everyday life of the Friars, as this ment participants in his own anxieties andwould gravely damage his work in favor of hopes.the noble cause in which he believes andfor which he works. Preparation of Projects. He should draw up a JPIC project, with its objectives Centered on Christ. The life of the Ani- and means, in “communion” with the Fra-mator should be centered in Christ and his ternal Life Project of the province. Theheart turned to the Lord. He must pay at- project should be evaluated periodically.tention to all the essential elements of the At the same time, the JPIC Animator oughtFranciscan charism. The JPIC Animator to coordinate the activities in the area ofmust be “impassioned” with God so as to JPIC which are being carried out in thebe “impassioned” with humankind, like the province.prophets. He should transmit at all timesthe beauty of following Christ according to Animation of the Friars. He should ani-the forma vitae which Francis left us. mate the friars to participate in the activities of JPIC programmed by the province, the Knowledge of Reality. He must pro- Conference and the local Church.foundly know (a superficial knowledge isnot enough for solid judgments) the reality Collaboration with other Institutions.of the different places of the world where He should collaborate actively with the oth-there is any kind of violence, in order to er JPIC Animators of the Diocese, Confer-keep the friars informed properly, judge sit- ence, Franciscan Family and of other reli-uations well, and create in this way a culture gious congregations.of peace, justice and integrity of creation. Constant Conversion. He should feel Reflection with the Friars. He should that he himself is in an on-going process ofcreate an atmosphere of reflection among formation and conversion19.the friars about situations of violence andinjustice, and offer them materials for for-mation and reflection, based especially onCatholic Social Teaching, so that Christian 19 Rodríguez C. José, The commitment of the Friarsresponses can be given to such situations Minor to Justice and Peace (II European Congress for Delegates of Justice and Peace of the Franciscan(cf. GGCC 96,1). Order, Santiago de Compostela, 2004).
46 GUIDELINES FOR THE ANIMATION OF JPICAPPENDIX II:MODEL JPIC STATUTES FOR ANENTITY AND FOR A CONFERENCE A: MODEL STATUTES coordinated by the provincial Animator. FOR AN ENTITY He will be named soon after the Chapter for a period of three years. SPECIAL STATUTES FOR JUSTICE, PEACE AND THE IN- Article 4. TEGRITY OF CREATION (JPIC) The province will name a JPIC Commis- OF THE PROVINCE OF sion to assist the Animator in his task. ____________________________ Members should include a representa- tive from the secretariat of Formation/ Studies, a representative from the sec-NATURE AND PURPOSE retariat of Evangelization, friars from different ministries of the province, andArticle 1. lay people with whom we work. Where The Office for Justice, Peace and the possible, the province will name local Integrity of Creation (JPIC) of the Prov- JPIC Animators for its various friaries ince of _____________________, of- and ministries. fers help and assistance to the Minister Provincial and his Definitory for promot- Article 5. ing, animating and coordinating all that The tasks of the Animator, with the as- concerns justice, peace and the integrity sistance of the JPIC Commission, in- of creation, in conformity with the Gen- clude: eral Constitutions, the General Statutes and the decisions of General Chapters 1. Inform the Minister Provincial and and Plenary Councils of the Order. his Definitory about all commitments and activities of the Office. Pres-Article 2. ent, at the end of each year, a report The main tasks of the Office for Justice, on the JPIC activities of the prov- Peace and the Integrity of Creation, in ince and a detailed program for the dependence on the Minister Provincial, coming year, to be approved by the are: Definitory. 1. To assure that JPIC becomes a part of the life and service of the Province. 2. Coordinate the activities of the of- This should be done in collaboration fice. with the Secretariat for Formation/ Studies and the Secretariat for Evan- 3. Collaborate with all the services of gelization. the province, especially with Forma- tion/Studies and Evangelization, to 2. To instruct the friars about ques- ensure that JPIC become an impor- tions regarding JPIC (GGSS Art. 39, tant element in the life and work of 1-2). the province. • Prepare programs for the pos- tulants, novices, temporary pro-ORGANIZATION fessed and Ongoing Formation. • Prepare resource materials forArticle 3. the province on issues related to The JPIC service of the province will be JPIC.
OFFICE FOR JPIC - ORDER OF FRIARS MINOR 47 4. Promote good communication: vincial treasurer about expenses every • With the friars of the province. six months. Visit the local fraternities; keep the friars informed about JPIC ac- tivities; distribute the JPIC bulletin CONTACT. • With the JPIC Office in Rome. B: MODEL JPIC STATUTES • With the JPIC Commission of the FOR A CONFERENCE Conference. 5. Prioritize, organize and implement SPECIAL STATUTES the tasks proposed by the Order, the FOR JUSTICE, PEACE AND THE IN- conference and the province. TEGRITY OF CREATION (JPIC) OF THE CONFERENCE OF 6. Propose to the Minister Provincial ____________________________ competent people for animation of specific JPIC projects. In an Assembly held on ___________ 7. Collaborate with the Franciscan in _____________, the Provincial Minis- Family, with the local Church and ters and Custodes of the _____________ with other organizations that have Conference reviewed and approved these objectives similar to those of the Particular Statutes for JPIC. They were JPIC office. prepared by the JPIC Animators of the Conference. 8. Redact and preserve the minutes of JPIC meetings. NATURE AND OBJECTIVES 9. Be aware of and participate in JPIC activities at the level of the confer- Article 1. ence and the Order. The Justice, Peace and Integrity of Cre- ation Commission of the Franciscan Conference of ________ is an organiza-FINANCES tion of the same conference which ani- mates, raises awareness and promotesArticle 6. actions in regard to the issues of justice, The provincial JPIC service will be sup- peace and ecology. This work is carried ported financially by the provincial bud- out in both the fraternal life and the min- get. istry of the Entities.Article 7. Article 2. The Animator, together with the Com- The primary objectives of the JPIC Com- mission, will prepare an annual budget mission are: and send it to the Minister Provincial and 1. Foster interprovincial collaboration the Definitory for study and approval. and participation of the Provinces in issues related to justice, peace andArticle 8. the integrity of creation through com- The Animator will prepare an annual fi- mon projects. nancial report detailing the expenses for the various JPIC activities and submit it 2. Promote further study for the pro- to the Minister Provincial and the Defini- vincial JPIC Animators in regard to tory. The Animator will inform the pro- these issues.
48 GUIDELINES FOR THE ANIMATION OF JPIC 3. Help friars of the conference Entities are to elect a President (coordinator) and understand the importance of the op- a Secretary from among their members. tion for the poor, and of work in favor These elections are to be confirmed of justice, peace and the integrity of by the conference. The President and creation, as we seek to live out our Secretary are elected for a three year Franciscan and Evangelical voca- term; they can be re-elected for a sec- tion. ond three-year term, but not for a third. 4. Promote among the friars a style of life that reflects these Franciscan Article 6. and evangelical values. The functions of the President are: 1. General coordination of the Com- 5. Foster in our fraternities, parishes mission, and serve as its representa- and schools a concern for JPIC is- tive. sues through courses, by sending 2. Convoke and preside at meetings of information and catechetical/liturgi- the Commission. cal materials, through solidarity cam- 3. Prepare, together with the Secretary, paigns and other activities. the agenda for meetings. 4. Encourage execution of the deci- 6. Coordinate our activities with those sions of the Commission. of the JPIC Office at the General Cu- 5. Participate in the meetings of the In- ria and with the International JPIC ternational JPIC Council of the Or- Council of the Order. der. 6. Maintain contact with the JPIC Of- 7. Collaborate with the JPIC Commis- fice at the General Curia and with the sion of the Franciscan Family. JPIC Presidents (coordinators) of the other OFM conferences. 8. Collaborate with non-Franciscan or- ganizations which work on JPIC is- Article 7. sues. The functions of the Secretary are: 1. Keep the minutes of Commission meetings and send them to Com-ORGANIZATION OF THE mission members and to the Gen-COMMISSION AND ITS MEMBERS eral Secretary of the conference. 2. Keep the Archives in Order.Article 3. 3. Keep the financial records of the The JPIC Commission of the ________ Commission, and update Commis- Conference is formed by the JPIC Ani- sion members and the conference mators of each of the Entities of the on the economic situation of the Conference. (If it seems opportune, a Commission. Minister Provincial can be named as liai- 4. Help the President prepare the son to serve as a link between the Con- agenda for Commission meetings. ference and the Commission.) 5. In the absence of the President, the Secretary assumes his responsibili-Article 4. ties. The members of the Commission will meet at least once a year in ordinary session, and in extraordinary session in FINANCES case of necessity. Article 8.Article 5. For conference meetings, travel ex- The members of the JPIC Commission penses will be paid by each Entity, and
OFFICE FOR JPIC - ORDER OF FRIARS MINOR 49 expenses for hospitality will be covered Article 10. by the host Entity. The Secretary will present an annual economic report to the members of theArticle 9. Commission and to the Assembly of The Commission will prepare an annual Provincial Ministers and Custodes of the budget, to be approved by the Confer- conference. ence. The budget will include expenses of the JPIC President in his role as rep- resentative of the conference. These expenses will be shared by the Entities of the conference. Date of approval of Particular Statutes. “ JPIC is a dimension of our vocation, just like prayer, fraternity, minority and evangelization ”
50 GUIDELINES FOR THE ANIMATION OF JPICAPPENDIX III:A MODEL FOR SOCIAL COMMITMENT STRUGGLE IN DEFENSE ploration on Lembata since 1925, and the OF THE PEOPLE ON THE history of the agreement between the P.T. ISLAND OF LEMBATA Merukh Company and the government of (INDONESIA) Lembata; (3) the response of the people to the project; (4) the reasons given by the THE FACTS people for rejecting the mining project; (5) I n May 2007 the OFM JPIC Office of recommendations. The document has Indonesia received a letter from the been distributed among the friars, and has “Forum of Communication about the also served to make the people aware ofproblem of the Mines on Lembata” (a net- the issue.work of NGOs, among whom is includedthe Divine Word congregation). The Fo- The OFM JPIC service has, togetherrum asked the JPIC Office to accompany with other organizations, used mass mediaand support the people of Lembata in the (TV, newspapers, etc.) to publicize this situ-struggle for defense of their economic and ation. Another task they have undertaken,social rights against the P.T. Merukh Com- together with the Divine Word Missionar-pany. Together with German transnational ies and other local organizations, has beencorporations, Merukh wants to exploit the to help the people understand the miningminerals found on the island: copper, gold, industry and its impact on life and the envi-zinc, lead and tin. ronment, and to promote a nonviolent, pa- tient and peaceful struggle. Although the local government says thatthe project will increase local income and REFLECTION Wbetter the lives of the people, it will more e find in this story a series ofcertainly endanger their way of life, since elements that can serve asthey live by fishing and agriculture. Along models for our JPIC work:with the economic and social rights of thepeople, it also threatens the ecosystem of 1. First of all, the Provincial JPIC Officethe island, which in turn threatens the ex- has a team formed by various reli-istence of the people. For this reason, in gious and lay people. One friar doesMarch 2007 all parish priests of Lembata not work alone. This enriches thesigned a letter rejecting the project. work and makes it more solid. It is a shared ministry and includes both reli- The JPIC Office, after consulting the gious and laity.Provincial, sent two members of the JPICteam, a friar and a layman, to investigate 2. The JPIC Office is open to requeststhe situation in June 2007. They were in from the community and is able to dia-Lembata for about two weeks and met with logue and collaborate with other orga-NGOs, the local government, the Regional nizations, both religious and secular.Assembly and some leaders of local as-sociations. They analyzed the results of 3. To begin work on an issue, the Officetheir investigation, discussed them with the contacted the Minister Provincial. InJPIC team, and then the JPIC Office pub- this way the work was done in com-lished a document stating its position. The munion with the Province.document included: (1) a description of theeconomic, social and ecological reality of 4. The work began with a serious analy-the island; (2) the time line of mineral ex- sis of the situation in situ, and includ-
OFFICE FOR JPIC - ORDER OF FRIARS MINOR 51 ed listening to all parties involved, same cause. This cooperation made but especially to the people affected. them stronger. Working in network is The analysis covered the history and essential for JPIC work. causes of the situation, and studied the different dimensions of the issue: 8. They made sure to keep people in- economic, political, social, ecologi- formed about the situation, its causes cal, etc.. The dignity of the people in- and its consequences. Clear informa- volved was at the heart of the process, tion, beyond the specific interest of and not economic greed. those presenting the information, is key to raising people’s awareness of5. The analysis carried out by two mem- the situation and to attracting support bers of the team was later studied by for the cause. the entire JPIC team; a report was then prepared in which they presented their 9. Another important element was the well-grounded opinion in regard to the educational work that was undertak- issue. The report was distributed to en, helping the people to analyze the the Province. situation and understand the possible consequences for their lives and for6. From this point the JPIC team began its the environment. work in society, supporting what they had come to see as the just position: 10. Finally, the social struggle was under- defense of the rights of the people. taken using nonviolent, peaceful and patient means. Resolve and strength7. They worked together with other or- are needed to promote justice, but ganizations that were defending the without using violence of any type. “ The core of the Good News proclaimed by Jesus is salvation as a gift of God. It is salvation from all oppression, especially from sin and evil ”
52 GUIDELINES FOR THE ANIMATION OF JPICAPPENDIX IV: MODELS FOR SOCIAL ANALYSIS T • What is our experience of this issue or he two models for Social Analysis found below are taken from the problem? How does it affect us? book Faith Doing Justice by EliasO. Opongo SJ and Agbonkhianmeghe E.Orobator SJ (Paulines Publications Af- Analysis:rica, Nairobi, 2007). A third model can be • What changes have occurred in the lastfound in the third part of the JPIC Manual 5-10-20 years? What have been the“Instruments of Peace” (http://www.ofm. most significant changes?org/01docum/jpic/suss99EN.pdf). • What influence does money have on this situation? Why? Model I: A Simple Format • Who makes the most important deci- You do not have to be an expert to do sions here in relation to the situation orsocial analysis. Sophisticated analytical problem?tools are sometimes required, but in apastoral setting you can work effectively • What are the most important relation-in small groups, by exploring a local situa- ships among the people involved? Whytion or problem, and going through the fol- are they important?lowing simple questions. The responsesyou come up with will enable you to gain • What are the most important traditions of the people? Why are they important?a wider picture of the situation or problem,and stimulate a desire for a deeper analy- • What do the people value and desiresis. The questions are presented in four most in life? Why?phases: conversion, clearing the ground;description, getting relevant facts; analy- • If the situation remains the same, whatsis: history, structure, people, values and would things be like in the short, medi-project; action plan: process, infrastruc- um and long-term future?ture, networking, sustainability and com-prehensiveness. The questions: • Whose interest is served if the situation remains unchanged? Who will benefit from a total transformation of the situ-Conversion: ation?• Why are we interested in this issue or problem? Why does it matter to us? What factors have influenced our Conclusions: choice of this issue or problem? • What are the fundamental/root causes of the way things are today?• What do we hope to gain or achieve by examining this issue or problem? • What have we as a group learned from this process of social analysis?Description: • What shall we do with the new under-• What do we notice about the situation standing we now have of the situation? here today? Who are the people in- volved and what are they experiencing? • Where do we go from here?• What is the issue at stake here? What • Organize an effective, comprehensive is the key issue? and sustainable plan of action.
OFFICE FOR JPIC - ORDER OF FRIARS MINOR 53 In the process of answering the above ings do not provide a very solid basequestions, participants should try to make for engaging social issues. We needlinks to both faith and justice. patience to stand back from the chaos of experience or the particular situation• Believers should seek to transform faith in which we find ourselves, and cour- into action: “Whatsoever you do to the age to move to another level. least of my brothers and sisters” (Mt 25); love of God and neighbor (Lk 10). 2. Understanding/Analysis – We seek to understand the particular situation:• Justice is one of the hallmarks of the Kingdom of God. It inspires participants • Questions: What are the underlying to help ensure that minimum conditions issues? Why is this situation unjust, for life are met, and to advocate for just unacceptable? Who benefits from it? structures in society. Understanding the situation requires critical analysis: • Tasks: Identity the underlying issues, Model II: An Action-oriented Format the kind of resources required, the for Social Analysis objectives and goals. The four steps presented here to do • Note: Analysis is a combination ofSocial Analysis seek to apply principles data, information, careful listening, in-of Catholic Social Teaching to the under- tense study, concrete immersion andstanding of a particular situation with a collective discernment concerningview to change or transform it. It is pre- the particular situations in which wesented in this format for purposes of clar- find ourselves. It is like Jesus tellingity, but does not mean that the steps are his disciples “don’t start a project thatto be followed mechanically. The differ- you do not know how to complete.”ent sections overlap. This model is moreaction-oriented, and each stage calls up 3. Alternative Models:the next: • Questions: What would a more just situation look like? What possibilities1. Experience/Reactions – Choose a direct and probabilities exist? What would or indirect experience/event/situation God command us to do in this kind • Questions: What is going on here? of situation? What would Jesus have expected his followers to do in this What are the observable, most strik- ing features of this particular situa- kind of situation? Analysis and dis- tion? The experience itself and the cernment generate alternative mod- questions regarding the experience els: should generate reactions: • Tasks: Propose models of response • Reactions/questions: What feelings drawing upon the resources of our Christian faith, the tenets of our and emotions does this situation stir up in me – revolt, shock, fear, deter- Scripture, principles of Catholic So- mination, indifference, etc.? cial Teaching, without neglecting the vast resources of local knowledge, • Tasks: identify concrete, immediate indigenous wisdom and traditional needs. Recognize and name our institutions. emotions and feelings. • Note: This vision should be elaborat- • Note: experiencing immediate needs ed with the active participation of all and recognizing our emotions and feel- stakeholders, and that includes those
54 GUIDELINES FOR THE ANIMATION OF JPIC who are most affected by the pres- • Note: This does not mean the end of ent situation. The vision may well be the process; the particular situation utopian. But crucially it needs to be will evolve, and new situations will bold, workable and adaptable. emerge. Therefore, the response of today may need to be reviewed and4. Translation/Response - translating vi- adapted in order to remain relevant, sion into action: effective and transforming. The na- ture of the response could be chari- • Questions: What action, project, min- table; or structural, critical and radi- istry or program best embodies the cal (a prophetic action, ministry, pro- vision? Developing models calls for gram or project). It has a long-term implementation: objective of liberating people, and its • Tasks: Make a choice and a commit- main component is empowerment for transformation. ment; opt for a response.“ Welcoming and experiencing God who is love prompts us to place the love of God and of people at the center of our Christian lives. 2.1.3 ”
OFFICE FOR JPIC - ORDER OF FRIARS MINOR 55APPENDIX V:GLOSSARY1. Active Nonviolence: a process which the essential elements of their funda- seeks to resolve conflict in a humane mental life choice. In our life as friars, it and effective way; it seeks to break refers to the task of holding up our core the spiral of violence and to create Gospel beliefs, which are spelled out in options for a more human alterna- more detail in the Rule and Constitu- tive. As used in contemporary ethical tions, and challenging the friars to make thought, nonviolence is a philosophy them concrete in day to day living. JPIC and strategy that involves an activist, Animators are entrusted with the task of non lethal confrontation with evil that doing this in the areas of Justice, Peace respects the personhood even of the and Integrity of Creation. enemy, and therefore seeks both to end social evils such as oppression, 5. Catholic Social Teaching: “the ac- injustice and invasion and to reconcile curate formulation of the results of a the oppressor. careful reflection on the complex reali- ties of human existence, in society and2. Advocacy: the act of supporting a in the international order, in the light of cause or proposal. faith and of the Church’s tradition. Its • In a political context: An ‘advocacy main aim is to interpret these realities, group’ is an organized collection of determining their conformity with or people who seek to influence po- divergence from Gospel teaching on litical decisions and policy, without humanity and its vocation, a vocation seeking election to public office. which is at once earthly and transcen- • In a social context: The act of in- dent; its aim is thus to guide Christian fluencing a person’s or a group’s behavior” (SRS 41). For further infor- attitude towards a particular issue. mation consult the following site: http:// www.vatican.va/roman_curia/pon-3. Agrofuels (Biofuels): fuels derived tifical_councils/justpeace/documents/ from recently dead biological material, rc_pc_justpeace_doc_20060526_ from products of the land. The two compendio-dott-soc_en.html . most common forms are: 1) bioetha- nol, produced by the sugar fermenta- 6. Charity: one of the three theological tion process, and obtained from corn, virtues, along with faith and hope. Tra- sorghum, sugar cane and sugar beets; ditionally, charity called for practice of 2) biodiesel, derived from vegetable the corporal works of mercy (feeding oils, and obtained from plants like soy- the hungry, clothing the naked, giving beans and canola. Some people pre- shelter to the homeless). Today, char- fer to use the prefix “agro” rather than ity is seen to include a social, structur- “bio” for these fuels; “bio” means life, al or political component as well. Be- and these products threaten the lives yond concern for the corporal works of communities and peoples because of mercy, charity is also an active and they are diverting food crops for use operative commitment to work for a as fuel. Mass production of agrofuels world that is more just and fraternal, threatens food sovereignty. with special concern for the needs of the poorest.4. Animate – Animation: the work of an- imation is a commitment to encourage 7. Common Good: the sum total of so- people to live faithfully and effectively cial conditions which allow people, ei-
56 GUIDELINES FOR THE ANIMATION OF JPIC ther as groups or individuals, to reach 12. Ecology: the science of the relation- their fulfillment more fully and more ships between organisms and their en- easily (GS 26). Common good presup- vironments, and the branch of sociolo- poses respect for the person; requires gy that is concerned with studying the the social well being and development relationships between human groups of the group itself; and requires peace, and their physical and social environ- which is the stability and security of a ments. It is also seen as the study of just order (GS 26; CCC 1906-1909). the detrimental effects of modern civili- zation on the environment, with a view8. Community Investments: a subset toward prevention or reversal. of socially responsible investments that allow investors to help a commu- 13. Environmental Justice: this phrase nity in need while making a return on links the concepts of ecology and social their investment. (A common miscon- justice. It highlights the strong relation- ception is that these investments are ship that exists between the ecological donations, but this is not the case.) question, and the issues of justice, Many community investments are peace and the defense of the rights put toward community development of individuals and peoples. It calls for banks in developing countries or in the fair treatment of all races, cultures, lower-income areas of developed income classes and educational levels countries for affordable housing and with respect to the development and for venture capital. enforcement of environmental laws, regulations, and policies. Fair treat-9. Conflict Resolution: a way or method ment implies that no population should to resolve or to end conflict which takes be forced to shoulder a disproportion- place within an atmosphere of love and ate share of exposure to the negative trust where both parties know that there effects of pollution due to lack of po- will be no winners or losers but each litical or economic strength. The world- is respected for his or her own value. wide attack on ecology has become, There is an opportunity for personal in reality, an assault on the poor and a growth and mutual understanding which form of environmental racism. then enhance peace between parties. 14. Ethical Bank: a banking institution10. Ecological Conversion: a call for which offers its clients regular banking conversion not only from sins against services, but which chooses to oper- God and neighbor, but against nature ate in the financial market according to (ecology) as well; the sins include ex- ethical and social principles. It applies ploitation, manipulation and destruc- these principles in its choice of invest- tion of nature/ecology as a manifesta- ments and its use of savings. Some tion of human greed and egoism. ethical banks also function in the area of micro-credit, providing small loans11. Ecological Footprint: a resource at low interest to needy customers management tool that measures how who would normally have difficulty in much land and water area a human obtaining funds from traditional banks. population requires to produce the re- Ethical banks also offer clients maxi- sources it consumes and to absorb its mum transparency in regard to where wastes under prevailing technology. their money is being invested and how Its fundamental objective is to evalu- it is being managed. ate the impact that a specific way of living has on the planet, and conse- 15. Ethical Investment Funds: they are quently its degree of sustainability. socially responsible mutual funds that
OFFICE FOR JPIC - ORDER OF FRIARS MINOR 57 hold securities in companies that ad- 20. Inculturation: the insertion of new val- here to social, moral, religious or en- ues into one’s heritage and worldview. vironmental beliefs. To ensure that This process applies to all human di- the stocks chosen coincide with the mensions of life and development. fund’s beliefs, companies undergo a Within contemporary Christianity, in- careful screening process. A socially culturation signifies the movement responsible mutual fund will only hold which takes local cultures and their securities in companies that adhere values as the basic instrument and a to high standards of good corporate powerful means for presenting, refor- citizenship. Their goal is to promote mulating and living Christianity. Within better conditions of life in society and this process effective dialogue be- the sustainable development of the tween Christianity and local cultures planet. takes place, and it becomes the hon- est attempt to make Christ and his16. Fair Trade: a movement born in the liberating message better understood 1960s at a conference sponsored by by people of every culture, locality and the United Nations; its theme was time. Trade not Aid. The style of trade pro- moted by this movement facilitates 21. Integral Development: development access of producers from the South which includes all aspects of the per- to the markets of the North. It guar- son, avoiding the priority of economic antees payment of a fair price for the development over other human values goods, and conditions of equity and and dimensions such as the social, solidarity for workers. cultural, political and religious.17. Human Rights: the basic rights and 22. Integral Evangelization: evangeliza- freedoms to which all humans are enti- tion which addresses all dimensions tled, often held to include the right to life of the human person. Implies that an and liberty, freedom of thought and ex- activity of evangelization should touch pression, and equality before the law. all aspects of human life such as reli- gious, social, economic, political and18. Ideology: The body of ideas reflect- spiritual. ing the social needs and aspirations of an individual, group, class, culture or 23. Integrity of Creation: a vision that epoch. sees creation as an interconnected existence whereby created entities • An orientation that characterizes are not separated from one another, the thinking of a group or nation. but united in a complementary way. • Seen negatively, it is thinking that Integrity of creation also means that all confuses reality with appearances, species are inter-dependent, so that the particular with the universal. In the destruction of one created entity this context it has generated totali- affects the integrity of another created tarian regimes that have been re- entity, ultimately resulting in all of cre- sponsible for genocide and many ation being adversely affected. other injustices. 24. Interculturation: a dynamic process19. Incarnated Spirituality: a spirituality by which people from different cultures that guides people to be fully involved interact to learn about and question in human and worldly affairs as a con- their own and each other’s cultures. crete sign of commitment to building Over time this may lead to cultural the Kingdom of God. change. It recognizes the inequali-
58 GUIDELINES FOR THE ANIMATION OF JPIC ties at work in society and the need to ing concept behind restorative justice overcome them. It is a process which is the restoration of relationships. requires mutual respect and acknowl- edges human rights. 30. Social Commitment: a firm pledge to apply Gospel values to the task of25. Lobby: activity aimed at influencing living in the world, becoming fully in- public officials, especially members volved in human and worldly affairs of a legislative body, to accept certain as a concrete sign of commitment to laws or projects. Activity to influence work for a society that is more just and acceptance of a desired goal. Many fraternal, with special concern for the activists for social justice have come needs of the poorest and the most to see the importance of work to influ- marginalized. ence government policies in regard to specific JPIC issues. 31. Social Justice: justice that regulates social relationships according to the26. Reciprocity: a reciprocal condition or criterion of observance of the law. relationship. A mutual or cooperative Social justice concerns the social, po- interchange of favors or privileges, es- litical and economic aspects of soci- pecially the exchange of rights or privi- ety. Above all it is concerned with the leges of trade between nations. structural dimension of problems and their solutions.27. Responsible Consumer: a person conscious of the fact that behind the 32. Socially Responsible Investment: act of consumption there exists a investments that combine traditional complex system of production and criteria with social and ecological distribution, and that the very act of criteria in the choice of investment consumption can promote or extend opportunities. The criteria are tied certain inequalities. A responsible to issues of social justice, economic consumer employs a series of ethical development, peace and the environ- criteria in deciding to purchase goods, ment. It is also an instrument used and takes into account the social value to channel savings into productive ac- of that which is being bought. tivities in sectors that have marginal access to credit (the struggle against28. Restitutive Justice: a form of com- poverty, fostering micro-enterprise mutative justice by which the rights and small businesses, environmental of the injured person are restored, or protection, etc.). reparation is made by giving an equiv- alent or compensation for loss, dam- 33. Solidarity: “a firm and persevering age or injury caused. determination to commit oneself to the common good” (SRS 38). A com-29. Restorative Justice: is defined in mitment to stand with an individual, a number of ways. On the abstract group or cause. Solidarity occurs at level, restorative justice is fundamen- both the interpersonal and the struc- tally concerned with restoring relation- tural levels. ships, with establishing or re-estab- lishing social equality in relationships. 34. Subsidiarity: stipulates that “a com- On a more concrete level, restorative munity of a higher order should not in- justice involves the victim, the offend- terfere in the internal life of a commu- er and the community in a search for nity of a lower order, depriving the lat- solutions which promise repair, recon- ter of its functions, but rather support it ciliation and reassurance. The unify- in case of need and help to coordinate
OFFICE FOR JPIC - ORDER OF FRIARS MINOR 59 its activities with the rest of society, al- 36. World: the earth with its inhabitants ways with a view to the common good” and all things upon it. It is the vital (CA 48; cf. QA 184-186). space where human beings develop their relationships with God, with35. Sustainable Development: develop- one another, with nature and with ment that meets the needs of the pres- themselves. In the moral sense, in- ent without compromising the ability of fluenced by platonic and Manichean future generations to meet their own doctrines, world can mean “sin,” as in needs. It respects the limited capacity the theology of John. • of an ecosystem to absorb the impact of human activities.“ JPIC is committed to promoting all expressions of charity. It has a special calling, however, to promote political charity, which seeks to eliminate the causes of poverty and violence. Its ready hand should foster the integral development of those sectors of society that are weakest and most ” marginalized, and work to transform the existing “structures of sin” which impoverish the lives of so many people. 2.3.3