The First Calendar


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Ife Madzimoyo Presentation of Ancient African Calendar

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The First Calendar

  1. 1. The First Calendar Ife Madzimoyo African World History AYA Educational Institute
  2. 2. The First Calendar <ul><li>Archaeological findings in the Sahara Desert, dating back to before 7,500 B.C., reveal indications of an organization of wide spread, diverse ancient communities with a social, political and religious solidarity that helped create the 365 day calendar, possibly the Great Sphinx, and the foundations of the later Nile Valley civilizations of Ancient Nubia and Egypt. </li></ul>
  3. 3. Nabta Playa <ul><li>Archaeologists have been studying a desert basin region today called Nabta Playa in southwestern Egypt. They have determined that this was once a regional focal point for widely separated African communities (including cattle-herding people and ceramic-using people) to conduct ceremonies and confirm their social and political solidarity, at a time between 10,000 - 5,000 B.C. when the Sahara was fertile with more grasslands and trees with rivers and streams than desert. </li></ul>
  4. 4. Nabta Playa Nabta Playa
  5. 5. Nabta Playa <ul><li>The Nabta Playa basin had a seasonal lake from annual summer rains. </li></ul><ul><li>African communities in the Fertile Sahara, from the Nile Valley and from the more southern regions converged at an ancient ceremonial center at Nabta Playa from about 9,000 B.C. </li></ul><ul><li>By 8,000 years ago, large organized villages sustained by digging deep wells were permanently established in the semi-arid basin, where they harvested and cultivated edible wild plants, made pottery and kept cattle, sheep and goat herds. </li></ul>
  6. 6. The Calendar <ul><li>By 7,000 B.C., after a drought, the Fertile Saharan Africans returned to Nabta Playa with a more complex social organization. </li></ul><ul><li>Among other activities, they constructed the earliest known astronomical  measuring device - a calendar circle (13 feet in diameter) of small upright stone slabs that was used to count the days and mark the summer solstice, June 21, and the beginning of the rainy season. </li></ul><ul><li>Stonehenge constructed more than 2,000 years later in the British Isles would be similar in design and concept. </li></ul>
  7. 7. <ul><li>Unfortunately, after hundreds of years, the annual rain seasons in the Fertile Sahara gradually shifted and diminished and by 6,000 years ago, the Sahara turned to dry desert. </li></ul>The Sahara
  8. 8. <ul><li>The Fertile Saharan populations moved also. Those who participated in Nabta Playa moved to the Nile River Valley, establishing villages and towns and continued their social and technological developments there. </li></ul>The Sahara
  9. 9. The Calendar <ul><li>The earliest Kemetian(Egyptian) calendar was based on the moon's cycles, but the lunar calendar failed to predict a critical event in their lives: the annual flooding of the Nile river. </li></ul>
  10. 10. The Calendar <ul><li>The Kemetians(Egyptians) soon noticed that the first day the &quot;Dog Star,&quot; which is now called Sirius, in Canis Major was visible right before sunrise. </li></ul>
  11. 11. The Calendar <ul><li>The Kemetians were the first to create a mainly solar calendar. This so-called 'heliacal rising' always preceded the flood by a few days. Based on this knowledge, they devised a 365-day calendar that seems to have begun in 4236 B.C.E., the earliest recorded year in history </li></ul>
  12. 12. The Real Date? <ul><li>If the first calendar was actually created in 4236 B.C., and not 2005 years ago. The actual date today is December 20, 6241. </li></ul><ul><li>And coming this New Year, instead of it being 2006, the year will be 6242. </li></ul>
  13. 13. <ul><li>!Thank You for Viewing my Slideshow! </li></ul>Ife Madzimoyo