Performance enhancers bad effects of doping avik basu

469 views
366 views

Published on

2nd and 3rd September 2011,a General Lecture Theatre, Dr Chirantan Mandal, Dr Avik Basu, Dr Dipayan Sen Dr Ushnish Adhikari,Dr Srimanti Bhattacharya, Dr Shubham Presided by Dr Arnab Sengupta (Physiology Dept Medical College Kolkata)

0 Comments
0 Likes
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

No Downloads
Views
Total views
469
On SlideShare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
0
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
5
Comments
0
Likes
0
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

Performance enhancers bad effects of doping avik basu

  1. 1. EXERCISE AND SPORTS PHYSIOLOGY<br />PERFORMANCE ENHANCERS IN SPORTS<br />Presented by:<br />AVIK BASU<br />
  2. 2. WHAT IS ‘PERFORMANCE ENHANCEMENT’ IN SPORTS?<br />3…<br />2…<br />1…<br />
  3. 3. Introduction<br />In 1997, Sports Illustrated asked 198 aspiring US Olympians,<br /> “Would you take a banned performance enhancing substance if you were guaranteed to win and not get caught?”<br /> 98% said “YES”<br />
  4. 4. Then, when asked,<br /> “Would you take the same undetectable substance if it would contribute to winning every competition for 5 years, then result in death?”<br /> Over 50% still said “YES!!!”<br />
  5. 5. When your best just isn’t good enough…<br />
  6. 6. DRUGS USED AS PERFORMANCE ENHANCERS<br />Anabolic Agents<br />Peptide Hormones and Analogues<br />Creatine<br />Stimulants<br />Diuretics<br />Cannabinoids<br />
  7. 7. ANABOLIC AGENTS AS PERFORMANCE ENHANCERS<br />Anabolic Steroids<br />TESTOSTERONE PRECURSORS<br /><ul><li>Enhance muscle mass gained from strength training
  8. 8. Speed recovery after exercise</li></li></ul><li>NAMES OF SOME ANABOLIC AGENTS<br />Androstendiol<br />Danazole<br />Nandrolone<br />Androstenedione<br />DHT<br />Clenbuterol<br />
  9. 9. ADVERSE EFFECTS OF ANABOLIC STEROIDS<br /><ul><li>Gynaecomastia, Testicular atrophy, </li></ul> Increased libido<br /><ul><li> Irregular menstruation, masculinization, </li></ul> acne <br /><ul><li> Hepatic peliosis, Hepatoma, HCC
  10. 10. Adverse lipid profile
  11. 11. Premature epiphyseal closure
  12. 12. Mood alterations </li></li></ul><li>PEPTIDE HORMONES AND ANALOGUES<br /><ul><li> Human Growth Hormone
  13. 13. Insulin-like Growth factor
  14. 14. Erythropoietin</li></ul>Protein anabolic action<br />Newly discovered<br />Increases PCV<br />
  15. 15. CREATINE<br /><ul><li> Regeneration of muscle ATP store
  16. 16. Cr + Ph = Cr-Ph; Cr-Ph + ADP + </li></ul> H+ = Cr + ATP<br /><ul><li> Adverse Effects:- (1) Muscle cramps</li></ul> (2) Interstitial <br /> nephritis<br />
  17. 17. STIMULANTS<br /> Increased alertness<br />Increased catecholamine<br />Increased lipolysis<br />CNS stimulation<br />Improved respiratory function<br /> Allays fatigue<br />
  18. 18. DIURETICS<br /><ul><li>Any diuretic may be used
  19. 19. Mechanism of Action:- </li></ul> (1) Body weight reduction<br /> (2) Elimination of other doping agents <br /> through urine<br /><ul><li> Adverse Effects:- (1) Dehydration</li></ul> (2) Cardiac arrhythmias<br />
  20. 20. CANNABINOIDS<br /><ul><li> Raise the pain threshold
  21. 21. Adverse Effects:- (1) Lowered psychomotor </li></ul> performance<br /> (2) Altered perception<br />
  22. 22. METHODS OF DOPING<br /><ul><li>Blood Doping
  23. 23. Gene Doping
  24. 24. CARBOHYDRATE LOADING</li></li></ul><li>CONCLUSION…<br />Before you attempt to beat the odds… <br />be sure you could survive the odds beating you<br />
  25. 25. THANK YOU!<br />

×