Exercise and sports in women srimanti
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Exercise and sports in women srimanti

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2nd and 3rd September 2011,a General Lecture Theatre, Dr Chirantan Mandal, Dr Avik Basu, Dr Dipayan Sen Dr Ushnish Adhikari,Dr Srimanti Bhattacharya, Dr Shubham Presided by Dr Arnab Sengupta ...

2nd and 3rd September 2011,a General Lecture Theatre, Dr Chirantan Mandal, Dr Avik Basu, Dr Dipayan Sen Dr Ushnish Adhikari,Dr Srimanti Bhattacharya, Dr Shubham Presided by Dr Arnab Sengupta (Physiology Dept Medical College Kolkata)

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Exercise and sports in women srimanti Exercise and sports in women srimanti Presentation Transcript

  • EXERCISE AND SPORTS IN WOMEN
    BY SHREEMANTI BHATTACHARYYA
    3RD YEAR STUDENT
    MEDICAL COLLEGE AND HOSPITAL, KOLKATA.
  • The myth
  • Myth of the“stronger sex”and“the weaker sex”
    Women’s sport as reflected in the medical discourse
  • Physiological differences between male and female athletes
  • Fat storage
    Muscle mass
    Muscle strength
    Endurance
    Thermoregulation
  • Cardiovascular response
  • LV end diastolic cavity dimensions
  • Distribution of maximum lv wall thickness in 738 male athletes and 600 female athletes
  • Relative impact of different sports on LV cavity dimensions
  • Metabolic differences between male and female athletes
  • Basal metabolic rate
    Active young woman-2400kcal/d
    Active young man-3000 to 3200kcal/d
    BMR when calculated in terms of lean muscle mass the difference disappears.
  • Oxygen uptake
    Women have 10-15% less Hb/100ml of blood.
    Men have higher levels of arterial-venous oxygen difference
    Blood Lactate Levels
    Women and girls reach elevated venous blood lactate levels at a lower absolute workload.
    Fat metabolism
    Women cannot mobilize or utilize fat from adipose tissue better than men.
  • Athletic disorders specific to women
  • Female athlete triad
    Exercise Effects
    Energy Drain
    Eating Disorders
    Mental Stress
    Hypothalamic Dysfunction
    GnRH
    FSH & LH
    Oestradiol
    Progesterone
    Infertility
    (temporary)
    Genetic Factors
    Reproductive Immaturity
    Delayed Menarche
    Short Luteal Phase/Anovulation
    Oligo/Amenorrhoea
    Reduced Bone Mass
    Stress Fractures
  • Bone mineral Density of the lumber spine and lower limb
  • Nutrition and the active woman
  • The pregnant athlete
  • Conclusion
    As more women undertake serious conditioning and training and gain in international experience, many former “barriers” will fall by the wayside and many “limits” will be exceeded.