Formed Police Units in Peacekeeping & Stability Operations
What is the evolution of the concept of stability policing and FPUs in PKOs and what direction is the concept likely to take over the next ten years ?
How are the developing capabilities of FPUs, and evolving stability policing doctrine, likely to contribute to peacekeeping and stability operations over the next ten years ?
It is highly likely that future UN PKOs will consist of 50-70% of the overall UN police component, due to their cost effectiveness and operational capabilities compared to UN CIVPOL.
As a result of this, FPUs will be tasked with an expanding range of roles, from primary functions - such as crowd control, riot suppression, and guarding UN facilities and personnel - to providing security at IDP camps, guarding civilians, and the use of female FPUs for gender related issues.
These new roles are likely being shaped by the increased utilization of FPUs in African PKOs.
It is highly likely that effective coordination between IGOs and FPUs will become increasingly crucial to the success of future PKOs.
It is highly likely that despite good leadership and a clear chain of command, a lack of coordination between FPUs and IGOs during crisis situations will greatly hinder the ability of all entities to effectively respond to the situation.
It is highly likely that COESPU will continue to focus on the development of FPUs for African PKOs; this includes enticing African nations to send officers to train at COESPU, as well as provide mission training in languages consistent with African PKOs.
It is highly likely that IGOs will not resist recommendations made by COESPU, and will incorporate new doctrine into their missions; it is likely that the African Standby Force (ASF) will be the first IGO to fully incorporate this new doctrine, however the ASF is not likely engage in PKOs within the next ten years.