Dental caries

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We in Chinthamani Laser Dental Clinic & Implant Centre ,cover every speciality and subspeciality in dentistry so that all kind of your dental problems can be treated efficiently and effectively.
Contact us:
Chinthamani Laser Dental Clinic & Implant Centre
1/464,Mount Poonamallee High Road,
Iyyapanthangal,
Chennai-56
Phone no.044-43800059 , 92 83 786776
Email:
chinthamanidental@gmail.com,
Website:
www.chinthamanilaserdentalclinic.com

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Dental caries

  1. 1. Chinthamani Laser Dental Clinic
  2. 2. Introduction Dental Caries is a disease in which the calcified tissue of the tooth undergo modification. It is characterized by demineralization of the inorganic components of the tooth, leadin to cavity formation and loss of tooth
  3. 3. ETIOLOGY Four Factors 1. 2. 3. 4. Host Diet Time Microbial Flora
  4. 4. Host Structure of enamel and the nature of saliva plays an impotant role in dental caries. Structure of enamel make some areas of the enamel susceptible to caries. The continous flow of saliva prevents accumulation of micro organisms and also it neutralizes the acid produced by bacteria.
  5. 5. Diet Microflora in the oral cavity ferment dietary carbohydrates with the production of acid which destroys the dental tissue. All carbohydrates are carcinogenic but some havehigh carcinogenicity, such as sucrose. It prolongs the maintenance of a low ph on the tooth surface.
  6. 6. Time The Length of time that this acidic environment(low ph) is sustained to damage the enamel is extremely important in occurrence of dental caries. Microbial Flora Dental caries is caused mainly due to Streptococcus mutans. Also caused by Lactobacillus
  7. 7. Streptococcus mutans Lactobacillus
  8. 8. Prevention It is based on the control of one or more components of dental caries. 1. Reduction of microbial flora by oral hygiene and use of antimicrobials. 2. Regular Brushing may prevent stagnation of food debris. 3. Control the dietary intake of Carbohydrates. 4. Removal of dental plaque by mechanical methods(scaling)
  9. 9. Test To Assess Dental Caries There Is no specific test for assessment of dental caries. However , salivary counts of S.mutans and Lactobacillus have been used for the detection of patients who are at higher risk for developing caries. It can lead to prevention and may reduce the extensive costly oral treatment.
  10. 10. THANK YOU Email.id: chinthamanidental@gmail.com 044-43800059 , 92 83 786 776 www.chinthamanilaserdentalclinic.com

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