FII - is Foreign Institutional Investors, i.e, foreign Investment Bankers like Goldman sachs, Merrill lynch, Lehman bros etc...investing in indian markets......in other words buying indian stocks.....FII's generally buy in large volumes which has an impact on the stock markets... FDI - is Foreign Direct Investments i.e. a foreign company having a stake in a public sector undertaking in a country for a long period and that company is called Multinational Enterprise.
This typifies FDI into developing countries, for example seeking natural resources in the Middle East and Africa, or cheap labor in Southeast Asia and Eastern Europe.
Investments which aim at either penetrating new markets or maintaining existing ones..
It is suggested that this type of FDI comes with the expectation that it further increases the profitability of the firm. Typically, this type of FDI is mostly widely practiced between developed economies; especially those within closely integrated markets (e.g. the EU)..
A tactical investment to prevent the loss of resource to a competitor. Easily compared to that of the oil producers, whom may not need the oil at present, but look to prevent their competitors from having it.
FDI Approval Procedure Government Route for few sectors Automatic Route in most Sector RBI FIPB No permission required, only to notify RBI within 30 days of issue of shares to foreign investors Approval is granted generally in 30 days
FDI Inflows- Sector -wise Electrical equipment including software moves to over all 2nd position in Nov 2006. Services sector shows spurt in growth and the top sector attracting FDI – moving up from the third position. Spurt in FDI in Real Estate causes the construction sector to the third position in Nov 2006.