Japan‘s strengths
learn from 芸道
(Geido)&武道
(Budo)
4.30.2013
Art Group Chair of KMSJ
Ph.D.Yoshikazu Onose
The Knowledge For...
1.What is 道(Do)in Japan?
2.The history of the establishment of 芸道
(Geido)and 武道(Budo)
3.Learning Chi from 芸道(Geido)
4.Lear...
1.What is 道(Do)in Japan?
道 (Do) is disciplines or Philosophies​of traditional arts in Japan. It
means to be performed in t...
2.The history of the establishment of 芸道
(Geido)and 武道(Budo)
Period of Japan
Ancient(Kofun Per.~) Ancient(Kamakura Per.~) ...
3.Learning Chi from 芸道(Geido)①
◆Waka(和歌道:Wakado)&Haiku(俳諧道:Haikaido)
・ Geido of Japan began with waka and renga(Manyou-shu...
3.Learning Chi from 芸道(Geido)②
◆Tea ceremony(茶道:Sado)
・ Tea is said to have came from Tang (China) in the Heian
period. In...
3.Learning Chi from 芸道(Geido)③
◆Nou theatre(能楽道:Nougakudo)
・ Noh theatre is assumed to have originated from
“Sarugaku”(imp...
4.Learning Chi from 武道(Budo)①
◆Sumo(相撲道:Sumodo)
・ Tracing back to the history of Sumo as the national sport of
Japan, trac...
4.Learning Chi from 武道(Budo)②
◆Japanese art of archery(弓道:kyudo)
・ The origin of the Japanese art of archery dates back to...
4.Learning Chi from 武道(Budo)③
◆Judo(柔道:Judo)
・ The origin of Jujitsu as the origin of Judo dates back to
fighting art “Tak...
5.Japan‘s strengths to learn from 道(Do)
◆The study on the strengths of Japan to learn from Budo and Geido
1) Having the sp...
5.Japan‘s strengths to learn from 道(Do)
◆The study on the strengths of Japan to learn from Budo and Geido
2) Having “The a...
5.Japan‘s strengths to learn from 道(Do)
◆The study on the strengths of Japan to learn from Budo and Geido
3) Having “The B...
◆ KM by taking advantage of the strengths of 道(Do)
: Conclusion
1.Mutual understanding “mental background"
It is important...
 Name:Ph.D. Yoshikazu Onose
 Birthplace:Tsuruoka-shi , Yamagata Prefecture , Japan(Born in 1952)
 Affiliation: Vice Pre...
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Japan‘s strengths learn from 道“do”(TKF2013 Russia)

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日本ナレッジマネジメント学会 理事(アート部会長)・拓殖大学非常勤講師(経営学博士)小野瀬由一氏のプレゼン資料(2013/04/30・TKF 2013 Vladivostok, Russia 講演より)

※芸道(Geido)と武道(Budo)から学ぶ日本の強み」。日本の芸道(Geido)・武道(Budo)から日本の強みを学び、それら強みの企業経営への展開法を考察し、その本質に迫ります。

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Japan‘s strengths learn from 道“do”(TKF2013 Russia)

  1. 1. Japan‘s strengths learn from 芸道 (Geido)&武道 (Budo) 4.30.2013 Art Group Chair of KMSJ Ph.D.Yoshikazu Onose The Knowledge Forum2013 Russia (Vladivostok)
  2. 2. 1.What is 道(Do)in Japan? 2.The history of the establishment of 芸道 (Geido)and 武道(Budo) 3.Learning Chi from 芸道(Geido) 4.Learning Chi from 武道(Budo) 5.Japan‘s strengths to learn from 道(Do) 6. KM by taking advantage of the strengths of 道(Do):Conclusion 7.Speaker’s Profile ◆Contents All Copyright©2013Yoshikazu Onose 2
  3. 3. 1.What is 道(Do)in Japan? 道 (Do) is disciplines or Philosophies​of traditional arts in Japan. It means to be performed in the spirit of self-discipline and that embodies the pursuit of truth and the way of life through the things of any one. 道(Do) in Japan is different from 道教(Taoism) in China. There are 芸道(Geido)and 武道(Budo)in Japan as traditional cultures. What is 道 (Do): Members : Special Advisors(Former Prof.of Shobi Gakuen Yoshiharu Ganryu & Honorary Prof.of Aoyama Gakuen Univ. Akira Ishikawa) Chair(Ph.D.Yoshikazu Onose) Researchers(Mr.Mitsunori Hotta,Mr.Ippei Tanizawa,Ph.D.Hidemi Yashiro) The value pyramid of Chi pyramid and Art pyramid: All Copyright©2013Yoshikazu Onose 3
  4. 4. 2.The history of the establishment of 芸道 (Geido)and 武道(Budo) Period of Japan Ancient(Kofun Per.~) Ancient(Kamakura Per.~) Early modern period(Edo Per.) Modern (Meiji Per.~) 芸道 (Geido) 武道 (Budo) Religion 和歌道(Waka) 剣術 (Kenjyutu) 弓術(Kyujyutsu) 真言宗 ( Shingon) 仏教 ( Buddhism ) 歌舞伎道 (Kabuki) 基督教 (Christianity) 弓道 (Kyudo) 国技相撲(Kokugi- Sumo) 剣道(Kendo) 柔道(Judo)柔術 (Jyujyutsu) 俳諧道 (Haiku) 茶道(Tea ceremony) 香道(Way of Incense) 能楽道 (Noh) 華道 (Ikebana) 合気道 (Aikido) 国家神道 (Kokka-Sinto) 儒家神道( Syncretism Shinto with Confucianism) 伊勢神道 (Ise Shinto) 神仏習合神道( Syncretism Shinto with Buddhism) 儒教 ( Confucianism ) 日蓮宗 (Nichiren) 禅宗(Zen) 相撲(Sumo) 原始神道(Primitive Shinto) All Copyright©2013Yoshikazu Onose 4
  5. 5. 3.Learning Chi from 芸道(Geido)① ◆Waka(和歌道:Wakado)&Haiku(俳諧道:Haikaido) ・ Geido of Japan began with waka and renga(Manyou-shu) of the Nara period. However, waka and renga to stagnation for oral elbows by court noble, to the Edo period, allowed the rise of haiku(haikaido). ・ Waka is a kind of poetry that are configured 5syllables+ +7syllables +5 syllables +7 syllables +7 syllables. ・ Waka and renga is to read the emotions, suggestiveness, vestiges from nature etc.. ・Haiku is a kind of poetry that are configured 5 syllables + 7 syllables +5 syllables. ★Waka on Japanese card game ★Bashou’s Kuhi at Kiyosumi park”Furuikeya kawazu tobikomu mizunooto” All Copyright©2013Yoshikazu Onose 5
  6. 6. 3.Learning Chi from 芸道(Geido)② ◆Tea ceremony(茶道:Sado) ・ Tea is said to have came from Tang (China) in the Heian period. In the Kamakura period, tea etiquette became established as “Sarei” of Zenshuji temple and was served at parties of “Kaisho” of court nobles afterwards. ・ In the Muromachi period, “Wabi cha” of tea ceremony by Sennorikyu became established through “Suki (famous tea in Tang) by Jyuko Murata etc.. ・ Tea ceremony spirit of Sennorikyu is called “Wakeiseijaku”, and “Wa” means to give and take each other. “Kei” means to respect both host and guest and worship to each other. “Sei” means to purify the soul and then act with a purified heart. “Jaku” means a state of peace in which the heart never gets unsettled by change. ★Interior view of a large tea room . ★The tea house known as Yugao-tei. Kanazawa, Japan. All Copyright©2013Yoshikazu Onose 6
  7. 7. 3.Learning Chi from 芸道(Geido)③ ◆Nou theatre(能楽道:Nougakudo) ・ Noh theatre is assumed to have originated from “Sarugaku”(impersonation) mixed with performance “Sangaku” introduced from China. ・ In the Muromachi period, Noh art in singing style became “Noh theatre” and Sarugaku of impersonation became “Kyogen”. In this period, the parent Zeami and son Kanami appeared and the foundation of Noh theatre passed on to present was established. ・ Noh theatre became preserved as a national play after Tomomi Iwakuni and others set out on a tour for Europe and America, and a master system was established in 1919 and registered as an world intangible cultural asset in 2001. ★Nou Mask ★Nou Band ★Nou Stage All Copyright©2013Yoshikazu Onose 7
  8. 8. 4.Learning Chi from 武道(Budo)① ◆Sumo(相撲道:Sumodo) ・ Tracing back to the history of Sumo as the national sport of Japan, traces can be seen in clay figures in the Kofun period (the middle of the 3rd ~ 7 Century), and competition of Gods was described in “Kojiki”, which is considered as the origin of Sumo. ・ The origin of professional Sumo dates back to the Edo period where Sumo tournaments were co-held with Kabuki and Japanese puppet shows(浄瑠璃) in big cities and small towns. From this age, professional Sumo by professional wrestlers was conducted as entertainment. ★Battle of VS Nomi no Sukune VS Taima No Kehaya. ★Overall view sumo stadium. ★Hakuho and Asashoryu to glare at each other All Copyright©2013Yoshikazu Onose 8
  9. 9. 4.Learning Chi from 武道(Budo)② ◆Japanese art of archery(弓道:kyudo) ・ The origin of the Japanese art of archery dates back to archery art (old style archery art) which integrated archery as a weapon and as a ceremony by court noble in the Heian period. ・ Archery art made its form based on “Gosharokka” (five archery places + archery theory, and six Ka of manner, treatment method of archery, knowledge, production method and spirit training). After that, “Shaho Hassetsu” was established by All Nippon Kyudo Federation in the Showa period, and archery art has been passed on to the present day. ★ Old style archery art as a ceremony in the Heian period ★ Japanese art of archery All Copyright©2013Yoshikazu Onose 9
  10. 10. 4.Learning Chi from 武道(Budo)③ ◆Judo(柔道:Judo) ・ The origin of Jujitsu as the origin of Judo dates back to fighting art “Takenouchi ryu Kogusoku Koshinomawari” originated in the Muromachi period. ・ In the Edo period, many schools existed such as “ Kito ryu jujitsu” which was old style form of Kodokan Judo, “Sekiguchi ju shinshinryu ” based on the reason of Junoseigo of Kodokan Judo and “ Tenjin shinyo ryu” that influenced the training method and thought of Kodokan Judo. ・ Kodokan Judo was established with a purpose of gymnastics, game and spirit training by Jigoro Kano in the Meiji period. ★Jigoro Kano ★Kano’sJudo Theory,“自他共栄”mean “Oneself and others prosperity”,”精力善用” mean“Energy good use”. All Copyright©2013Yoshikazu Onose 10
  11. 11. 5.Japan‘s strengths to learn from 道(Do) ◆The study on the strengths of Japan to learn from Budo and Geido 1) Having the spirit background ・Influence of Buddhism(仏教) can be seen in the Geido of Wakado, tea ceremony(Sado:茶道), and flower arrangement(Kado:華道). ・ Influence of Confucianism (儒教)and Shinto(神道) in the Budo of Sumo(相撲道:Sumodo), Japanese art of archery(弓道: Kyudo), and judo(柔道). ・ In Geido and Budo has been successful in the creation of the cosmic power through the fusion of religion and nature by introducing fusion mythology. It means "the creation of added value" that fusion “Formless spirits " and “Skill of the arts." + ★Skill of the arts(Waza) ★Formless spirits(Ki) ★The cosmic power All Copyright©2013Yoshikazu Onose 11
  12. 12. 5.Japan‘s strengths to learn from 道(Do) ◆The study on the strengths of Japan to learn from Budo and Geido 2) Having “The arts” and “the mechanism of innovation” ・In Geido and Budo, those have the mechanism of innovation that is born to master “The arts” and to break away “The arts” by Shuhari(守破離). ・In Geido, Wakado was created “Mystery(幽玄:Yugen)“ and “Haiku” from ”Manyoshu(万葉集)” + “Kokin wakashu(古今和歌 集)“. And,Sado was created “temae manners(点前作法)” from “Tea ceremony spirit(和敬清寂:Wakeiseijyaku)”. In Nou,Kanami was created as ”Yamato Sarugaku” and “Mugenno (夢幻能)" from innovations of his own. ・In Budo, Kyudo (弓道)was created “Gosharokka(五射六科)” and “Shahohassetsu(射法八節)” from innovations of by masters of Kyudo. And,Judo was created “The Arts(技:Waza)”,” Practice(乱稽古:Rangeiko)” and “Spirits+Arts+Body(心技体: Shingitai)”, way of self-realization is to be opened by the acquisition of these. All Copyright©2013Yoshikazu Onose 12
  13. 13. 5.Japan‘s strengths to learn from 道(Do) ◆The study on the strengths of Japan to learn from Budo and Geido 3) Having “The Ba” and “the mechanism of inheritance” ・In Geido, tea ceremony(茶道:Sado)has the tradition mechanism of the Iemoto (Urasenke:裏千家 + Omotesenke :表千家+Mushakoji :武者小路千家) . ・ Kabuki and Noh also have the tradition mechanism of the Iemoto (家元)and the Za(座) as folklore tradition. However, there are examples that as Wakado(和歌 道), inheritance is lost for “the father and son devolution(父子 伝承)”by aristocrats (Fujiwara ke:藤原家). ・In Budo, Kyudo has managed to expand the horizons of enthusiasts by expanding to the “Federation of rank system(連 盟段位制度)” from the master’s dojyo(流派道場). ・ In judo, Jigoro Kano to build the “Kodokan Judo(講道館柔 道)” as “the Ba of self-realization” in the Meiji period from the “Jiujyutu(柔術) practice” by master’s dojyo in the Edo period .All Copyright©2013Yoshikazu Onose 13
  14. 14. ◆ KM by taking advantage of the strengths of 道(Do) : Conclusion 1.Mutual understanding “mental background" It is important in today's global companies, mutual understanding spiritual background about language, religion and customs of the country of origin of the employee. For global companies, it has become important education skills to understand the spiritual background the host country colleagues employees. 2.Making "mechanism of form and innovation" In global companies are required to KM by "explicit knowledge" instead of KM by "tacit knowledge". However, for Japanese global companies to differentiate, it will effective to create “ mechanism of self-realization and self- innovation” by incorporating into the format by the training process of the "body" and "heart" at the same time. 3.Making “ba” and “mechanism of inheritance" Future, for Japanese global companies are required to have family parties as “socializing ba”, not the “nominication” with drinking with employee each other as typical Japanese employee’s communication after five. It would also be effective visualization of functional qualification requirements and clarification of skills required of employees in foreign countries.All Copyright©2013Yoshikazu Onose 14
  15. 15.  Name:Ph.D. Yoshikazu Onose  Birthplace:Tsuruoka-shi , Yamagata Prefecture , Japan(Born in 1952)  Affiliation: Vice President NPO Tokyo IT Coordinator , Managing Director NPO VERSTA Registration consultant Consultants International Group ICG, TCP chief evaluator independent evaluation organization and Human Services Tokyo, Part-time Lecturer of Sanno University Service Learning Center, Part-time Lecturer of Department of Commerce International Business Takushoku University, Art Group Chair of KMSJ, Member of Crisis & Risk Management Society of Japan.  Education level :Completed doctoral Takachiho University Graduate School of Business  Degree:Doctor of Business Administration, Takachiho University (Ph.D.)  Qualification:Registered Management Consultant, Certified Systems Auditor, IT Coordinator, evaluator independent evaluation organization and Human Services , Provisional Auditor of ISO27001 (ISMS)Other Biography:After graduating from university, through measurement company marine environment, food industry associations, the school of music specialist, is currently an independent management consultant & evaluator of IT & information systems security, overseas business, other.  Books: “Nursing care business series”” Introduction to Brazil Business”(Doyoukan), there are numbers of other. ◆Speaker Profile All Copyright©2013Yoshikazu Onose 15

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