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  • Data Presentation

    1. 1. Data Structures and Decision Making Jon P. Zurfluh EARCOS EAC 2008
    2. 2. Today’s Overview <ul><ul><li>Data, data, who’s got the data? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>What is SIF? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Context and Realities </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Overall Challenges </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Teaching and Learning Framework </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Discussion </li></ul></ul>Copyright © SIF Association
    3. 3. Today’s Challenges Copyright © SIF Association
    4. 4. Context and Realities Copyright © SIF Association
    5. 5. Convergence con·ver·gence denotes the approach toward a definite value, as time goes on; or to a definite point, a common view or opinion, or toward a fixed or equilibrium state.
    6. 8. Online Learning <ul><li>As of the end of 2006 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>38 states have state-led online programs or policies </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>25 of these have state-led online programs </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Growth of students taking online courses 15-20% per year </li></ul><ul><li>In an online course for grades 9-12, students spend between 50-75% of their time online </li></ul><ul><li>Role of the online teacher </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Developing course content and structure </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Communicating </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Individualizing learning </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Assessing, grading and promoting students </li></ul></ul><ul><li> </li></ul>* NACOL – A National Primer on K-12 Online Learning
    7. 9. Online Teacher <ul><li>Professional development </li></ul><ul><li>Student support </li></ul><ul><li>Role of the online teacher </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Developing course content and structure </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Communicating </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Individualizing learning </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Assessing, grading and promoting students </li></ul></ul>* NACOL – A National Primer on K-12 Online Learning
    8. 10. Major Technology Changes <ul><li>One-to-one computing </li></ul><ul><li>Greater use of Internet technology in the classroom and a blended model of online learning </li></ul><ul><li>Schools administrative technology, such as SIS, will increasingly tie to instructional functions </li></ul><ul><li>There will be an increase in the types of devices that can access the Internet </li></ul>* NACOL – A National Primer on K-12 Online Learning
    9. 11. NetDay Speak Up 2006 <ul><li>Technology Use for School Work </li></ul>
    10. 12. NetDay Speak Up 2006 <ul><li>Technology Use Out of School </li></ul>
    11. 13. How Today’s Students Want to Learn <ul><li>Apply math/science to solve real world problems </li></ul><ul><li>Visit places where science happens </li></ul><ul><li>Multimedia and interactive simulations </li></ul><ul><li>Use equipment and tools </li></ul><ul><li>Solve math puzzles </li></ul><ul><li>Talk to scientists and mathematicians </li></ul><ul><li>Learn math/science that will help me with a job </li></ul><ul><li>All kinds of technology </li></ul>
    12. 14. Teacher’s Use of Online Resources
    13. 15. Shifting Paradigms <ul><li>Old Paradigm </li></ul><ul><li>Disparate systems </li></ul><ul><li>Department silos </li></ul><ul><li>Instruction for all </li></ul><ul><li>Closed doors </li></ul><ul><li>New Paradigm </li></ul><ul><li>Interoperable applications </li></ul><ul><li>Collaborative work teams looking at data, curriculum, assessment, IT and educational technology </li></ul><ul><li>Differentiated instruction based upon assessments and need </li></ul><ul><li>Partnerships </li></ul>
    14. 16. What is Content? Copyright © SIF Association
    15. 17. What is Content and What are the Applications? <ul><li>Learning Management System </li></ul><ul><li>Learning Object </li></ul><ul><li>Media Asset </li></ul><ul><li>Metadata </li></ul><ul><li>Multimedia Asset </li></ul><ul><li>Portal </li></ul><ul><li>Resource </li></ul><ul><li>Content Management System </li></ul><ul><li>Content Repository </li></ul><ul><li>Digital Asset </li></ul><ul><li>Digital Rights Management </li></ul><ul><li>Instructional Management System </li></ul><ul><li>Instructional Resource </li></ul>
    16. 18. Overall Challenges Copyright © SIF Association
    17. 19. <ul><li>Ms. DiMatteo sits down at her home computer to review her second grade students’ pretest results from the reading diagnostics test she had administered earlier in the day. The diagnostic assessment is given to the students and scoring results on a hand held device. These data, directly linked and generated by the school’s online learning and instructional management system and available via a web browser, quickly allow her to identify those students who need immediate intervention and those who need enrichment. </li></ul>
    18. 20. <ul><li>She then queries the embedded online expert systems for best instructional strategies to help each of the identified at-risk students overcome their diagnosed reading deficiencies as well as locate appropriate instructional resources from the statewide content repository. These resources have all been peer-reviewed, based upon a solid research base and are aligned to state learning and performance standards. </li></ul>
    19. 21. <ul><li>Ms. DiMatteo then posts appropriate information to students’ parents, via an automatic notification system, along with recommendations and digital resources they can use at home to help their students. She then uses some digital content that she found and assigns them for students, based upon their individual needs, to work on the next day in class. </li></ul>
    20. 22. Overall Challenges <ul><li>Learning Standards </li></ul><ul><li>Determining commonalities </li></ul><ul><li>Providing common definitions </li></ul><ul><li>Content portability vs. content interoperability </li></ul><ul><li>Various applications </li></ul><ul><li>Data analysis and decision support </li></ul>
    21. 23. Assessment Challenges Cromey, 2000
    22. 24. Teaching and Learning Framework Copyright © SIF Association
    23. 26. Personalized Learning – Current Objects <ul><li>Academic Content and Skill Standards </li></ul><ul><li>LearningStandardDoc </li></ul><ul><li>LearningStandardItem - ** </li></ul><ul><li>Content Resources and Tools </li></ul><ul><li>LearningResource </li></ul><ul><li>LearningResourcePackage </li></ul><ul><li>Metadata – EducationFilter ** </li></ul><ul><li>Curriculum Planning </li></ul><ul><li>CurriculumStructure </li></ul><ul><li>Lesson Planning </li></ul><ul><li>Lesson - ** </li></ul><ul><li>Instructional Delivery </li></ul><ul><li>Activity </li></ul><ul><li>Assignment </li></ul><ul><li>Teacher Workspace and Portfolio </li></ul><ul><li>EmployeeRecertification </li></ul><ul><li>Student Workspace </li></ul><ul><li>Activity </li></ul><ul><li>Assignment </li></ul><ul><li>Assessments </li></ul><ul><li>Assessment ** </li></ul><ul><li>AssessmentAdministration </li></ul><ul><li>AssessmentForm </li></ul><ul><li>AssessmentItem (2.2) </li></ul><ul><li>Assessment Package </li></ul><ul><li>Assessments </li></ul><ul><li>AssessmentRegistration </li></ul><ul><li>AssessmentSubtest </li></ul><ul><li>StudentResponseSet </li></ul><ul><li>StudentScoreSet </li></ul><ul><li>Gradebook </li></ul><ul><li>MarkValueInfo </li></ul><ul><li>MarkInfo </li></ul><ul><li>SectionMarkInfo </li></ul><ul><li>StudentSectionMark </li></ul><ul><li>GradingCategory </li></ul><ul><li>GradingAssignment </li></ul><ul><li>GradingAssignmentScore </li></ul><ul><li>StudentPeriodAttendance </li></ul><ul><li>OfficialStudentPeriodAttendance </li></ul><ul><li>Professional Development </li></ul><ul><li>ActivityProvider </li></ul><ul><li>ProfessionalDevelopmentActivities </li></ul><ul><li>EmployeeCredentials </li></ul><ul><li>EmployeeCredit </li></ul><ul><li>EmployeeRecertification </li></ul><ul><li>ProfessionalDevelopmentProgram </li></ul><ul><li>ProfessionalDevelopmentRegistration (2.2) </li></ul>
    24. 27. Example: SCORM Interoperability Conformant content will work with every conformant LMS . Being SCORM conformant does not affect the instructional content Sharable Content Object Sharable Content Object Reference Model ( SCORM ) is a collection of standards and specifications for web-based e-learning. It defines communications between client side content and a host system called the run-time environment (commonly a function of a learning management system).
    25. 28. SCORM Example Sharable Content Composition Each course uses the same module on the writing process, because the content is sharable and reusable English III Chinese II Impact of Policy Decisions in WWII Government Compare/ Contrast Cultures Sharable Content Object The Writing Process
    26. 29. Community of Practice Adaptations AICC SCORM 1 – Reference Model Multi-part Type 3 Technical Report 2 – Profiles 3 - De Jure Standards Korea SCORM “ Core” SCORM Community of Practice Adaptations SIFA SCORM Med SCORM DoD SCORM Sequencing New, Innovative Specifications For example … book book book
    27. 30. Learning and Performance Standards Repository <ul><li>One single repository of authoritative learning and performance standards </li></ul><ul><li>Educational Cooperative (EARCOS?) </li></ul><ul><li>Collaborative work </li></ul><ul><li>Eliminates the duplication of repositories </li></ul>
    28. 31. What is SIF? Copyright © SIF Association
    29. 32. What is SIF? <ul><ul><li>Not a product, but a technical blueprint for PK-12 software that will enable diverse applications to interact and share data seamlessly </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Designed for pK-12 technology providers and educators in an open, platform independent neutral standard way </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Manages data within the pK-12 environment </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Enables diverse applications to interact/share data – allowing best-of-breed </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Works cross-platform, over a Web-based interface </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Allows automated reporting </li></ul></ul>Copyright © SIF Association
    30. 33. SIS Network Accounts Cafeteria Library Transportation Challenge – Schools Traditional Setup ? ? ? ? ? Instructional Applications
    31. 34. Horizontal Questions Data Warehousing Food Service Grade Book HR / Finance Library SIS Transportation Instructional Services Voice Telephony Accountability, Reporting, Planning, etc… K12 Data Model
    32. 35. Components Working Together Horizontal Interoperability Network Account H.R. & Finance Data Analysis & Reporting Instructional Services Library Automation Student Information Services Grade Book Food Services <ul><ul><li>Zone Integration Server (ZIS) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>SIF Agents </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Applications </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>SIF Data Objects </li></ul></ul>“ SIF Zone”
    33. 37. What are Dashboards?
    34. 39. <ul><li>…refers to technologies, applications and practices for the collection, integration, analysis, and presentation of information and sometimes to the information itself. The purpose of business intelligence--a term that dates at least to 1958--is to support better decision making. Thus, BI is also described as a decision support system (DSS). </li></ul>Business intelligence ( BI )
    35. 40. What’s behind the Dashboard? <ul><li>Transactional (time slice -or- snapshot ) </li></ul><ul><li>SIF oriented </li></ul><ul><li>Highly granular </li></ul><ul><li>More is better </li></ul>
    36. 42.
    37. 43. Needs Copyright © SIF Association
    38. 44. Needs <ul><li>What are your greatest challenges around digital content? </li></ul><ul><li>What are your greatest data needs? </li></ul><ul><li>In a “perfect” world, what would a classroom look like in regards to educational technology applications? </li></ul><ul><li>In a “perfect” world, how would an office function in regards to school data? </li></ul>
    39. 45. <ul><li>A revolutionary new paradigm that seamlessly integrates standards-based open infrastructure with an enterprise-wide, knowledge-driven learning environment to produce a scalable, yet granular, cross-platform educational solution, delivering individualized learning experiences. This outside-of-the-box approach, when implemented as a one-stop knowledge portal, enables the classroom to gain an unbeatable competitive advantage in raising student achievment. This best-in-breed, standards-based differentiated enhancement is the most impactful bottom-line boosting platform for leveraging strategic classroom experiences and mission-critical knowledge assets in the world-class educational institutions. </li></ul><ul><li>-Adapted from William Horton </li></ul>Paradigm Shift Needed
    40. 46. References <ul><li>Cromey, A. (2000) Using Student Assessment Data: What Can We Learn From Schools?, NCREL Policy Issues, 6 . </li></ul><ul><li>Decision Support National Center for Education Statistic (2006), “Public Elementary and Secondary Students, Staff, Schools, and School Districts: School Year 2003–04”. Retrieved April 2006: </li></ul>
    41. 47. Contact Information <ul><li>Jon P. Zurfluh </li></ul><ul><li>Head of School </li></ul><ul><li>Shanghai Community International School </li></ul><ul><li>[email_address] </li></ul><ul><li>[email_address] </li></ul><ul><li>http:// </li></ul>