MULTICULTURAL URBAN SOLUTIONS TRAINING COURSEKonstancin-Jeziorna, Poland21 – 26 May 2013Angela ColliPAVIA Italyluriboni@firstname.lastname@example.orgPAVIAOLD OR ANCIENT TOWN?BABELE ONLUSinfo@babeleonlus.itwww. babeleonlus.it
Pavia is a town of south-western Lombardy, northern Italy, on thelower Ticino river near its confluence withthe Po.It has a population of 71000 inhabitants.
Dating back to pre-Roman times, the town of Pavia, thenknown as Ticinum, was a municipality and an importantmilitary site under the Roman Empire.The city achieved its greatest political importance between568 and 774, as the capital of the Kingdom of theLombards.The Town History is fascinating.
The Battle of Pavia (1525) marks a watershed in the citysfortunes, since by that time, the former cleavage between thesupporters of the Pope and those of the Holy Roman Emperorhad shifted to one between a French party (allied with the Pope)and a party supporting the Emperor and King of Spain CharlesV. Pavia was on the Imperial (Spanish) side. The defeat andcapture of king Francis I of France during the battle ushered in aperiod of Spanish occupation. On this occasion a famous recipewas invented : Pavia souphttp://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/PaviaA birds-eye-view frescoe of the city (1525) attributed to thepainter Bernardino Lanzani
Francis I before his capture, took refuge in a farmhouse: he was hungry. Thehousewife was preparing some soup. She had to turn her humble soup into a soupfit for a king, so she fried some stale bread, put it into the soup, and cracked in twonewly laid eggs and ladled some boiling broth over the eggs. The whites curdledgently and the yolks remained soft. She served it with grana padano cheese andthe king approved, asking that the recipe be given to one of his servants. And sowas born “zuppa pavese,” the famous egg-drop soup from Pavia. The crucialelement to this soup is the broth and the eggs.http://cuisines-mediterranean.blogspot.it/2010/02/mediterranean-soups-with-history.htmlhttp://cucina.leiweb.it/ricette/2013/ricette-primi-facili-401233558445_14.shtml
The University of Pavia, one of the most ancient universitiesin Europe, was founded in 1361, although a school of rhetoricis documented in 825 making this center perhaps the oldestuniversity of Europe
PAVIA IS GETTING OLDERas we can see from the graphPavia population by age, sex, marital status (2012)
Foreigners living in Pavia on1 January 2011 are 7.164: 10.1% of theresident population.New people are coming from all over theworld and are youngThey come from all over the world
The largest foreign community is from Romaniawith 16.0% of all foreigners, followed by Ukraine(10.9%) and Albania (7.9%).
In Pavia foreigners are not confined to quarters"ghetto" but they live in the city center and in all thesuburbs.They are an important resource.12% have a bachelors degree although it is difficult itto be recognized in Italy.http://www.lookout-tv.eu/pavia-capitale-dellintegrazione-un-residente-su-dieci-e-straniero