AE4131 ABAQUS Lecture Part I Patrick Roberts [email_address] x5-2773 Weber 201
Overview ABAQUS documentation and online resources
How to build a simple model
What is ABAQUS ? The ABAQUS suite of software for finite element analysis (FEA) is known for its high performance, quality and ability to solve more kinds of challenging simulations than any other software.
The ABAQUS suite consists of three core products: ABAQUS/Standard , ABAQUS/Explicit and ABAQUS/CAE . Each of these packages offers additional optional modules that address specialized capabilities some customers may need.
What is ABAQUS ? ABAQUS/Standard ®, provides ABAQUS analysis technology to solve traditional implicit finite element analyses, such as static, dynamics, thermal, all powered with the widest range of contact and nonlinear material options. ABAQUS/Standard also has optional add-on and interface products with address design sensitivity analysis, offshore engineering, and integration with third party software, e.g., plastic injection molding analysis. ABAQUS/Explicit ®, provides ABAQUS analysis technology focused on transient dynamics and quasi-static analyses using an explicit approach appropriate in many applications such as drop test, crushing and many manufacturing processes.
ABAQUS/CAE ®, provides a complete modeling and visualization environment for ABAQUS analysis products. With direct access to CAD models, advanced meshing and visualization, and with an exclusive view towards ABAQUS analysis products, ABAQUS/CAE is the modeling environment of choice for many ABAQUS users.
Why learn ABAQUS ? Experience has shown that ABAQUS is the easiest FEA software package to learn. Very good online documentation
Small learning curve which means you can model much faster.
ABAQUS documentation and online resources There are many online resources to help you find solutions. ABAQUS Documentation http://www.isye.gatech.edu/v6.4 Newsgroup sci.engr.analysis
Engineering Computing Services http://www.ecs.gatech.edu
Solver Structure Standard Command line ABAQUS CAE
How to build a simple model All models are called input files . An input file has two sections; Model and History The Model section contains all the information about the model and comes before the history section. The History section is what you do to the model. You work on the model in Steps .
Input files have a . inp extension and can be created in any ASCII (text) editor.
Beam example 20,000 lbs Steel beam, Young’s modulus 30x10 6 lbs/in 2 Length 100 inches, width = 1 inch, height = 2 inches x, 1 y, 2
I want to know stresses and strains along the x-direction and the forces and moments in each section of the beam due to a static load.
Sketch out your FEA model 20,000 lbs x, 1 y, 2 1 2 3 4 5 6 1 2 3 4 5 Nodes Elements
ABAQUS has a large library of elements (From ABAQUS documentation) Pick your elements
I’ll pick B31 2-node linear beam
Simple Input file ( Model data)
*BEAM SECTION, SECTION=RECTANGULAR, ELSET=BEAM, MATERIAL=STEEL
Simple Input file ( History Section) *EL PRINT, POSITION=AVERAGED AT NODES, SUMMARY=YES *NODE FILE, NSET=allnodes *OUTPUT, FIELD, VARIABLE=PRESELECT
*NODE OUTPUT, NSET=allnodes
To run ABAQUS Use the Input File filename WITHOUT the file extension (.inp)
The results You will get many files after your job is complete. .dat Contains results information you can read. Very important for debugging. .fil Only for the computer .com Only for the computer .odb Only for the computer but will be used by CAE .msg Contains information you can read about how the job ran. Can be important for debugging. .prt Only for the computer .sta Contains information you can read about the status of the job while running
.log Contains information you can read about how the job ran. Can be important for debugging.
A truss problem 200 lbs 100 lbs x, 1 y, 2 Steel truss segments, Young’s modulus 30x10 6 lbs/in 2 Diameter of each truss is 1 inch 20 in. 20 in.
I want to know stresses and strains in all truss segments due to the static loads shown in the figure.
Sketch out your FEA model x, 1 y, 2 Steel truss segments, Young’s modulus 30x10 6 lbs/in 2 Diameter of each truss is 1 inch 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20
(From ABAQUS documentation) Pick your elements
I’ll pick T3D2 2-node linear displacement
Modal Section 8, 9, 10 9, 10, 11 10, 11, 12 11, 1, 8 12, 2, 9 13, 3, 10 14, 4, 11 15, 5, 12 16, 6, 12 17, 2, 8 18, 3, 9 19, 4, 10 20, 5, 11 *SOLID SECTION, ELSET=BEAM, MATERIAL=STEEL 1., *MATERIAL, NAME=STEEL *ELASTIC 30.E6, *BOUNDARY FIXED, ENCASTRE
*ELEMENT, TYPE=T3D2, ELSET=BEAM
History Section *EL PRINT, POSITION=AVERAGED AT NODES, SUMMARY=YES *NODE FILE, NSET=allnodes *OUTPUT, FIELD, VARIABLE=PRESELECT
*NODE OUTPUT, NSET=allnodes
Looking at the results files
Starting with the .log file you should review the results files.
Models with continuum elements To model most 3D structures that are bending Continuum or brick elements are the best. Each element requires any nodes.
Models can be made by hand rather than CAE but can take much longer.
3D Cantilever Beam Model data ** Create nodes for beam ** *NGEN,NSET=FIX1 1,1601,200 *NGEN,NSET=FIX2 8001,9601,200 *NFILL,NSET=FIX FIX1,FIX2,4,2000 *NGEN,NSET=END1 193,1793,200 *NGEN,NSET=END2 8193,9793,200 *NFILL,NSET=END END1,END2,4,2000 *NFILL,NSET=CBEAM FIX,END,192,1 ** *NSET, NSET=SENSOR 8993
** Coordinates are in inches
Model section (cont.) ** Make master elements for beam 1, 1,401,4401,4001, 5,405,4405,4005, 201,2401,4201,2001, 205,2405,4205,2005, 3,403,4403,4003 ** Create elements for beam 1,4,400,1,48,4,10,2,4000,2000 2,3,12,22,32,42,52,62,13,23,33,43,53,63,2002,2003 2012,2022,2032,2042,2052,2062,2013,2023,2033,2043,2053,2063 ** Material properties for steel *SOLID SECTION, MATERIAL=STEEL, ELSET=CBEAM
** Youngs modulus is in lbf/in^2
Student Accounts Now you are ready to work the projects. You can use your AE student account in the AE Computer Lab (Knight 318) to run ABAQUS on these systems.
Or you can get an account on the ECS network (go to http://www.ecs.gatech.edu)