Effective Online Video Production and Distribution Renee Basick Matt Howard
Introductions <ul><li>Matt Howard </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Director, Chicago Media Initiatives Group, University of Chicago <...
Overview <ul><li>Producing Video for the Web </li></ul><ul><li>Recording Audio for the Web </li></ul><ul><li>Distributing ...
I. Producing Video for the Web
Producing Video for the Web <ul><li>Promotional videos </li></ul><ul><li>Video news releases </li></ul><ul><li>Event recor...
Promotional Videos <ul><li>3-10 minutes in length </li></ul><ul><li>Creative brief and script </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Target...
Video News Releases <ul><li>90 second spot </li></ul><ul><li>Scripted with voice-over talent </li></ul><ul><li>Inverted py...
Event Recordings <ul><li>1-2 hours in length </li></ul><ul><li>Low-level skills for shooting and editing </li></ul><ul><ul...
Podcasts / Vodcasts <ul><li>Ideal content for podcasting: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Regular, scheduled communications </li></u...
Creating a Podcast / Vodcast <ul><li><?xml version=&quot;1.0&quot; ?>  </li></ul><ul><li><rss version=&quot; 2.0 &quot;> <...
Setting Up Your Podcast / Vodcast <ul><li>Do it yourself </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Follow standard for RSS 2.0, Atom? </li></u...
RSS 2.0: Media Enclosures <ul><li>Media RSS is a module that enhances the enclosure capabilities of RSS 2.0.  </li></ul><u...
Multi-purposing Media <ul><li>Find opportunities to shoot for multiple audiences </li></ul><ul><ul><li>E.g. Research at Ch...
Shooting Video for Multiple Uses <ul><li>Multi-purposing Media </li></ul><ul><li>DV: Online vs. Broadcast </li></ul><ul><l...
Multi-purposing media Scale-down, not up. <ul><li>Some delivery options are: </li></ul><ul><li>Web (streaming or download)...
DV: online vs. broadcast <ul><li>The biggest difference is </li></ul><ul><li>COMPRESSION.   </li></ul><ul><li>Traditionall...
Web = Broadcast?  <ul><li>Advanced codecs  </li></ul><ul><li>+  </li></ul><ul><li>increased bandwidth  </li></ul><ul><li>=...
Shooting video for the web <ul><li>Online video </li></ul><ul><li>16:9 is sexy </li></ul><ul><li>Over-saturate color! </li...
Quality is key <ul><ul><li>High quality video will compress cleanly  and  broadcast well so always start with the best pos...
The future of resolution… <ul><li>… is high definition. </li></ul><ul><li>Analog “switch-off” of broadcast signals in the ...
SHOOT HD. (Don’t be afraid of   equipment costs.) <ul><li>SD set-up: </li></ul><ul><li>Panasonic DVX100B </li></ul><ul><li...
So…what do you need? <ul><li>Necessities </li></ul><ul><li>Camera  </li></ul><ul><li>Tripod </li></ul><ul><li>Microphone s...
Recommendations: <ul><li>On a (tight) budget </li></ul><ul><li>Panasonic DVX100  $3999.00 </li></ul><ul><li>Cartoni Action...
On a very, very tight budget <ul><li>Wireless mic: AT Pro-88 </li></ul><ul><li>$150 mic, transmitter + receiver Good for r...
Shooting for the (very) small screen
Minimize visual complexity <ul><li>Pay attention to color, pattern, light and  </li></ul><ul><li>arrangement of subjects f...
Frame composition <ul><li>Frame the speaker closely so that his/her head and shoulders are the focus, leaving headroom abo...
Frame Compostion… <ul><li>Cary Grant </li></ul><ul><li>North by Northwest (1959) </li></ul><ul><li>Directed by:  </li></ul...
Frame Composition… <ul><li>Ingrid Bergman, Cary Grant </li></ul><ul><li>Notorious (1946) </li></ul><ul><li>Directed by: Al...
Lighting to make your subject look good (and you!) <ul><li>Light evenly. Harsh shadows do not compress well. </li></ul><ul...
Lighting set-up example: http://www.arri.com/info down/light/broch/arri_lighting_handbook_english.pdf
Tips for video <ul><li>Make sure you have “eye-lights.” </li></ul><ul><li>Better to under-expose than over-expose. </li></...
Editing <ul><li>Here are some simple suggestions if your primary delivery is via web or other small-screen format: </li></...
Overall length <ul><li>Factors to keep in mind: </li></ul><ul><li>Type of content </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Interview </li></u...
Great graphics <ul><li>General tips for title bars (lower third keys), informational graphics, titling </li></ul><ul><li>S...
Importing Graphics <ul><li>Photoshop CS offers support for DV graphics. This important because: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Pixe...
How to avoid distortion… <ul><li>Open Photoshop CS </li></ul><ul><li>Open a new project and select a DV format </li></ul><...
Title bars <ul><li>No small caps </li></ul><ul><li>Anti-alias type </li></ul><ul><li>Apple Motion--great lower third keys ...
FAQ: include Q&A? <ul><li>YES </li></ul><ul><li>Audience amplified </li></ul><ul><li>Speaker repeats Q </li></ul><ul><li>A...
Compression  (A fine art) <ul><li>Software packages: </li></ul><ul><li>Sorenson Squeeze  $239 </li></ul><ul><li>Fast, high...
Which formats? <ul><li>It depends on your mode of delivery. </li></ul><ul><li>Streaming vs. progressive download vs. downl...
The skinny on codecs <ul><li>QuickTime </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Progressive Download </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>iPod </li></u...
Compromise <ul><li>How do you determine the ideal balance? </li></ul><ul><li>Size </li></ul><ul><li>Bandwidth </li></ul><u...
Making your video findable <ul><li>Searchable video is key to getting the most value out of your content.  </li></ul><ul><...
Recording audio (The ear does not forgive!) <ul><li>Record audio that can stand alone </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Are there slid...
What you will need: <ul><li>Equipment </li></ul><ul><li>Recorder </li></ul><ul><li>Microphone(s) </li></ul><ul><li>Softwar...
Recommendations <ul><li>Marantz professional solid-state recorder </li></ul><ul><li>4-bit, 96 kHz PCM capable </li></ul><u...
Recommendations   (budget) <ul><li>iPod Video   </li></ul><ul><li>Menus and controls display on iPod screen </li></ul><ul>...
Some options… <ul><li>Wireless vs. Wired </li></ul><ul><li>House sound? </li></ul><ul><li>Microphone types – Pick-up patte...
A few tips for wireless mics: <ul><li>Placement matters. Place on side or front of speaker, not back. </li></ul><ul><li>Ke...
The outdoor audio challenge <ul><li>Obstacle: BACKGROUND NOISE! </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Wind </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Cars...
Tips & Tricks <ul><li>Recording </li></ul><ul><li>Get room tone </li></ul><ul><li>Record 3x closer to subject than any “re...
Renee’s Recommendations <ul><li>Start high and down convert to lower qualities </li></ul><ul><li>Don’t skimp on equipment ...
III. Distributing Your Content
Distributing Your Content <ul><li>Viral Marketing </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Case Study: Research at Chicago </li></ul></ul><ul...
Viral Marketing (WOM) <ul><li>Word of Mouth (WOM) Marketing </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Enable access across connected devices: ...
Distribution Issues <ul><li>Internal </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Central University location for organizing campus feeds </li></...
Case Study: Research at Chicago <ul><li>Collaborated with our VP for Research to create “Research at Chicago” Web site in ...
 
Establishing Content Relationships with the Media <ul><li>How to extend the life of your content? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Cr...
Reaching Public Audiences <ul><li>Public access television </li></ul><ul><li>Museum kiosks </li></ul><ul><li>Television ne...
Reaching Professional Audiences <ul><li>State and Municipal Forums  </li></ul><ul><li>NSF / NIH program officers </li></ul...
 
Importance of Quantifying Results <ul><li>Key to any content relationship </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Get data on regular basis ...
Building Tools for Campus-wide Use <ul><li>Central feeds site </li></ul><ul><ul><li>http://feeds.uchicago.edu </li></ul></...
Case Study: Mind Online <ul><li>Collaboration with Alumni Association  http:// mindonline.uchicago.edu </li></ul><ul><li>a...
Thanks! <ul><li>Matt Howard </li></ul><ul><li>[email_address] </li></ul><ul><li>773-702-5071 </li></ul><ul><li>Renee Basic...
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  • Effective Online Video Production and Distribution

    1. 1. Effective Online Video Production and Distribution Renee Basick Matt Howard
    2. 2. Introductions <ul><li>Matt Howard </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Director, Chicago Media Initiatives Group, University of Chicago </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Background in academic publishing, online learning, web production, blogging, podcasting </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Renee Basick </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Senior Producer, Chicago Media Initiatives Group </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Background in broadcast and new media journalism; design, web development, video production </li></ul></ul><ul><li>CMIG </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Initiative of our Provost’s Office </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Consult on new media and communications strategy </li></ul></ul>
    3. 3. Overview <ul><li>Producing Video for the Web </li></ul><ul><li>Recording Audio for the Web </li></ul><ul><li>Distributing Your Content </li></ul>
    4. 4. I. Producing Video for the Web
    5. 5. Producing Video for the Web <ul><li>Promotional videos </li></ul><ul><li>Video news releases </li></ul><ul><li>Event recordings </li></ul><ul><li>Podcasts </li></ul><ul><li>Multi-purposing content </li></ul>
    6. 6. Promotional Videos <ul><li>3-10 minutes in length </li></ul><ul><li>Creative brief and script </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Target audience: prospective students </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Lively, energetic, young </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Music drops </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Fast edits, handheld camera </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>High-level skills for shooting and editing </li></ul><ul><li>Lot of b-roll </li></ul><ul><li>Distribution: Web, DVD, iPod </li></ul><ul><li>Examples: MIT Sloan (shot by students), Ithaca College (shot by students) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>http://mitsloan.mit.edu/mba/experience/video.php </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>http://www.ithaca.edu/tour/park.php?see=video </li></ul></ul>
    7. 7. Video News Releases <ul><li>90 second spot </li></ul><ul><li>Scripted with voice-over talent </li></ul><ul><li>Inverted pyramid structure </li></ul><ul><ul><li>E.g., following press release </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Lots of b-roll </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Visual grammar </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Distribution on local news affiliates (e.g., ABC) </li></ul><ul><li>Example </li></ul><ul><ul><li>http://tiktaalik.uchicago.edu/video.html </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>http://www.sciencentral.com/ </li></ul></ul>
    8. 8. Event Recordings <ul><li>1-2 hours in length </li></ul><ul><li>Low-level skills for shooting and editing </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Single camera, basic lighting, simple edit </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Distribution: Web, DVD, public radio, public access television, podcast (for series) </li></ul><ul><li>Examples: lecture series such as Poem Present </li></ul><ul><ul><li>http://poempresent.uchicago.edu </li></ul></ul>
    9. 9. Podcasts / Vodcasts <ul><li>Ideal content for podcasting: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Regular, scheduled communications </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Once per week, per month </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Set and meet your stakeholder expectations </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Focused communication </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Examples: lecture series, class discussions, student audio journals (e.g., peer-to-peer outreach for prospective students) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Audio or Video </li></ul><ul><li>Low to mid level skills </li></ul>
    10. 10. Creating a Podcast / Vodcast <ul><li><?xml version=&quot;1.0&quot; ?> </li></ul><ul><li><rss version=&quot; 2.0 &quot;> </li></ul><ul><li><channel> </li></ul><ul><li>  <title> Research at Chicago: The University of Chicago (VIDEO) </title> </li></ul><ul><li>  <link> http://research.uchicago.edu/highlights/ </link> </li></ul><ul><li>  <description> Videos from Research at Chicago are produced by The University of Chicago Office of the Vice President for Research in cooperation with the University News Office and a variety of university research centers. Unless otherwise stated, all content is created by the University and/or has been selected from recent publications, press releases, newspapers, and Web sites produced by the University of Chicago. (c)2006 The University of Chicago </description> </li></ul><ul><li>  <lastBuildDate> 30 Aug 2006 11:00:23 GMT </lastBuildDate> </li></ul><ul><li><item> </li></ul><ul><li>  <title> Building Tiktaalik </title> </li></ul><ul><li>  <link> http://research.uchicago.edu/highlights/resources/media/keillor_512k.mov </link> </li></ul><ul><li>  <description> University of Chicago fossil preparator, Tyler Keillor, discusses the iterative process of creating the model for Tiktaalik, the fossil discovery by paleontologist Neil Shubin that fills in the evolutionary gap between fish and land animals. </description> </li></ul><ul><li>  <enclosure url=&quot; http://research.uchicago.edu/highlights/resources/media/keillor_512k.mov &quot; length=&quot; 11534336 &quot; type=&quot; video/quicktime &quot; /> </li></ul><ul><li>  </item> </li></ul><ul><li>… .. </li></ul>
    11. 11. Setting Up Your Podcast / Vodcast <ul><li>Do it yourself </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Follow standard for RSS 2.0, Atom? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Hand code in XML? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>iTunes has slightly different specifications </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>http://www.apple.com/itunes/store/podcaststechspecs.html </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Use a service </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Feedforall.com </li></ul></ul>
    12. 12. RSS 2.0: Media Enclosures <ul><li>Media RSS is a module that enhances the enclosure capabilities of RSS 2.0. </li></ul><ul><li>Media RSS makes it possible for enclosures to handle media types such as video, audio, and images as well as provide additional metadata with the media. </li></ul><ul><li>EXAMPLE: </li></ul><ul><li><media:content url= http://www.movie.com/movie.mov </li></ul><ul><li>fileSize=&quot;12216320&quot; </li></ul><ul><li>type=&quot;video/quicktime&quot; </li></ul><ul><li>medium=&quot;video&quot; </li></ul><ul><li>isDefault=&quot;true&quot; </li></ul><ul><li>expression=&quot;full&quot; </li></ul><ul><li>bitrate=&quot;128&quot; </li></ul><ul><li>framerate=&quot;25&quot; </li></ul><ul><li>samplingrate=&quot;44.1&quot; </li></ul><ul><li>channels=&quot;2&quot; </li></ul><ul><li>duration=&quot;185&quot; </li></ul><ul><li>height=&quot;200&quot; width=&quot;300&quot; lang=&quot;en&quot; /> </li></ul>
    13. 13. Multi-purposing Media <ul><li>Find opportunities to shoot for multiple audiences </li></ul><ul><ul><li>E.g. Research at Chicago videos primarily for alumni, news media, industry, and secondarily prospective students </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Shoot enough footage to edit for different purposes </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Example: Tiktaalik video news release (for media) and fossil preparator video (for students) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Tailor your edits and messages for stakeholder </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Interviews </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Ask questions of subject for multiple purposes </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>E.g., Nobel Prize winner talking about research (for industry) can also answer questions about teaching (for prospective students) in same sitting </li></ul></ul></ul>
    14. 14. Shooting Video for Multiple Uses <ul><li>Multi-purposing Media </li></ul><ul><li>DV: Online vs. Broadcast </li></ul><ul><li>Shooting Video for the Web </li></ul><ul><li>Shooting for the (Very) Small Screen </li></ul><ul><li>Lighting, Editing, Graphics, Compression </li></ul>
    15. 15. Multi-purposing media Scale-down, not up. <ul><li>Some delivery options are: </li></ul><ul><li>Web (streaming or download) </li></ul><ul><li>Broadcast (probably SD) </li></ul><ul><li>Projection (SD or HD) </li></ul><ul><li>DVD (home player or computer) </li></ul><ul><li>Video iPod or other handheld player </li></ul>
    16. 16. DV: online vs. broadcast <ul><li>The biggest difference is </li></ul><ul><li>COMPRESSION. </li></ul><ul><li>Traditionally, this meant, you should: </li></ul><ul><li>Shoot differently </li></ul><ul><li>Edit differently </li></ul><ul><li>Think differently </li></ul><ul><li>(That is, until bandwidth catches up with your ambition.) </li></ul>
    17. 17. Web = Broadcast? <ul><li>Advanced codecs </li></ul><ul><li>+ </li></ul><ul><li>increased bandwidth </li></ul><ul><li>= </li></ul><ul><li>Higher quality video </li></ul><ul><li>= </li></ul><ul><li>You can shoot once for both </li></ul><ul><li>Online and broadcast output </li></ul><ul><li>(and everything in between). </li></ul>
    18. 18. Shooting video for the web <ul><li>Online video </li></ul><ul><li>16:9 is sexy </li></ul><ul><li>Over-saturate color! </li></ul><ul><li>What? Make it louder </li></ul><ul><li>Make whites whiter </li></ul><ul><li>Fun with titles </li></ul><ul><li>Use the entire screen </li></ul><ul><li>Broadcast </li></ul><ul><li>4:3 is standard </li></ul><ul><li>Broadcast-safe chroma </li></ul><ul><li>DV = -12dB </li></ul><ul><li>Broadcast-safe levels </li></ul><ul><li>Title-safe </li></ul><ul><li>Action-safe </li></ul>
    19. 19. Quality is key <ul><ul><li>High quality video will compress cleanly and broadcast well so always start with the best possible source video. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>So, should you shoot HD or SD? </li></ul></ul>
    20. 20. The future of resolution… <ul><li>… is high definition. </li></ul><ul><li>Analog “switch-off” of broadcast signals in the U.S. will be February 17, 2009 </li></ul><ul><li>61.3 - 68% of &quot;active U.S. Internet users” connect at home using broadband (2006 Nielsen/NetRatings) </li></ul><ul><li>The rise of IPTV: 1,300 free channels (as of 06/06) & 7 million subscribers (Infonetics) </li></ul><ul><li>HD IPTV! </li></ul>
    21. 21. SHOOT HD. (Don’t be afraid of equipment costs.) <ul><li>SD set-up: </li></ul><ul><li>Panasonic DVX100B </li></ul><ul><li>$3995.00 </li></ul><ul><li>MiniDV tapes </li></ul><ul><li>$10/ea </li></ul><ul><li>Real-time capture </li></ul><ul><li>$/hour </li></ul><ul><li>HD set-up: </li></ul><ul><li>Panasonic HVX200 </li></ul><ul><li>$5199.00 </li></ul><ul><li>P2 card (incl. w/ camera) </li></ul><ul><li>$0 </li></ul><ul><li>Drag-and-drop </li></ul><ul><li>Priceless </li></ul>
    22. 22. So…what do you need? <ul><li>Necessities </li></ul><ul><li>Camera </li></ul><ul><li>Tripod </li></ul><ul><li>Microphone set-up </li></ul><ul><li>Lights </li></ul><ul><li>WarmCards </li></ul><ul><li>Headphones </li></ul><ul><li>Editing work-station </li></ul><ul><li>Software </li></ul><ul><li>Luxuries </li></ul><ul><li>Field mixer </li></ul><ul><li>CRT Monitor </li></ul><ul><li>Deck (if using tape) </li></ul><ul><li>Lights </li></ul><ul><li>Dolly </li></ul><ul><li>Gels/window patterns/back drops </li></ul><ul><li>External hard drive(s) </li></ul><ul><li>Graphics software </li></ul><ul><li>DVD duplicator/printer </li></ul>
    23. 23. Recommendations: <ul><li>On a (tight) budget </li></ul><ul><li>Panasonic DVX100 $3999.00 </li></ul><ul><li>Cartoni Action-Pro Tripod $699.95 </li></ul><ul><li>Audio-Technica wireless mic $560.75 </li></ul><ul><li>Sony studio headphones $46.50 </li></ul><ul><li>Smith-Victor Light kit (3) $211.95 </li></ul><ul><li>Vortex Media WarmCards $91.00 </li></ul><ul><li>Apple Mac Pro $2,948.00 </li></ul><ul><li>Final Cut Express HD 3.5 $149.00 </li></ul><ul><li>TOTAL = $8,706.15 </li></ul><ul><li>Ideal set-up </li></ul><ul><li>Panasonic HVX200 $5199.00 </li></ul><ul><li>Bogen/Manfrotto Tripod & dolly $875. </li></ul><ul><li>Bogen/Manfrotto leveling head $61.10 </li></ul><ul><li>Audio-Technica wireless mic $560.75 </li></ul><ul><li>Sony studio headphones $78.50 </li></ul><ul><li>Arri light kit (3) $1,789.95 </li></ul><ul><li>Vortex Media WarmCards $91.00 </li></ul><ul><li>Apple Mac Pro $3,783.00 </li></ul><ul><li>Final Cut Studio $699.00 </li></ul><ul><li>Sorenson Squeeze $239.00 </li></ul><ul><li>TOTAL = $13,376.30 </li></ul>
    24. 24. On a very, very tight budget <ul><li>Wireless mic: AT Pro-88 </li></ul><ul><li>$150 mic, transmitter + receiver Good for roughly 25-30 ft. </li></ul><ul><li>Camera: Panasonic PV-GS320 3 CCD mini DV Camcorder $399 ($629 w/accessories, incl. tripod) </li></ul><ul><li>Lights: Smith-Victor K64 3 Light Controlled Quartz Portraiture Kit $445 </li></ul><ul><li>TOTAL: $994 </li></ul>
    25. 25. Shooting for the (very) small screen
    26. 26. Minimize visual complexity <ul><li>Pay attention to color, pattern, light and </li></ul><ul><li>arrangement of subjects for the cleanest </li></ul><ul><li>possible compression. </li></ul><ul><li>Avoid: </li></ul><ul><li>Glare </li></ul><ul><li>Tight patterns on clothing (i.e. hounds tooth, plaid, stripes) </li></ul><ul><li>Bright white, pure black </li></ul><ul><li>Busy or moving background </li></ul><ul><li>Wearing same color as the background </li></ul><ul><li>Gratuitous camera movement </li></ul>
    27. 27. Frame composition <ul><li>Frame the speaker closely so that his/her head and shoulders are the focus, leaving headroom above. </li></ul><ul><li>Eyes should be at roughly the upper third of the frame. </li></ul><ul><li>Try to frame the speaker in the either the right or left third of the frame, facing the opposite direction so that he/she is looking across the frame slightly. </li></ul>
    28. 28. Frame Compostion… <ul><li>Cary Grant </li></ul><ul><li>North by Northwest (1959) </li></ul><ul><li>Directed by: </li></ul><ul><li>Alfred Hitchcock </li></ul>
    29. 29. Frame Composition… <ul><li>Ingrid Bergman, Cary Grant </li></ul><ul><li>Notorious (1946) </li></ul><ul><li>Directed by: Alfred Hitchcock </li></ul>
    30. 30. Lighting to make your subject look good (and you!) <ul><li>Light evenly. Harsh shadows do not compress well. </li></ul><ul><li>Use a 3 light set-up: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Key – Primary light source </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Fill – Secondary light source used to fill shadows </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Hair/rim – Backlight used to separate subject from the background </li></ul></ul>
    31. 31. Lighting set-up example: http://www.arri.com/info down/light/broch/arri_lighting_handbook_english.pdf
    32. 32. Tips for video <ul><li>Make sure you have “eye-lights.” </li></ul><ul><li>Better to under-expose than over-expose. </li></ul><ul><li>Have your speaker sit on the back of their jacket. </li></ul><ul><li>Place camera at eye-level or slightly below. </li></ul><ul><li>Ask speaker to hold gaze for a few seconds when finished speaking. </li></ul><ul><li>Do not use a chair that moves. </li></ul><ul><li>Re-frame (during questions only) </li></ul><ul><li>Repeat a question, asking for a more condensed version. </li></ul><ul><li>Shut off computers, printers, and ventilation if possible. </li></ul><ul><li>Change the refresh rate on CRT monitors to avoid the onscreen scroll. </li></ul>
    33. 33. Editing <ul><li>Here are some simple suggestions if your primary delivery is via web or other small-screen format: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Don’t use graphical wipes—they do not compress particularly well at low data rates. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Edit out camera movement as much as possible (without creating jump-cuts). </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Avoid complicated animations and graphics. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Do not use a lot of text at small font sizes. </li></ul></ul>
    34. 34. Overall length <ul><li>Factors to keep in mind: </li></ul><ul><li>Type of content </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Interview </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Lecture </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Promotional </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Viewer attention span </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Lecture: 20 minutes average, 70% listened to entire lecture (WGBH/Boston Forum Network, August 2005) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Online ads: 21 seconds (Online Publishers Association study, February 2006) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Other content: About 2-5 minutes </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Hard drive space </li></ul><ul><ul><li>HD 1g per 1 minute of video </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>SD 1g per 3 minutes of video </li></ul></ul>
    35. 35. Great graphics <ul><li>General tips for title bars (lower third keys), informational graphics, titling </li></ul><ul><li>Short, succinct phrases </li></ul><ul><li>Simple, colorful </li></ul><ul><li>Repeat information being stated </li></ul><ul><li>Do not offer new info while speaker is talking about another topic </li></ul><ul><li>Watch title-safe guides! </li></ul>
    36. 36. Importing Graphics <ul><li>Photoshop CS offers support for DV graphics. This important because: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Pixel shape/aspect ratio DV = non-square, Computer = square </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>This causes distortion when importing to FCP </li></ul></ul></ul>
    37. 37. How to avoid distortion… <ul><li>Open Photoshop CS </li></ul><ul><li>Open a new project and select a DV format </li></ul><ul><li>Open your image </li></ul><ul><li>Copy your image into the new DV project </li></ul><ul><li>Flatten it </li></ul><ul><li>Save </li></ul><ul><li>Import into FCP </li></ul>
    38. 38. Title bars <ul><li>No small caps </li></ul><ul><li>Anti-alias type </li></ul><ul><li>Apple Motion--great lower third keys </li></ul><ul><li>San-serif usually easier to read </li></ul><ul><li>Use whole numbers for font size </li></ul><ul><li>Rotate information instead of trying to squeeze too much on one slide </li></ul><ul><li>Leave on screen for 10 seconds </li></ul>
    39. 39. FAQ: include Q&A? <ul><li>YES </li></ul><ul><li>Audience amplified </li></ul><ul><li>Speaker repeats Q </li></ul><ul><li>As substantial as the lecture in length or content </li></ul><ul><li>Discussion format </li></ul><ul><li>Important audience members </li></ul><ul><li>NO </li></ul><ul><li>Can’t hear Q </li></ul><ul><li>Off topic </li></ul><ul><li>Not interesting </li></ul><ul><li>Need to limit overall length </li></ul><ul><li>Delivery method = broadcast </li></ul>
    40. 40. Compression (A fine art) <ul><li>Software packages: </li></ul><ul><li>Sorenson Squeeze $239 </li></ul><ul><li>Fast, high-quality results </li></ul><ul><li>$ extra for Windows Media & Flash </li></ul><ul><li>Includes iPod presets </li></ul><ul><li>Autodesk Cleaner (formally Discreet) $175 </li></ul><ul><li>Includes WM and Flash </li></ul><ul><li>Robust metadata fields </li></ul><ul><li>Compressor 2 (Final Cut Pro) $0 </li></ul><ul><li>Fewer options </li></ul><ul><li>Compatible with DVD Studio Pro (Dolby AC-3 audio) </li></ul><ul><li>Poorer compression at lower data rates </li></ul>
    41. 41. Which formats? <ul><li>It depends on your mode of delivery. </li></ul><ul><li>Streaming vs. progressive download vs. download </li></ul><ul><li>Podcast </li></ul><ul><li>iPod compatibility </li></ul><ul><li>Embedded in website vs. player </li></ul><ul><li>What about Flash? </li></ul>
    42. 42. The skinny on codecs <ul><li>QuickTime </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Progressive Download </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>iPod </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Mpeg-4 </li></ul><ul><li>Windows Media </li></ul><ul><ul><li>No progressive download </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Real </li></ul><ul><li>Flash </li></ul>
    43. 43. Compromise <ul><li>How do you determine the ideal balance? </li></ul><ul><li>Size </li></ul><ul><li>Bandwidth </li></ul><ul><li>Quality </li></ul><ul><li>Solutions </li></ul><ul><li>Alternative data rates </li></ul>
    44. 44. Making your video findable <ul><li>Searchable video is key to getting the most value out of your content. </li></ul><ul><li>Search engines are indexing video content. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Metadata </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Transcript </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Which standards, format, software? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>QuickTime </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Windows Media </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Flash 8 </li></ul></ul>
    45. 45. Recording audio (The ear does not forgive!) <ul><li>Record audio that can stand alone </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Are there slides? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Is it discussion-based or lecture format? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Are there demonstrations? </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Record broadcast-quality </li></ul><ul><ul><li>More and more public broadcasting outlets are looking for academic content to include in regular programming. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Sound bites for news </li></ul></ul>
    46. 46. What you will need: <ul><li>Equipment </li></ul><ul><li>Recorder </li></ul><ul><li>Microphone(s) </li></ul><ul><li>Software </li></ul><ul><li>Recommendations </li></ul><ul><li>Marantz professional solid-state recorder </li></ul><ul><li>OR </li></ul><ul><li>Ipod video w/ MicroMemo </li></ul><ul><li>Audio-Technica wireless microphone </li></ul><ul><li>Sound Forge, Adobe Audition, Apple Soundtrack, Audacity… </li></ul>
    47. 47. Recommendations <ul><li>Marantz professional solid-state recorder </li></ul><ul><li>4-bit, 96 kHz PCM capable </li></ul><ul><li>Read-after-write capability </li></ul><ul><li>Records uncompressed 16 and 24 bit PCM .wav files </li></ul><ul><li>Two XLR mic connections with +48v phantom power </li></ul><ul><li>RCA line I/O </li></ul><ul><li>Built-in monitor speaker </li></ul><ul><li>Built-in waveform monitor </li></ul><ul><li>7 hours of life on battery or AC adapter </li></ul>$699
    48. 48. Recommendations (budget) <ul><li>iPod Video </li></ul><ul><li>Menus and controls display on iPod screen </li></ul><ul><li>One-touch recording </li></ul><ul><li>Flexible, detachable mic for exact positioning </li></ul><ul><li>Built-in speaker for instant playback </li></ul><ul><li>Records 16-bit audio at 44 kHz and 8-bit at 22 kHz </li></ul><ul><li>Accepts other microphones with 3.5mm plug </li></ul><ul><li>Records directly from line-in sources </li></ul><ul><li>No batteries needed—iPod-powered </li></ul>$229-329 + $59.95
    49. 49. Some options… <ul><li>Wireless vs. Wired </li></ul><ul><li>House sound? </li></ul><ul><li>Microphone types – Pick-up patterns: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Omnidirectional </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Bi-directional </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Unidirectional </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Shotgun </li></ul></ul>
    50. 50. A few tips for wireless mics: <ul><li>Placement matters. Place on side or front of speaker, not back. </li></ul><ul><li>Keep line of sight between transmitter and receiver. </li></ul><ul><li>Do not cross power cables. </li></ul><ul><li>Ask audience to completely shut-off phones and pagers, not just silence them. </li></ul><ul><li>Use “choke” on all power and data cables attached to camera. </li></ul>
    51. 51. The outdoor audio challenge <ul><li>Obstacle: BACKGROUND NOISE! </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Wind </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Cars/trucks/traffic </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>People (and their pets) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Clothes rustling </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Solutions: </li></ul><ul><li>Use a “woolly” </li></ul><ul><li>Have someone “run interference” </li></ul><ul><li>Mic placement: sternum </li></ul><ul><li>Test, test, test, test </li></ul>
    52. 52. Tips & Tricks <ul><li>Recording </li></ul><ul><li>Get room tone </li></ul><ul><li>Record 3x closer to subject than any “reflective” surface </li></ul><ul><li>Use good headphones </li></ul><ul><li>Do not peak—keep monitor at -12dB </li></ul><ul><li>Editing </li></ul><ul><li>Edit out coughs, hic-ups and noise (even when there’s video!) </li></ul><ul><li>Use waveforms </li></ul><ul><li>Crossfade </li></ul><ul><li>Extend abrupt edits with room tone </li></ul><ul><li>911 filters </li></ul>
    53. 53. Renee’s Recommendations <ul><li>Start high and down convert to lower qualities </li></ul><ul><li>Don’t skimp on equipment (caution: you can shoot bad video with a good camera!) </li></ul><ul><li>Top 10 tips for achieving professional-quality video: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Use a tripod </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Expose correctly </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Use a microphone and monitor levels </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Avoid unmotivated camera movement </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Do not edit in jump cuts </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Edit sequences using b-roll </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Add auditory “white space” </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Create simple graphics with large fonts sizes </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Compress for multiple data rates </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Tell a story visually and using narrative </li></ul></ul>
    54. 54. III. Distributing Your Content
    55. 55. Distributing Your Content <ul><li>Viral Marketing </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Case Study: Research at Chicago </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Establishing Content Relationships with the Media </li></ul><ul><li>Reaching Public Audiences </li></ul><ul><li>Reaching Professional Audiences </li></ul><ul><li>Pulling together a cohesive communication whole </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Case Study: Mind Online </li></ul></ul>
    56. 56. Viral Marketing (WOM) <ul><li>Word of Mouth (WOM) Marketing </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Enable access across connected devices: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>RSS feeds (podcast, vodcast) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>iPod compatible video </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Blogs </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Social bookmarks </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Email </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Develop and launch marketing campaigns that are “immersive” (print, email, web, iPod, mobile). </li></ul>
    57. 57. Distribution Issues <ul><li>Internal </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Central University location for organizing campus feeds </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>(e.g., http:// feeds.uchicago.edu ) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Links to RSS subscription page (e.g., in copyright footer) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>External (Seeding Directories) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Consistency of University brand </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Submissions to RSS directories, such as: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Podcast Directory </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Podcast Alley </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Odeo </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>iPodder </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Podcast Pickle </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Yahoo! </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>iTunes </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Video iPod </li></ul></ul>
    58. 58. Case Study: Research at Chicago <ul><li>Collaborated with our VP for Research to create “Research at Chicago” Web site in 2003 </li></ul><ul><li>Interviewed over 30 faculty; video interviews and post-production </li></ul><ul><li>Offer podcast and vodcast feeds </li></ul><ul><li>Integrated with other campus projects (News Office, Mind Online alumni project) </li></ul><ul><li>http://research.uchicago.edu/highlights </li></ul><ul><li>In process of adding social bookmarks </li></ul>
    59. 60. Establishing Content Relationships with the Media <ul><li>How to extend the life of your content? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Create once, distribute infinitely </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Immersion </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Viral marketing </li></ul><ul><ul><li>YouTube, Google Video, iFilm, Ziddio </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Broadcast distribution: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Annenberg </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>ResearchChannel ( http:// www.researchchannel.org ) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>University Channel ( http:// uc.princeton.edu /main ) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Public/cable Access television, PBS </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Public radio </li></ul></ul>
    60. 61. Reaching Public Audiences <ul><li>Public access television </li></ul><ul><li>Museum kiosks </li></ul><ul><li>Television news </li></ul><ul><li>K-12 Classrooms </li></ul><ul><li>Community centers </li></ul><ul><li>Web, podcasts, vodcasts </li></ul>
    61. 62. Reaching Professional Audiences <ul><li>State and Municipal Forums </li></ul><ul><li>NSF / NIH program officers </li></ul><ul><li>National / regional association meetings </li></ul><ul><li>Publishers </li></ul><ul><li>Web, podcasts, vodcasts </li></ul>
    62. 64. Importance of Quantifying Results <ul><li>Key to any content relationship </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Get data on regular basis </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Reach, subscribers, click-throughs, downloads </li></ul></ul><ul><li>ROI </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Measure the success of your current campaign </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Build this reach data into your future proposals for communications grants </li></ul></ul>
    63. 65. Building Tools for Campus-wide Use <ul><li>Central feeds site </li></ul><ul><ul><li>http://feeds.uchicago.edu </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Central video repository </li></ul><ul><ul><li>http://mindonline.uchicago.edu </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Links from homepage </li></ul>
    64. 66. Case Study: Mind Online <ul><li>Collaboration with Alumni Association http:// mindonline.uchicago.edu </li></ul><ul><li>a Web portal of samples (audio, video, writings) from the University's intellectual life </li></ul><ul><li>Automatically produces RSS feed </li></ul>
    65. 67. Thanks! <ul><li>Matt Howard </li></ul><ul><li>[email_address] </li></ul><ul><li>773-702-5071 </li></ul><ul><li>Renee Basick </li></ul><ul><li>[email_address] </li></ul><ul><li>773-834-7955 </li></ul><ul><li>http://cmig.uchicago.edu </li></ul><ul><li>http://research.uchicago.edu/highlights </li></ul>

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