Every time you hear the bell ring and your
presenters say it is ok please feel free to take a
If we don’t say it is ok please refrain
from helping yourself.
1. Change in behaviour
2. Environment shapes behaviour
Learning → new behaviour →conditioningDefinition:
B F Skinner 1904-1990
• Known as Radical behaviourism
• ‘Operant’- how behaviour ‘operates on
• ‘Conditioning’- how desired behaviour
is reinforced by
rewards or punishments
• Measurable changes in behaviour
Positive and Negative Reinforcement
Categorise the examples of positive and negative
Think of more examples you have used in your
Use handout provided
Did you take a chocolate without hearing the ding?
If you did it is because of..................
Classical conditioning (also known as Pavlovian conditioning) is a form of
learning in which the conditioned stimulus (ringing a bell and being told to)
comes to signal the occurrence of a second stimulus (taking a chocolate).
The conditioned response is the learned response from the previously neutral
In other words when you hear that ding you become conditioned to take a
If you did not...............
It is because you have free thought and can rationalise.
In terms of teaching we can use conditioning to create desired behaviours
inside and outside the classroom.
Strengths and Criticism
Ignores thought processes and
Does not take free-will into
Totally teacher orientated
Little or no input from learner
Easily controlled by teacher (SMART
Some learners benefit from repetition
Rewards and punishments are clear