Behaviourism

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Behaviourism

  1. 1. BEHAVIOURISM Is it you?
  2. 2. Chocolate Treat Every time you hear the bell ring and your presenters say it is ok please feel free to take a chocolate. If we don’t say it is ok please refrain from helping yourself. *DING*
  3. 3. Behaviourism Assumptions 1. Change in behaviour 2. Environment shapes behaviour 3. Reinforcement Learning → new behaviour →conditioningDefinition:
  4. 4. Behaviourism Theory B F Skinner 1904-1990 • Known as Radical behaviourism • ‘Operant’- how behaviour ‘operates on the environment’ • ‘Conditioning’- how desired behaviour is reinforced by rewards or punishments • Measurable changes in behaviour Operational Conditioning
  5. 5. Activity 2 Positive and Negative Reinforcement Instructions (5mins) Categorise the examples of positive and negative reinforcement Think of more examples you have used in your teaching sessions Use handout provided
  6. 6. Chocolate Treat Why? Did you take a chocolate without hearing the ding? If you did it is because of.................. Classical conditioning (also known as Pavlovian conditioning) is a form of learning in which the conditioned stimulus (ringing a bell and being told to) comes to signal the occurrence of a second stimulus (taking a chocolate). The conditioned response is the learned response from the previously neutral stimulus. In other words when you hear that ding you become conditioned to take a chocolate If you did not............... It is because you have free thought and can rationalise. In terms of teaching we can use conditioning to create desired behaviours inside and outside the classroom.
  7. 7. Strengths and Criticism Criticisms Ignores thought processes and emotions (cognitive) Does not take free-will into consideration Totally teacher orientated Little or no input from learner Strengths Easily controlled by teacher (SMART objectives) Some learners benefit from repetition Measurable Rewards and punishments are clear
  8. 8. Any Questions? Thank you

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