FACULTAD DE FILOSOSFÌA , LETRAS Y CIENCIAS DE LA EDUCACIÒN ESCUELA DE IDIOMAS PHONETICSSHARON RAMOS
Every voiced in both Voicing languages Also known as pure simple Vowel vowels Vowel production quality Their quality change since a complex beginning or final adjacent Tongue High , middle or low positionTo determine the vowel features E area The sound is produced Front central or back Tense Muscle tension lax Spread neutral Lip shape rounded
SPANISH /i/ with ENGLISH /iy/ and /I/ Spanish English /i/ /IY/ English /I/ The tonge is Tonge is positioned positined forward The fronto forward and high in and slightly section of the the oral cavity with lower, with thetongue rises to the sides in contact sides in contact make contact with the teeth with the teeth both sides of laterally and the tip laterally and the the upper positioned behind tip positineed lateral teeth the lower teeth behind the lower teeth
• The jaw moves down more than in /i/productionSpanish • The tip of the tongue moves forward the lower front teeth /e/ • The tongue is positioned forward and highin the oral cavity with its sides in contact with the lateral teethEnglish • The lips are spread and retracted /ey/ • The tongue is positioned forward and high in the oral cavity with the sides in contact with the lateral teethEnglish • Lips are spread retracted /ɛ/
• The central area of the oral cavitySpanish • The jaw moves /a/ down much greatly than the other sounds • It’s positioned English slightly forward and /æ/ low in the oral cavity with the apex. • The tongue is sligthly back and lowEnglish int the oral cavity • The jaw is slightly /a/ lowered and may change dependng on the phonetic.
The schwa The /ǝ/Is the most It’s a quite happens symbol is common short vowel mostly as used when vowel n sound in part of the schwa spoken many lightly unstressed may be english pronounced syllables omitted
Spanish /o/ English /ɔ/ English /ow/• Is retracted • Is positioned • The dorso backwards the back in a low- section of the oral cavity mied position tongue is moved• The tip of with respect to backwards but tongue reaches the height. lower than /Ʊ/ th lower tooth • The lips are ridge rounded and protruded.
English dipthongs is complete unless it includes diphthongs It’s important toIt’s a phonological know that there aregroup consisting of several arbitrarya vowel sound by a ways of transcribingnon- adjacent glide diphthongs which do not eal with IPA diphthongs
SPANISH FALLING DIPHTHONGS Spanish •It’s moving upwards and forwards low central to high /ay/ front area Spanish •The tongue moves upward from mid front section to /ey/ high front area •It moves upward and Spanish backwards smoothly from mid /wo/ front to high back
THE CONSONANT INVENTORY • It concerns Manner of Point of articulation• Is the doer of articulation the place the where air goes articulation • Is any part in through • It refers to the the mouth way how air• It moves freely • It can be the • Can be flows out enough to be mouth or reached by during the active speech nasal cavity the articulator production of The articulator a sound cavity
/s/ PRODUCTION/s/ PHONEMIC AND PHONETIC FEATURESBoth languages have the /s/ sound which is voiceless, apico- alveolar,oral, fricative. English variants: [s] [-s̻-] /s/ voiceless, apico- alveolar, oral, fricative.
/v/ PHONEMIC AND PHONETIC FEATURES The /v/ sound doesn’t exist in Spanish. In English , /v/ is voiced,ENGLISH labiodental, oral, fricative and happens in initial, middle and final position.
As an Allophone /ʒ/ ofThis /ʒ/ sounds as a the FRONTO- PALATALPhoneme in English. LATERAL /λ/ in Spanish. EXAMPLES <ge> garage /gəɹaʒ/ The /ʒ/ sound occur in <si> occasion /ə‘keyʒən/ English only middle and <s> measure /mɛʒəɹ/ final position. <g> regime /ɹeyɪʒiym/ <z> azure /æʒəɹ/
VOICED FRONTO-PALATAL ORAL GROOVE FRICATIVETHE VIOCED FRICATIVE /ʒ/ENTERED THE ENGLISHPHONEME INVENTORY THROUGH FRENCH WORDS
The voiceless DORSO- VELAR /x/ is sound which existx particulary in Spanish EXAMPLES A common<j> jarabe /xaˈrabe/ confusion is made<g>girasol /xiɾaˈsol/ with the glottal<x>xavier /xabieɾ/ English /h/ when English speaker utter the velar sound
THIS PHONEME /X/ HAS THREE ALLOPHONE WHICH MAY OCCUR IN FREE VARIATION REGARDING VOICELESSDORSO-VELAR ORAL [x] voiceless, dorso-velar, FRICATIVE oral,fricative [h]voiceless, glottal, oral fricative [ø] zero allophone
The /h/ is another sound The /h/ sound never occursin which happens in partial final position distribution This phoneme not exists in Spanish speaker same Spanish but it’s an allophonepronounce as the english /h/ of sound /x/ EXAMPLES <h> holiday /halɪdey/ <wh>whole /ˈhowl/
phoneme /h/ has two allophones inEnglish:[h]voiceless, glottal, oral, fricative[-ɦ-]voiced,glottal,oralfricative VOICELESS GLOTTAL ORAL FRICATIVE THE ENGLISH WORDS <when>,<why>,<what> are pronunced by some speakear with the initial consonant cluster /hw/
ARTICULATOR AND POINT OF ARTICULATOR /ʧ/ /ʤ/ AFFRICAE ORAL TES [ʧ] [ʤ] VOICELESS VOICED VOICING HOMORGANIC SOUNDS AFFRICATES have the same place of articulation They are transcribed using the symbols for the stop and the fricative creating a diagraph
/ʧ/ FEATURES VOICELESSAPICO-ALVEOLARLAMINO FRONTO- PALATE ORAL AFFRICATE THE / ʧ/ SOUND IS A COMMON ELEMENT IN ENGLISH AND SPANISH BESIDES THR BOTH LANGUAGES HAVE ONE ALLOPHONE WITH THE SAME FEATURES
VOICED APICO-ALVEOLAR LAMINO FRONTO- PALATE ORAL AFFRICATEIN SPANISH IT IS ALLOPHONE OF THE PALATAL APPROXIMAT /y/ UTTERED BY FEW PEOPLE OF THE COAST REGION
CONTRAST NASAL SOUND ARTICULATOR AND POINT OF ARTICULATIONThe nasals consonants continuant Occlusiveare produced when the BILABIAL APICO DORSO DORSOair to flow out through ALVEOL VELAR PALATAL E Nasal ARthe nasal cavity S /m/ /n/ /ŋ/ ----- /m/ /n/ [ŋ] /ɲ/ /n/ /m/ /ŋ/ voiced voiced voiced voiced VOICING EXAMPLES <m> message /ˈmɛsəʤ/ <mm> mammal /ˈmæmə/
ENGLISH SPANISHIt has three allophones:[m] voiced, bilabial, nasal,occlusive,continuant It has just one allophone[ɱ]voiced,labiodental,nasal, [m]occlusive,continuant voiced,bilabial,nasal,[mͅ] occlusive,continuantvoiced,bilabial,nasal, occlusive,continuant,syllabic ENGLISH NASAL CONSONANTS MAY BECOME SYLLABIC WHEN OCCURING IN FINAL-WORD POSITION AS PART OF AS UNSTRESSED SYLLABLE AND BESIDES WHEN THE REDUCED VOWEL SOUND IS DROPPED