Marriage in the Renaissance 1400s-1600s Mimi Onyekonwu Mimi Onyekonwu
Betrothal Ceremony <ul><li>Betrothal Ceremonies were well known in the Middle Ages. These ceremonies validated the marriage between two people. </li></ul><ul><li>Frequently held before weddings, betrothal ceremonies became more officially permitted than the actual wedding themselves. </li></ul><ul><li>Since these ceremonies were legally binding many couples never took the next step in preparing a wedding. </li></ul><ul><li>However, if two people decide to devastate the bound of this ceremony and split up; the groom and the brides parents must come to an agreement to break it up. </li></ul><ul><li>Although this fad was quite popular many were confused between the gist of a betrothal ceremony and a wedding so by the end of the 1500s the betrothal craze soon came to an end. </li></ul>http://weuropeanhistory.suite101.com/article.cfm/renaissance_courtship_and_marriage
The Covenant of Marriage <ul><li>In the era of the Renaissance who you married often depended upon your social status. </li></ul><ul><li>The elites of the renaissance commonly married people who would improve their families social standing; however, everyone else such as merchants and peasants often married for the love of one and other or because of the result of pregnancy. Yet, no man could give away his daughter without the blessing of a priest. </li></ul><ul><li>As soon as the responsibility of marriage approached a woman she became the property of her new husband. He would take the place of her parents and become her legal guardian. Meaning the husband now owned everything she owned. Everything she brought to their covenant of marriage now became his property. </li></ul><ul><li>Then again, if the marriage was annulled the only thing the women would leave with is the dowry she brought to the marriage. </li></ul>http://weuropeanhistory.suite101.com/article.cfm/renaissance_courtship_and_marriage http://www.renaissance-weddings.net/marriage_traditions.htm <ul><li>Brucker, Gene A. Giovanni and Lusanna: Love and Marriage in Renaissance Florence . London: Weidenfeld & Nicolson, 1986. </li></ul>
The Treasures of Marriage <ul><li>When women were married they brought a dowry and trousseau into they marriage. </li></ul><ul><li>These were gifts given by their immediate families. </li></ul><ul><li>Wealthy families dowries may have contained estate or jewels, on the other hand daughters of farmers and merchants dowries mainly held clothes, gold coins, household goods, and livestock. Yet, very poor families didn’t have dowries. </li></ul><ul><li>The trousseau that were brought into the marriage by both parties were usually made up of jewels, candle sticks, or clothes. </li></ul>http://www.renaissance-weddings.net/marriage_traditions.htm <ul><li>Brundage, James A. Sex, Law and Marriage in the Middle Ages . Aldershot, England: Variorum, 1993 . </li></ul>
The Purpose of Marriage <ul><li>The purpose of marriage was generally to produce children, and because this was the foundation of marriage in this era this subject was discussed repeatedly. Sex and the creation was considered a taboo in the polite and elite society. </li></ul><ul><li>The reproduction of children was so frequently talked about that they had pamphlets and printed press discuss the best ways to reproduce. </li></ul><ul><li>The craze of pregnancy lasted well throughout the Renaissance. </li></ul>Gies, Frances, and Joseph Gies. Marriage and the Family in the Middle Ages . 1st ed. New York: Harper & Row, 1987. http://weuropeanhistory.suite101.com/article.cfm/renaissance_courtship_and_marriage
Renaissance Weddings <ul><li>For noble classes arranged marriages were not a foreign concept. Their covenant of marriage was often decided when they were 10 or 11 years old. Most of the time the bride and groom wouldn’t meet until days before the wedding 5 to 6 years after it was planned. </li></ul><ul><li>Grooms, normally were 14 years older than their bride. Women typically married before they reached the tender age of 19. However, some upper class women didn’t marry until the age of 24. </li></ul><ul><li>The color of purity in this day in age was blue, so often blue was the color of many of the brides wedding dresses. Although, dresses didn’t have to be a specific color, white was not in vogue. </li></ul><ul><li>The most essential accessory of a Renaissance bride’s wardrobe was her garter. Garters were always viewed as keepers of good fortune, so many guest would grab a hold of the brides garter. </li></ul><ul><li>Tradition says that whatever man gives his love a garter is guaranteed faithfulness </li></ul>Renaissance Weddings. net. 5 Dec, 2009 < http://www.renaissance-weddings.net/marriage_traditions.htm
Wedding Customs $199.95 During the wedding ceremony the bride and groom would both share a glass of spiced wine to display their marriage. Around midnight guest would often follow the married couple into their bedchambers and encourage them to have a drink of Bride’s Broth. Renaissance wedding processions were preformed with habitual minstrel music, armed knights and pages, and family and relatives holding the wedding cake. Also during this time the bride mates and groomsmen would dress up identical to the bride and groom to confuse those who wished evil upon them on their sacred night. The main purpose of a bridal veil in the Medieval Ages was to protect the bride from the evil eyes of those who wished evil upon her marriage. The bridal veil was also a symbol of purity. Renaissance Weddings. net. 5 Dec, 2009 < http://www.renaissance-weddings.net/marriage_traditions.htm
Traditions Wedding cakes in the Roman tradition were originally loaves of bread broken above the brides head mainly to bring forth fertility. The wedding guest would collect the left over crumbs to bring them good luck. The modern day tiered cake originated from the Medieval times when guest would bring small cakes to the wedding and stack them on top of each other; and the bride and groom would try to kiss above them without it collapsing. Another tradition was that guest would collect the pieces from the cake and position them under their beds and they would dream about their future mate. Wedding rings were extremely fashionable. Poesy rings were metal bands decorated with petite love poems. Claddagh rings originated from Galway Ireland. This ring is a model of two hands holding a hand under a crown. Precious stones also had a great meaning in the Renaissance. People who wore these rings displayed their characteristics to who ever saw them, because all of the stones had their own meanings. http://www.renaissance-weddings.net/marriage_traditions.htm
Wedding Feast Wedding feast in the Renaissance was mostly comprise of the guest eating enjoyable food with there fingers. The feast consisted of goose, quail, venison, roasted boar, fish, peacock, mutton cheese, nuts and a lot more. Apples were the main fruit had at weddings, however many other fruits were found. Fruits like pears, peaches and quinces would also be served.’ Wine was the main beverage found in Renaissance weddings. The believed that wine has the ability to cultivate your body, refurbish health, aid digestion and cure melancholy. http://www.renaissance-weddings.net/marriage_traditions.htm
Work Cited <ul><li>Brucker, Gene A. Giovanni and Lusanna: Love and Marriage in Renaissance Florence . London: Weidenfeld & Nicolson, 1986. </li></ul><ul><li>Brundage, James A. Sex, Law and Marriage in the Middle Ages . Aldershot, England: Variorum, 1993. </li></ul><ul><li>Ebay. 8 Dec, 2009 < http:// images.google.com/imgres?imgurl =http://img.auctiva.com/imgdata/2/1/4/0/2/6/webimg/58758012_o.jpg&imgrefurl=http://cgi.ebay.co.uk/1-Tier-IVORY-DESIGNER-WEDDING-BRIDAL-VEIL-SATIN-HEM-28_W0QQitemZ160376462388QQcmdZViewItemQQptZUK_Wedding_Clothing%3Fhash%3Ditem25572e9c34&usg=__lnl7jaInEG5D6yBqy7uOf6FJToc=&h=438&w=346&sz=15&hl= en&start =20&tbnid=Rw4D7oRw25EaAM:&tbnh=127&tbnw=100&prev=/images%3Fq%3Dbridal%2Bveils%2Band%2Bheadpieces%26gbv%3D2%26hl%3Den > </li></ul><ul><li>Flikr. 8 Dec, 2009 < < http:// images.google.com/imgres?imgurl =http://farm4.static.flickr.com/3240/3006590573_b96ecf3cef.jpg&imgrefurl=http://www.flickr.com/photos/3rexes/3006590573/&usg=__OQ4g1lgDBj01lGPNvQyuVnIQWRY=&h=500&w=500&sz=152&hl= en&start =12&tbnid=j6d7iXfPZcTnJM:&tbnh=130&tbnw=130&prev=/images%3Fq%3Drenaissance%2Bwedding%2Brings%26gbv%3D2%26hl%3Den%26sa%3DG > </li></ul><ul><li>Gies, Frances, and Joseph Gies. Marriage and the Family in the Middle Ages . 1st ed. New York: Harper & Row, 1987. </li></ul><ul><li>June bug Wedding. 7 Dec, 2009 <http://images.google.com/imgres?imgurl=http://junebugweddings.com/uploads/Cake/NewRenaissanceCakes_JohnandJoseph.jpg&imgrefurl=http://junebugweddings.com/wedding-planning/seattle/best-cakes.aspx&usg=__rqC1Z9abDOeNiy-WD5aB13MkTeM=&h=205&w=164&sz=50&hl=en&start=29&tbnid=wysyHr9c6BuncM:&tbnh=105&tbnw=84&prev=/images%3Fq%3Drenaissance%2Bwededing%2Bcakes%26gbv%3D2%26ndsp%3D20%26hl%3Den%26sa%3DN%26start%3D20 > </li></ul><ul><li>Pre- birth apples ‘benefits babies’. 4 Dec, 2009 < http:// images.google.com/imgres?imgurl =http://www.viewzone.com/apples22.jpg&imgrefurl=http:// www.viewzone.com/apples.html&usg =__pz5WgZsBFwH3YDXDWy932eel1q8=&h=326&w=351&sz=10&hl= en&start =7&tbnid=ClpADJbMacu0UM:&tbnh=111&tbnw=120&prev=/images%3Fq%3Dapples%26gbv%3D2%26hl%3Den%26sa%3DG > </li></ul><ul><li>Renaissance Courtship and Marriage. 6 Dec, 2009 <http://weuropeanhistory.suite101.com/article.cfm/renaissance_courtship_and_marriage> </li></ul><ul><li>Renaissance Weddings. net. 5 Dec, 2009 < http://www.renaissance-weddings.net/marriage_traditions.htm> </li></ul>
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