Undertaking Cemetery Rehabilitation

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Tips on beginning a cemetery preservation project

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Undertaking Cemetery Rehabilitation

  1. 1. Undertaking Cemetery Rehabilitation Michael Trinkley, Ph.D. Chicora Foundation, Inc. Columbia, SC 29202 www.chicora.org
  2. 2. A Critical First Step: Making the Site Safe and Simple Pruning Remove debris, trash Remove obviously volunteer growth DON’T disturb plantings DON’T do repairs www.chicora.org 2
  3. 3. The Benefits of Simple Pruning www.chicora.org 3
  4. 4. Think About Preservation Plan carefully Avoid simple solutions to complex problems Select least intrusive option Respect the original fabric Where possible, select reversible actions Document all actions www.chicora.org 4
  5. 5. Inventory Map monuments & features roads, paths, vegetation, utilities Record inscriptions name(s), date(s), verses Record monument the more detail the better Assess condition of stone condition and needed intervention www.chicora.org 5
  6. 6. Recordation Complete Accurate Standardized www.chicora.org 6
  7. 7. www.chicora.org 7
  8. 8. Maintenance Issues Manage vegetation Avoid herbicides Mow and trim to avoid damage Think about signage www.chicora.org 8
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  18. 18. Particular Administrative Issues Other Rules for Critical Rules Consideration No gravestone Jogging, athletic rubbing games Do not sit or lean on Prohibition of skates, tombs or bikes, skateboards gravestones Proper conduct (no No alcoholic loud noise) beverages Littering No dogs allowed Cutting flowers/plants www.chicora.org 18
  19. 19. Ban Rubbings www.chicora.org 19
  20. 20. Understand Deterioration Slates Delamination Sandstones Exfoliation or spalling Marbles “Sugaring” Limestones Gypsum crust www.chicora.org 20
  21. 21. Cleaning Why? Is there something ALWAYS ASK: damaging the stone? What is the potential Is the cleaning only for damage from cleaning aesthetics? compared to the Is it part of a damage from not conservation cleaning? treatment? www.chicora.org 21
  22. 22. What is Being Cleaned? Acid soluble stone – Atmospheric soiling? limestone, marble Staining? Acid resistant stone – Non-biological granite, quartz Biological Architectural ceramics Salts – brick, terracotta Cement – cast stone, stucco, mortar www.chicora.org 22
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  28. 28. How NEVER to Clean Acid clean Bleach Wire brush High pressure www.chicora.org 28
  29. 29. Acid Cleaning – note the sheen www.chicora.org 29
  30. 30. Bleach – note the yellowing and erosion www.chicora.org 30
  31. 31. Sandblasting – note the erosion www.chicora.org 31
  32. 32. Always Test First www.chicora.org 32
  33. 33. Cleaning Options Water misting or water spray Detergents Steam Chemical cleaners Paint removers Stain removers Biocides Others www.chicora.org 33
  34. 34. Bad Repairs Wrong materials Poorly executed Undocumented www.chicora.org 34
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  40. 40. Appropriate Repairs Obtain a treatment proposal Ensure that firm subscribes to AIC Code of Ethics and Standards of Practice Obtain a treatment report You get what you pay for www.chicora.org 40
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