Relative clauses
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Relative clauses

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This presentation has been made by a secondary teacher in order to explain students how relative clauses are used.I hope it can be useful

This presentation has been made by a secondary teacher in order to explain students how relative clauses are used.I hope it can be useful

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Relative clauses Relative clauses Presentation Transcript

  • RELATIVE CLAUSES DEFINING NON-DEFINING By Cristina Andreu
  • RELATIVE CLAUSES
    • Definition:subordinate adjectival clauses.
    • Example:I like a house. It is very expensive.
    • I like a house that is very expensive.
    • Position:after the noun they refer to.
    • The house that they bought is quite old
    • noun .....that they bought.....
  • RELATIVE PRONOUNS/ADVERBS
    • People
    • Things
    • People and things
    • Possession
    • Time
    • Place
    • Reason
    • Who/whom
    • Which
    • That
    • Whose
    • When
    • Where
    • Why
  • RELATIVE CLAUSES WITH PREPOSITIONS
    • People: preposition+whom/who.......preposition
    • Example: The man about whom he told you is my father.
    • The man (who) he told you about is my father.
    • Things:
    • preposition+which/which......preposition
    • Example:The film about which we are talking was shot in Spain.
    • The film (which)we are talking about was shot in Spain.
  • OMISSION OF THE RELATIVE PRONOUN The pronoun can be omitted if it is not the subject of the relative clause.
    • The bus [ which/that goes to Cairo ] leaves from here.
    • The bus [ ( which/that ) we took ] stopped at three stations.
    • The woman [ who/that teaches us music ] plays in a orchestra.
    • The woman [ ( who/whom/that ) you have just met ] is our music teacher
    • SUBJECT(THINGS)
    • OBJECT(THINGS)
    • SUBJECT(PEOPLE)
    • OBJECT(PEOPLE)
  • DEFINING AND NON-DEFINING
    • Defining
    • They give essential
    • information.Without
    • them the sentence
    • remains incomplete.
    • Example: This is the computer which we bought yesterday .
    • Non-defining
    • They give an
    • explanation.If they are
    • omitted, the remaining
    • sentences still make
    • sense.
    • Always between commas
    • Usually after proper nouns,or nouns preceeded by possessive or demonstrative adjectives.
    • Example:My house, which belonged to my parents ,is near the town centre.
  • DEFINING AND NON-DEFINING
    • Defining
    • The pronoun “that” can be used for both people and things.
    • The relative pronoun can be omitted as it is not functioning as a subject.
    • Non-defining
    • “ that” CANNOT be used.
    • The relative pronoun CANNOT be omitted
  • PRACTICE
    • Combine the following sentences using relative pronouns and adding commas when necessary.
    • John bought a DVD player. It was made in Korea.
    • John bought a DVD player which/that was made in Korea.
    • My new shop is very successful. You saw it last week.
    • My new shop, which you saw last week, is very successful.
  • PRACTICE
    • Freddie Mercury died in 1992.He was a famous singer.
    • Freddie Mercury, who was a famous singer,died in 1992.
    • There’s the woman. I met her last night.
    • There’s the woman(who/that) I met last night.
    • John is my friend.His car was stolen from the car park.
    • John,whose car was stolen from the car park, is my friend.
    • The director is very demanding.Jean works for him.
    • The director for whom Jean works is very demanding.
    • The director (who/that) Jean works for is very demanding