A brief sketch of the history of italian vocational education


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These ones are the slides I have presented during the international conference "Myths and Brands of Vocational Education" held in Tampere from 14th June to 18th June. Critical appraisals are welcomed.

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A brief sketch of the history of italian vocational education

  1. 1. Myths and Brands of Vocational Education –Tampere, 15° June 2013
  2. 2. Italian scholastic system in 1861Elementaryschool 5 yearsTechnicalschool 3 yearTechnicalinstitute 4 yearsGymnasium 5yearsLyceum 3 yearsNormal school 3years
  3. 3. 1878, Cairoli circular Cairoli circular established that the State could give toeach school the 2/5 of their whole outlay The circular established two kinds of school: The three – year industrial schools for industrialworkers. The three – year artistic industrial schools forcraftmen.
  4. 4. Italian technical and vocationalsystem in 1907Elementaryschool 4 yearsTechnicalschool 3 yearsTechnicalinstitute 5years3° gradeVocationalschool 4 yearsUpperelementaryschool 2 years2° gradeVocationalschool 4 years3° gradeVocationalschool 4 years1° gradevocationalschool 3 years2° gradeVocationalschool 4 years3° gradeVocationalschool 4 years
  5. 5. 1907, Cocco – ortu Act The Cocco – Ortu Act organized vocational schools inthree grades. The first grade was opened to the pupils had finishedelementary school. The second one was opened to the pupils had finishedupper elementary school or has attended the first twoyear of first grade school. The third one was opened to the pupils had finishedtechnical school or has attended the first three year ofsecond grade school.
  6. 6. 1921, Rossi reformElementaryschool 4 yearsWorkers’school 3 yearsIndustrialschool 4 yearsIndustrialinstitute 4yearsSchoolworkshop 2years
  7. 7. Historical series from 1873 up to19170100002000030000400005000060000700008000090000Vocational students (industrial drawingcourses included)Technical tuitionClassical tuition
  8. 8. 1923, Gentile ReformElementaryschool 5 yearsGymnasium 3yearsClassic Lyceum 3yearsScientificLyceum 3 yearsTechnicalInstitute 8 yearsNormal Institute8 yearsUpperelementaryschool 3 yearsComplementaryschool 3 year
  9. 9. 1928, Belluzzo reform In 1928 the Minister of National Education Belluzzoestablished a new school, the scuola di avviamento(training school).Here he grouped the upper elementary school, thecomplementary school and the workers’ school.The industrial school was changed in the two – yearscuola tecnica (technical school).
  10. 10. Historical series from 1918 up to1941050000100000150000200000250000300000350000400000Vocational tuitionLyceum tuitionTechnical institute tuition
  11. 11. Italian scholastic system in 1945Elementaryschool 5 yearsMiddle school3 yearsClassic /ScientificLyceum 5 yearsNormal school4 yearsTechnicalinstitute 5 yearsTraining school3 yearsTechnicalschool 2 yearsVocationalinstitute 2 – 5yearsArt school 3years
  12. 12. Italian scholastic system after 2009Primary school 5 yearsLyceum 5 years(classical, scientific, human, artistic)Technical institute 5 years Vocational Institute 5 years Vocational training 3 yearsMiddle school 3 years
  13. 13. Historical series from 1945 up 200702000004000006000008000001000000120000014000001945194719491951195319551957195919611963196519671969197119731975197719791981198319851987198919911993199519971999200120032005Vocational secondary tuitionLyceum tuitionTechnical institute tuition
  14. 14. CONCLUSIONS Statal commitment increased in order to develop abackward framework. However, like in France, Italian state did not considerthe differences among regions respect the rate ofdevelopment. State development pattern changed vocationaleducation almost in a generalist – school.
  15. 15. OUTCOMES This paper has demonstrated that is useful to link thestudy of a country to the other European countries. Next paces: Comparative and / or Transnational History ofEducation?
  16. 16. THANKS YOU