A brief sketch of the history of italian vocational education
Myths and Brands of Vocational Education –Tampere, 15° June 2013
Italian scholastic system in 1861Elementaryschool 5 yearsTechnicalschool 3 yearTechnicalinstitute 4 yearsGymnasium 5yearsLyceum 3 yearsNormal school 3years
1878, Cairoli circular Cairoli circular established that the State could give toeach school the 2/5 of their whole outlay The circular established two kinds of school: The three – year industrial schools for industrialworkers. The three – year artistic industrial schools forcraftmen.
Italian technical and vocationalsystem in 1907Elementaryschool 4 yearsTechnicalschool 3 yearsTechnicalinstitute 5years3° gradeVocationalschool 4 yearsUpperelementaryschool 2 years2° gradeVocationalschool 4 years3° gradeVocationalschool 4 years1° gradevocationalschool 3 years2° gradeVocationalschool 4 years3° gradeVocationalschool 4 years
1907, Cocco – ortu Act The Cocco – Ortu Act organized vocational schools inthree grades. The first grade was opened to the pupils had finishedelementary school. The second one was opened to the pupils had finishedupper elementary school or has attended the first twoyear of first grade school. The third one was opened to the pupils had finishedtechnical school or has attended the first three year ofsecond grade school.
1928, Belluzzo reform In 1928 the Minister of National Education Belluzzoestablished a new school, the scuola di avviamento(training school).Here he grouped the upper elementary school, thecomplementary school and the workers’ school.The industrial school was changed in the two – yearscuola tecnica (technical school).
Historical series from 1918 up to1941050000100000150000200000250000300000350000400000Vocational tuitionLyceum tuitionTechnical institute tuition
Italian scholastic system in 1945Elementaryschool 5 yearsMiddle school3 yearsClassic /ScientificLyceum 5 yearsNormal school4 yearsTechnicalinstitute 5 yearsTraining school3 yearsTechnicalschool 2 yearsVocationalinstitute 2 – 5yearsArt school 3years
Italian scholastic system after 2009Primary school 5 yearsLyceum 5 years(classical, scientific, human, artistic)Technical institute 5 years Vocational Institute 5 years Vocational training 3 yearsMiddle school 3 years
Historical series from 1945 up 200702000004000006000008000001000000120000014000001945194719491951195319551957195919611963196519671969197119731975197719791981198319851987198919911993199519971999200120032005Vocational secondary tuitionLyceum tuitionTechnical institute tuition
CONCLUSIONS Statal commitment increased in order to develop abackward framework. However, like in France, Italian state did not considerthe differences among regions respect the rate ofdevelopment. State development pattern changed vocationaleducation almost in a generalist – school.
OUTCOMES This paper has demonstrated that is useful to link thestudy of a country to the other European countries. Next paces: Comparative and / or Transnational History ofEducation?