Julius Caesar


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Gaius Julius Caesarwas a Roman general, statesman. William Shakespeare was born in 1564 Julius Caesar takes place in ancient Rome in 44 b.c., when Rome was the center of an empire stretching from Britain to North Africa and from Persia to Spain. Yet even as the empire grew stronger, so, too, did the force of the dangers threatening its existence: Rome suffered from constant infighting between ambitious military leaders and the far weaker senators to whom they supposedly owed allegiance. The empire also suffered from a sharp division between citizens, who were represented in the senate, and the increasingly underrepresented plebeian masses. A succession of men aspired to become the absolute ruler of Rome, but only Julius Caesar seemed likely to achieve this status. Those citizens who favored more democratic rule feared that Caesar’s power would lead to the enslavement of Roman citizens by one of their own. Therefore, a group of conspirators came together and assassinated Caesar. The assassination, however, failed to put an end to the power struggles dividing the empire, and civil war erupted shortly thereafter. The plot of Shakespeare’s play includes the events leading up to the assassination of Caesar as well as much of the subsequent war, in which the deaths of the leading conspirators constituted a sort of revenge for the assassination.Many feared that her death would plunge England into the kind of chaos that had plagued England during the fifteenth-century Wars of the Roses.There are over 80 different translations of his plays and poems. The number of translations of Shakespeare’s works all over the world is second only to the Bible.

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Julius Caesar

  1. 1. Julius Caesar by William Shakespeare A English Project Work
  2. 2. About the Author The English writer and poet William Shakespeare is considered the greatest playwright of all time. Unfortunately, we don’t know many details about his biography. There are no portraits, pictures or drawings of Shakespeare while he was still alive. Shakespeare married at 18 and wrote his first known play when he was 25 years old; he also acted in some of the plays. Shakespeare only finished grammar school and never studied in the university. There are over 80 different translations of his plays and poems. The number of translations of Shakespeare’s works all over the world is second only to the Bible. More than 25,000 different words are used in the works of Shakespeare, including many that he created. Most people use only 2,000 or 2,500 words in speaking and writing: so, Shakespeare used ten times the normal amount of words! A really surprising fact: the great writer’s wife and children were all illiterate!
  3. 3. Introduction The Tragedy of Julius Caesar, also known simply as Julius Caesar, is a tragedy by William Shakespeare, believed to have been written in 1599. It portrays the 44 BC conspiracy against the Roman dictator Julius Caesar, his assassination and the defeat of the conspirators at the Battle of Philippi. It is one of several Roman plays that Shakespeare wrote, based on true events from Roman history, which also include Coriolanus and Antony and Cleopatra. Although the title of the play is Julius Caesar, Caesar is not the central character in its action; he appears in only three scenes, and is killed at the beginning of the third act. The protagonist of the play is Marcus Brutus, and the central psychological drama is his struggle between the conflicting demands of honour, patriotism, and friendship. The play reflected the general anxiety of England over succession of leadership. At the time of its creation and first performance, Queen Elizabeth, a strong ruler, was elderly and had refused to name a successor, leading to worries that a civil war similar to that of Rome might break out after her death.
  4. 4. Summary of the play Julius Caesar is highly successful but ambitious political leader of Rome and his goal is to become an unassailable dictator. Caesar is warned that he must "beware the Ides of March" . The prophecy comes true and Caesar is assassinated. Marcus Brutus is a well respected Roman senator who helps plan and carry out Caesar's assassination which he believes will rid Rome of a tyrant. Caesar's friend Mark Antony provides the famous funeral oration ("Friends, Romans, and countrymen…") Brutus and Cassius meet their inevitable defeat. Brutus, the noble Roman, whose decision to take part in the conspiracy for the sake of freedom, plunges his country into civil war.
  5. 5. Characters • Julius Caesar • Calpurnia: Wife of Caesar • Octavius Caesar, Marcus Antonius, M. Aemilius Lepidus: Triumvirs after the death of Julius Caesar • Cicero, Publius, Popilius Lena: Senators • Marcus Brutus, Cassius, Casca, Trebonius, Ligarius, Decius Brutus, Metellus Cimber, Cinna: Conspirators against Julius Caesar • Portia: Wife of Brutus
  6. 6. Descriptions About the Main Characters
  7. 7. Calpurnia  A Roman woman and the third and last wife of Julius Caesar.  Calpurnia invests great authority in omens and portents. She warns Caesar against going to the Senate  She is very concerned for Caesars.  She interprets her dream which signified that it was not a lucky day for him and could prove to be very dangerous for his life if he moves out.  Nevertheless, Caesar’s ambition ultimately causes him to disregard her advice.
  8. 8. Brutus  Of Noble Heritage Brutus is a Roman nobleman, as was his father  Sincere: Brutus truly believes that his role in the assassination is for the good of Rome  Naive: He believes in the essential goodness of those around him  Philosophical: His philosophies guide his actions and decisions. Good Orator: he was successful in changing the mob mentality and proved that Caesar was ambitious which was not good for the citizens. He is a powerful public figure.
  9. 9. Cassius Envious: Cassius has contempt for Caesar and envies Caesar's position Fearful: Cassius is afraid that Caesar has ambitions to be king. He fears what might become of Rome in such an instance. Politically Astute: He advises Brutus to assassinate Antony along with Caesar. Understanding what can happen, he advises Brutus not to allow Antony to speak at Caesar's funeral as he feared that he would be able to able to rise the mob against them in mutiny. Corrupt: Prior to the battle at Philippi, he is accused by Brutus of taking bribes
  10. 10. Marc Antony Antony proves himself a consummate politician, using gestures and skilled rhetoric to his advantage. Loyal to Caesar: Antony loved and admired Caesar Clever: Antony pretends to befriend the conspirators and asks that he be allowed to speak at Caesar's funeral A skilled orator: Antony's speech at Caesar's funeral sways the crowd Hard: Antony's role in condemning men to death shows he can be as cold hearted as he is passionate  A skilled military leader: Antony has an equal voice in planning the war against the legions of Brutus and Cassius
  11. 11. Julius Caesar July 100 BC – 15 March 44 BC A great Roman general and senator He was a great king, who was overconfident of his power. He was good at heart, as he wept When the poor's cried. He was a victorious king. He was brave,& Courageous. He trusted upon his friends who actually where The conspirators of his murder.
  12. 12. THEMES Major Themes The major theme of Julius Caesar is that misused power is a corruptive force. This is seen in the fact that Caesar is a dictator suspected of being tyrannous, that Cassius is so power hungry that he assassinates Caesar, hoping to become more powerful himself, and that Antony, Octavius, and Lepidus become a dictatorial and tyrannical Triumvirate, worse than Caesar ever hinted at being. Minor Themes • goodness of loyalty, honor, and friendship; • the evil of pride, conspiracy, and anarchy; • the logic of political order; • and the viability of republicanism as a form of government.
  13. 13. His Antagonists • An antagonist is a character, group of characters, that represents the opposition against which the protagonist • Caesar's antagonists are Brutus, Cassius, and the other conspirators who do not want him to become the head of the Roman Empire. • They plot to overthrow Caesar and assassinate him outside the Capitol; he is an easy target because of his fatal flaw - his extreme "hubris" or pride. • Many times, Caesar is nearly saved by omens and warnings, but he disregards them, thinking himself infallible. • He is so proud that he is easily flattered, leading him to think less strategically and placing himself in grave danger.
  14. 14. Famous Quotes / Quotations "Friends, Romans, countrymen lend me your ears; I come to bury Caesar, not to praise him". - (Act III, Scene II). "But, for my own part, it was Greek to me". - (Act I, Scene II). "Cry "Havoc," and let slip the dogs of war". - (Act III, Scene I). "Et tu, Brute!" - (Act III, Scene I).{you to Brutus} "Not that I loved Caesar less, but that I loved Rome more". (Act III, Scene II). "Beware the Ides of March". - (Act I, Scene II). "This was the noblest Roman of them all". - (Act V, Scene V).
  15. 15. The End Thank you for giving your valuable time for this presentation.
  16. 16. Presented By Chhavi Bansal S. Supraja