Open Access: Possibilities and Rights


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Presentation for the Institute for Atmospheric and Climate Science, ETH Zürich, 11.10.2012

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Open Access: Possibilities and Rights

  1. 1. Open Access publicationsPossibilities and rights Christian Gutknecht, Main Library University of Zurich ETH Zurich, IAC, 11.10.2012
  2. 2.
  3. 3. Accessibilty
  4. 4. $0
  5. 5. $30
  6. 6. $70
  7. 7. $70
  8. 8. $80
  9. 9. $70
  10. 10. $95
  11. 11. $95
  12. 12. $135
  13. 13. $95
  14. 14. $125
  15. 15. $150
  16. 16. $175
  17. 17. $210
  18. 18. $175
  19. 19. $200
  20. 20. $235
  21. 21. $260
  22. 22. $291.50
  23. 23. $316.50
  24. 24. $291.50
  25. 25. $291.50
  26. 26. $311.50
  27. 27. AccessiblityPublisher PapersCopernicus 3Nature 2Elsevier 3PNAS 1Springer 3 2x OpenChoice 1x Published PDF via ETH WebsiteAmerican Geophysical Union 5Wiley-Blackwell 2 1x Published PDF via ETH WebsiteAmerican Meteorological Society 1 1x Author version via ETH Website8 out of 20 papers are freely accessible to the public!The remaing 12 papers costs more than $300 for an indiviudalreader.
  28. 28. Author RightsPublisher Posting of accepted Posting of published manusript version (after peer review)Copernicus Yes YesNature Yes No (6 months embargo)Elsevier Yes NoPNAS Yes No (6 months embargo) (However PDF is freely available on publishers Website after 6 month)Springer Yes NoAmerican Geophysical Union Yes Yes (6 months embargo)Wiley-Blackwell Depends on Journal NoAmerican Meteorological Yes Yes (6 months embargo) (6 months embargo)Society
  29. 29. Where to find out?
  30. 30. Important to knowAccording to Swiss Code of Obligations, Art. 382, Par. 3,authors who have not concluded an agreement on copyrightare allowed by law to deposit journal articles, book chapters orconference papers on repositories or websites three months afterthese works have been published in full.Provided the residence of the author is in SwitzerlandSee also FAQ of Legal Opion:
  31. 31. Guidelines ETH The ETH Zurich requires of staff and postgraduate students to post electronic copies of any research papers that have been accepted for publication in a peer-reviewed journal (post-prints), theses and other scientific research output (monographs, reports, proceedings, videos etc.), to be made freely available as soon as possible into the institutional repository ETH E- Collection, if there are no legal objections. 31
  32. 32. Guidelines SNSF (since 2007) The SNSF requires grantees to provide open access to research results obtained with the help of SNSF grants (Article 44 Funding Regulations). 32
  33. 33. EU Open Access Pilot (SC39) Launched in August 2008 Covers 20% of the FP7 budget Research Areas: – Energy – Environment – Health – Information and Communication Technologies (Challenge 2: Cognitive S ystems, Interaction, Robotics) – Research Infrastructures (e-Infrastructures) – Science in Society – Socio-economic Sciences and Humanities33
  34. 34. Existing Open Access Pilot Based on self-archiving Deposition to institutional or subject respository: – Final published article – Final peer-reviewed manuscript Best effort expected. Embargos accepted: – 6 months Energy, Environment, Health, Information and Communication Technologies, Research Infrastructures – 12 months Science in Society, Socio-economic Sciences and Humanities34
  35. 35. Existing Open Access Pilot In the Seventh Framework Programme (FP7), gold Open Access fees are eligible for reimbursement. Details can be found in the FP7 model Grant Agreement (article II.16.4 other activities‘):
  36. 36. Open Access in Horizon 2020 Open access to scientific publications a general principle of Horizon 2020. As of 2014, all articles produced with funding from Horizon 2020 will have to be accessible: Articles will either immediately be made accessible online by the publisher (Gold open access) - up-front publication costs can be eligible for reimbursement by the European Commission; or researchers will make their articles available through an open access repository no later than six months (12 months for articles in the fields of social sciences and humanities) after publication (Green open access). The goal is for 60% of European publicly-funded research articles to be available under open access by 2016.36
  37. 37. OpenAIRE Infrastructure for Open Access publications Implementation, support, monitoring the Open Access pilot of the European Commission (SC 39) Services Open Access repositories FP7 Project Information37
  38. 38. OpenAIRE Portal www.openaire.eu38
  39. 39.
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  41. 41. Price Timothy Gowers about starting two Open Access Journals (Forum of Mathematics) at Cambridge University Press: For one thing, it will demonstrate that a major publishing house can produce a high-quality journal with high-quality formatting and editing with APCs of around £500. I hope that people in charge of funding bodies who are considering open-access mandates will ask some tough questions of publishers who continue to charge four times that. 41
  42. 42. Price (APC = Article Processing Charges) Study Solomon and Björk (2012) • APCs between $8 and $3900, Average: $906 SCOAP3 transformed OA-Journals starting in 2014: • APCs between $600 and $2270, Average: $1550 • Physical Review Letters wanted $2700 as APC and therefore was not considered for the agreement. Results from PEER (Publishing and the Ecology of European Research): • Peer Review: $250 / article • Production cost: $170-$400 / article • Cost of plattform development: $170‘000 - $400‘0001. Solomon and Björk (2012). A study of open access journals using article processing charges. Journal of the American Society for Information Science and Technology, 63(8):1485-1495; Van Noorden, Richard - Open-access deal for particle physics. Nature 489, 486 (27 September 2012) , PEER Final Public Report: 42
  43. 43. Van Noorden, Richard (2012) Nature 486, 302–303, 43
  44. 44. Nature 489, 179 (13 September 2012) 44
  45. 45. Open Access in Horizon 2020 The Commission will also start experimenting with open access to the data collected during publicly funded research (e.g. the numerical results of experiments), taking into account legitimate concerns related to the fundees commercial interests or to privacy. The European Commission will continue to fund projects related to open access. In 2012-2013, the Commission will spend €45 million on data infrastructures and research on digital preservation. Funding will continue under the Horizon 2020 programme. During the same period, the Commission will support experimentation with new ways of handling scientific information (e.g. new peer-review methods and ways of measuring article impact).45
  46. 46. PLOS: Public Library of Science 46
  47. 47. 47
  48. 48. Resarch Data in Switzerland According to SNSF (Fabian Jeker, 14.8.12) „Die Open Access Regelung des SNF betrifft nur Publikationen. Der SNF ist sich der Bedeutung von Open Access zu Research Data / Primärdaten bewusst und verfolgt die Entwicklung des Themas. Doch kommt dem SNF dabei nur eine subsidiäre Rolle zu. Gemäss Art. 43 Beitragsreglement sind die Rechte an den Forschungsresultaten zwischen den Beitragsempfängerinnnen und Beitragsempfängern und deren Arbeitgebern zu regeln.“48
  49. 49. Links Institutional Repository of ETH: Digital Preservation at ETH OpenAIRE Sherpa Romeo FAQ to legal aspects regarding OA (in german, french & english) archiving49
  50. 50. Contact Christian Gutknecht (until end of October) – @openaire_eu – –
  51. 51. Backup
  52. 52. Special Clause 39 (SC39)OPEN ACCESS (SPECIFIC TO THE THEMATIC AREAS "HEALTH", "ENERGY","ENVIRONMENT(INCLUDING CLIMATE CHANGE)", "INFORMATION & COMMUNICATION TECHNOLOGIES"(CHALLENGE 2), AND "SOCIOECONOMIC SCIENCES AND THE HUMANITIES", AS WELL AS TO THEACTIVITIES "RESEARCH INFRASTRUCTURES" (E-INFRASTRUCTURES), AND "SCIENCE IN SOCIETY")In addition to Article II.30.4, beneficiaries shall deposit an electronic copy of thepublished version or the final manuscript accepted for publication of a scientificpublication relating to foreground published before or after the final report in aninstitutional or subject-based repository at the moment of publication.Beneficiaries are required to make their best efforts to ensure that this electronic copy becomesfreely and electronically available to anyone through this repository:• immediately if the scientific publication is published "open access", i.e. if an electronic version is also available free of charge via the publisher, or• within [X] months of publication.The number X will be 6 months in the thematic areas "Health", "Energy", "Environment (including Climate Change)",and "Information & communication technologies" (Challenge 2) and the activity "Research infrastructures" (e-infrastructures), and 12 months in the thematic area "Socio-economic Sciences and the Humanities" and the activity"Science in Society".52