The field of view is an angle that defines the objects that you can see as you look in a particular direction. Objects to the left or right of your field of view will not be seen. Camera zoom and lens settings effect you field of view. A wide angle takes in more of the scene while a narrow angle produces a tight shot.
The depth of field is a measurement of focus accuracy for a given distance. For example, when you look at a scene the main subject may be in focus while the background and foreground would appear blurred.
Zoom – Moves the camera closer or farther away from an object.
An example of how framing might be used would be a scene where a car is traveling down a highway: you first see it as a small object that is a part of its environment (long shot); it grows larger and the environment around it is reduced (medium shot); as it passes, only the individual elements of the vehicle are shown (close-up.) The shots are reversed as the car moves away from you.