Contents Introduction The flag Culture Geography Attractions and tourism Wildlife Attributions(Background: El Nido, Palawan)
IntroductionThe Philippines is in Southeast Asia, it is made up of more than7000 islands in between the Pacific Ocean and East Asia. It is atropical country with many beaches, rainforests and coralreefs. There is a wide range of wildlife. The culture is a veryinteresting mix. The weather in the Philippines is nice andsunny from December to May, the rest of the year there isoften rain and hurricanes. Nearby countries are Taiwan to thenorth, Malaysia to the west and Palau and Micronesia to theeast. You will find more about the Philippines as we go on.General info:Area: 299,764 sq km (115,831 sq mi )Population: 103,775,002Capital city: ManilaLargest city: Quezon cityLanguages: Tagalog, English, regional dialects (such asBicolano, Cebuano, Ilocano), SpanishCurrency: Peso (1 dollar = 43 pesos)Religion: CatholicAverage temperature: from 21°C (70°F) to 32°C (90°F)
The FlagThe blue at the top represents peace, and the red at the bottom represents war.If the red changes to the top, it means the Philippines is at war.The three stars symbolize the three major island groups in thePhilippines, which are Luzon, Visayas and Mindanao. The eight rays of the sunsymbolize the first 8 regions.
People CultureThe people of the Philippines are a unique mixture of many different people. All the differentgroups of people who have settled on the islands created the Filipinos we see today. The firstpeople who came to the Philippines were called Agta, and they are related to the Aboriginals ofAustralia. Then the Malayo-Polynesians came and most Filipinos today are their descendants.After them, some Arabians, Chinese and Indians also came to the Philippines. When the Spanishcolonized the Philippines they brought with them many Spanish and Mexican people, becauseof this, lots of Filipinos have Spanish names. Filipinos have a mixed heritage from all thesepeople. Different kinds of Filipinos
Food CultureThe main food is rice although it is mostly eatentogether with other dishes like fish and vegetables. InFilipino cuisine, there is also influence from Chineseand Spanish food, Pancit ( noodles ) and Lumpia (spring rolls) were introduced by Chinese.Empanadas, Chorizo, Asado, Afritada, Pan de sal andLonganisa were introduced by Spanish. Most food iseaten with hand, sometimes fork and knife, butFilipinos don’t use chopsticks. Seafood especially iseaten with hand. There is also Filipino ice cream that iseaten with bread. Filipino ice cream cartLechon or roast pig Empanadas
UkuleleMusic and Dance CultureMost Filipino music and dances came from Hispanic culture. Traditionalmusic is usually played with guitars, mandolins and ukuleles. Traditionalsongs are often played by a Rondalla band. Also hula dancing is verypopular, and is accompanied with fast drumming.Dancing in a festival Hula dancing
Architecture CultureTraditional houses in the Philippines are made of bamboo with thatched roofs. They are calledNipa huts because Nipa leaves are used to make the roof. These huts are sometimes decoratedwith shells and wood carvings. There is also a lot of Aztec-Baroque architecture introduced byMexicans and Spanish colonizers. There are many cities with old Spanish buildings and churchesaround the Philippines. Many buildings are made of coral or volcanic rocks. Native huts Spanish buildings Aztec-Baroque architecture
Festivals CultureThere are many festivals in the Philippines, in the festivals there is often a lot of streetdancing, food, music, parties and interesting traditions. Each part of the Philippines has itsown important festival. Such as the Dinagyang festival of Iloilo. This festival represents thenative people converting to Christianity. People dance around the streets in nativecostumes and carry a statue of the infant Christ.A festival in Cebu Dinagyang festival in Iloilo A festival in Bohol
Religion Culture80.9 percent of the population is Catholic, 11.6 is other Christian, 5 is Muslim, and 2.5percent is other religions. Since the Spanish colonized the Philippines, most Filipinosconverted from their native pagan religions to Christianity. Around the country, there aremany churches. The Philippines is the larges Catholic country in Asia, and also one of thelargest in the world. The religion inspires many festivals too.Pie chart of religions Manila Cathedral
Language CultureThe national language of the Philippines is Filipino which is basically Tagalog.However, there are over 200 languages spoken in the country. Other important languagesinclude: Bicolano, Cebuano, Ilocano, Ilonggo and Hiligaynon. There are also many otherlanguages from different tribal groups. English is widely spoken, and Spanish and SpanishCreole languages are spoken by about 4 million. The closest language to Filipino isChamorro, the language of Guam. Filipino languages are part of the Austronesian languagefamily: shown below. A map showing the Austronesian languages
GeographyThe Philippines is made up of more than 7000 islands. There are lots of tropical rainforests.There are lots of volcanoes, including a few active ones such as Mount Mayon and MountPinatubo. There are many waterfalls, lakes and rivers. The Philippines has the fifth longestcoastline in the world and there are many beaches and coral reefs. There are manymountains such as mount Apo, which is the tallest (2,954 m) mountain in the Philippines.There are also many unusual landscapes such as a desert called the La Paz sand dunes.Natural resources: timber, petroleum, nickel, cobalt, silver, gold, salt, copper.Rainforest of Palawan Mayon Volcano Maria Cristina falls
Attractions and Tourism Historic town of Vigan Banaue Rice Terraces Sight-seeing in Cebu Bacuit bay Boracay island Sight-seeing in Bohol Mount ApoVisit: http://www.philippinetourism.us/
Attractions and TourismHistoric town of ViganVigan is a nice little town with lots of old and beautiful Spanish buildings. You willfind lots of cobblestoned roads with shops and restaurants. In Vigan, there is also acathedral. Vigan is also known for pottery and woodcarving. You can also ride in atraditional horse-drawn carriage called kalesa. Vigan is close to several nicebeaches. Cobblestone roads Vigan cathedral
Attractions and TourismBanaue rice terracesThe Banaue rice terraces are about 2000 years old. They were carved into themountains of Ifugao by ancesters of the igorot people. This means that the riceterraces are man-made. There are many small traditional villages of the native tribescalled igorot on the terraces. There are also lots of waterfalls in the rice terraces. Therice terraces are good for mountain biking, trecking and hiking. The rice terraces areused by the igorot to grow rice too. Rice terraces Igorot people
Attractions and TourismSight-seeing in CebuIn Cebu, there are many places to see. There are several small islands around Cebuwhich have nice beaches, good diving, caves, resorts and old churches. There are alsomany waterfalls in Cebu. In Cebu city, the famous attractions are: Magellan’s cross, FortSan Pedro, Cebu Cathedral, Santo Niño Basilica, Lapu-Lapu monument and much more.There is also the famous Sinulog festival in Cebu. Cebu also is famous for makingguitars. Magellan’s cross Mactan island Chief Lapu-Lapu
Attractions and TourismBacuit BayBacuit is a beautiful lagoon in Palawan. There is very good snorkeling and divingbecause there are many coral reefs. There are also lots of interesting shipwrecks fromWorld War 2. There are many tropical islands with nice resorts and beaches inside thelagoon. There is also the town of El Nido which has many restaurants and pearl farms.Here you can go kayaking and sailing too. Bacuit bay Diving in Bacuit bay
Attractions and TourismBoracay IslandBoracay is a small island in Aklan province. It has many pretty white sand beaches.There is also good snorkeling. In Boracay, there is a town with many giftshops, restaurants, bars and resorts, there’s also an exciting nightlife. You can do manywater sports such as wind surfing, kite surfing, sailing, parasailing, banana boats andmuch more. There is also the Ati-atihan festival which is very fun and there is a lot ofdancing and partying and the people wear tribal costumes. Boracay beach Ati-aithan festival
Attractions and TourismSight-seeing in BoholIn Bohol, there are many things to see in Bohol, such as the Chocolate Hills, a tarsiersanctuary, many coral churches, diving, lots of dolphin and whalewatching, beaches, rainforests, flying lemurs and many more. The chocolate hills areprobably Bohol’s most popular attraction. The hills are not man-made and are made upof about 1300 hills. They are about 30 to 50 meters high. The hills are covered withgrass and at the end of the season, turn chocolate brown. Tarsiers are the secondsmallest mammal, they are about 9 cm Chocolate hills Dolphins Tarsier
WildlifeThere is lots of interesting wildlife in the Philippines. There are lots of birds such asPhilippine cockatoos, hornbills and the famous Philippine eagle. There is also thetarsier, monkeys, flying lemurs and bearcat. There is also lots of marine life such as whalesharks and tropical fish. The Philippines has almost every species of coral, and the mostspecies of marine animals in the world. Flying lemurs, Philippines eagle, whale shark, tarsier, coral reefs
Attributions and books and objectsa) The wallet is made from woven dried coconut leavesb) The bracelet is made from coconut shellsc) The fan is made from pineapple fiberd) The salt plate is made from sea shells. There are books and brochures about the Philippines too. Follow this link to see the attributions:
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