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3 ideas for second language teaching
 

3 ideas for second language teaching

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Interlanguage (Selinker), instructional design (Thorndike), communicative competence (Swain). Additional links:

Interlanguage (Selinker), instructional design (Thorndike), communicative competence (Swain). Additional links:
http://bitly.com/bundles/whyshona/5

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    3 ideas for second language teaching 3 ideas for second language teaching Presentation Transcript

    • SLA for FL teaching 3 key ideas about language learning & teaching
    • Interlanguage development •each learner reinvents their own mental grammar of the new language interlanguage: not my first language (L1) not my second language (L2) a different, idiosyncratic representation of L2 interlanguage development learning technology communicative competence
    • each learner reinvents their own mental grammar of the new language • subconscious learning (acquisition) • innate developmental patterns • differential progress interlanguage development learning technology communicative competence
    • if learning occurs subconsciously, teachers should reduce • grammar-translation • error correction • whole-class, lockstep teaching X interlanguage development learning technology communicative competence
    • if learning occurs subconsciously, teachers should provide • comprehensible input • opportunities for output • focus on form (reflection on grammar) interlanguage development learning technology communicative competence
    • •input •output •reflection interlanguage development learning technology communicative competence
    • Learning Technology “If, by a miracle of mechanical ingenuity, a book could be so arranged that only to him who had done what was directed on page one interlanguage development learning technology communicative competence
    • “... would page two become visible, and so on, much that now requires personal instruction could be managed by print.” (Thorndike, 1923) interlanguage development learning technology communicative competence interlanguage development learning technology communicative competence
    • Edward Thorndike design instructionnel DESIGN INSTRUCTIONNEL 1923 “Si, par un miracle d’intelligence mécanique, un livre pouvait être agencé de telle manière que seul celui qui fait ce qui lui est demandé sur la première page . . . Enseignement des langues Compétences de l’enseignant La formation des enseignants
    • Edward Thorndike design instructionnel INSTRUCTIONAL DESIGN 1923 “... aura accès à la page suivante, et ainsi de suite, une bonne partie de ce que fait aujourd’hui l’enseignant pourrait être gérée par écrit.” •décentrage de la classe •l’autonomie de l’apprenant •enrichir et étendre l’apprentissage avec les TICE Enseignement des langues Compétences de l’enseignant La formation des enseignants
    • Language use •communicative competence •scaffolding •task-based learning interlanguage development learning technology communicative competence
    • Communicative competence not just linguistic knowledge (vocabulary, grammar) ability to use language in real time; spontaneously appropriately in a meaningful context interlanguage development learning technology communicative competence
    • scaffolding PROBLEM: learners need language support (pronunciation, vocabulary, grammar) for communicative activities interlanguage development learning technology communicative competence
    • feedback PROBLEM: it is difficult to provide useful feedback to numerous groups of learners interlanguage development learning technology communicative competence
    • Interaction/communication TASK-BASED LEARNING •pre-task, tasks, reflection •internet communication: mail, forums, social media •class exchanges: tandem/twinning projects, videoconferencing interlanguage development learning technology communicative competence
    • and so? interlanguage development input, interaction, reflection learning technology to foster learner autonomy communication and task-based learning interlanguage development learning technology communicative competence
    • Further reading on interlanguage instructional design communicative competence http://bitly.com/bundles/whyshona/5