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Collaborate:
21st Century Skills
for 21st Century
Learners
MaFLA 2013

Cherice Montgomery, Ph.D.
Brigham Young Un...
Who are you?

Photo: Katia Grimmer-Laversanne
1) I can expand my
personal learning network.
2) I can use 21st Century skills
and web 2.0 tools to help
students:
• Commu...
The ability to critically
and creatively
communicate across
a wide range of
languages, cultures, g
enres, media, platform
...
There is
no
magic
bullet!

Image: Jason Aaberg
“Technology is not about “tools,” it is about the way the tools we
choose invite us to think and engage with the world aro...
Educators must shift focus
Presentation of
Information
Consumption

Collaboration

Production

Creative Selfexpression

Li...
Perspectives: Why?
Courteous, Ethical, Safe Use

Products: What?
Innovations

Practices: How?
Photo: Keith Jenkins

Transl...
How do I
prioritize?

Image: Funnyteacher
Skills

meet

Emerging Technologies

Communication
Collaboration
Critical Thinking/Problem Solving
Creativity & Innovation...
http://www.actfl.org/files/21stCenturySkillsMap/p21_worldlanguagesmap.pdf
http://www.actfl.org/files/21stCenturySkillsMap/p21_worldlanguagesmap.pdf

Levels of
Competence
http://www.actfl.org/files/21stCenturySkillsMap/p21_worldlanguagesmap.pdf

Student Examples
So how do I
use this to
improve my
language
classes?
Cell Phone Photo Introductions
Instructions:

1) Find a partner.
2) Take out a cell
phone.
3) Find a photo on it.
4) Show ...
Image: Christine Morgan
Communication
1)
2)
3)
4)
5)

Pronunciation
Memorization
Description
Narration
Spontaneous Negotiation of
Meaning (Hangout...
French 1 Example: Francais_95

Beginning French Cultural
Comparisons Example: KarenP18

Chinese Intermediate Example: Eliz...
Source: Build Your Wild Self
Conversation in the Classroom
The Bottle
You are trapped inside a pop bottle and you cannot get
out. Your feet are getting...
Story Switches
Cognitively
Challenging

What
transforms
us?

Meaningful
Contexts
Emotionally
Engaging

What
moves us?

Socially
Satisfyin...
10 Minute Break
Critical Thinking
What is critical thinking?

Photo: Ilker
What do we
mean by
critical
thinking?

• Analyzing
• Cognitive
Flexibility
• Higher Order
Thinking
• Hypothesizing
• Infer...
Critical thinking & creative self-expression
support knowledge integration
(Bloom, 1990; Vygotsky, 1978; Csikszentmihalyi,...
Pedagogical Strategies
Analysis
Categorization
Comparisons
Debates (Human Graphing)
Fractured Fairy Tales
Games
Interviews...
Logic Puzzles
Pedagogical Strategies
Analysis
Categorization
Comparisons
Debates (Human Graphing)
Fractured Fairy Tales
Games
Interviews...
Sequencing
Story Vocabulary:
• Elf, girl, rich/poor, work/play, fly
• Boy, plant, wash, eat, work, sleep, grow
Task Vocabu...
Pedagogical Strategies
Analysis
Categorization
Comparisons
Debates (Human Graphing)
Fractured Fairy Tales
Games
Interviews...
Human Graphing
Image: Cherice Montgomery
• Teachers who do not use technology prepare
students for a future that no longer exists.
• Technology is an important par...
http://tricider.com/

Image: Tricider
Image: Tricider
Trials

Image: Constitutional Rights Foundation Chicago
Images: Amazon
Alma Flor Ada
Jon Scieszka
Jane Yolen

Multiple Perspectives
Perspective Shifts
Pedagogical Strategies
Analysis
Categorization
Comparisons
Debates (Human Graphing)
Fractured Fairy Tales
Games
Interviews...
C
A
T
E
G
O
R
I
Z
A
T
I
O
N

Affinity
Diagrams
Reasons
Teachers
Leave the TL

Image: B.S.K.
Categorization:
Four
Corners

Activity Idea: Heidi Mecham
Pedagogical Strategies
Analysis
Categorization
Comparisons
Debates (Human Graphing)
Fractured Fairy Tales
Games
Interviews...
Comparing & Contrasting

Images: Alex Ling & Evert-Jan van Scherpenzeel
Pre-reading: Le géant de Zéralda
Pre-reading

Image: Richard Ladd
Pedagogical Strategies
Analysis
Categorization
Comparisons
Debates (Human Graphing)
Fractured Fairy Tales
Games
Interviews...
Pedagogical Strategies
Analysis
Categorization
Comparisons
Debates (Human Graphing)
Fractured Fairy Tales
Games
Interviews...
Metaphors

Image: Sara Woolstenhulme
Problem-based Learning
List common social problems.

Image: Amazon
Problem-based Learning
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•

AIDS research ($4)
Drug & alcohol treatment ($3)
Environmental Conservation ...
10 Minute Break
Photo: Sanja Gjenero
Structuring
Opportunities
to Move & Talk
Jigsaw Activities

Image: Microsoft Clipart
¿Adónde vas?
Mira tu objeto.

Voy a la _____________.
¿Adónde vas?

¿Termina con A o con O? ____

O
Voy al _______________...
¿Adónde vas?
Una fórmula para la conversación:
1)

6) Dibuja un símbolo que represente la
destinación de tu compañero/a.

...
Spin the Bottle
1) Ask questions
about picture
prompts
2) Describe a
photo
3) Progressive
stories
4) Q & A
5) Shift
perspe...
Picture Walk
Images: Nieves Knapp
Backpack Assessment
by Jessica Haxhi

Picture
Walk
Image: Jessica Haxhi
Image: Jessica Haxhi
Collaborative Writing
http://titanpad.com/eqdhYowFIF
Google Hangouts
Image: Julien Hamilton-Hart
Conversation
Journals
• With the teacher
• With other
students

Image: Microsoft Clipart

Diarios • 2012 • Cherice Montgom...
Frases descriptivas
1) Form groups of two.
2) You need different colored pens.
3) Round 1: Take turns adding words to
the ...
Image: Cherice Montgomery
Cognitively
Challenging

What
transforms
us?

Meaningful
Contexts
Emotionally
Engaging

What
moves us?

Socially
Satisfyin...
http://tpack.org/
The Power of Understanding

http://www.gearseds.com/curriculum/images/figures/time%20and%20knowledge%20graph%20rev2.gif

“...
• This work is licensed under the Creative
Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-Share
Alike 3.0 United States License.

• To ...
Credits
•

Aaberg, Jason. (2006, March 25). Bullet. Stock Xchng. Retrieved May 18, 2012, from http://www.sxc.hu/photo/4957...
Credits
•

CWFL Sunderland. (2005). Los chicos y sus gatos juego de lógica. Retrieved October 4, 2012, from
http://www.sun...
Credits
•

Fotocromo. (2008, August 27). Hand writing. Stock Xchng. Retrieved October 1, 2012, from
http://www.sxc.hu/phot...
Credits
•

Haxhi, Jessica. (2009). School uniforms in Japan.

•
•

Hamilton-Hart, Julien. (2010). Using facebook for langu...
Credits
•

Krahn, Fernando. A flying saucer full of spaghetti. AntiQbook. Retrieved October 3, 2012, from
http://www.stell...
Credits
•

Mishra, Punya, & Koehler, Matt. TPACK Wiki. http://www.tpack.org Used with permission.

•

Montgomery, Cherice....
Credits
•

Partnership for 21st Century Skills. (2011, March). ACTFL 21st Century Skills Map. Retrieved October 18, 2013, ...
Credits
•

Yolen, Jane. (n.d.). Encuentro. Amazon.com. Retrieved October 4, 2012, from http://www.amazon.com/EncuentroSpan...
Click to Collaborate - MaFLA 2013
Click to Collaborate - MaFLA 2013
Click to Collaborate - MaFLA 2013
Click to Collaborate - MaFLA 2013
Click to Collaborate - MaFLA 2013
Click to Collaborate - MaFLA 2013
Click to Collaborate - MaFLA 2013
Click to Collaborate - MaFLA 2013
Click to Collaborate - MaFLA 2013
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PowerPoint from a 3-hour workshop given at the MaFLA Conference in 2013

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  • Image retrieved from: http://creativecommons.org/licenses/
  • Transcript of "Click to Collaborate - MaFLA 2013"

    1. 1. Click to Collaborate: 21st Century Skills for 21st Century Learners MaFLA 2013 Cherice Montgomery, Ph.D. Brigham Young University http://click2collaborate.wikispaces.com Photo: Crirez
    2. 2. Who are you? Photo: Katia Grimmer-Laversanne
    3. 3. 1) I can expand my personal learning network. 2) I can use 21st Century skills and web 2.0 tools to help students: • Communicate creatively • Think critically • Learn collaboratively • Perform productively Image: amminopurr
    4. 4. The ability to critically and creatively communicate across a wide range of languages, cultures, g enres, media, platform s, and tools. (Paraphrased from Thomas, et. al, 2007, p. 1) Image: Piotr Bizior
    5. 5. There is no magic bullet! Image: Jason Aaberg
    6. 6. “Technology is not about “tools,” it is about the way the tools we choose invite us to think and engage with the world around us” (McLoughlin & Krakowski, 2001). Image: Ron Jeffreys
    7. 7. Educators must shift focus Presentation of Information Consumption Collaboration Production Creative Selfexpression Literacy (3Rs) Photo: CJLUC Participatory Problem-solving Transliteracies (Benkler, 2006; Florida, 2005; Jonassen, 2003; Leu, Coiro, & Cammack, 2004; Thomas, Joseph, Laccetti, Mason, Mills, Perril, et al., 2007)
    8. 8. Perspectives: Why? Courteous, Ethical, Safe Use Products: What? Innovations Practices: How? Photo: Keith Jenkins Transliteracy
    9. 9. How do I prioritize? Image: Funnyteacher
    10. 10. Skills meet Emerging Technologies Communication Collaboration Critical Thinking/Problem Solving Creativity & Innovation Information Literacy Media Literacy 21st Century Skills Technology Literacy Flexibility & Adaptability Initiative & Self-Direction Social & Cross-Cultural Skills Productivity & Accountability Leadership & Responsibility Image: Lauren Rosen
    11. 11. http://www.actfl.org/files/21stCenturySkillsMap/p21_worldlanguagesmap.pdf
    12. 12. http://www.actfl.org/files/21stCenturySkillsMap/p21_worldlanguagesmap.pdf Levels of Competence
    13. 13. http://www.actfl.org/files/21stCenturySkillsMap/p21_worldlanguagesmap.pdf Student Examples
    14. 14. So how do I use this to improve my language classes?
    15. 15. Cell Phone Photo Introductions Instructions: 1) Find a partner. 2) Take out a cell phone. 3) Find a photo on it. 4) Show your photo to another pair. 5) Complete: I see, I think, I wonder Image: Lockstockb
    16. 16. Image: Christine Morgan
    17. 17. Communication 1) 2) 3) 4) 5) Pronunciation Memorization Description Narration Spontaneous Negotiation of Meaning (Hangouts)
    18. 18. French 1 Example: Francais_95 Beginning French Cultural Comparisons Example: KarenP18 Chinese Intermediate Example: Elizabeth_3 College Spanish Example: Espanol
    19. 19. Source: Build Your Wild Self
    20. 20. Conversation in the Classroom The Bottle You are trapped inside a pop bottle and you cannot get out. Your feet are getting wet because there is still some pop left in the bottle. You are cold because the bottle is still in the refrigerator. You are running out of air because the lid is still on the bottle. Unfortunately, the next person who opens the fridge (your partner) is an alien who has never seen a pop bottle before. Explain to the alien that you want him to take the bottle out of the fridge and that he must get you out. Whatever you do, be sure that the alien understands that he will hurt you if he breaks the bottle by giving you a headache or a cut from the broken glass. Cherice Montgomery
    21. 21. Story Switches
    22. 22. Cognitively Challenging What transforms us? Meaningful Contexts Emotionally Engaging What moves us? Socially Satisfying Personally Relevant Images: Davide Guglielmo & Microsoft Clipart Transformative Learning Experiences ♦ 2012 ♦ Cherice Montgomery, Ph.D. ♦ cherice_montgomery@byu.edu
    23. 23. 10 Minute Break
    24. 24. Critical Thinking What is critical thinking? Photo: Ilker
    25. 25. What do we mean by critical thinking? • Analyzing • Cognitive Flexibility • Higher Order Thinking • Hypothesizing • Inferring • Points of View (Role-taking) • Problem-framing • Relating Image: Microsoft Clipart
    26. 26. Critical thinking & creative self-expression support knowledge integration (Bloom, 1990; Vygotsky, 1978; Csikszentmihalyi, 1996; Eisner, 2002) Image: Robert Proksa
    27. 27. Pedagogical Strategies Analysis Categorization Comparisons Debates (Human Graphing) Fractured Fairy Tales Games Interviews Jigsaw Activities Logic Puzzles Metacognition Metaphors Problem-based Learning Sequencing & SentenceBuilding • Simulations & Trials • Webquests Image: Amazon • • • • • • • • • • • • •
    28. 28. Logic Puzzles
    29. 29. Pedagogical Strategies Analysis Categorization Comparisons Debates (Human Graphing) Fractured Fairy Tales Games Interviews Jigsaw Activities Logic Puzzles Metacognition Metaphors Problem-based Learning Sequencing & SentenceBuilding • Simulations & Trials • Webquests Image: Amazon • • • • • • • • • • • • •
    30. 30. Sequencing Story Vocabulary: • Elf, girl, rich/poor, work/play, fly • Boy, plant, wash, eat, work, sleep, grow Task Vocabulary: • • • • • • Sí/No Right/Wrong Before/After First, Next, Then, After, Finally Demonstratives (This, That, Those) Ordinal Numbers Images: Fernando Krahn Jan Romero Stevens
    31. 31. Pedagogical Strategies Analysis Categorization Comparisons Debates (Human Graphing) Fractured Fairy Tales Games Interviews Jigsaw Activities Logic Puzzles Metacognition Metaphors Problem-based Learning Sequencing & SentenceBuilding • Simulations & Trials Image: Amazon • Webquests • • • • • • • • • • • • •
    32. 32. Human Graphing Image: Cherice Montgomery
    33. 33. • Teachers who do not use technology prepare students for a future that no longer exists. • Technology is an important part of literacy. • Technology is dangerous. • Technology use strengthens critical thinking skills. • Technology enhances creativity. • Technology increases student engagement.
    34. 34. http://tricider.com/ Image: Tricider
    35. 35. Image: Tricider
    36. 36. Trials Image: Constitutional Rights Foundation Chicago
    37. 37. Images: Amazon Alma Flor Ada Jon Scieszka Jane Yolen Multiple Perspectives
    38. 38. Perspective Shifts
    39. 39. Pedagogical Strategies Analysis Categorization Comparisons Debates (Human Graphing) Fractured Fairy Tales Games Interviews Jigsaw Activities Logic Puzzles Metacognition Metaphors Problem-based Learning Sequencing & SentenceBuilding • Simulations & Trials • Webquests Image: Amazon • • • • • • • • • • • • •
    40. 40. C A T E G O R I Z A T I O N Affinity Diagrams Reasons Teachers Leave the TL Image: B.S.K.
    41. 41. Categorization: Four Corners Activity Idea: Heidi Mecham
    42. 42. Pedagogical Strategies Analysis Categorization Comparisons Debates (Human Graphing) Fractured Fairy Tales Games Interviews Jigsaw Activities Logic Puzzles Metacognition Metaphors Problem-based Learning Sequencing & SentenceBuilding • Simulations & Trials Image: Amazon • Webquests • • • • • • • • • • • • •
    43. 43. Comparing & Contrasting Images: Alex Ling & Evert-Jan van Scherpenzeel
    44. 44. Pre-reading: Le géant de Zéralda Pre-reading Image: Richard Ladd
    45. 45. Pedagogical Strategies Analysis Categorization Comparisons Debates (Human Graphing) Fractured Fairy Tales Games Interviews Jigsaw Activities Logic Puzzles Metacognition Metaphors Problem-based Learning Sequencing & SentenceBuilding • Simulations & Trials • Webquests Image: Amazon • • • • • • • • • • • • •
    46. 46. Pedagogical Strategies Analysis Categorization Comparisons Debates (Human Graphing) Fractured Fairy Tales Games Interviews Jigsaw Activities Logic Puzzles Metacognition Metaphors Problem-based Learning Sequencing & SentenceBuilding • Simulations & Trials • Webquests Image: Amazon • • • • • • • • • • • • •
    47. 47. Metaphors Image: Sara Woolstenhulme
    48. 48. Problem-based Learning List common social problems. Image: Amazon
    49. 49. Problem-based Learning • • • • • • • • • • • AIDS research ($4) Drug & alcohol treatment ($3) Environmental Conservation ($1) Homelessness ($2) Immigration control ($5) Inner City Revitalization ($4) Job Training ($5) Pollution Clean-up ($2) Scholarships ($6) Teen Pregnancy Prevention ($2) Welfare ($7) Image: Amazon
    50. 50. 10 Minute Break
    51. 51. Photo: Sanja Gjenero
    52. 52. Structuring Opportunities to Move & Talk
    53. 53. Jigsaw Activities Image: Microsoft Clipart
    54. 54. ¿Adónde vas? Mira tu objeto. Voy a la _____________. ¿Adónde vas? ¿Termina con A o con O? ____ O Voy al _______________. Developed by Cherice Montgomery
    55. 55. ¿Adónde vas? Una fórmula para la conversación: 1) 6) Dibuja un símbolo que represente la destinación de tu compañero/a. ¿Cómo te llamas? 2) Escucha la respuesta de tu compañero/a. 3) Escribe la respuesta de tu compañero/a. María 4) ¿Adónde vas? 5) Escucha la respuesta de tu compañero/a. Developed by Cherice Montgomery
    56. 56. Spin the Bottle 1) Ask questions about picture prompts 2) Describe a photo 3) Progressive stories 4) Q & A 5) Shift perspectives
    57. 57. Picture Walk Images: Nieves Knapp
    58. 58. Backpack Assessment by Jessica Haxhi Picture Walk
    59. 59. Image: Jessica Haxhi
    60. 60. Image: Jessica Haxhi
    61. 61. Collaborative Writing http://titanpad.com/eqdhYowFIF
    62. 62. Google Hangouts
    63. 63. Image: Julien Hamilton-Hart
    64. 64. Conversation Journals • With the teacher • With other students Image: Microsoft Clipart Diarios • 2012 • Cherice Montgomery, Ph.D.
    65. 65. Frases descriptivas 1) Form groups of two. 2) You need different colored pens. 3) Round 1: Take turns adding words to the end of the sentence. 4) Round 2: Add words within the sentence. 5) The group with the longest sentence wins. Image: Fotocromo
    66. 66. Image: Cherice Montgomery
    67. 67. Cognitively Challenging What transforms us? Meaningful Contexts Emotionally Engaging What moves us? Socially Satisfying Personally Relevant Images: Davide Guglielmo & Microsoft Clipart Transformative Learning Experiences ♦ 2012 ♦ Cherice Montgomery, Ph.D. ♦ cherice_montgomery@byu.edu
    68. 68. http://tpack.org/
    69. 69. The Power of Understanding http://www.gearseds.com/curriculum/images/figures/time%20and%20knowledge%20graph%20rev2.gif “In the absence of our clear intention, our willingness to consciously change the settings of the world we are creating, the default culture is decisive” (Block, 2003, p. 143).
    70. 70. • This work is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-Share Alike 3.0 United States License. • To view a copy of this license, visit http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-ncsa/3.0/us/ or send a letter to Creative Commons, 171 Second Street, Suite 300, San Francisco, California, 94105, USA.
    71. 71. Credits • Aaberg, Jason. (2006, March 25). Bullet. Stock Xchng. Retrieved May 18, 2012, from http://www.sxc.hu/photo/495767 Used under a standard, royalty-free Stock Xchng license. • Ada, Alma Flor. (n.d.). Querido pedrín. Amazon.com. Retrieved October 4, 2012, from http://www.amazon.com/QueridoPedrin-Alma-Flor-Ada/dp/0590926373 • Amerlynck, Pierre. (2007, Feb. 1). Money under the mouse 1. Stock Xchng. Retrieved November 19, 2009, from http://www.sxc.hu/photo/710597 Used under a standard, royalty free, Stock.xchng Image License Agreement. • Amminopurr. (2008, May 19). Girl with headphones. Stock Xchng. Retrieved May 11, 2012, from http://www.sxc.hu/photo/1008874 • Barone, Tom. (2001). Touching eternity: The enduring outcomes of teaching. NY: Teachers College Press. ISBN 0-80774111-6. • Benkler, Yochai. (2006). The wealth of networks: How social production transforms markets and freedom. Retrieved March 2, 2009, from http://cyber.law.harvard.edu/wealth_of_networks/Main_Page • Bizior, Piotr. (2008, June 30). Levitation 2. Stock Xchng. Retrieved May 11, 2012, from http://www.sxc.hu/photo/1031935 Photographer notified and credited. • Case, Anny & Cherice Montgomery. (2012). Supporting opinions with evidence. Big Ideas in Small Packages. • Corentine, Phillipe. (n.d.). Papa. Amazon.fr. Retrieved October 31, 2012, from http://ecx.imagesamazon.com/images/I/41XG9Z2317L._BO2,204,203,200_PIsitb-sticker-arrow-click,TopRight,35,-76_AA300_SH20_OU08_.jpg
    72. 72. Credits • CWFL Sunderland. (2005). Los chicos y sus gatos juego de lógica. Retrieved October 4, 2012, from http://www.sunderlandschools.org/mfl-sunderland/resources/Spanish/spks3pz20.pdf • CWFL Sunderland. (2005). Las gomas juego de lógica. Retrieved October 4, 2012, from http://www.sunderlandschools.org/mfl-sunderland/resources/Spanish/spks3pz19.pdf • CJLUC. (2009, January 4). Internet’s universe. Stock.xchng. Retrieved March 2, 2009, from http://www.sxc.hu/photo/1129385. Used under a standard, royalty free, Stock.xchng Image License Agreement. • Constitutional Rights Foundation Chicago. State v. wolf: An interactive multimedia mock trial program. Teaching Materials: Constitutional Rights Foundation Chicago. Retrieved October 5, 2012, from http://www.crfc.org/StatevWolf • Crirez. (2008, Jun. 6). Victoria and the laptop. Stock Xchng. Retrieved November 24, 2009, from http://www.sxc.hu/photo/1019022. Used under a standard, royalty free, Stock.xchng Image License Agreement. • Drexler, Wendy. (2009, December 4). Welcome to my PLE. YouTube. Retrieved October 18, 2013, from http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=YEls3tq5wIY • Elizabeth_3. (2011, April 5). Elizabeth_3’s fotobabble. Fotobabble. Retrieved May 14, 2012, from http://www.fotobabble.com/m/RDV4TGgrY29MWWs9 • Espanol. (2011, December 6). El fin de semana: Ocio y tiempo libre. Fotobabble. Retrieved May 14, 2012, from http://www.fotobabble.com/m/Ukp1enliRHo2bFU9 • Fotalia. (n.d.). Human brain and skeleton. Microsoft Clipart. • Fotalia. (n.d.). Stick figures: Fitting arrows. Microsoft Clipart.
    73. 73. Credits • Fotocromo. (2008, August 27). Hand writing. Stock Xchng. Retrieved October 1, 2012, from http://www.sxc.hu/photo/1065252 Used under a standard, royalty free Stock Xchng License. Photographer notified and credited. • Francais_95. (2012, March 20). Francais_95’s fotobabble. Fotobabble. Retrieved May 14, 2012, from http://www.fotobabble.com/m/a1NLa2lqNTA4Z3c9 • Frost-Andrus, Lindsey. (2012). Photo of Cherice Montgomery. • Funnyteacher. (2007, May 22). Teacher breaking down. YouTube. Retrieved December 1, 2007, from http://youtube.com/watch?v=bsrBQ6AGo_g • GearsEds. (n.d.). Risk comparison with respect to knowledge and time. Retrieved February 13, 2005, from http://www.gearseds.com/curriculum/images/figures/time%20and%20knowledge%20graph%20rev2.gif • Gjenero, Sanja. (2006, Nov. 27). PC age 1. Stock Xchng. Retrieved November 19, 2009, from http://www.sxc.hu/photo/668159. Used under a standard, royalty free, Stock.xchng Image License Agreement. • Grimmer-Laversanne, Katia. (2003, June 13). Digital dream 3. Stock.xchng. Retrieved March 2, 2009, from http://www.sxc.hu/photo/29345. Used under a standard, royalty free, Stock.xchng Image License Agreement. • Guglielmo, Davide. (2004, December 14). Fingerprint. Stock Xchng. Retrieved October 5, 2012, from http://www.sxc.hu/photo/227873 Used under a standard, royalty-free Stock Xchng license. • Haxhi, Jessica. (2008). Backpack assessment. • Haxhi, Jessica. (2009). Randoseru in Japan.
    74. 74. Credits • Haxhi, Jessica. (2009). School uniforms in Japan. • • Hamilton-Hart, Julien. (2010). Using facebook for language learning. ILTL. Retrieved 2012, from http://iltl.wordpress.com/2010/11/11/using-facebook-for-language-learning/ • Ilker. (2008, Aug. 30). Puzzle earth. Stock Xchng. Retrieved November 20, 2009, from http://www.sxc.hu/photo/1067592. Used under a standard, royalty free, Stock.xchng Image License Agreement. • Ilker. (2008, Mar. 16). Speedy mouse. Stock Xchng. Retrieved November 19, 2009, from http://www.sxc.hu/photo/969481 Used under a standard, royalty free, Stock.xchng Image License Agreement. • Jeffreys, Ron. (2008, August 25). Cracked eye. Stock Xchng. Retrieved May 6, 2012, from http://www.sxc.hu/photo/1064448 Used under a standard, royalty-free, Stock Xchng license. • Jenkins, Keith. (2005, December 4). My summer vacation bag. Flickr. Used under a Creative Commons AttributionNoncommercial-No Derivative Works 2.0 Generic License. (Modifications made with written permission from the photographer.) • K., B.S.. (2008, April 30). Blank notes. Stock Xchng. Retrieved October 1, 2012, from http://www.sxc.hu/photo/996749 Used under a standard, royalty free Stock Xchng License. • KarenP18. (2010, November 4). Adolescents Americans vs. Adolescents Francais. Fotobabble. Retrieved May 14, 2012, from http://www.fotobabble.com/m/Smc5Tm5CYktVODQ9 • Knapp, Nieves. (2011). Tuna photos. Used with permission.
    75. 75. Credits • Krahn, Fernando. A flying saucer full of spaghetti. AntiQbook. Retrieved October 3, 2012, from http://www.stellabooks.com/stockimages_sorted/721/721840.JPG • Ladd, Richard. Le géant de Zéralda. Retrieved October 2012, from • Ling, Alex. (2004, April 2). McDonald’s. Stock Xchng. Retrieved June 15, 2009, from http://www.sxc.hu/photo/115057 Used under a standard Stock Xchng license. • Lockstockb. (2008, October 25). Girl taking pictures. Stock Xchng. Retrieved February 9, 2013, from http://www.sxc.hu/photo/1097293 Used under a standard, royalty free Stock Xchng license. • McLoughlin, Catherine, & Krakowski, Krzysztof. (2001). Technological tools for visual thinking: What does the research tell us? Apple University Consortium Academic and Developers Conference. Retrieved from http://www.auc.edu.au/conf/conf01/downloads/AUC2001_McLoughlin_1.pdf • Mecham, Heidi. (2009). Adjective agreement four corners activity instructions. Used with permission. • Mecham, Heidi. (2009). Adjective agreement four corners activity round 1. Used with permission. • Mecham, Heidi. (2009). Adjective agreement four corners activity round 2. Used with permission. • Mecham, Heidi. (2009). Adjective agreement four corners activity round 3. Used with permission. • Microsoft. (n.d.). Jigsaw puzzle. Microsoft Clipart. • Microsoft. (n.d.). Three students writing homework and studying in a library. Microsoft Clipart.
    76. 76. Credits • Mishra, Punya, & Koehler, Matt. TPACK Wiki. http://www.tpack.org Used with permission. • Montgomery, Cherice. (2012). Buzzword bingo. • Montgomery, Cherice. (1999). The bottle. Conversation in the Classroom. • Montgomery, ,Cherice. (2012). Conversation journals. • Montgomery, Cherice. (2012). Human graphing in FLANG 276. Used with permission. • Montgomery, Cherice. (1998). Mi canto de las palomas by Whitney Krehbiel. • Montgomery, Cherice. (2012). Transformative learning. • Montgomery, Cherice, Brenda Sederberg, Marcia Riis Tyrol, & Sonia Stevenson. (1998). Calling the doves: A thematic, standards-based unit. Ames: Iowa State University. • Morgan, Christine. (2012, April 1). Butterfly. Stock Xchng. Retrieved November 7, 2012 from http://www.sxc.hu/photo/1384743 Used under a standard, royalty-free Stock Xchng license. • Microsoft Clipart. (n.d.). Heart icon button. Microsoft Clipart. • Microsoft Clipart. (n.d.). Metaphor of cogs and gears turning inside a person’s head. Microsoft Clipart. • • New York Zoos and Acquarium. (2012). Build Your Wild Self. Retrieved October 18, 2013, from http://buildyourwildself.com (n.d.). Story switches. • Presentation Pro. (n.d.). Business, buttons. Microsoft Clipart.
    77. 77. Credits • Partnership for 21st Century Skills. (2011, March). ACTFL 21st Century Skills Map. Retrieved October 18, 2013, from http://www.actfl.org/sites/default/files/pdfs/AppendixCAlignmentFramework21stCentury.pdf • Proksa, Robert. (2010, March 6). Isolated B&W floral set 2. Stock Xchng. Retrieved October 1, 2012, from http://www.sxc.hu/photo/1265650 Used under a standard, royalty-free Stock Xchng license. • Rooks, George, Scholberg, Diana, & Scholberg, Kenneth. (1982). Conversar sin parar. Newbury House. Available: http://www.amazon.com/Conversar-Sin-Parar-George-Rooks/dp/0883772221 • Rosen, Lauren. ACTFL world languages 21st century skills map infographic. Scribd. Retrieved May 15, 2012, from http://www.scribd.com/lryeazel/d/68036923-21stCenturyInfographic • Scieszka, Jon. (n.d.). ¡La verdadera historia de los tres cerditos! Amazon.com. Retrieved October 4, 2012, from http://www.amazon.com/%C2%A1La-verdadera-historia-tres-cerditos/dp/014055758X • Stevens, Jan Romero. Carlos and the squash plant. Amazon.com. Retrieved October 3, 2012, from http://www.amazon.com/Carlos-Cornfield-milpa-Multilingual-Edition/dp/0873587359 • Thomas, Sue, Joseph, Chris, Laccetti, Jess, Mason, Bruce, Mills, Simon, Perril, Simon, et al. (2007). Transliteracy: Crossing divides. First Monday, 12(12). Retrieved April 12, 2008, from http://www.uic.edu/htbin/cgiwrap/bin/ojs/index.php/fm/article/view/2060/1908 • Tricider. (2012). ACTFL21C . Tricider. Retrieved May 15, 2012, from http://tricider.com/en/brainstorming/MHZs • van Scherpenzeel, Evert-Jan. (2004, March 26). Mc-Dee. Stock Xchng. Retrieved July 6, 2009, from http://www.sxc.hu/photo/112367 Used under a standard Stock Xchng license. (Photographer notified as a courtesy.) • Woolstenhulme, Sara. (2010). Dinosaur metaphor by a Spanish I students in Sara Woolstenhulme’s class at Maple Mountain High School. Used with permission.
    78. 78. Credits • Yolen, Jane. (n.d.). Encuentro. Amazon.com. Retrieved October 4, 2012, from http://www.amazon.com/EncuentroSpanish-Edition-Jane-Yolen/dp/0152013423
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