The Supreme Court of the Philippines (Filipino: Kataas-taasang Hukuman ng Pilipinas or Korte Suprema ) is the Philippines' highest judicial court, as well as the court of last resort. The court consists of 14 Associate Justices and 1 Chief Justice. Pursuant to the Constitution, the Supreme Court has "administrative supervision over all courts and the personnel thereof"
Section 13 ¤ Procedures in rendering decisions ¤ Requirement in case of non participant, issent, or abstention
The conclusions of the Supreme Court in any case submitted to it for decision en banc or in division shall be reached in consultation before the case is assigned to a Member for the writing of the opinion of the Court. A certification to this effect signed by the Chief Justice shall be issued and a copy thereof attached to the record of the case and served upon the parties. Any Member who took no part, or dissented, or abstained from a decision or resolution must state the reason therefore. The same requirements shall be observed by all lower collegiate courts.
The lack of certification at the end of the decision would only serve as evidence of failure to observe certification requirement and maybe basis for holding the official responsible for the omission to account therefor.
No decision shall be rendered by any court without expressing therein clearly and distinctly the facts and the law on which it is based.
No petition for review or motion for reconsideration of a decision of the court shall be refused due course or denied without stating the legal basis therefore.
Decision - Judgment rendered by a court of justice or other competent tribunal after the presentation of the respective positions of the parties in an ordinary or criminal case of upon a stipulation of facts upon which the disposition of the case is based.
After a careful and thorough perusal, evaluation and study of the records of this case, this Court hereby adopts by reference the findings of fact and conclusions of law contained in the decision of the Metropolitan Trial Court of Makati, Metro Manila, Branch 63 and finds that there is no cogent reason to disturb the same.
Wherefore, judgment appealed from is hereby affirmed in toto.
Is this sufficient compliance with Article VIII, Section 14?
The purpose of this requirement is to inform the person reading the decision, and especially the parties of how it was reached by the court after consideration of the pertinent facts and examination of the applicable laws.
The proceedings in a military tribunal terminate with a simple guilty or not guilty verdict. Does this violate the provision that a decision of a court record “shall clearly and distinctly State the facts and the law on which it is based?”
Nor does Section 14 apply to the COMELEC , which is not a court.
The Supreme Court has discretion to decide whether “minute resolutions” should be used in lieu of a full dress decision.
If a Judge in his decision adopts the report of a Hearing Examiner in a labor case, does he thereby violate Section 14 which requires that every decision of a court shall clearly and distinctly state the facts and the law on which it is based?
Section 15 ¤ Maximum period for rendition of decisions ¤ Time Limitations Mandatory
(1) All cases or matters filed after the effectivity of this Constitution must be decided or resolved within twenty-four months from date of submission for the Supreme Court, and, unless reduced by the Supreme Court, twelve months for all lower collegiate courts, and three months for all other lower courts. (2) A case or matter shall be deemed submitted for decision or resolution upon the filing of the last pending, brief, or memorandum required by the Rules of Court or by the court itself.
(3) Upon the expiration of the corresponding period, a certification to this effect signed by the Chief Justice or the presiding judge shall forthwith be issued and a copy thereof attached to the record of the case or matter, and served upon the parties. The certification shall state why a decision or resolution has not been rendered or issued within said period.
(4) Despite the expiration of the applicable mandatory period, the court, without prejudice to such responsibility as may have been incurred in consequence thereof, shall decide or resolve the case or matter submitted thereto for determination, without further delay.
The Supreme Court shall, within thirty days from the opening of each regular session of the Congress, submit to the President and the Congress an annual report on the operations and activities of the Judiciary.