Your SlideShare is downloading. ×
0
 
Solution <ul><li>a homogeneous mixture of two or more substances </li></ul><ul><li>Homogeneous - having similarity in stru...
AQUEOUS solutions <ul><li>a solution in water </li></ul><ul><li>a solution in alcohol </li></ul>TINCTURE TYPES
Solute <ul><li>the substance being dissolved </li></ul><ul><li>present in lesser quantity. </li></ul><ul><li>the substance...
Solute <ul><li>the substance being dissolved </li></ul><ul><li>present in lesser quantity. </li></ul><ul><li>the substance...
Solvation <ul><li>the process of surrounding a solute particle with solvent particles.  Hydration  is   solvation in water...
Solvation <ul><li>Step 1. Solute particles separate from each other. This step involves overcoming </li></ul><ul><li>inter...
Solvation <ul><li>Step 2. Solvent particles separate from each other. This step also involves overcoming </li></ul><ul><li...
Solvation <ul><li>Step 3. Solute and solvent particles mix. The particles attract each other, so this </li></ul><ul><li>st...
Solubility <ul><li>The solubility of a substance is the amount of that substance that can be dissolved in a given quantity...
Saturated  solution <ul><li>the maximum amount of solute is dissolved in the solvent at a given temperature </li></ul><ul>...
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in...5
×

Solutions

922

Published on

Published in: Business, Technology
0 Comments
0 Likes
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

No Downloads
Views
Total Views
922
On Slideshare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
0
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
27
Comments
0
Likes
0
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

Transcript of "Solutions"

  1. 2. Solution <ul><li>a homogeneous mixture of two or more substances </li></ul><ul><li>Homogeneous - having similarity in structure </li></ul><ul><li>mixtures-two or more substances physically mixed together but not chemically combined </li></ul>
  2. 3. AQUEOUS solutions <ul><li>a solution in water </li></ul><ul><li>a solution in alcohol </li></ul>TINCTURE TYPES
  3. 4. Solute <ul><li>the substance being dissolved </li></ul><ul><li>present in lesser quantity. </li></ul><ul><li>the substance where the solute is dissoved in; medium </li></ul><ul><li>present in greater quantity </li></ul>Solvent COMPONENTS
  4. 5. Solute <ul><li>the substance being dissolved </li></ul><ul><li>present in lesser quantity. </li></ul><ul><li>the substance where the solute is dissoved in; medium </li></ul><ul><li>present in greater quantity </li></ul>Solvent Solute Solvent Example GAS GAS AIR GAS LIQUID CARBONATED WATER GAS SOLID H 2 in Pd LIQUID GAS WET AIR LIQUID LIQUID ALCOHOL IN WATER LIQUID SOLID Hg in Ag SOLID SOLID C in Fe
  5. 6. Solvation <ul><li>the process of surrounding a solute particle with solvent particles. Hydration is solvation in water </li></ul>REVERSIBLE INTERACTIONS Crystallization
  6. 7. Solvation <ul><li>Step 1. Solute particles separate from each other. This step involves overcoming </li></ul><ul><li>intermolecular attractions, so it is endothermic: </li></ul><ul><li>Solute (aggregated) + heat  solute (separated) </li></ul>
  7. 8. Solvation <ul><li>Step 2. Solvent particles separate from each other. This step also involves overcoming </li></ul><ul><li>attractions, so it is endothermic, too: </li></ul><ul><li>Solvent (aggregated) + heat  solvent (separated) </li></ul>
  8. 9. Solvation <ul><li>Step 3. Solute and solvent particles mix. The particles attract each other, so this </li></ul><ul><li>step is exothermic: </li></ul><ul><li>Solute (separated) + solvent (separated)  solution + heat </li></ul>
  9. 10. Solubility <ul><li>The solubility of a substance is the amount of that substance that can be dissolved in a given quantity of solvent. </li></ul><ul><li>Miscible – can mix in any proportions e.g. (liquid-liquid solns) </li></ul>
  10. 11. Saturated solution <ul><li>the maximum amount of solute is dissolved in the solvent at a given temperature </li></ul><ul><li>the amount of solute dissolved in the solvent at a given temperature is less than maximum </li></ul><ul><li>the amount of solute dissolved in the solvent at a given temperature is more than maximum </li></ul>Unsaturated Supersaturated
  1. A particular slide catching your eye?

    Clipping is a handy way to collect important slides you want to go back to later.

×