Problem based and project-based learning

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Problem based and project-based learning

  1. 1. Problem-Based and ProjectBased Learning
  2. 2. Problem-Based Instruction • Problem-based inquiry is an effort to challenge students to address real-world problems and resolve realistic dilemmas • Why? – These problems create opportunities for meaningful activities that engage students in problem solving and higher-ordered thinking in authentic settings
  3. 3. Main Values of Problem-Based Inquiry • Emphasizes learning as a process that involves problem solving and critical thinking in situated context • It provides opportunities to address broader learning goals that focus on preparing students for active and responsible citizenship • Framework: Situated cognition, constructivism, social learning, and communities of practice are assumed theories of learning and cognition in problem-based inquiry enviornments
  4. 4. Ins and Outs of Problem-Based Learning CHARACTERISTICS IDENTIFIED TO DESIGN CURRICULUM • Problems help in development of the skills themselves. • The problems are truly ill-structured - as new information is gathered in a reiterative process, perception of the problem, and thus the solution, changes – No one answer is correct • Students solve the problems! Why? Teachers are facilitators! • Students are only given guidelines for how to approach problems so that they can go about solving in any way they choose • Authentic, performance-based assessment - is a seamless part and end of the instruction.
  5. 5. Inquiry and Problem Based Learning Video to inspire teachers! http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=3MRo4c_Q7 Fs
  6. 6. Project-Based Learning • Teaching and learning model that values student-centered instruction by assigning projects • Gives students the opportunity to work freely to construct their own learning, and culminates in realistic, studentgenerated products
  7. 7. Main Components • Key to curriculum • Long-term (more than a couple of class days and up to semester) • Interdisciplinary • Include a driving question that is challenging and constructive, are student-centered and are based on collaborative or cooperative group learning • Integrated with real world issues and practices with productive outcomes • Have an impact on “life skills” like self-management, group process, and problem-solving skills, • Use cognitive tools, mostly technology-based
  8. 8. PBL as a Visual
  9. 9. Why use PBL? • Students gain a deeper understanding of the concepts and standards at the heart of a project • Projects build vital workplace skills and lifelong habits of learning • PBL can motivate students who might otherwise find school boring

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