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Ch15
 

Ch15

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    Ch15 Ch15 Presentation Transcript

    • Growth Motivation andPositive PsychologyChapter 15
    • Holism And PositivePsychology
    • Self-ActualizationTwo Fundamental DirectionsAn ever-fuller realization of one’s talents, capacities, and potentialities (Maslow, 1987)Inherent developmental striving
    • Hierarchy of Human Needs
    • Growth vs. Deficiency NeedsGrowth Needs Deficiency Needs Person feels a need to fulfillpersonal potential Also known as self-actualization needs Provide energy anddirection to become whatone is capable of becoming States of wholeness,aliveness, uniqueness,truth, playfulness, andmeaning Physiological disturbances Needs for safety,belongingness, and esteem Like vitamins: withoutthem, growth anddevelopment are inhibited Deprivation= humansickness (a failure to movetoward growth andactualization)
    • Encouraging GrowthTable 15.1Six Behaviors That Encourage Self-Actualization1. Make Growth Choices2. Be Honest3. Situationally Position Yourself for Peak Experiences4. Give Up Defensiveness5. Let the Self Emerge6. Be Open to ExperienceIntimate and fulfilling relationships that support both autonomy andopenness
    • Actualizing Tendency“The organism has one basic tendency and striving – to actualize, maintain,and enhance the experiencing self.” (Rogers, 1951)
    • Process of Actualization
    • Causality Orientations
    • GROWTH-SEEKING VS. VALIDATION-SEEKINGValidation-SeekingStrivings for proving self-worth,competence, and likeabilityGrowth-SeekingStrivings for learning, improving,and reaching personal potentialVulnerability tomental healthdifficulties
    • How Relationships SupportThe Actulalizing Tendency
    • How Relationships SupportThe Actulalizing Tendency
    • The Problem Of Evil
    • Positive Psychology & Growth
    • Outcomes1. Fostering personalgrowth and well-being2. Preventing humansickness from evertaking root withinthe personalityBuilding OfThe Personal StrengthsPositive Psychology & Growth
    • Three Illustrative Personal Strengths
    • Positive Psychology Therapy Gratitude visitWrite and deliver a letter (in person) of gratitude to someonewho has been kind to you Three good things in lifeEach day, write down three things that went well and identifythe cause of each You at your bestWrite about a time when you functioned at your best. Reflect onthe personal resources that made that possible Identify signature strengthsIdentify up to five personal signature strengths and find a way touse each in a new way
    • Criticism