Unit 1 First Americans Student
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Unit 1 First Americans Student Unit 1 First Americans Student Document Transcript

  • America In The Beginning
    Who were the first Americans?
    This land bridge is known as _Beringia_________.
    Animals like mammoths crossed the bridge or ___migrated________ to the America's.
    This caused ocean levels to ___decrease_____
    and expose ___land_______.
    In the Bering straight a _____land bridge
    __________ appeared connecting
    _________Siberia &The Americas
    30,000 years ago During a period of low temperatures called an _ice age
    The world was covered in ___glaciers______
    or sheets of ice.
    How and why did they come here?
  • America In The Beginning
    What happened when they came to America?
    The ice age ended ___warming_________ up glaciers causing water levels to __rise________ covering up the _____land bridge____ ________.
    Some animals died off like _____mammoths_______.
    Living in many different parts of the Americas the Natives needed to adjust or ___survive______ to every thing in the new surrounds that made up each of their own ______environments_______
    in order to ___survive_______.
    How did they meet their new needs?
    Hunter's in Asia who moved from place to place to find food or __nomads___________ followed the mammoths and spread out or ____migrated_______ to the America's
  • How did Native Americans adjust to the new environments?
    America In The Beginning
    Different groups in different environments developed their own beliefs and ways of life or ____culture___________. Groups in the same environments adapted similar life styles, and language creating ___cultural____ __region_______.
    Many Native American have these things in common.
    1. Nature has a _spirit_______.
    2. No one can own __land________.
    4. Only use what is _needed_________.
    5. _Trade_________ was important to most societies
    Living in many different parts of the Americas the Natives used the different natural ___resources________ in their own different environments for food, clothing, and shelter.
    What did they have in common?
  • 8 Cultural
    Great Basin
    Great Plains
    South East
    North West Coast
    Eastern Woodlands
    South West
  • 8 Cultural Regions
  • North West Coast
    long cold winters
    cool summers
    heavy rainfall
    Natural Resources:
    thick forests of fir,
    spruce, and cedar
    rugged mountains
    deer, moose, bear, elk,
    beaver, mountain goats
    Tools: Canoes, Seal Harpoon
    Clothing: Cedar- bark cape made from trees
    Shelter: Long houses with a roof on top
    Food: Salmon, deer
  • California
    rainy winters
    hot dry summers
    Natural Resources:
    acorns, oak trees
    grass, and plants
    redwood trees
    deer, rabbits, ducks,
    roots berries, pine nuts
    Tools: basket for rinsing acorns, arrows and bows
    Clothes: Skirt made from tree bark
    Shelter: Cone shaped house made from grass
    Food: Salmon, small animals and acorns
  • Great Basin
    little rain
    hot during the day
    cold at night
    Natural Resources:
    mostly dessert
    low areas surrounded by
    mountains at the edges
    with valleys that had
    seasonal lakes and streams
    plants that need little water like
    grasses, sagebrush, pinon trees,
    at the outer edges pine trees, and willow
    small animals rabbits, lizards,
    grasshoppers, snakes
    sometimes ducks , duck eggs during certain seasons
    seeds,berries pine nuts, roots, cattail
    Tools: Seed beater to knock seeds into baskets, sharp sticks
    Clothes: Rabbit- skin robe
    Shelter: Circular house with a stick holding it up
    Food: Small animals
  • Plateau
    long cold winters
    comfortable summers
    Natural Resources:
    mountains with
    dense forests in areas
    flatter in the center with
    drier grass lands
    driftwood, mud, dirt,
    grass and sage brush
    fish, antelope, deer, seeds
    onions, carrots, camas roots, salmon
    Tools: Nets for catching salmon, woven baskets
    Clothes: Deerskin dress and grass basket hat
    Shelter: Made from mud and not very tall
    Food: Vegetables, fish and other animals
  • Great Plains
    cold winters
    hot summers
    Natural Resources:
    mountains surrounding edges
    treeless grasslands in the center
    east more water and softer soil
    west drier dense grass
    Buffalo and smaller animals
    Tools: Speers and other sharp tools, shields and fire
    Clothes: Buffalo- skin robe
    Shelter: Looks like a tepee
    Food: Buffalo and other food
  • South West
    high temperatures
    little rain
    Natural Resources:
    mountains, canyons
    desserts, flat top mesas
    rivers, little water
    clay, brightly colored plants, cotton
    corn, beans, squash, peppers, rabbits
    Tools: Table for grinding corn, ditches to hold summer rain
    Clothes: Cotton dress from cotton plants
    Shelter: Big houses and is long and lots of room in it
    Food: Vegetables and animals
  • Eastern Woodlands
    snowy winters , rain
    Natural Resources:
    rivers, ocean/coast
    lots of lakes and streams
    Forests, plants,
    maple trees, elm,
    deer, bears, beavers, birds, fish
    corn, sunflowers, tobacco, vegetables,
    nuts, berries
    Tools: Tool for scraping corn kernels, wooden canoes
    Clothes: Deerskin cape and skirt
    Shelter: Long houses
    Food: Vegetables, birds and fish
  • South East
    long warm humid summers
    mild winters
    Natural Resources:
    rivers, ocean/coast
    Fertile coastal plains
    Trees, clay, shells,
    corn, beans, squash, pumpkins,
    sunflowers, sweet potatoes
    squirrels, rabbits, turkeys,
    deer, alligators, turtles,
    wild rice, persimmons
    Tools: Hoe for garden work, animal shoulder blades
    Clothes: Skirt made from deer
    Shelter: Small house made from grass
    Food: Animals from the water and on land