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Suffragettes

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    Suffragettes Suffragettes Presentation Transcript

    • The Fight for Women's Rights ! All about the suffragettes by Naomi Leonard
    • What was a suffragette?
      • A person who campaigned for the right of women to vote.
      • Political movement towards women's suffrage began during the war
      • in 1918.
      • The term suffragette comes from the word suffrage, which means the
      • right to vote.
    • Famous Suffragettes!
      • The best known suffragettes were Emmeline and Christabel Pankhurst a strong mother and daughter team. They wanted women to have the right to vote and they were not prepared to wait. In fact, the Suffragettes started off relatively peacefully.  It was only in 1905 that the organisation created a stir when Christabel Pankhurst and Annie Kenney interrupted a political meeting to ask some of the men if they believed women should have the right to vote.
      Emmeline Pankhurst
      • The move for women to have the vote was started in 1897 when Millicent Fawcett founded the National Union of Women's Suffrage. Millicent Fawcett believed in peaceful protest. She felt that any violence or trouble would persuade men that women could not be trusted to have the right to vote. However, Fawcett's progress was very slow .
      Christabel Pankhurst Millicent Fawcett
    • When it all went WRONG!
      • Millicent Fawcett’s peaceful attempt of getting the vote failed despite her converting some of the members of the Labour Representation Committee. Most men in Parliament believed that women simply did not understand how Parliament worked so should not take part in the electoral process. This left many women angry so members of the Suffragettes were now prepared to use violence to get what they wanted.
    • Dying for the Vote!
      • Some of the suffragettes even went as far as dying to prove their point. The most known woman to have done this, is Emily Davison. In June 1913, at the most important race of the year the Derby, Emily ran out on the course. The horse owned by King George V hit Emily and the impact fractured her skull and she died without regaining consciousness.
      Emily Davison
    • Defending Government!! The Suffragettes refused to bow to violence. They burned down churches as the Church of England was against what they wanted they chained themselves to Buckingham Palace. Suffragettes were quite happy to go to prison. Here they refused to eat and went on a hunger strike. The government was very concerned that they might die in prison governors were ordered to force feed Suffragettes but this caused a public outcry as forced feeding was traditionally used to feed lunatics as opposed to what were mostly educated women. The government responded with the Cat and Mouse Act. When a Suffragette was sent to prison she would go on hunger strike as this caused the authorities maximum discomfort. The Cat and Mouse Act allowed the Suffragettes to go on a hunger strike and let them get weaker then they were released from prison. If they died out of prison, this was of no embarrassment to the government. When those who had been arrested and released had regained their strength, they were re-arrested for the most trivial of reasons this, from the government's point of view, was a very simple but effective weapon against the Suffragettes.
    • In the End!
      • During World War I, a serious shortage of able-bodied men occurred.
      • women were required to take on many of the traditional male roles. This led to a new view of what a woman was capable of doing.
      • The war also caused a split in the British suffragette movement, with the mainstream, represented by Emmeline and Christabel Pankhurst's Women's Social and Political Union, calling a 'ceasefire' in their campaign for the duration of the war,
      • while more radical suffragettes, represented by Sylvia Pankhurst's Women's Suffrage Federation continued the struggle.
      • Political movement towards women's suffrage began during the war and in 1918, the Parliament of the United Kingdom passed an act (the Representation of the People Act in 1918 granting the vote to women over the age of 30 who were householders, the wives of householders, occupiers of property with an annual rent of £5, and graduates of British universities.
      • The right to vote of American women was codified in the Nineteenth Amendment to the United States Constitution in 1920. Finally, women in the United Kingdom achieved suffrage on the same terms as men in 1928.
    • Thanks for Watching That’s all Folks!