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COGNITIVE THEORY By: Meghan and Chelsea
THE COGNITIVE THEORY <ul><li>Theorists believe learning is a result of learned behaviors. For example, remembering and thi...
THE WHO’S WHO OF COGNITIVE THEORY. <ul><li>Proposed presenting information in visual and verbal enhances recall and recogn...
HOWARD GARDNER AND COGNITIVE THEORY <ul><li>Developed cognitive theory that identified the ways in which students learn, o...
GARDNER’S 8 INTELLIGENCES
COGNITIVE THEORY AND THE TEACHER <ul><li>Using a SmartBoard, projector, or chalkboard. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>When teaching...
COGNITIVE THEORY AND THE STUDENT <ul><li>Students can enhance comprehension through their type of learning style or intell...
THE COGNITIVE THEORY IN TEACHING <ul><li>I believe the cognitive theory is great for teaching because it can be incorporat...
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Module13

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Transcript of "Module13"

  1. 1. COGNITIVE THEORY By: Meghan and Chelsea
  2. 2. THE COGNITIVE THEORY <ul><li>Theorists believe learning is a result of learned behaviors. For example, remembering and thinking lead to learning. </li></ul><ul><li>Interested in how people understand material, and their learning styles. </li></ul><ul><li>Based on behaviorism and led to </li></ul><ul><li>constructivism. </li></ul>
  3. 3. THE WHO’S WHO OF COGNITIVE THEORY. <ul><li>Proposed presenting information in visual and verbal enhances recall and recognition. </li></ul><ul><li>Dual coding Theory: people process information in two ways: (1)images (2) language. </li></ul><ul><li>Formed basis of later educational theories </li></ul><ul><li>Learning into 3 domains: cognitive (what students know), affective (student’s emotions/interests), and psychomotor (student’s motor skills) which helped to classify curriculum/goals for classrooms </li></ul><ul><li>Bloom’s Taxonomy: 6 levels students can use to acquire knowledge on a topic, and increase student’s comprehension. </li></ul><ul><li>Albert Paivio </li></ul><ul><li>Benjamin Bloom </li></ul>
  4. 4. HOWARD GARDNER AND COGNITIVE THEORY <ul><li>Developed cognitive theory that identified the ways in which students learn, or gain intelligence. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>8 Multiple Intelligences: ways in which students gain and apply knowledge. Believes most students have all intelligences however some are stronger than others. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Intelligences are influenced by biological predispositions and learning opportunities in cultural context which ties it into cognitive theory. </li></ul></ul>
  5. 5. GARDNER’S 8 INTELLIGENCES
  6. 6. COGNITIVE THEORY AND THE TEACHER <ul><li>Using a SmartBoard, projector, or chalkboard. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>When teaching the SmartBoard can be used for visual, verbal, and kinesthetic learners. In addition, the teacher can move through each level of comprehension on the SmartBoard in order for students to reach each step. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Using Centers </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Centers can be used to adhere to all intelligences. There can be a center with music, mathematics, visual, verbal, and naturalistic. Students can work interpersonally or intrapersonally within centers. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>With Technology </li></ul><ul><li>Without Technology </li></ul>
  7. 7. COGNITIVE THEORY AND THE STUDENT <ul><li>Students can enhance comprehension through their type of learning style or intelligence. This gives teachers a number of options for students to put lessons into action such as: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Word Processing </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Spreadsheets </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Simulations </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Touch Screens </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Audio Players </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Students should use examples, images, elaborations, and connections to prior knowledge to make information more meaningful and to bridge what is known to what is unknown </li></ul><ul><li>With Technology </li></ul><ul><li>Without Technology </li></ul>
  8. 8. THE COGNITIVE THEORY IN TEACHING <ul><li>I believe the cognitive theory is great for teaching because it can be incorporated in many ways. The following are examples of principals of teaching with the cognitive theory: </li></ul><ul><li>If information is to be learned, it must first be recognized as important. </li></ul><ul><li>During learning, learners act on information in ways that make it more meaningful. </li></ul><ul><li>Learners store information in long-term memory in an organized fashion related to their existing understanding of the world. </li></ul><ul><li>Learners continually check understanding, which results in refinement and revision of what is retained. </li></ul><ul><li>Transfer of learning to new contexts is not automatic, but results form exposure to multiple applications. </li></ul><ul><li>Learning is facilitated when learners are aware of their learning strategies and monitor their use. </li></ul>
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