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Ejemplos de los_grupos_funcionales
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Ejemplos de los_grupos_funcionales

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Transcript

  • 1. Ejemplos de los grupos funcionales
  • 2. Alcoholes
    Ciclohexanol
    5- metilpentadienol
    CH₂- CH₂-CH-CH₂-CH₃
    2-etil-3,2-butadienol
    CH=CH=C-CH
    OH
    OH
    CH₃
    OH
    CH₃
    CH₃
  • 3. Éteres
    etil-propil éter
    CH₃-CH₂-O-CH ₂-CH ₂-CH ₂
    fenil-metil éter
    metil-propil éter
    CH₃-O-CH₂-CH ₃
    CH₃
    O
  • 4. Aldehídos
    metanaldehído
    H-CHO
    benzaldehído
    acetaldehído
    CH₃-CHO
    CHO
  • 5. Cetonas
    propanona
    CH₃-CO-CH₃
    3-hexanona
    CH₃-CH₂-CH ₂-CO-CH ₂-CH₃
    butanona
    CH₃-CO-CH₂-CH₃
  • 6. Ácidos carboxílicos
    ácido etanodioico
    COOH-COOH
    ácido butanodioico
    COOH-CH₂-CH₂-COOH
    Ácido metanoico
    H-COOH
  • 7. Sales orgánicas monovalentes
    etonoato de potasio
    CH₃-COOK
    benzonoato de sodio
    propanoato de potasio
    CH₃-CH₂-COOK
    COONa
  • 8. Esteres
    acetato de metilo
    CH₃-COO-CH₃
    metonoato de metilo
    H-COO-CH₃
    butonoato de metilo
    CH₃-CH₂-CH₂-COO-CH₂-CH₃
  • 9. Halogenuros de alquilo
    Bromuro de alquilo
    CH₃-(CH₂)₇-Br
    cloruro de ciclopentilo
    2-meti-2-yodobutano
    CH₃-CH₂-C-CH₃
    Cl
    I
    CH₃
  • 10. Amidas
    metanamida
    H-CO-NH₂
    pentanamida
    CH₃-(CH₂)₃-CO-NH₂
    N-metil-propinamida
    CH₃-CH₂-CO-NH-CH₃
  • 11. Aminas
    Propilamina
    CH₃-CH₂-CH₂-NH₂
    2-butilnamina
    CH₃-CΞC-CH₂- NH₂
    ciclipentilamina
    NH₂