Constructivis m Theory Chelsea T.Vygotsky Piaget
Key PointsLearning is an active processKnowledge is constructed rather than acquiredPersonal experiences and opinions of environmentconstruct knowledgeThe knowledge process is different for each individualLearners bring past experiences and cultural factors toall experiences
Constructivism TheoristsVygotsky: - social learning precedes development - social interaction is a fundamental role in cognitive development - The More Knowledgeable Other (MKO): anyone who has a higher ability level than the learner - learning occurs in the Zone of Proximal Development (ZPD): distance between a student performing a task independently or with guidancePiaget: - knowledge is built through experience - assimilation: incorporate new experiences into old experiences - accommodation: reframing new experiences into the mental capacity - depending on age, students can or can not understand - Four developmental stages are: sensorimotor, pre operations, concrete operations, and formal operations
Constructivism Theorists’ Con’tDewey: - meaningful activities must make students apply concepts they are learning - active learner: student must use sensory input and construct a meaning of it - reflective activity: activities must engage hands and the mindVico: - published a treatise on construction of knowledge - coined the term “constructivist”Bruner: - categorization is key to learning, interpreting by similarities and differences - emphasizes the role of structure in learning - readiness for learning: you can teach at any stage of development in a way that fits the child’s cognitive abilities - spiral curriculum: revisit basic concepts over and over again to reach mastery
Teacher Role in ConstructivismTeachers are facilitators who aid the student in their ownunderstandingContinual conversation with students and asking questions is keyHaving students work together and helping each other answerquestions is one strategyAllow a couple students to be “technology experts” and havethem teach their peers on a certain technologyStudents working in groups to research a topicand then present to a class using technologylike a projector or interactive whiteboard
Student Role in ConstructivismStudents must come to their own conclusions while learning bybeing challenged by the teacherStudents must cooperatively work with peers on groupassignments with and without technologyWhen using technology students must help “teach” peers andanswer questionsIn group work students need to make their own understandingand take responsibility for their individual learning
Personal ThoughtsI believe working hands on and learning from yourown mistakes is the best way to learn.Group projects is a great way to build social andcooperation skillsPeers teaching can be a great tool to explain things ina different wayI plan to make my students active learners on
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