Prevention Schalonia Smith

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Prevention Schalonia Smith

  1. 1. Running head: PREVENTION<br />Crime prevention strategies<br />Schalonia Smith<br />Argosy University<br />Crime prevention strategies<br />Crime prevention has always been of great concern to the American public. Given the continuous research on crime prevention strategies, there are many options available. However, choosing a working, feasible option can be confusing. Therefore, this paper will address four crime prevention planks for the Republicrat Party that is both feasible and work.<br />Strategy 1: Early prevention<br />“Effective prevention and treatment programs share common features” CITATION Bar08 p 569 l 1033 (Bartol & Bartol, 2008, p. 569) including early prevention, emphasis on positive socialization, and multi-system approaches CITATION Bar08 l 1033 (Bartol & Bartol, 2008). Researchers have found juvenile delinquency is reduced by starting preventive measures before the first grade and continue through adolescence CITATION Bar08 l 1033 (Bartol & Bartol, 2008). “Seriously antisocial children can be identified when they are as young as four or five years old on the basis of their aggressive, disruptive, and noncompliant behaviors across home and preschool or school settings” CITATION Bar08 p 570 l 1033 (Bartol & Bartol, 2008, p. 570). <br />Programs that develop positive peer and family interaction have been found successful. Therefore, the party is recommended to focus on early childhood development programs that emphasize peer interaction. These can be in the form of head start programs and daycare systems for young children. For older children the emphasis should remain on afterschool programs such as sports, clubs, and community organizations. Involving the community in reaching positive socialization skills has been shown to be very effective in early prevention CITATION Bar08 l 1033 (Bartol & Bartol, 2008).<br />Strategy 4: Community reinforcement<br />As previously mentioned, community involvement plays a strong role in crime prevention. “Crime rates are low in neighborhoods that are socially integrated, because attachments of individuals to one another reduce crime by strengthening everyone’s stake in conformity” CITATION Con10 p 409 l 1033 (Conklin, 2010, p. 409). By reinforcing community involvement, the party can create a strong strategy for lowering crime rates. This may involve motivating communities to take an interest in the environment and children of the community. Educating community members on the benefits of improving environmental factors (i.e. fixing up abandoned buildings and creating parks) is necessary. Pointing out that community involvement in children decreases the crime rate is necessary to encourage community involvement. The long-term financial gain of community involvement will also help in motivating community involvement. <br />Strategy 3: Economic factors<br />Researchers have found conclusive correlation between economic status and crime CITATION Bar08 l 1033 m Con10 (Bartol & Bartol, 2008; Conklin, 2010). One strategy that has been effective in combating the issue, social planning, was developed by China and has proven effective in Japan CITATION Con10 l 1033 (Conklin, 2010). In both China and Japan, great effort has been placed on training for rewarding jobs CITATION Con10 l 1033 (Conklin, 2010). There is a strong sense of job commitment in these countries and low job turnovers CITATION Con10 l 1033 (Conklin, 2010). Conklin (2010) states, “The United States needs policies that create stable and meaningful jobs and provide retraining and job counseling when needed” (p. 408). This position should also be that of the Republicrat party. By reducing poverty, the party can reduce crime. <br />Strategy 4: Emphasis on family social structures<br />Again, this strategy is taken from the ideas of Chinese and Japanese cultures. Whether or not they are living in China, the Chinese culture shows minimal demographics in crime. This is due to their emphasis on family structure. “Chinese and Japanese families have traditionally had close attachments between children and their parents, whose ‘psychological presence’ minimizes the children’s tendency toward delinquency” CITATION Con10 p 410 l 1033 (Conklin, 2010, p. 410). The Japanese culture has shown a recent climb in crime rates, which is thought to be attributed to increased divorce rates and a breakdown in parental skills CITATION Con10 l 1033 (Conklin, 2010). Given the strength of relationships between children and their adult families in these cultures, a crime strategy that focuses on activities that involve both children and adults is recommended. Studies how found that investing in programs that teaching parenting skills and provide structured environments for children of working parents (i.e. day care) is less expensive than building more and more prisons to house the increasing number of offenders CITATION Con10 l 1033 (Conklin, 2010). <br />References<br /> BIBLIOGRAPHY l 1033 Bartol, C., & Bartol, A. (2008). Criminal behavior: A Psychosocial approach (8th edition ed.). Upper Saddle River, New Jersey: Prentice Hall.<br />Conklin, J. (2010). Criminology (10 th ed.). Upper Saddle River, New Jersey: Pearson Education, Inc.<br />

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