The concept of interpersonal relationships involves social associations, connections, or affiliations between two or more people.
Such persons may interact overtly, covertly, face-to-face; or may remain effectively unknown to each other
Over 90% of all failed relationships result from a lack of honest communication and awareness.
The ultimate source of interpersonal relationship in intrapersonal communication .
What lies within each person and how each person communicates internally provides the source of meaning , of self-definition and of self-presentation in interpersonal relationships.
Stages in interpersonal relationship
a) Perceptual: noticing how parties look at each other and their body-language .
b) Interactional cues: nodding, maintaining eye-contact , etc.
c) Invitational: encouraging the potential relationship (for example, suggesting a later meeting involving some social lubricant such as coffee)
d) Avoidance strategies: if one person discloses and the other does not: minimal response, lack of eye-contact, etc.
a) Feelers: hints or questions (for example: asking about family)
b) Intensifying strategies : furthering the relationship (for example meeting an old friend, bringing the other to meet family, becoming more affectionate , etc.)
c) Public: parties seen in public together often (if in a romantic relationship, may involve holding hands)
3) Intimacy : parties very close; may have exchanged some sort of personal belonging or something that represents further commitment . (For example, a promise ring in a romantic relationship or a friendship-necklace identifying two people as best friends )
4) Deterioration: things start to fall apart. In a romantic relationship, typically after approximately six months, people move out of the so-called "honeymoon stage", NRE , or limerence and start to notice flaws. The way they address this determines the fate of the relationship.
Phases of IP in Nursing
Pre interaction phase
The Nurse and the physician
The head nurse/departmental sister
To her fellow nurse
To other hospital personal
The nurse and the client
Barriers of IP
Purpose of IP
To learn about self, about the society
To establish and maintain relationships
To alleviate loneliness
To influence, control and direct
Helps for diversion
Help to meet the needs of others
Gain confidence and satisfaction
Provides intellectual and emotional bond any other people
Types of interpersonal relationships
Kinship relationships (including family relationships) involve relating to someone else:
genetically ( consanguinity , as for example in fatherhood, motherhood)
through marriage ( affinity , as for example as a father-in-law, mother-in-law, uncle by marriage, aunt by marriage)
Formalized intimate relationships or long-term relationships recognized by law and formalized through public ceremony (for example, the relationships of marriage and of civil union )
Non-formalized intimate relationships or long-term relationships such as loving relationships or romantic relationships with or without living together ; with the "other person" often called lover , boyfriend or girlfriend (as distinct from just a male or female friend), or " significant other ".
If the partners live together, the relationship may resemble marriage, with the parties possibly called " husband " and " wife ".
Long-term relationships in other countries can become known as common-law marriages , although they may have no special status in law.
The term mistress may refer in a somewhat old-fashioned way to a female lover of an already married or unmarried man.
A mistress may have the status of an "official mistress"
Soulmates , individuals intimately drawn to one another through a favorable " meeting of minds " and who find mutual acceptance and/or understanding with one another. Soulmates may feel themselves bonded together for a lifetime; and hence may become sexual partners — but not necessarily.
Casual relationships , sexual relationships extending beyond " one-night stands " that exclusively consist of sexual behavior ; one can label the participants as " friends with benefits " when limited to considering sexual intercourse , or regard them as sexual partners in a wider sense.
Platonic love , an affectionate relationship into which the sexual element does not enter, especially in cases where one might easily assume otherwise.
Friendship , which consists of mutual love , trust, respect, and (often unconditional) acceptance; and usually implies the discovery or establishment of common ground between the individuals involved; see also internet friendship and pen-pal .
Brotherhood and sisterhood : individuals united in a common cause or having a common interest, which may involve formal membership in a club , organization , association , society , lodge , fraternity or sorority .
This type of interpersonal relationship relates to the comradeship /camaraderie of fellow soldiers in peace or war .
Partners or co-workers in a profession , business , or a common workplace. Compare team .
Participation in a community , for example, a community of interest or practice .
Association, simply knowing someone by introduction or knowing someone by interaction.