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# The usage of the theodolite

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### The usage of the theodolite

1. 1. The TheodoliteCivil Engineer<br />Sergio Andres Gonzalez Barrera <br />Section “M” ID: 201114078<br />TechnicalEnglish<br />
2. 2. The importance of the theodolite<br />The importance of the theodolite is that is necessary use this instrument to determine angles, distances, depths, etc. To know how the ground is and how to construct there.<br />
3. 3. What is it?<br />The theodolite is an useful tool by the surveys. The instrument is capable of finding both vertical and horizontal angles, and when is combined with technical studies also can determinate horizontal distances and a differentiation elevations. <br />
4. 4. Setup of the theodolite!<br />First, the survey team puts a mark in the floor, this point will be the vertex of the angle that will be determined and this point will be the station “A”.<br />Then, the survey team places the tripod over the station “A”, opening the feet and secure them.<br />
5. 5. Setup of the theodolite!<br />Next, the survey team takes out the theodolite of its case and adapts it over the tripod with the screw and then elevates the theodolite up to survey’s eyes. <br />The theodolite has to stay exactly over the mark of the floor; this can be possible putting a plumb tied with a fine wire below the theodolite and stays on the point.<br />
6. 6. The survey must observe through the optical plummet to make sure the mark is centered.<br />To end the leveling of the theodolite is necessary to be leveled the tree bubble levels with the level’s screws.<br />Setup of the theodolite!<br />
7. 7.  Turning on!<br />First put the batteries in its place, then turn on the theodolite and last, take the cover of the lens.<br />
8. 8. Make a survey<br /> First, measure the height between the floor and the mark that is in one side of the theodolite with a rod or a tape measure. This point will be a reference to the other stations.<br /> Next, place a person with the rod at the station “B” to determine the angle. This take place when the surveyor moves the theodolite horizontally and the vertical axis, for lower movements is necessary to use the vertical tangent screw and the horizontal tangent screw.<br />
9. 9. Make a survey<br />Then, when the angle appears in the screen write the number, then press the button twice and the screen will show 0’00’00’’.<br />Note: write the upper stadia and the lower stadia to make studies latter. <br />
10. 10. This will be our initial point, and then the survey determinates point “C” in the same way, moving the axis focusing the point in the rod. And in the screen will appear the horizontal angle “B”A”C”.<br />Finally, proceed to turn the vertical and horizontal axis 180 ͦ and make the process again in the points “B” and “C”.<br /> <br />Make a survey<br />
11. 11. This is the process to determine the horizontal angle.<br />Angles:<br />
12. 12. The parts of the theodolite<br /><ul><li>Carrying Handle: is where the theodolite is carried by the surveys.
13. 13. Vertical Clamp: is used when measuring vertical angles.
14. 14. Optical Sight: is used to observe a particular point.
15. 15. Vertical Tangent screw: is used to make very slow movements in the vertical circle.
16. 16. Internal Switch Port: is used to add a particular piece of the theodolite.
17. 17. Battery Case: is the place that the batteries are placed according the polarities. </li></li></ul><li>The parts of the theodolite<br /><ul><li>Optical Plummet: is the lens that the survey uses to determine that the plum bob is centered.
18. 18. Power Switch: is used to turn on the theodolite.
19. 19. Plate Level: is used: the purpose of the plate level adjustment is to make the vertical axis of the theodolite truly vertical when the bubble of the plate level is centered in the vial.
20. 20. Horizontal Tangent screw: is used to make very slow movements in the horizontal circle.
21. 21. Leveling Screws: are used in the leveling of the plate level.
22. 22. Base Plate: is where the theodolite is adapted with the tripod.</li></ul> <br />
23. 23. THE END<br />