The history of american political parties notes

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  • Slide 7 is incorrect........Passage of the Civil Rights Act was done with more Republican party support than Democratic. In fact, in the Senate, only 6 Republicans opposed the Act while 21 Democratic senators voted against it.
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  • FOUNDER OF USA,POLITICAL PARTY MUHAYIMANA EMMANUEL,EARTH
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The history of american political parties notes

  1. 1. The History of American Political Parties
  2. 2. First Two-Party System Federalists v. Republicans, 1780s - 1801 Federalists – Believed in a strong federal government - Loose interpretation of The Constitution - Encouraged commerce and manufacturing - Emphasized order and stability Republicans – Believed in state’s rights - Strict Interpretation of the Constitution - Encouraged agriculture - Stressed individual liberties and believed humans could govern themselves
  3. 3. Second Two-Party System Democrats v. Whigs, 1836 - 1850 Democrats – Party of tradition - Opposed banks and corporations as state-legislated economic privilege - Favored rapid territorial expansion through purchase or war - Ideology - agrarianism, slavery, and states rights Whigs – The party of modernization - Believed Government should promote economic growth through corporations and banks - Slow territorial expansion (opposed war) - Ideology - urbanization, industrialization, and federal rights
  4. 4. Mid-19th Century Political Crisis (1850-1860) - Disputes over slavery and expansion westward destroyed America’s 2 party system - 4 different political parties - Liberty Party - Free Soil Party - American Party - Whigs Modern-day Republican Party formed in1854
  5. 5. Modern Day Republican and Democratic Parties from (1860-1900) Republicans – Opposed slavery - First major figure is Abraham Lincoln - Ideology – Transportation improvements and protective tariffs Democrats – Split between Northern and Southern Democrats - Both believed in a limited federal government and states rights - Northerners opposed the expansion of slavery westward -Southerners supported the expansion of slavery
  6. 6. Progressive Era Politics (1900-1945) -Democrat and Republic Presidents support the same ideals - Hands on capitalist society - Federal government should provide order and stability - Pro business, but expanded freedoms for all people (women get the right to vote, direct election of Senators - Prohibition -Roosevelt’s New Deal - New Democrat Coalition - Acceptance of more government involvement in the lives of Americans - Social Security, public housing, government sponsorship of research
  7. 7. Post World War II Politics (1945-1970) Democrats – appealed to laborers, immigrants, urban voters, and intellectuals - Believed in a larger, more involved federal government - Supported the Civil Rights Movement Republicans – Appealed to large and small business owners - Vowed to be tough on Communism - Appealed to southerners by opposing Civil Rights legislation
  8. 8. Nixon’s New Federalism Republicans – Continue to appeal to Southerners - Limited Government and anti-Vietnam War - Restore state’s rights (New Federalism) Democrats – Continue to support Civil Rights - Appeal to women by supporting reproductive rights - Believed government played a role in fixing a variety of social issues (poverty, hunger, racism etc…)
  9. 9. Reagan and the New Right (1980- Present) Republicans – Appealed to Evangelical Christians, affluent suburbanites, and young conservatives. - Cut taxes, but increase defense spending - Stricter laws in regards to drugs and violence - Free market capitalism Democrats – Appeal to women, minorities, and intellectuals - Support environmental legislation - Pro choice, Pro marriage equality - Believe in government regulated capitalism - Believe in social programs (welfare, medicare, etc…

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