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Political parties honors Political parties honors Presentation Transcript

  • Presentation Pro Magruder’s American Government CHAPTER 5 Political Parties © 2001 by Prentice Hall, Inc.
  • Go To Section: 1 2 3 4 5 Chapter 5
  • CHAPTER 5 Political Parties Go To Section: 1 2 3 4 5 Chapter 5 View slide
  • CHAPTER 5 Political Parties SECTION 1 Parties and What They Do Go To Section: 1 2 3 4 5 Chapter 5 View slide
  • CHAPTER 5 Political Parties SECTION 1 Parties and What They Do SECTION 2 The Two-Party System Go To Section: 1 2 3 4 5 Chapter 5
  • CHAPTER 5 Political Parties SECTION 1 Parties and What They Do SECTION 2 The Two-Party System SECTION 3 The Two-Party System in American History Go To Section: 1 2 3 4 5 Chapter 5
  • CHAPTER 5 Political Parties SECTION 1 Parties and What They Do SECTION 2 The Two-Party System SECTION 3 The Two-Party System in American History SECTION 4 The Minor Parties Go To Section: 1 2 3 4 5 Chapter 5
  • CHAPTER 5 Political Parties SECTION 1 Parties and What They Do SECTION 2 The Two-Party System SECTION 3 The Two-Party System in American History SECTION 4 The Minor Parties SECTION 5 Party Organization Go To Section: 1 2 3 4 5 Chapter 5
  • Go To Section: 1 2 3 4 5 Chapter 5, Section 1
  • SECTION 1 Parties and What They Do Go To Section: 1 2 3 4 5 Chapter 5, Section 1
  • SECTION 1 Parties and What They Do • What is a political party? Go To Section: 1 2 3 4 5 Chapter 5, Section 1
  • SECTION 1 Parties and What They Do • What is a political party? • What are the major functions of political parties? Go To Section: 1 2 3 4 5 Chapter 5, Section 1
  • Go To Section: 1 2 3 4 5 Chapter 5, Section 1
  • • A political party is a group of persons who seek to control government by winning elections and holding office. Go To Section: 1 2 3 4 5 Chapter 5, Section 1
  • • A political party is a group of persons who seek to control government by winning elections and holding office. • The two major parties in American politics are the Republican and Democratic parties. Go To Section: 1 2 3 4 5 Chapter 5, Section 1
  • What Is a Party? • A political party is a group of persons who seek to control government by winning elections and holding office. • The two major parties in American politics are the Republican and Democratic parties. • Parties can be principle-oriented, issue- oriented, or election-oriented. The American parties are election-oriented. Go To Section: 1 2 3 4 5 Chapter 5, Section 1
  • Go To Section: 1 2 3 4 5 Chapter 5, Section 1
  • What Do Parties Do? Go To Section: 1 2 3 4 5 Chapter 5, Section 1
  • What Do Parties Do? Go To Section: 1 2 3 4 5 Chapter 5, Section 1
  • What Do Parties Do? • Nominate Candidates—Recruit, choose, and present candidates for public office. Go To Section: 1 2 3 4 5 Chapter 5, Section 1
  • What Do Parties Do? • Nominate Candidates—Recruit, choose, and present candidates for public office. • Inform and Activate Supporters—Campaign, define issues, and criticize other candidates. Go To Section: 1 2 3 4 5 Chapter 5, Section 1
  • What Do Parties Do? • Nominate Candidates—Recruit, choose, and present candidates for public office. • Inform and Activate Supporters—Campaign, define issues, and criticize other candidates. • Act as a Bonding Agent—Guarantee that their candidate is worthy of the office. Go To Section: 1 2 3 4 5 Chapter 5, Section 1
  • What Do Parties Do? • Nominate Candidates—Recruit, choose, and present candidates for public office. • Inform and Activate Supporters—Campaign, define issues, and criticize other candidates. • Act as a Bonding Agent—Guarantee that their candidate is worthy of the office. • Govern—Members of government act according to their partisanship, or firm allegiance to a party. Go To Section: 1 2 3 4 5 Chapter 5, Section 1
  • What Do Parties Do? • Nominate Candidates—Recruit, choose, and present candidates for public office. • Inform and Activate Supporters—Campaign, define issues, and criticize other candidates. • Act as a Bonding Agent—Guarantee that their candidate is worthy of the office. • Govern—Members of government act according to their partisanship, or firm allegiance to a party. • Act as a Watchdog—Parties that are out of power keep a close eye on the actions of the party in power for a blunder to use against them in the next election. Go To Section: 1 2 3 4 5 Chapter 5, Section 1
  • Want to connect to the Magruder’s link for this chapter? Click Here! Go To Section: 1 2 3 4 5 Chapter 5, Section 1
  • Section 1 Review Want to connect to the Magruder’s link for this chapter? Click Here! Go To Section: 1 2 3 4 5 Chapter 5, Section 1
  • Section 1 Review 1. A political party can be (a) principle-oriented. (b) issue-oriented. (c) election-oriented. (d) all of the above. Want to connect to the Magruder’s link for this chapter? Click Here! Go To Section: 1 2 3 4 5 Chapter 5, Section 1
  • Section 1 Review 1. A political party can be (a) principle-oriented. (b) issue-oriented. (c) election-oriented. (d) all of the above. 2. Political parties fulfill all of the following functions EXCEPT (a) acting as watchdog. (b) informing and activating supporters. (c) supplying all campaign funding. (d) governing by partisanship. Want to connect to the Magruder’s link for this chapter? Click Here! Go To Section: 1 2 3 4 5 Chapter 5, Section 1
  • Go To Section: 1 2 3 4 5 Chapter 5, Section 2
  • • Why does the United States have a two- party system? Go To Section: 1 2 3 4 5 Chapter 5, Section 2
  • • Why does the United States have a two- party system? • How do multiparty and one-party systems function and what are their influences on government? Go To Section: 1 2 3 4 5 Chapter 5, Section 2
  • SECTION 2 The Two-Party System • Why does the United States have a two- party system? • How do multiparty and one-party systems function and what are their influences on government? • What membership characteristics do American parties have? Go To Section: 1 2 3 4 5 Chapter 5, Section 2
  • Go To Section: 1 2 3 4 5 Chapter 5, Section 2
  • Why a Two-Party System? Go To Section: 1 2 3 4 5 Chapter 5, Section 2
  • Why a Two-Party System? • The Historical Basis. The nation started out with two-parties: the Federalists and the Anti-Federalists. Go To Section: 1 2 3 4 5 Chapter 5, Section 2
  • Why a Two-Party System? • The Historical Basis. The nation started out with two-parties: the Federalists and the Anti-Federalists. • The Force of Tradition. America has a two-party system because it always has had one. Minor parties, lacking wide political support, have never made a successful showing, so people are reluctant to support them. Go To Section: 1 2 3 4 5 Chapter 5, Section 2
  • Why a Two-Party System? • The Historical Basis. The nation started out with two-parties: the Federalists and the Anti-Federalists. • The Force of Tradition. America has a two-party system because it always has had one. Minor parties, lacking wide political support, have never made a successful showing, so people are reluctant to support them. • The Electoral System. Certain features of government, such as single-member districts, are designed to favor two major parties. Go To Section: 1 2 3 4 5 Chapter 5, Section 2
  • Why a Two-Party System? • The Historical Basis. The nation started out with two-parties: the Federalists and the Anti-Federalists. • The Force of Tradition. America has a two-party system because it always has had one. Minor parties, lacking wide political support, have never made a successful showing, so people are reluctant to support them. • The Electoral System. Certain features of government, such as single-member districts, are designed to favor two major parties. • Ideological Consensus. Most Americans have a general agreement on fundamental matters. Conditions that would spark several strong rival parties do not exist in the United States. Go To Section: 1 2 3 4 5 Chapter 5, Section 2
  • Go To Section: 1 2 3 4 5 Chapter 5, Section 2
  • Multiparty Systems Go To Section: 1 2 3 4 5 Chapter 5, Section 2
  • Multiparty Systems Advantages Go To Section: 1 2 3 4 5 Chapter 5, Section 2
  • Multiparty Systems Advantages • Provides broader representation of the people. Go To Section: 1 2 3 4 5 Chapter 5, Section 2
  • Multiparty Systems Advantages • Provides broader representation of the people. • More responsive to the will of the people. Go To Section: 1 2 3 4 5 Chapter 5, Section 2
  • Multiparty Systems Advantages • Provides broader representation of the people. • More responsive to the will of the people. • Give voters more choices at the polls. Go To Section: 1 2 3 4 5 Chapter 5, Section 2
  • Multiparty Systems Advantages Disadvantages • Provides broader representation of the people. • More responsive to the will of the people. • Give voters more choices at the polls. Go To Section: 1 2 3 4 5 Chapter 5, Section 2
  • Multiparty Systems Advantages Disadvantages • Provides broader • Cause parties to can form representation of the coalitions, which dissolve easily. people. • More responsive to the will of the people. • Give voters more choices at the polls. Go To Section: 1 2 3 4 5 Chapter 5, Section 2
  • Multiparty Systems Advantages Disadvantages • Provides broader • Cause parties to can form representation of the coalitions, which dissolve easily. people. • More responsive to the • Failure of coalitions can cause instability in will of the people. government. • Give voters more choices at the polls. Go To Section: 1 2 3 4 5 Chapter 5, Section 2
  • Go To Section: 1 2 3 4 5 Chapter 5, Section 2
  • One-Party Systems Go To Section: 1 2 3 4 5 Chapter 5, Section 2
  • One-Party Systems Types of One-Party Systems Go To Section: 1 2 3 4 5 Chapter 5, Section 2
  • One-Party Systems Types of One-Party Systems One Party Systems where only one party is allowed. Example: Dictatorships such as Stalinist Russia Go To Section: 1 2 3 4 5 Chapter 5, Section 2
  • One-Party Systems Types of One-Party Systems One Party Modified One-Party Systems where Systems where one only one party is party regularly wins allowed. most elections Example: Example: Dictatorships such as Republican North and Stalinist Russia Democratic South until the 1950s. Go To Section: 1 2 3 4 5 Chapter 5, Section 2
  • Go To Section: 1 2 3 4 5 Chapter 5, Section 2
  • Party Membership Patterns Go To Section: 1 2 3 4 5 Chapter 5, Section 2
  • Party Membership Patterns Factors that can influence party membership: Go To Section: 1 2 3 4 5 Chapter 5, Section 2
  • Party Membership Patterns Factors that can influence party membership: Go To Section: 1 2 3 4 5 Chapter 5, Section 2
  • Want to connect to the Magruder’s link for this section? Click Here! Go To Section: 1 2 3 4 5 Chapter 5, Section 2
  • Section 2 Review Want to connect to the Magruder’s link for this section? Click Here! Go To Section: 1 2 3 4 5 Chapter 5, Section 2
  • Section 2 Review 1. When Democrats and Republicans cooperate with one another, they are acting in a way. (a) strange (b) pluralistic (c) bipartisan (d) typical Want to connect to the Magruder’s link for this section? Click Here! Go To Section: 1 2 3 4 5 Chapter 5, Section 2
  • Section 2 Review 1. When Democrats and Republicans cooperate with one another, they are acting in a way. (a) strange (b) pluralistic (c) bipartisan (d) typical 2. The outlook of the two parties could be described as (a) “too little, too late.” (b) “middle of the road.” (c) “a day late and a dollar short.” (d) “jumping on the bandwagon.” Want to connect to the Magruder’s link for this section? Click Here! Go To Section: 1 2 3 4 5 Chapter 5, Section 2
  • Go To Section: 1 2 3 4 5 Chapter 5, Section 3
  • SECTION 3 The Two-Party System in American History Go To Section: 1 2 3 4 5 Chapter 5, Section 3
  • SECTION 3 The Two-Party System in American History • How did the United States’ political parties originate? Go To Section: 1 2 3 4 5 Chapter 5, Section 3
  • SECTION 3 The Two-Party System in American History • How did the United States’ political parties originate? • What are the three major periods of single- party domination? Go To Section: 1 2 3 4 5 Chapter 5, Section 3
  • SECTION 3 The Two-Party System in American History • How did the United States’ political parties originate? • What are the three major periods of single- party domination? • What characterizes the current era of government? Go To Section: 1 2 3 4 5 Chapter 5, Section 3
  • Go To Section: 1 2 3 4 5 Chapter 5, Section 3
  • The Nation’s First Parties Go To Section: 1 2 3 4 5 Chapter 5, Section 3
  • The Nation’s First Parties Federalists Go To Section: 1 2 3 4 5 Chapter 5, Section 3
  • The Nation’s First Parties Federalists • Led by Alexander Hamilton Go To Section: 1 2 3 4 5 Chapter 5, Section 3
  • The Nation’s First Parties Federalists • Led by Alexander Hamilton • Represented wealthy and upper-class interests Go To Section: 1 2 3 4 5 Chapter 5, Section 3
  • The Nation’s First Parties Federalists • Led by Alexander Hamilton • Represented wealthy and upper-class interests • Favored strong executive leadership and liberal interpretation of the Constitution Go To Section: 1 2 3 4 5 Chapter 5, Section 3
  • The Nation’s First Parties Federalists Anti-Federalists • Led by Alexander Hamilton • Represented wealthy and upper-class interests • Favored strong executive leadership and liberal interpretation of the Constitution Go To Section: 1 2 3 4 5 Chapter 5, Section 3
  • The Nation’s First Parties Federalists Anti-Federalists • Led by Alexander • Led by Thomas Jefferson Hamilton • Represented wealthy and upper-class interests • Favored strong executive leadership and liberal interpretation of the Constitution Go To Section: 1 2 3 4 5 Chapter 5, Section 3
  • The Nation’s First Parties Federalists Anti-Federalists • Led by Alexander • Led by Thomas Jefferson Hamilton • Represented the “common man” • Represented wealthy and upper-class interests • Favored strong executive leadership and liberal interpretation of the Constitution Go To Section: 1 2 3 4 5 Chapter 5, Section 3
  • The Nation’s First Parties Federalists Anti-Federalists • Led by Alexander • Led by Thomas Jefferson Hamilton • Represented the “common man” • Represented wealthy and upper-class interests • Favored Congress as the strongest arm of • Favored strong government and a strict interpretation of the executive leadership and Constitution liberal interpretation of the Constitution Go To Section: 1 2 3 4 5 Chapter 5, Section 3
  • Go To Section: 1 2 3 4 5 Chapter 5, Section 3
  • American Parties: Four Major Eras Go To Section: 1 2 3 4 5 Chapter 5, Section 3
  • American Parties: Four Major Eras The Three Historical Eras Go To Section: 1 2 3 4 5 Chapter 5, Section 3
  • American Parties: Four Major Eras The Three Historical Eras The Era of the Democrats, 1800—1860 Go To Section: 1 2 3 4 5 Chapter 5, Section 3
  • American Parties: Four Major Eras The Three Historical Eras The Era of the Democrats, 1800—1860 – Democrats dominate all but two presidential elections. Go To Section: 1 2 3 4 5 Chapter 5, Section 3
  • American Parties: Four Major Eras The Three Historical Eras The Era of the Democrats, 1800—1860 – Democrats dominate all but two presidential elections. – The Whig Party emerges in 1834, but declines by the 1850s, electing only two Presidents. Go To Section: 1 2 3 4 5 Chapter 5, Section 3
  • American Parties: Four Major Eras The Three Historical Eras The Era of the Democrats, 1800—1860 – Democrats dominate all but two presidential elections. – The Whig Party emerges in 1834, but declines by the 1850s, electing only two Presidents. – The Republican Party is founded in 1854. Go To Section: 1 2 3 4 5 Chapter 5, Section 3
  • Go To Section: 1 2 3 4 5 Chapter 5, Section 3
  • American Parties: Parties Today Go To Section: 1 2 3 4 5 Chapter 5, Section 3
  • American Parties: Parties Today The Start of a New Era: The Era of Divided Government Go To Section: 1 2 3 4 5 Chapter 5, Section 3
  • American Parties: Parties Today The Start of a New Era: The Era of Divided Government Since 1968, neither Republicans nor Democrats have dominated Go To Section: 1 2 3 4 5 Chapter 5, Section 3
  • American Parties: Parties Today The Start of a New Era: The Era of Divided Government Since 1968, neither Republicans nor Democrats have dominated 1968–1976 Republicans hold the presidency Congress is controlled by Democrats Go To Section: 1 2 3 4 5 Chapter 5, Section 3
  • American Parties: Parties Today The Start of a New Era: The Era of Divided Government Since 1968, neither Republicans nor Democrats have dominated 1968–1976 1976–1980 Republicans hold the presidency Democrats hold the presidency Congress is controlled by Democrats Congress is controlled by Democrats Go To Section: 1 2 3 4 5 Chapter 5, Section 3
  • American Parties: Parties Today The Start of a New Era: The Era of Divided Government Since 1968, neither Republicans nor Democrats have dominated 1968–1976 1976–1980 Republicans hold the presidency Democrats hold the presidency Congress is controlled by Democrats Congress is controlled by Democrats 1980–1992 Republicans hold the presidency Senate controlled by Republicans 1980-1986, controlled by Democrats from 1986 to 1994 Go To Section: 1 2 3 4 5 Chapter 5, Section 3
  • American Parties: Parties Today The Start of a New Era: The Era of Divided Government Since 1968, neither Republicans nor Democrats have dominated 1968–1976 1976–1980 Republicans hold the presidency Democrats hold the presidency Congress is controlled by Democrats Congress is controlled by Democrats 1980–1992 1992 – 2000 Republicans hold the presidency Democrats hold the presidency Senate controlled by Republicans 1980-1986, Congress controlled by controlled by Democrats from 1986 to 1994 Republicans, 1994 to present Go To Section: 1 2 3 4 5 Chapter 5, Section 3
  • American Parties: Parties Today The Start of a New Era: The Era of Divided Government Since 1968, neither Republicans nor Democrats have dominated 1968–1976 1976–1980 Republicans hold the presidency Democrats hold the presidency Congress is controlled by Democrats Congress is controlled by Democrats 1980–1992 1992 – 2000 Republicans hold the presidency Democrats hold the presidency Senate controlled by Republicans 1980-1986, Congress controlled by controlled by Democrats from 1986 to 1994 Republicans, 1994 to present 2000 Republicans hold the presidency Congress is controlled by Republicans Go To Section: 1 2 3 4 5 Chapter 5, Section 3
  • Want to connect to the Magruder’s link for this section? Click Here! Go To Section: 1 2 3 4 5 Chapter 5, Section 3
  • Section 3 Review Want to connect to the Magruder’s link for this section? Click Here! Go To Section: 1 2 3 4 5 Chapter 5, Section 3
  • Section 3 Review 1. The nation’s first two parties were (a) the Democrats and the Republicans. (b) the Federalists and the Anti-Federalists. (c) the Democratic-Republicans and the Republican-Democrats. (d) the Federalists and the Republicans. Want to connect to the Magruder’s link for this section? Click Here! Go To Section: 1 2 3 4 5 Chapter 5, Section 3
  • Section 3 Review 1. The nation’s first two parties were (a) the Democrats and the Republicans. (b) the Federalists and the Anti-Federalists. (c) the Democratic-Republicans and the Republican-Democrats. (d) the Federalists and the Republicans. 2. The Republican Party dominated the presidency from (a) 1932–1968. (b) 1860–1932. (c) 1800–1860. (d) 1783–1800. Want to connect to the Magruder’s link for this section? Click Here! Go To Section: 1 2 3 4 5 Chapter 5, Section 3
  • Go To Section: 1 2 3 4 5 Chapter 5, Section 4
  • SECTION 4 The Minor Parties Go To Section: 1 2 3 4 5 Chapter 5, Section 4
  • SECTION 4 The Minor Parties • What types of minor parties have been active in American politics? Go To Section: 1 2 3 4 5 Chapter 5, Section 4
  • SECTION 4 The Minor Parties • What types of minor parties have been active in American politics? • Why are minor parties important even though they seldom elect national candidates? Go To Section: 1 2 3 4 5 Chapter 5, Section 4
  • Go To Section: 1 2 3 4 5 Chapter 5, Section 4
  • Minor Parties in the United States Go To Section: 1 2 3 4 5 Chapter 5, Section 4
  • Minor Parties in the United States Types of Minor Parties Go To Section: 1 2 3 4 5 Chapter 5, Section 4
  • Minor Parties in the United States Types of Minor Parties Ideological Parties Example: Libtertarian Party Go To Section: 1 2 3 4 5 Chapter 5, Section 4
  • Minor Parties in the United States Types of Minor Parties Ideological Single-issue Parties Parties Example: Example: Libtertarian Free Soil Party Party Go To Section: 1 2 3 4 5 Chapter 5, Section 4
  • Minor Parties in the United States Types of Minor Parties Ideological Single-issue Economic Protest Parties Parties Parties Example: Example: Example: The Libtertarian Free Soil Greenback Party Party Party Go To Section: 1 2 3 4 5 Chapter 5, Section 4
  • Minor Parties in the United States Types of Minor Parties Ideological Single-issue Economic Protest Splinter Party Parties Parties Parties Example: “Bull Example: Example: Example: The Moose” Progressive Libtertarian Free Soil Greenback Party Party Party Party Go To Section: 1 2 3 4 5 Chapter 5, Section 4
  • Go To Section: 1 2 3 4 5 Chapter 5, Section 4
  • Go To Section: 1 2 3 4 5 Chapter 5, Section 4
  • Minor Parties in the United States Go To Section: 1 2 3 4 5 Chapter 5, Section 4
  • Minor Parties in the United States Go To Section: 1 2 3 4 5 Chapter 5, Section 4
  • Go To Section: 1 2 3 4 5 Chapter 5, 5, Section 4 Chapter Section 4
  • Why Minor Parties Are Important Go To Section: 1 2 3 4 5 Chapter 5, 5, Section 4 Chapter Section 4
  • Why Minor Parties Are Important Minor parties play several important roles: Go To Section: 1 2 3 4 5 Chapter 5, 5, Section 4 Chapter Section 4
  • Why Minor Parties Are Important Minor parties play several important roles: “Spoiler Role” Go To Section: 1 2 3 4 5 Chapter 5, 5, Section 4 Chapter Section 4
  • Why Minor Parties Are Important Minor parties play several important roles: “Spoiler Role” • Minor party candidates can pull decisive votes away from one of the major parties’ candidates, especially if the minor party candidate is from a splinter party. Go To Section: 1 2 3 4 5 Chapter 5, 5, Section 4 Chapter Section 4
  • Why Minor Parties Are Important Minor parties play several important roles: “Spoiler Role” • Minor party candidates can pull decisive votes away from one of the major parties’ candidates, especially if the minor party candidate is from a splinter party. Critic Go To Section: 1 2 3 4 5 Chapter 5, 5, Section 4 Chapter Section 4
  • Why Minor Parties Are Important Minor parties play several important roles: “Spoiler Role” • Minor party candidates can pull decisive votes away from one of the major parties’ candidates, especially if the minor party candidate is from a splinter party. Critic • Minor parties, especially single-issue parties, often take stands on and draw attention to controversial issues that the major parties would prefer to ignore. Go To Section: 1 2 3 4 5 Chapter 5, 5, Section 4 Chapter Section 4
  • Why Minor Parties Are Important Minor parties play several important roles: “Spoiler Role” • Minor party candidates can pull decisive votes away from one of the major parties’ candidates, especially if the minor party candidate is from a splinter party. Critic • Minor parties, especially single-issue parties, often take stands on and draw attention to controversial issues that the major parties would prefer to ignore. Innovator Go To Section: 1 2 3 4 5 Chapter 5, 5, Section 4 Chapter Section 4
  • Why Minor Parties Are Important Minor parties play several important roles: “Spoiler Role” • Minor party candidates can pull decisive votes away from one of the major parties’ candidates, especially if the minor party candidate is from a splinter party. Critic • Minor parties, especially single-issue parties, often take stands on and draw attention to controversial issues that the major parties would prefer to ignore. Innovator • Often, minor parties will draw attention to important issues and propose innovative solutions to problems. If these proposals gain popular support, they are often integrated into the platforms of the two major parties. Go To Section: 1 2 3 4 5 Chapter 5, 5, Section 4 Chapter Section 4
  • Go To Section: 1 2 3 4 5 Chapter 5, Section 5
  • The Future of Major Parties Go To Section: 1 2 3 4 5 Chapter 5, Section 5
  • The Future of Major Parties Weakened connections to political parties: Go To Section: 1 2 3 4 5 Chapter 5, Section 5
  • The Future of Major Parties Weakened connections to political parties: For voters : Go To Section: 1 2 3 4 5 Chapter 5, Section 5
  • The Future of Major Parties Weakened connections to political parties: For voters : • More people are unwilling to label themselves as “Democrats” or “Republicans” Go To Section: 1 2 3 4 5 Chapter 5, Section 5
  • The Future of Major Parties Weakened connections to political parties: For voters : • More people are unwilling to label themselves as “Democrats” or “Republicans” • Split-ticket voting—voting for candidates of different parties for different offices at the same election Go To Section: 1 2 3 4 5 Chapter 5, Section 5
  • The Future of Major Parties Weakened connections to political parties: For voters : For candidates: • More people are unwilling to label themselves as “Democrats” or “Republicans” • Split-ticket voting—voting for candidates of different parties for different offices at the same election Go To Section: 1 2 3 4 5 Chapter 5, Section 5
  • The Future of Major Parties Weakened connections to political parties: For voters : For candidates: • More people are unwilling • Structural changes have increased conflict and disorganization within to label themselves as parties “Democrats” or “Republicans” • Split-ticket voting—voting for candidates of different parties for different offices at the same election Go To Section: 1 2 3 4 5 Chapter 5, Section 5
  • The Future of Major Parties Weakened connections to political parties: For voters : For candidates: • More people are unwilling • Structural changes have increased conflict and disorganization within to label themselves as parties “Democrats” or • Changes in the technology of campaigning, especially the use of “Republicans” television and the Internet, have made candidates more independent of the party organization • Split-ticket voting—voting for candidates of different parties for different offices at the same election Go To Section: 1 2 3 4 5 Chapter 5, Section 5
  • The Future of Major Parties Weakened connections to political parties: For voters : For candidates: • More people are unwilling • Structural changes have increased conflict and disorganization within to label themselves as parties “Democrats” or • Changes in the technology of campaigning, especially the use of “Republicans” television and the Internet, have made candidates more independent of the party organization • Split-ticket voting—voting • The growth of single-issue organizations provides candidates for candidates of different with another source of financial parties for different offices support at the same election Go To Section: 1 2 3 4 5 Chapter 5, Section 5
  • Want to connect to the Magruder’s link for this section? Click Here! Go To Section: 1 2 3 4 5 Chapter 5, Section 4
  • Section 4 Review Want to connect to the Magruder’s link for this section? Click Here! Go To Section: 1 2 3 4 5 Chapter 5, Section 4
  • Section 4 Review 1. Types of minor parties in the United States include all of the following EXCEPT (a) ideological parties. (b) single-issue parties. (c) regulatory parties. (d) splinter parties. Want to connect to the Magruder’s link for this section? Click Here! Go To Section: 1 2 3 4 5 Chapter 5, Section 4
  • Section 4 Review 1. Types of minor parties in the United States include all of the following EXCEPT (a) ideological parties. (b) single-issue parties. (c) regulatory parties. (d) splinter parties. 2. Ross Perot, who ran as a third-party candidate in 1992 and 1996, falls into which minor party category? (a) single-issue party (b) splinter party (c) economic protest party (d) none of the above Want to connect to the Magruder’s link for this section? Click Here! Go To Section: 1 2 3 4 5 Chapter 5, Section 4
  • Go To Section: 1 2 3 4 5 Chapter 5, Section 5
  • SECTION 5 Party Organization Go To Section: 1 2 3 4 5 Chapter 5, Section 5
  • SECTION 5 Party Organization • Why do the major parties have a decentralized structure? Go To Section: 1 2 3 4 5 Chapter 5, Section 5
  • SECTION 5 Party Organization • Why do the major parties have a decentralized structure? • How does the national party machinery and the State and local party machinery operate? Go To Section: 1 2 3 4 5 Chapter 5, Section 5
  • SECTION 5 Party Organization • Why do the major parties have a decentralized structure? • How does the national party machinery and the State and local party machinery operate? • What are the three components of the parties? Go To Section: 1 2 3 4 5 Chapter 5, Section 5
  • SECTION 5 Party Organization • Why do the major parties have a decentralized structure? • How does the national party machinery and the State and local party machinery operate? • What are the three components of the parties? • What are the future possibilities for the major parties? Go To Section: 1 2 3 4 5 Chapter 5, Section 5
  • Go To Section: 1 2 3 4 5 Chapter 5, Section 5
  • The Decentralized Nature of the Parties Go To Section: 1 2 3 4 5 Chapter 5, Section 5
  • The Decentralized Nature of the Parties Both of the major parties are highly decentralized and fragmented. Go To Section: 1 2 3 4 5 Chapter 5, Section 5
  • The Decentralized Nature of the Parties Both of the major parties are highly decentralized and fragmented. Why? Go To Section: 1 2 3 4 5 Chapter 5, Section 5
  • The Decentralized Nature of the Parties Both of the major parties are highly decentralized and fragmented. Why? • The party out of power lacks a strong leader. Go To Section: 1 2 3 4 5 Chapter 5, Section 5
  • The Decentralized Nature of the Parties Both of the major parties are highly decentralized and fragmented. Why? • The party out of power lacks a strong leader. • The federal system distributes powers widely, in turn causing the parties to be decentralized. Go To Section: 1 2 3 4 5 Chapter 5, Section 5
  • The Decentralized Nature of the Parties Both of the major parties are highly decentralized and fragmented. Why? • The party out of power lacks a strong leader. • The federal system distributes powers widely, in turn causing the parties to be decentralized. • The nominating process pits party members against one another because only one person can chosen to be the party’s presidential candidate. Go To Section: 1 2 3 4 5 Chapter 5, Section 5
  • Go To Section: 1 2 3 4 5 Chapter 5, Section 5
  • National Party Machinery Go To Section: 1 2 3 4 5 Chapter 5, Section 5
  • National Party Machinery All four elements of both major parties work together loosely to achieve the party’s goals. Go To Section: 1 2 3 4 5 Chapter 5, Section 5
  • National Party Machinery The National Convention All four elements of both major parties work together loosely to achieve the party’s goals. Go To Section: 1 2 3 4 5 Chapter 5, Section 5
  • National Party Machinery The National Convention All four elements of both major parties work together loosely to achieve the party’s goals. Go To Section: 1 2 3 4 5 Chapter 5, Section 5
  • National Party Machinery The National Convention All four elements of both major parties work together loosely to achieve the party’s goals. Go To Section: 1 2 3 4 5 Chapter 5, Section 5
  • National Party Machinery The National Convention All four elements of both major parties work together loosely to achieve the party’s goals. Go To Section: 1 2 3 4 5 Chapter 5, Section 5
  • National Party Machinery The National Convention The National Chairperson All four elements of both major parties work together loosely to achieve the party’s goals. Go To Section: 1 2 3 4 5 Chapter 5, Section 5
  • National Party Machinery The National The Congressional Convention Campaign Committees The National Chairperson All four elements of both major parties work together loosely to achieve the party’s goals. Go To Section: 1 2 3 4 5 Chapter 5, Section 5
  • National Party Machinery The National The Congressional Convention Campaign Committees The National The National Committee Chairperson All four elements of both major parties work together loosely to achieve the party’s goals. Go To Section: 1 2 3 4 5 Chapter 5, Section 5
  • National Party Machinery The National The Congressional Convention Campaign Committees The National The National Committee Chairperson All four elements of both major parties work together loosely to achieve the party’s goals. Go To Section: 1 2 3 4 5 Chapter 5, Section 5
  • Go To Section: 1 2 3 4 5 Chapter 5, Section 5
  • State and Local Party Machinery Go To Section: 1 2 3 4 5 Chapter 5, Section 5
  • State and Local Party Machinery State and local party organization varies from State to State, but usually follow the general principles below. Go To Section: 1 2 3 4 5 Chapter 5, Section 5
  • State and Local Party Machinery State and local party organization varies from State to State, but usually follow the general principles below. Go To Section: 1 2 3 4 5 Chapter 5, Section 5
  • Go To Section: 1 2 3 4 5 Chapter 5, Section 5
  • The Three Components of the Party Go To Section: 1 2 3 4 5 Chapter 5, Section 5
  • The Three Components of the Party Party Components Go To Section: 1 2 3 4 5 Chapter 5, Section 5
  • The Three Components of the Party Party Components The Party Organization: Those who run and control the party machinery. Go To Section: 1 2 3 4 5 Chapter 5, Section 5
  • The Three Components of the Party Party Components The Party The Party in the Organization: Electorate Those who run and Those who always or control the party almost always vote machinery. for party candidates. Go To Section: 1 2 3 4 5 Chapter 5, Section 5
  • The Three Components of the Party Party Components The Party The Party in the The Party in Organization: Electorate Government Those who run and Those who always or Those who hold control the party almost always vote office in the machinery. for party candidates. government. Go To Section: 1 2 3 4 5 Chapter 5, Section 5
  • Want to connect to the Magruder’s link for this section? Click Here! Go To Section: 1 2 3 4 5 Chapter 5, Section 5
  • Section 5 Review Want to connect to the Magruder’s link for this section? Click Here! Go To Section: 1 2 3 4 5 Chapter 5, Section 5
  • Section 5 Review 1. Where did the decentralized structure of the two major parties originate? (a) with the Fourteenth Amendment (b) popular opinion demanded decentralization (c) the Federalist nature of the government (d) all of the above Want to connect to the Magruder’s link for this section? Click Here! Go To Section: 1 2 3 4 5 Chapter 5, Section 5
  • Section 5 Review 1. Where did the decentralized structure of the two major parties originate? (a) with the Fourteenth Amendment (b) popular opinion demanded decentralization (c) the Federalist nature of the government (d) all of the above Want to connect to the Magruder’s link for this section? Click Here! Go To Section: 1 2 3 4 5 Chapter 5, Section 5
  • Section 5 Review 1. Where did the decentralized structure of the two major parties originate? (a) with the Fourteenth Amendment (b) popular opinion demanded decentralization (c) the Federalist nature of the government (d) all of the above 2. All of the following are factors in the present, weakened state of parties EXCEPT (a) split-ticket voting. (b) changes in the technology of campaigning. (c) scandal surrounding national conventions. (d) the growth of single-issue organizations. Want to connect to the Magruder’s link for this section? Click Here! Go To Section: 1 2 3 4 5 Chapter 5, Section 5