Duties of the President• The constitution grants the president: – power as commander in chief of the armed forces, – the authority to appoint—with Senate’s consent—heads of executive departments, federal court judges, and other top officials, – the duty to ensure that all the laws of the United States are faithfully executed, and – lawmaking power.
Presidential Qualifications• Article II, Section 1 defines the formal requirements for the presidency: – a natural-born citizen of the United States – at least 35 years old – a resident of the United States for at least 14 years• The same requirements apply to the vice president.
Presidential Succession• After John F. Kennedy was assassinated in 1963, the nation realized that the Constitution’s rules for presidential succession were inadequate.• In 1967, the Twenty-fifth Amendment was ratified to clarify success to the presidency and vice presidency. Line of Presidential Succession
The Vice President’s Role• The Constitution gives the vice president two duties: – The vice president presides over the Senate and votes in that body in case of a tie. – Under the Twenty-fifth Amendment, the vice president helps decide whether the president is disabled and acts as president should that happen.
The Vice President’s Role (cont.)• Vice presidents today now often participate in policy meetings, undertake special assignments, and are members of the National Security Council.