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Kobe Eq
 

Kobe Eq

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    Kobe Eq Kobe Eq Presentation Transcript

    • Kobe, Japan MEDC Earthquake Case Study
    • Kobe
      • Kobe is located in the Kansai Region of Japan, East Asia. Japan is a very wealthy country and is therefore classed as an MEDC.
      • Kobe is the fifth-largest city in Japan, and serves as a large port for the southern areas of the country.
      • The southern area of Japan lies close to the margin of three tectonic plates – Eurasian, Pacific and Philippine plates – which form a destructive plate boundary.
      • This means that any tectonic activity between these three plates would occur in close proximity to Kobe.
    • Earthquake
      • In 1995, January 17, an earthquake occurred on the destructive plate boundaries in Kobe’s proximity. It was 05:45 JST, which resulted in more causalities than if it had occurred during daytime.
      • The earthquake measured 7.2 on the Richter Scale, which classified it as a major earthquake. Major earthquakes can cause large amounts of damage in larger areas, Kobe being one of them.
      • The epicentre of the earthquake was under the sea, in Osaka Bay. Kobe is a major port on this bay, and was around 20KM from the epicentre. Kobe was the closest city to the epicentre.
      • This earthquake was Japan’s worst since the Great Kanto Earthquake in 1923, which resulted in 140,000 deaths.
    • Short Term Effects
      • Around 200,000 buildings collapsed.
      • 1KM of the Hanshin Expressway collapsed.
      • 120 quays in the port of Kobe were destroyed.
      • Electricity Supplies were destroyed.
      • Around 4,000 people were killed.
    • Long Term Effects
      • The damages overall cost the government Ten Trillion Yen, around 2.5% of Japan’s GDP.
      • This caused a major decline on the Japanese stock markets.
      • Kobe never recovered to it’s original position as Japan’s principal shipping port.
    • Short Term Responses
      • A large amount of emergency aid was supplied to Kobe.
      • Roads were closed to speed up the recovery effort.
      • Due to destroyed transport, the local Yakuza crime syndicate also distributed aid.
      • People attempted to recover people from the rubble.
      • Fires were put out by the local fire department.
      • Medical aid centres were set up.
    • Long Term Responses
      • Japan completely revamped it’s disaster prevention planning due to criticisms of the former one.
      • Most major transport routes were reinforced in order to prevent disruption in the event of another earthquake.
      • Emergency food and water supply stations were set up at petrol stations, which were unaffected during the earthquake.
      • Control over fire response was handed over to a larger emergency response ‘command base’ in the region.
      • Rubber blocks were built below bridges to absorb the shock from earthquakes.
      • Earthquake-proof shelters and were constructed in local parks.