Factors affecting farming


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Factors affecting farming

  1. 1. Physical & Human Factors affecting Farming
  2. 2. Human Factors Labour Market Distance Technology Government ( Political) Capital (finance) Transport
  3. 3. Labour <ul><li>In LEDC’S, such as India the farmers traditionally used cheap labour instead of using expensive machinery. However since the green revolution more and more machines have been introduced- making farm hands unemployed. </li></ul><ul><li>Farms often only need extra labour at harvest time- this work is seasonal- e.g. tomato picking in Guernsey. </li></ul>
  4. 4. Technology <ul><li>Irrigation and machines are two examples of expensive technology which increases yields </li></ul><ul><li>Genetic engineering allows new plants to be grown, this reduces diseases and droughts and give higher yields </li></ul><ul><li>Computer control technology in greenhouses provide suitable conditions for good quality crops </li></ul><ul><li>The computer controls moisture level, the temperature and the amount of food that is needed </li></ul>
  5. 5. Capital <ul><li>Yields will rise when farmers can afford to invest capitals this creates more profits which can be used for future investments </li></ul><ul><li>Capital, the money the farmer has to invest in the farm, this can increase some inputs such as fences and seeds </li></ul>
  6. 6. Market <ul><li>Farmers grow crops that are in demand such as rubber plantation farmers in Malaysia have switched to oil as the demand of rubber has fallen </li></ul><ul><li>Farmers production lines vary throughout the year, this is due to the demand on the various crop grown </li></ul><ul><li>Farmers who grow or have perishable goods e.g. dairy farmers or market gardeners like to be close to their markets – so goods can be transported easily and goods do not perish. </li></ul>
  7. 7. Government <ul><li>Governments influence the crops farmers grow through quotes and subsides </li></ul><ul><li>Government and Poitical Policies such as the CAP have a massive impact on how a farmer uses the land. </li></ul><ul><li>The CAP means that some farmers are paid NOT to farm their land! </li></ul>
  8. 8. Physical Factors Climate Relief Soil
  9. 9. Climate <ul><li>The temperature has to be a minimum of 6 degrees Celsius and at least 250 – 500 mm of rainfall in order for the crops to grow </li></ul><ul><li>The length of the growing season influences the the crops grown for example wheat needs 90 days </li></ul><ul><li>Places that are too wet or dry, too hot or cold are not suitable for arable farming. </li></ul>
  10. 10. Relief <ul><li>Lowlands such as flood plains, are good for growing crops </li></ul><ul><li>Steep slopes hinder machinery and have thinner soils- these locations are often only suitable for sheep farming </li></ul><ul><li>Dairy farms locate on fairly flat relief- as cows are not very agile or suited to steep slopes! </li></ul><ul><li>South facing slopes receive more sunlight- important to know when growing crops </li></ul><ul><li>Temperature decreases by 6.5 degrees Celsius for every 1000m gained in height </li></ul>
  11. 11. Soil <ul><li>Fertility is important for growing crops, good quality soil, means more inputs, however poor soil, means less inputs </li></ul><ul><li>Flood planes are good for crops because of the alluvial soils </li></ul><ul><li>Good drainage reduces the dangers of water logging </li></ul><ul><li>Acidic soil- eg. In Dartmoor is no use for growing crops. </li></ul>