China's One Child Policy


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China's One Child Policy

  1. 1. CHINA’S ONE CHILD POLICY An introduction to the implementation of China’s one child policy
  2. 2. Background <ul><li>During its existence (from 1949) the Peoples Republic of China blew hot and cold about birth control </li></ul><ul><li>During this time the population nearly doubled and reached the 1 billion mark </li></ul><ul><li>During the 1960s the growth rate averaged at 2.4% per year </li></ul>
  3. 3. Quotes <ul><li>“ If I have one child it will be raised better. It will have more opportunities. And my career is the most important thing. I really want to excel at it” </li></ul><ul><li>Lu Zhufeng a 20 year old medical student </li></ul>
  4. 4. Quotes <ul><li>“ Vigilantes abduct pregnant women on the streets and haul them off, sometimes handcuffed or trussed, to abortion clinics (Some) aborted babies cry when they are born” </li></ul><ul><li>Steve Mosher author of ‘Broken Earth’ </li></ul>
  5. 5. Introduction <ul><li>The One Child Policy was introduced in 1979 </li></ul><ul><li>Its aim was to reduce the rate of population growth </li></ul><ul><li>It works by persuades couples to not have more than one child through use of penalties </li></ul>
  6. 6. The Policy <ul><li>Advocates delayed marriage and delayed child bearing </li></ul><ul><li>Advocating fewer and healthier babies </li></ul><ul><li>Advocating one child per couple </li></ul>
  7. 7. Exceptions <ul><li>Ethnic minorities are formally excluded from the policy </li></ul><ul><li>If both parents are only children they are allowed to have more than one child provided the children are spaced more than 4 years </li></ul><ul><li>Families who have children with mental or physical disabilities are sometimes allowed to have another child </li></ul>
  8. 8. The Benefits <ul><li>Preferential treatment in education </li></ul><ul><li>Healthcare </li></ul><ul><li>Housing </li></ul><ul><li>Wages </li></ul><ul><li>Couples with unauthorised children are subjected to a range of economic, social and political sanctions </li></ul>
  9. 9. Thoughts <ul><li>Education is very expensive </li></ul><ul><li>Resources concentrated on one child </li></ul><ul><li>Women are able to concentrate on careers </li></ul><ul><li>Increased role for women in the workplace </li></ul>
  10. 10. Thoughts <ul><li>Chinese families overwhelming prefer male children to female children </li></ul><ul><li>Increase in female infanticide </li></ul><ul><li>Abortions forced on women who are visibly pregnant with their second child </li></ul><ul><li>Mass sterilisations in rural areas </li></ul>
  11. 11. Horror Stories <ul><li>“ Chinese region ‘must conduct 20,000 abortions’ </li></ul><ul><li>Headline Daily Telegraph 05/08/2001 </li></ul>
  12. 12. One Child Policy - Backlash <ul><li>Sex selective abortion </li></ul><ul><li>High divorce rate involving women whose one child turns out to be a girl (however the law has changed to prevent this resulting in men beating their wives until they divorce them on grounds of assault) </li></ul><ul><li>Little Emperor Syndrome </li></ul>
  13. 13. Success or Failure? <ul><li>Rural areas more reluctant, reasons for this include: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The continuing need for security in old age </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The abandonment of the cooperative farming system meaning child labour is important </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The perception that girls are no good in ether respect because they marry and leave home </li></ul></ul>
  14. 14. Success or failure continued <ul><li>So far the policy has reduced China’s population by 250 million </li></ul><ul><li>Critics say that the ratio of Chinese males to Chinese females 100 to 117 </li></ul>
  15. 15. The Future <ul><li>Recent speculation about the future of the policy </li></ul><ul><li>A Chinese official has been quoted as saying that the policy was intended for one generation only </li></ul>