Sk reform presentation (from Akbayan Youth YiG Committee)

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  • The basic clay of our work is the youth. We place our hope in them and prepare them to take the banner from our hands.

    -Ernesto 'Che' Guevara-
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  • 1.  
  • 2.
    • 2002 Towards an Alternative SK (T.A.S.K) was formed and became forerunner of SKRC
      • Sought to provide effective policy response against emerging ills of SK such as patronage politics
    • SK Reform Coalition was formed after growing calls for SK Abolition
    • First Calls to Abolition and Reform
    • Sept 5, 2007 Federation of Student Governments issues a manifesto to abolish the SK
    • Sangguniang Kabataan National Federation release a position paper Reform, Not Abolish in the same year
    • SK Reform Movement petitioned for the passage of HB 959
  • 3.
    • Pioneering institutionalized youth participation mechanism (LGU Code of 1991)
    • Youth participation in local governance down to the grassroots level; Representation of youth in local special bodies
    • Allocation of 10% of brgy fund for youth related projects and programs
    • Breeding ground for emerging leaders
  • 4.
    • Powers and Functions:
    • (a) Promulgate resolutions necessary to carry out the objectives of the youth in the barangay in accordance with the applicable provisions of this Code;
    •   (b) Initiate programs designed to enhance the social, political, economic, cultural, intellectual, moral, spiritual, and physical development of the members;
    • (c) Hold fund-raising activities, the proceeds of which shall be tax-exempt and shall accrue to the general fund of the sangguniang kabataan: Provided, however, That in the appropriation thereof, the specific purpose for which such activity has been held shall be first satisfied;
    •   (d) Create such bodies or committees as it may deem necessary to effectively carry out its programs and activities;
    • (e) Submit annual and end-of-term reports to the sangguniang barangay on their projects and activities for the survival and development of the youth in the barangay ;
    •   (f) Consult and coordinate with all youth organizations in the barangay for policy formulation and program implementation;
    •   (g) Coordinate with the appropriate national agency for the implementation of youth development projects and programs at the national level;
    •   (h) Exercise such other powers and perform such other duties and functions as the sangguniang barangay may determine or delegate; and
    •   (i) Exercise such other powers and perform such other duties and functions as may be prescribed by law or ordinance.
    • Ref: Local Government Code of The Philippines
  • 5.
    • SK is a unique to and pride for Filipinos in terms of youth participation as “(it) is not a simple a space for youth participation in government”; but an institution where “the youth are given the right and obligation to govern”
  • 6.
    • SK acting like Trapos
    • Extension of political dynasty
    • Non-performing and insignificant SKs
    • SK conflicts with School Responsibilities
    • SK officials are too young
  • 7.
    • Proposed Alternatives
      • Student Council
      • Youth Representatives
    • Pro-abolish Groups
      • The Federation of Student Governments
      • League of Municipalities of the Philippines
      • Sen. Aquilino Pimentel
      • Parish Pastoral Council for Responsible Voting
  • 8.
    • Abolition evades and does not address the SK problems
    • It belittles the capacity of the youth be active in meaningful participation
    • Right and obligation to govern is reduced to mere representation
  • 9.
    • SK Study shows that..
    • SK is beneficial for young people
    • SK are highly dependent on their environment
    • There are Model SKs
    • SK/Barangay Officials do not know SK responsibilities
      • Youth legislation and youth development
      • Youth consultations; SK Reports
      • Mismatch between youth needs and SK projects
      • Limitations set for SK
    • SKs need guidance and support
  • 10.
    • Whether the Philippine government will reform or abolish the SK, the SK Watch Project has been able to prevent funds misuse amounting to millions of pesos. It has also proved that the youth remains an important force of social change.
    SK Watch project trains and mobilizes hundreds of youth volunteers in the country through the Junior Graft  Watch Program in setting up a citizen-based transparency mechanism for the Sangguniang Kabataan- SK system.
  • 11.  
  • 12.  
  • 13.
    • Pushes for the passage of SK reform bills in Congress; while at the same time
    • Works in building the capacities and capabilities of SK officials and networks (KK, LGUs, other youth organizations, etc) to effectively perform their duties and responsibilities.
    • The Coalition not only exists to counter the SK abolition calls but to emphasize the need to develop good governance and principled leadership among the youth.
  • 14.
    • Consolidated SK Reform Bill by Office of Akbayan Representative KaKa Bagao
    • Salient Provisions
    • Increase age range from 15-17 to 18-25
    • Strengthen Katipunan ng Kabataan (Roles and Responsibilities)
    • Establish Youth Development Council (development Partner)
    • Introduce anti-dynasty provision
    • Fiscal autonomy and budget process
    • Furthermore, the consolidated bill has the ff contents:
    • SK functions are more detailed
    • SK official’s privileges are spelled out
    • removal from office, succession and filling out of vacancies are detailed
    • clear role for NYC in administering trainings for SK
    • autonomy of SK National Federation, still to report to the Office of the President through DILG
  • 15.
    • 3 SK Abolition Bills
    • 2 Partial SK Abolition
    • 4 SK Reform Bills
    • 1 SK Reform Consolidated Bill by Rep. Kaka Bag-ao
    • December 4-5, 2010: SK Camp “Engaging Young People Towards Good Governance through Participatory Youth Development Process!”
    • March 9: 1 st hearing of SK Reform Bills in congress
    • May: Congress Committee will vote whether to push for abolish or reform bills
  • 16.
    • Support legislative reform
    • Level up (know functions; knowledge and skills in youth governance)
    • Link up with community and community based organizations (CSOs)
    • Sign the petition for SK reform visit the SK reform website:
  • 17.  
  • 18.
    • Your SK Reform hub