Finding & Using Scholarly Articles

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Finding & Using Scholarly Articles

  1. 1. FINDING & USING SCHOLARLY (OR ACADEMIC (OR JOURNAL)) ARTICLES LINC Session | Spring „14 | Ms Hazzard
  2. 2. Some terminology  Scholarly = Academic = Journal  NOT magazine or newspaper articles
  3. 3. What are scholarly articles?  Report original research  Authored by specialists  Published in academic journals
  4. 4. How to determine if a source is scholarly…  Formal language  Formal presentation  Author background / experience  Proper citation and bibliography  Original research and interpretation  Not just a summary  Use of primary sources  Use of research methodology
  5. 5. Why do we use them?  To find out more about a specific topic  EXPECTED in academic work: gives you credibility.  Authors undergo rigorous process of submission and peer-editing, often working for more than one year on a single article: gives author / research credibility.
  6. 6. Different types of scholarly articles  Research  Review  Theoretical  Clinical  Brief report  Book review Qualitative v Quantitative research
  7. 7. A typical scholarly article Gibbons, Sandra L. "Meaningful Participation of Girls in Senior Physical Education Courses." Canadian Journal of Education 2009: 222-44. JSTOR. Web. 13 November, 2012.
  8. 8. A typical scholarly article i) Authors
  9. 9. Google for more information...
  10. 10. A typical scholarly article ii) Abstract
  11. 11. A typical scholarly article iii) Introduction
  12. 12. A typical scholarly article iv) Methodology
  13. 13. A typical scholarly article v) Results
  14. 14. A typical scholarly article vi) Discussion / Conclusion
  15. 15. A typical scholarly article vii) Bibliography
  16. 16. Skimming / 1  Think about WHO / WHAT / WHERE / WHEN / WHY / HOW as you read  Look for important facts, key vocabulary words and terms, and words that are clues to relationships e.g. therefore, because, until, instead  Look up definitions!  Key sections: ABSTRACT / INTRODUCTION / RESULTS / CONCLUSION / FIGURES
  17. 17. Skimming / 2  What is the author trying to say, and how are they trying to say it  Why is the author‟s point important?  What is the social context of the work?  Highlight / circle / underline!
  18. 18. Skimming / 3: Look at the bibliography  Which sources were used to write this paper?  Even if article is of no use, bibliography can be very helpful  Can help you narrow your focus
  19. 19. Narrowing your focus
  20. 20. Evaluating your article  Authors  Date  Publication information
  21. 21. Accessing scholarly articles  Not „google-able‟: $$$  Via CPIQ / Proquest / Questia / databases at the Toronto Public Library  Choose peer-reviewed / academic journals tab
  22. 22. CPIQ
  23. 23. Proquest
  24. 24. Questia
  25. 25. How to search a database  Remember that only RECENT articles are indexed (usually mid-‟90s onwards)  Start with keyword search  Remember to use quotation marks e.g. “Roman Temples”  If no matches, use synonyms  Think about using connecting words e.g. Smoking OR Tobacco / Gods AND Egypt
  26. 26. Evaluating your source  Read critically  Look for bias  Assess the argument  Read the acknowledgements, particularly in science articles
  27. 27. Citation Author of article last name, first name. "Title of article." Name of publication. Volume. Issue (Date): Page numbers. Name of Database. Web. Date of Access. O'Meara, Stephen James. "A Volcanic Sunset." Astronomy. 37.5 (May 2009): 18. CPIQ. Web. 8 August 2013. Povoledo, Elisabetta. "Rare peek at riches of past in Rome." New York Times. (July 4 2009): C1. Proquest Platinum. Web. 8 August 2009.
  28. 28. Questions?  For more information on scholarly journals, see A Pocket Style Manual.  I will post this presentation, plus the handout, on our blog, library website and Edsby page.

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