Shin yie type 2 diabetes mellitus
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  • 1. Type 2 Mellitus What? How? Why? Shin Yie Chin Biomedical Sciences, University at BuffaloSeptember 29, 2012 Internship in Luna Medical Care PC
  • 2. What is it?• Most common form of diabetes• 25.8 millions in the U.S. have diabetes (2011)• Body does not produce enough insulin OR• The cells ignore the insulin• Insulin: needed for the body to use glucose to produce energy
  • 3. Eat Food Body breaks down all the HEALTHY sugars andINDIVIDUAL starch into GLUCOSE INSULIN GLUCOSE in takes cells  GLUCOSE make from the ENERGY blood into cells
  • 4. Eat Food Body breaks down all the DIABETIC sugars andINDIVIDUAL starch into GLUCOSE GLUCOSE in INSULIN blood  takes HIGH BLOOD GLUCOSE SUGAR from the blood into cells
  • 5. Diabetes Complications• Eye, foot, skin complications• Heart Disease• Mental health problems• Hearing Loss• Oral health problems• Nerve Damage• Kidney Disease• Stroke• Blindness• Amputation• Dehydration• ………..
  • 6. Causes?• Lifestyle factors and Genetics• Obesity – runs in families, families tend to have similar eating and exercise habits• Bad eating habits, poor diet, not exercising• Genetics: runs in families, already in your gene, can’t change• Lifestyle: you can do something about it!
  • 7. http://www.metacure.com/about-diabetes-2/type-2-diabetes-mellitus-t2dm/
  • 8. Risk Factors• Ethnicity: More common in African Americans, Latinos, Native Americans, Asian Americans, Native Hawaiians.• Age: risk begins to rise at about 45years old• Family history• Obesity / overweight• Inactive lifestyle• High alcohol intake• High fat and carbohydrate diet• High blood pressure
  • 9. Symptoms• Frequent urination• Unusual thirst• Extreme hunger• Unusual weight loss• Extreme fatigue and irritability• Frequent infections• Blurred visions• Cuts/bruises that are slow to heal• Tingling/numbness in the hands/feet• Recurring skin, gum, or bladder infections
  • 10. Myths• 1. Diabetes is not that serious of a disease. – Fact: Diabetes causes more deaths a year than breast cancer and AIDS combined. 2 out of 3 people with diabetes die from heart disease or stroke.• 2. If you are overweight or obese, you will eventually develop Type 2 Diabetes – Fact: Obesity is a risk factor, but other risk factors also play a role, such as family history, ethnicity and age. Many overweight people never develop type 2 diabetes.
  • 11. Questions?
  • 12. Thank you foryour attention!