ברכת החמה Blessing the Sun
Overview <ul><li>Why do we need the sun? </li></ul><ul><li>Background of Birchas Hachama? </li></ul><ul><li>What do I do? ...
I. Why Do We Need The Sun?
1. Light
2. Heat
3. Massive Power
4. Day and Night
5. Seasons
6. Weather
7. Food
8. Energy
Solar Power!
9. Mood
10. Health and Healing
Life! <ul><li>Food </li></ul><ul><li>Warmth </li></ul><ul><li>Clothes </li></ul><ul><li>Lights </li></ul><ul><li>Transport...
II. Background of Birchas Hachama? Sources and Science
Mishnah
Table of Mishnah
What About the Sun? Tosefta
Gemara
Rashi <ul><li>When the sun returns:  to the point in the sky from where it first began to orbit, at the time when it was h...
Tables
Other Opinions Opinion When? Why? Bavli Every 28 Years חמה בתקופתה Yerushalmi After 3 cloudy days Like new R’ Bachya Every...
Gemara
Rashi <ul><li>1.  We count years from Tishrei, following the opinion of Rabbi Eliezer, that G‑d created the world in Tishr...
Bottom Line <ul><li>The sun was created on the fourth day of creation. </li></ul><ul><li>This means the very beginning of ...
Science – Astronomy
Solar System
Solar System
 
Long and Short Days
Summer and Winter
Summer and Winter
Orbit Animation
III. What Do I Do? Basic Halachas and Minhagim
Basics <ul><li>Source: </li></ul><ul><li>Time: </li></ul><ul><li>Who: </li></ul><ul><li>What: </li></ul><ul><li>Minhagim: ...
Source <ul><li>Rabbinic: Talmud Bavli </li></ul>
Time <ul><li>Which year: Every 28 Years, when the spring equinox fall out on Tuesday evening at 6pm (following Shmuel’s ca...
Who <ul><li>Adults, Men and Women. </li></ul><ul><li>Children for Chinuch (like any brocha). </li></ul><ul><li>Best with a...
What <ul><li>A special nusach, with psukim, tehillim, etc. </li></ul><ul><li>The brocha   “ עושה מעשה בראשית .“ </li></ul>...
Minhagim <ul><li>After Shacharis, with a minyan, and as large a group as possible. </li></ul><ul><li>Put feet together (fa...
Review <ul><li>Source: Rabbinic. (Talmud Bavli) </li></ul><ul><li>Time: Erev Pesach morning, before 9:00 (12). </li></ul><...
IV. What Does It Mean? The Sun, Erev Pesach, and Moshiach!
Birchas Hachamo and Moshiach?
Brachos
 
The Sun
Gemara Pesachim About Erev Pesach <ul><li>מיתיבי  ( שמואל ב כג )  וכאור בקר יזרח שמש אלמא אור יממא הוא מי כתיב אור בקר וכא...
Rashi <ul><li>As the light of the morning:  Like the light of the crack of dawn in this world, so will be the sunrise in t...
The “Crack” of Dawn from Outer Space
Tosfos <ul><li>As the light of the morning:  Like the light of midday in this world, so will be the crack of dawn in the W...
Meaning <ul><li>Sunrise  = Now. The  time  of Moshiach, before the complete revelation of Moshiach. </li></ul><ul><li>Crac...
Rashi <ul><li>Simple interpretation for regular people. </li></ul><ul><li>The  avodah  of a  benoni  and a  baal teshuvah ...
Tosfos <ul><li>Deeper interpretation for  Torah  people. </li></ul><ul><li>The  avodah  of a  tzaddik . </li></ul><ul><li>...
We Want Moshiach Now!
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in …5
×

Blessing The Sun

449 views

Published on

A presentation about Birchas Hachama.

It describes why we need the sun, the sources for Birchas Hachama in Torah and Science, the basic laws and customs, as well as some of its deeper significance.

Published in: Spiritual, Technology, Education
0 Comments
0 Likes
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

No Downloads
Views
Total views
449
On SlideShare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
3
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
19
Comments
0
Likes
0
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

Blessing The Sun

  1. 2. ברכת החמה Blessing the Sun
  2. 3. Overview <ul><li>Why do we need the sun? </li></ul><ul><li>Background of Birchas Hachama? </li></ul><ul><li>What do I do? </li></ul><ul><li>What does it all mean? </li></ul>
  3. 4. I. Why Do We Need The Sun?
  4. 5. 1. Light
  5. 6. 2. Heat
  6. 7. 3. Massive Power
  7. 8. 4. Day and Night
  8. 9. 5. Seasons
  9. 10. 6. Weather
  10. 11. 7. Food
  11. 12. 8. Energy
  12. 13. Solar Power!
  13. 14. 9. Mood
  14. 15. 10. Health and Healing
  15. 16. Life! <ul><li>Food </li></ul><ul><li>Warmth </li></ul><ul><li>Clothes </li></ul><ul><li>Lights </li></ul><ul><li>Transportation </li></ul><ul><li>Weather </li></ul><ul><li>Climate </li></ul><ul><li>Everything! </li></ul>
  16. 17. II. Background of Birchas Hachama? Sources and Science
  17. 18. Mishnah
  18. 19. Table of Mishnah
  19. 20. What About the Sun? Tosefta
  20. 21. Gemara
  21. 22. Rashi <ul><li>When the sun returns: to the point in the sky from where it first began to orbit, at the time when it was hung in the sky, and first began to orbit and function. </li></ul><ul><li>What’s the connection between Saturn and Tuesday evening? </li></ul><ul><li>Rashi: The hour between 6 pm and 7 pm every day is influenced by a different planet </li></ul>
  22. 23. Tables
  23. 24. Other Opinions Opinion When? Why? Bavli Every 28 Years חמה בתקופתה Yerushalmi After 3 cloudy days Like new R’ Bachya Every summer (Tamuz) חמה בתקפתה
  24. 25. Gemara
  25. 26. Rashi <ul><li>1. We count years from Tishrei, following the opinion of Rabbi Eliezer, that G‑d created the world in Tishrei. Hence, the Flood was in the 600th year of Noah. That year began in Tishrei, not Nisan. </li></ul><ul><li>2. We count seasons and annual cycles of the sun and moon from Nisan. </li></ul><ul><li>Therefore since Birkat HaChamah depends upon the place of the sun at the time of its creation, i.e., seasons and cycles of the sun, we follow Rabbi Yehoshua’s opinion that G‑d the created the world in Nisan. </li></ul>
  26. 27. Bottom Line <ul><li>The sun was created on the fourth day of creation. </li></ul><ul><li>This means the very beginning of Wednesday (end of Tuesday) at 6:00pm. </li></ul><ul><li>A solar year is 365 days and 6 hours. </li></ul><ul><li>Every 28 years the spring equinox is Wednesday at 6:00pm </li></ul>
  27. 28. Science – Astronomy
  28. 29. Solar System
  29. 30. Solar System
  30. 32. Long and Short Days
  31. 33. Summer and Winter
  32. 34. Summer and Winter
  33. 35. Orbit Animation
  34. 36. III. What Do I Do? Basic Halachas and Minhagim
  35. 37. Basics <ul><li>Source: </li></ul><ul><li>Time: </li></ul><ul><li>Who: </li></ul><ul><li>What: </li></ul><ul><li>Minhagim: </li></ul>
  36. 38. Source <ul><li>Rabbinic: Talmud Bavli </li></ul>
  37. 39. Time <ul><li>Which year: Every 28 Years, when the spring equinox fall out on Tuesday evening at 6pm (following Shmuel’s calendar). </li></ul><ul><li>What time: In the morning between sunrise and the סוף זמן קריאת שמע . (About 9:00 am) </li></ul><ul><li>If You missed this time, you can say it till 12noon. (Or the rest of the day, without Hashem’s name.) </li></ul><ul><li>If it is cloudy (and you can’t even see the outline of the sun through the clouds), say it without Hashem’s name. </li></ul>
  38. 40. Who <ul><li>Adults, Men and Women. </li></ul><ul><li>Children for Chinuch (like any brocha). </li></ul><ul><li>Best with a minyan, but you can also do it alone. </li></ul>
  39. 41. What <ul><li>A special nusach, with psukim, tehillim, etc. </li></ul><ul><li>The brocha “ עושה מעשה בראשית .“ </li></ul><ul><li>The brocha שהחיינו , (but one should wear new clothes, or have a new fruit with them). </li></ul>
  40. 42. Minhagim <ul><li>After Shacharis, with a minyan, and as large a group as possible. </li></ul><ul><li>Put feet together (facing מזרח ), look once at the sun, then make the brocha, without looking at it. </li></ul><ul><li>Women should also try to join the group. </li></ul><ul><li>Children should be brought for chinuch. </li></ul><ul><li>Give צדקה soon after. </li></ul>
  41. 43. Review <ul><li>Source: Rabbinic. (Talmud Bavli) </li></ul><ul><li>Time: Erev Pesach morning, before 9:00 (12). </li></ul><ul><li>Who: Men, Women, (and Children). </li></ul><ul><li>What: A special Nusach, and the Brocha “ עושה מעשה בראשית .“ </li></ul><ul><li>Minhagim: Outside, רוב עם , שהחיינו , צדקה . </li></ul>
  42. 44. IV. What Does It Mean? The Sun, Erev Pesach, and Moshiach!
  43. 45. Birchas Hachamo and Moshiach?
  44. 46. Brachos
  45. 48. The Sun
  46. 49. Gemara Pesachim About Erev Pesach <ul><li>מיתיבי ( שמואל ב כג ) וכאור בקר יזרח שמש אלמא אור יממא הוא מי כתיב אור בקר וכאור בקר כתיב והכי קאמר וכאור בקר בעולם הזה כעין זריחת שמש לצדיקים לעולם הבא </li></ul><ul><li>Another objection was made: It is written: &quot;And as in the light of morning the sun will rise,&quot; so we see that “or” means &quot;day.&quot; Does it say &quot;Or Boker&quot; (light is morning)? It says, &quot;Uchor Boker,&quot; which means &quot;as the light of the morning,&quot; which means: &quot;As the light of the morning in this world; so will the sun shine for the righteous in the world to come.&quot; </li></ul>
  47. 50. Rashi <ul><li>As the light of the morning: Like the light of the crack of dawn in this world, so will be the sunrise in the World to Come. </li></ul>
  48. 51. The “Crack” of Dawn from Outer Space
  49. 52. Tosfos <ul><li>As the light of the morning: Like the light of midday in this world, so will be the crack of dawn in the World to Come. </li></ul>
  50. 53. Meaning <ul><li>Sunrise = Now. The time of Moshiach, before the complete revelation of Moshiach. </li></ul><ul><li>Crack of Dawn = Breaking out of limitations of golus, world and our yetzer hara . The transition from golus to geulah. A slight revelation of (our) etzem . </li></ul><ul><li>Midday = Complete geulah . When the etzem will be revealed everywhere like day. </li></ul>
  51. 54. Rashi <ul><li>Simple interpretation for regular people. </li></ul><ul><li>The avodah of a benoni and a baal teshuvah . </li></ul><ul><li>The posuk tells us that even now, before Moshiach is completely here, we can reveal the etzem to help us win the war with our yetzer hara . </li></ul><ul><li>Iskafya </li></ul>
  52. 55. Tosfos <ul><li>Deeper interpretation for Torah people. </li></ul><ul><li>The avodah of a tzaddik . </li></ul><ul><li>The posuk tells us that through breaking out of our boundaries, we will reveal the etzem everywhere, transforming the entire world. </li></ul><ul><li>No more darkness or evil. </li></ul><ul><li>Ishapcha. </li></ul>
  53. 56. We Want Moshiach Now!

×