Scaling Energy Connections:
Buildings, Cities and Vehicles

John Phelan, P.E.
Energy Services Manager
Fort Collins Utiliti...
First Principles – Climatic Design
• Solar geometry
• Seasons

• Heat flows
• Wind patterns
• Skilled and knowledgeable in...
Assumptions – Energy Urban Design
• Buildings
• Don’t move
• Last 50-100 years
• See multiple rehabilitations in their lif...
Scaling Energy Connections – Why?
• System level efficiency
• Source to end-use

• Carbon Reduction
• Vibrant and healthy ...
Scaling Energy Connections
• Interconnection and optimization of energy systems
• Infrastructure
• Electricity - wires
• T...
Current State
• Electricity

• Nearly 75% fossil based

• Thermal (natural gas)

• Nearly 100% fossil based

• Liquid fuel...
Future State
• Interconnected and optimized energy systems
• Renewable based electric system
• Thermal and liquid fuels be...
Challenges
• Information based electric grid
• New utility business model
• Services, not commodities

• Need to scale eff...
Challenges
• Urban design focus on “buildings” or “projects”
• Wrong scale to be interconnected
• Best we can do now is to...
Current Projects
• Fort ZED
• Smart energy test-bed
• Technical, partnerships, business models

• Efficiency and renewable...
Back to transportation
• People love cars, especially in the west
• Electrification potential for benefit or trouble
• Get...
Thanks!
jphelan@fcgov.com
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NZC - Phelan

  1. 1. Scaling Energy Connections: Buildings, Cities and Vehicles John Phelan, P.E. Energy Services Manager Fort Collins Utilities Net Zero Cities October 22, 2013
  2. 2. First Principles – Climatic Design • Solar geometry • Seasons • Heat flows • Wind patterns • Skilled and knowledgeable industry • Delivering high performance buildings is rarely a technical issue
  3. 3. Assumptions – Energy Urban Design • Buildings • Don’t move • Last 50-100 years • See multiple rehabilitations in their lifetime • Every project is an opportunity not to be missed
  4. 4. Scaling Energy Connections – Why? • System level efficiency • Source to end-use • Carbon Reduction • Vibrant and healthy community
  5. 5. Scaling Energy Connections • Interconnection and optimization of energy systems • Infrastructure • Electricity - wires • Thermal (natural gas) - pipes • Liquid fuels (transportation) - trucks
  6. 6. Current State • Electricity • Nearly 75% fossil based • Thermal (natural gas) • Nearly 100% fossil based • Liquid fuels (transportation) • Nearly 100% fossil based • Utilities sell commodities • Cities are made up of “buildings” and “projects”
  7. 7. Future State • Interconnected and optimized energy systems • Renewable based electric system • Thermal and liquid fuels become the lingering fossil based resources • Conversion • Thermal to electric • Liquid fuels to electric
  8. 8. Challenges • Information based electric grid • New utility business model • Services, not commodities • Need to scale efficiency and renewables by orders of magnitude
  9. 9. Challenges • Urban design focus on “buildings” or “projects” • Wrong scale to be interconnected • Best we can do now is to optimize buildings as individual assets after the fact • Need to anticipate future optimization at larger scale
  10. 10. Current Projects • Fort ZED • Smart energy test-bed • Technical, partnerships, business models • Efficiency and renewable energy • Best practices and innovation, driving to scale • Drive Electric Northern Colorado
  11. 11. Back to transportation • People love cars, especially in the west • Electrification potential for benefit or trouble • Get ahead of the curve • • • • Urban design – where we live Vehicles – how we move Utility design – behind the scenes Supply resources – make it clean • Humans… - make it easy
  12. 12. Thanks! jphelan@fcgov.com
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