Abby’s History Presentation 4 The Napoleonic Wars, The End of Slavery, the British in India, and Revolt in Latin America
The Napoleonic Wars 1797-1815• Napolean joined the French army at a young age, and his wit and courage led to quick promotions. The new government feared his popularity and power, and tried to keep him busy.• In 1799, Napolean returned to France and seized control. He ruled 15 years, and in 1804 crowned himself emperor. He was a brilliant general, brought new laws, a better education system, and a reorganized government.• Napolean used these powers to try and conquer Europe. He defeated Austria and Russia, and soon after, Prussia. In 1805, Britain won a sea battle-loosing their admiral but saving their land.• After many battles, France was invaded and Napolean exiled. He died in exile in 1821.
The End of Slavery 1792-1888• Throughout the 1700s, Britain, France, and Spain grew rich on taxes and proﬁts from their colonies. Much of this wealth was from slave labor.• Historians estimate 45 million slaves were shipped between 1450 and 1870, but only 15 million survived-many died on the harsh voyage across the Atlantic.• Between 1777 and 1804, slavery was made illegal in the United States. Denmark stopped the slave trade in 1792, and Britain in 1807. Unfortunately, slave smuggling was still used and slavery was legal elsewhere. After many revolts, battles, and campaigns, Cuba ended slavery in 1886 and Brazil in 1888. In Africa, the slave trade was ﬁnally abolished in 1873.
The British in India 1774-1858• By 1750, the British East India Company controlled the very proﬁtable trade between Britain, India, and the Far East.• Its ofﬁcials were skilled businessmen and used knowledge of Indian affairs to get what they wanted. However, some British were attracted to their art, architecture, and culture, wearing Indian clothes at home. Some learned the language, religion, or writings.• Sparked by a famine, trouble broke out in 1857. British were massacred and was soon suppressed violently by the British troops. British began living separate lives, and Indians were “kept in their place.”
Revolt in Latin America 1808-1825• The confused war period of Napolean gave the colonies a chance to rebel. They fought against Napolean’s brother Joseph as their new ruler and king.• Argentina declared itself free of Spanish rule in 1810, followed by Paraguay in 1811. Mexico became independent in 1821, as did Peru. Brazil ﬁnally broke free in 1822. Venezuela was freed in 1830.