Abby’s History Presentation #1Industry: Early Revolution, India in Transition, The Seven Years War, and North America
Industry: Early Revolution 1708-1815 The Industrial Revolution began in Britain because, unlike most of Europe, it wasn’t ravaged by war. It became known as the workshop of the world. By 1815, Britain’s output of coal, textiles, and metals was equalto the rest of Europe. Workers in the factoriesweren’t treated well, and many children died. Anew class of rich industrialists, managers, and professionals gradually evolved. London became the financial capital of the world.
Timeline 1775: Watt builds a much more1709: Abraham Darby invents efficient steam engine to thanthe blast furnace. Newcomen’s. Eli Whitney patents the cotton1712: Thomas Newcomen builds gin.a steam engine to use in mines. Robert Fulton’s steamboat makes first trip1730: John Kay introducesmechanical textile machines.1764: James Hargeaves inventsa spinning jenny1769: Thomas Arkwrightinvents a water poweredspinning machine
India in Transition: 1707-1835In 1707, the Mogul Emperor Aurangzeb died and the empirecollapsed. India began a century of wars for power bet weendifferent groups who wanted to take control.From about 1740-1762, many groups had a brief time in power.Unfortunately, these groups forgot about British and Frenchinfluence. At first these groups shared rule, but in 1752 a Britishgeneral (Robert Clive) defeated the French. After that, through1761, war bet ween the French and British began. In 1761,Britain won control over India.From 1707-1858, India went through a period of war andupheaval followed by a takeover by the British. India was notunited, but it was under Britain control.
India in Transition: Interesting FactsRobert Clive was a general for the British and he won key When the British took battles against the French, control, they tried to stop strengthening hold on India. the brutal practice of “thuggee.” Members of aRobert Clive met Mir Jafar (a Hindu sect (thugs) attacked Mogul general) in 1757 He . and strangled travelers.offered him money and other They claimed it was a advantages if he changed sacrifice to Kali, thesides in the wars. Mir Jafar’s goddess of death and destruction. Robert Clivesupport helped the British win power in India.
Important PointsAustria, Prussia, Russia, and France each wanted to control Europe.None of the European power was strong enough to win on its own, sothey made alliances. There was an uneasy balance of power.At first it seemed as if the Austrian and French would win. ThenBritish joined with the Prussians and restored the balance of power.What ended the war wasn’t the Russians backing out or an importantleader for the British, William Pitt, forced to resign. The expense anddestruction it brought to all sides stopped the seven year long war.Ministers and diplomats now controlled governments and manycountries preferred to talk rather than make war. In the Treaty ofParis in 1763, it was decided that Britain would get French lands inCanada and India and the Prussians would keep the rich province ofSilesia.
North America 1675-1791French and British had been fighting for many years because theywanted to control North America.Native Americans had fought on both sides, hoping to receivesupport in disputes from colonists in return. Sadly, the NativeAmericans gradually lost out to the settlers who didn’t respectthem and were forced out of their lands.After the American Revolution, many colonists loyal to the crownbut with strong feelings about freedom moved to Canada. In1791, the British Constitutional Act split Canada bet ween theFrench and the British. The French were also granted continuedfreedom in religion.
Check Out This Video On The British Constitutional Act
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